2015年6月英语四级听力真题及答案 第1套

韩萱 2016-10-17 7516 阅读
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Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)

  Section A

  Directions: In this section, you will bear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each questions there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B),C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 1 with a single line through the center.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1. A) The woman should go on playing chess.

B) He is willing to play chess with the woman.

C) The woman has good reason to quit the game.

D) He will give the woman some tips on the game.

2. A) She would like to resume contact with Sally.

B) The man can forward the mail to Mary.

C) She can call Mary to take care of the mail.

D) Mary probably knows Sally's new address.

3. A) He did not attend today’s class.

B) His notes are not easy to read.

C) His handwriting has a unique style.

D) He is very pleased to be able to help.

4. A) The new restaurant is a perfect place for dating.

B) The new restaurant caught her fancy immediately.

C) The man has good taste in choosing the restaurant.

D) The man had better choose another restaurant.

5. A) He will help the woman put things away.

B) He has been waiting for the winter sale.

C) He has been looking forward to spring.

D) He will clean the woman's boots for spring.

6. A) The woman often works overtime at weekends.

B) The man often lends books to the woman.

C) The man appreciates the woman's help.

D) The woman is rather forgetful.

7. A) Take a sightseeing trip.

B) Go to work on foot.

C) Start work earlier than usual.

D) Take a walk when the weather is nice.

8. A) Temporary closing has disturbed the airport’s operation.

B) The plane is going to land at another airport.

C) All flights have been delayed due to bad weather.

D) The airport’s management is in real need of improvement.

Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9. A) It specializes in safety from leaks. B) It is headquartered in London.

C) It has a chemical processing plant. D) It has a partnership with LCP.

10. A) He is a safety inspector. B) He is Mr. Grand’s friend.

C) He is a chemist. D) He is a salesman.

11. A) The public relations officer. B) Head of the personnel department.

C) Mr. Grand’s personal assistant. D) Director of the safety department.

12. A) Send a comprehensive description of their work.

B) Provide details of their products and services.

C) Leave a message for Mr. Grand.

D) Wait for Mr. Grand to call back.

Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

13. A) She listened to recordings of many European orchestras.

B) She read a lot about European musicians and their music.

C) She dreamed of working and living in a European country.

D) She learned playing the violin from a famous French musician.

14. A) She was a pupil of a famous European violinist.

B) She gave her first performance with her father.

C) She became a professional violinist at fifteen.

D) She began taking violin lessons as a small child.

15. A) It was the chance of a lifetime.

B) It was a great challenge to her.

C) It gave her a chance to explore the city.

D) It helped her learn classical French music.

Section B

  Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marketed A), B),C) and D). Then marked the correspond letter on Answer sheet I with a single line through the centre.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

16. A) There are mysterious stories behind his works.

B) His personal history is little known.

C) His works have no match worldwide.

D) There are many misunderstandings about him.

17. A) He once worked in a well-known acting company.

B) He moved to Stratford-on-Avon in his childhood.

C) He failed to go beyond grammar school.

D) He was a member of the town council.

18. A) People of his time had little interest in him.

B) His works were adapted beyond recognition.

C) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire.

D) Writers of his time had no means to protect their works.

Passage Two

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19. A) Theft. B) Air crash. C) Cheating. D) Road accidents.

20. A) Learn the local customs. B) Have the right documents.

C) Book tickets well in advance. D) Make hotel reservations.

21. A) Contact your agent. B) Use official transport.

C) Get a lift if possible. D) Have a friend meet you.

Passage Three

Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22. A) Cut down production cost. B) Refine the taste of his goods.

C) Sell inexpensive products. D) Specialise in gold ornaments.

23. A) At a meeting of top British businesspeople.

B) During a local sales promotion campaign.

C) During a live television interview.

D) At a national press conference.

24. A) Discouraged. B) Distressed. C) Puzzled. D) Insulted.

25. A) He is not laughed at, that laughs at himself first.

B) There should be a limit to one’s sense of humour.

C) He who never learns from the past is bound to fail.

D) The words of some businesspeople are just rubbish.

Section C

  Directions: in this section,you will hear a paasage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is reaf for the third time, you should check what you have written.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。  

Looking at the basic biological systems, the world is not doing very well. Yet economic indicators show the world is 26____. Despite a slow start at the beginning of the eighties, global economic output increased by more than a fifth during the 27____. The economy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs were created. How can biological indicators show the 28____ of economic indicators?

The answer is that the economic indicators have a basic fault: they show no difference between resource uses that 29____ progress and those uses that will hurt it. The main measure of economic progress is the gross national product (GNP), 30____, this totals the value of all goods and services produced and subtracts loss in value of factories and equipment. Developed a half-century ago, GNP helped 31____ a common way among countries of measuring change in economic output. For some time, this seemed to work 32____ well, but serious weaknesses are now appearing. As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories and equipment, but it does not 33____ the loss of natural resources, including nonrenewable resources such as oil or renewable resources such as forests.

This basic fault can produce a 34____ sense of national economic health. According to GNP, for example, countries that overcut forests actually do better than those that preserve their forests. The trees cut down are counted as income but no subtraction is made for 35____ the forests.

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, oneor more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation andthe questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be apause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C), and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Now let’s begin with the eight shortconversations.

1.

W: I'm going to give up playing chess. I lost again today.

M: Just because you lost? Is that any reason to quit?

Q: What does the man imply?

2.

M: Do you know Sally's new address? She's got some mail here, and I'd like to forward it to her.

W: Well, we've not been in touch for quite a while. Let's see. Mary should know it.

Q: What does the woman mean?

3.

W: I missed classes this morning. Could you please lend me your notes?

M: My notes? You've never seen my handwriting, have you?

Q: What does the man imply?

4.

M: I'm taking my girlfriend to the fancy new restaurant for her birthday tonight.

W: I went there last weekend. I found it rather disappointing.

Q: What does the woman mean?

5.

W: Winter is over at last. Time to put away my gloves and boots.

M: I've been waiting for this for months.

Q: What does the man mean?

6.

W: Thank you for bringing the books back.

M: I thought you need them over the weekend. Many thanks for letting me use them.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

7.

W: Are you working flexible hours?

M: No, I'm not. The weather today is so nice, so I decided to walk to work, and that meant I had to leave an hour earlier than usual.

Q: What did the man decide to do?

8.

W: Our plane has been circling for a long time. Why the delay?

M: The airport was closed for a while this morning, and things are still not back to normal.

Q: What does the man mean?

Now you’ll hear the two long conversations.

Conversation One

W: Morning, this is TGC!

M: Good morning, Walter Barry here, calling from London. Could I speak to Mr. Grand, please?

W: Who's calling, please?

M: Walter Barry, from London.

W: What is it about, please?

M: Well, I understand that your company has a chemical processing plant.

My own company LCP, Liquid Control Products, is a leader in safety from leaks in the field of chemical processing.

I'd like to speak to Mr. Grand to discuss ways in which we could help TGC protect itself from such problems and save money at the same time.

W: Yes, I see. Well, Mr. Grand is not available just now.

M: Can you tell me when I could reach him?

W: He's very busy for the next few days. Then he'll be away in New York. So it's difficult to give you a time.

M: Could I speak to someone else, perhaps?

W: Who, in particular?

M: A colleague, for example?

W: You are speaking to his personal assistant. I can deal with calls for Mr. Grand.

M: Yes, well, could I ring him tomorrow?

W: No, I'm sorry, he won't be free tomorrow. Listen, let me suggest something. You send us details of your products and services, together with references from other companies. And then we'll contact you.

M: Yes, that's very kind of you. I have your address.

W: Very good, Mr....?

M: Barry. Walter Barry, from LCP in London.

W: Right, Mr. Barry. We look forward to hearing from you.

M: Thank you. Goodbye.

W: Bye.

9. What do we learn about the woman's company?

10. What do we learn about the man?

11. Whats the woman's position in her company?

12. What does the woman suggest the man do?

Conversation Two

M: Miss Yamada, did you ever think that you would find yourself living and working in the western world?

W: No, not really, although I've always listened to recordings of great orchestras from Europe.

M: So you enjoyed classical music even when you were very young?

W: Oh, yes. I was only a child.

M: You were born in 1955. Is that right?

W: Yes, I began violin lessons at school when I was six.

M: As young as that. Did you like it?

W: Oh, yes, very much.

M: When did you first play on your own? I mean, when did you give your first performance?

W: I think I was 8...? No,9. I just had my birthday a week before, and my father had bought me a new violin. I played a small piece at the school concert.

M: Did you know then that you would become a professional violinist?

W: Yes, I think so. I enjoyed playing the violin very much, and I didn't mind practicing, sometimes three or four hours a day.

M: And when did you first come to Europe?

W: I was very lucky. When I was 15, I won a scholarship to a college in Paris. That was for a three-year course.

M: How did your parents feel about that?

W: I think they were pleased and worried at the same time. It was the chance of a lifetime. But of course I would be thousands of miles from home. Anyway, I studied in Paris for three years and then went back to Tokyo.

13.What do we know about the woman before she went to Europe?

14.What does the woman say about her music experience?

15.What does the woman say about her study in Paris?

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear aquestion, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B),C), and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a singleline through the centre.

Passage One

What makes a person famous? This is a mystery that many people have carefully thought about.

All kinds of myths surround the lives of well-known people.

Most people are familiar with the works of William Shakespeare, one of the greatest English writers of the 16th and 17th centuries.

Yet how many know Shakespeare, the person, the man behind the works?

After centuries of research, scholars are still trying to discover Shakespeare's personal history. It is not easily found in his writings.

Authors of the time could not protect their works. An acting company, for example, could change a play if they wanted to. Nowadays, writers have copyrights that protect their work.

Many myths arose about Shakespeare. Some said he had no formal education. Others believed that he began his career by tending the horses of wealthy men.

All of these myths are interesting, but are they true? Probably not.

Shakespeare's father was a respected man in Stratford-on-Avon, a member of the town council. He sent young William to grammar school.

Most people of Elizabethan times did not continue beyond grammar school; so, Shakespeare did have, at least, an average education.

Some parts of Shakespeare's life will always remain unknown.

The Great London Fire of 1666 burned many important documents that could have been a source of clues.

We will always be left with many questions and few facts.

16. What does the speaker say about William Shakespeare?

17. What do we learn about Shakespeare's father?

18. Why does the speaker say parts of Shakespeare's life will remain a mystery?

Passage Two

Wherever you go and for whatever reason, its important to be safe.

While the majority of people you will meet when travelling are sure to be friendly and welcoming, there are dangers. Theft being the most common.

Just as in your home country, do not expect everyone you meet to be friendly and helpful.

It's important to prepare for your trip in advance and to take precautions while you are travelling.

As you prepare for your trip, make sure you have the right paperwork.

You don't want to get to your destination, only to find you have the wrong visa, or worse, that your passport isn't valid anymore.

Also, make sure you travel with proper medical insurance, so that if you are sick or injured during your travels, you will be able to get treatment.

If you want to drive while you are abroad, make sure you have an international drivers license.

When you get to your destination, use official transport. Always go to bus and taxi stands.

Don't accept rides from strangers who offer you a lift. If there is no meter in the taxi, agree on a price before you get in.

If you prefer to stay in cheap hotels while travelling, make sure you can lock the door of your room from the inside.

Finally, remember to smile. It's the friendliest and most sincere form of communication, and is sure to be understood in any part of the world!

19. What is mentioned as a most common danger when people go travelling abroad?

20. What is the most important thing to do when you prepare for your trip abroad?

21. What does the speaker suggest you do when you arrive at your destination?

Passage Three

The British are supposed to be famous for laughing at themselves, but even their sense of humour has a limit, as the British retailer Gerald Ratner found out to his cost.

When Ratner took over his father's chain of 130 jewelry shops in 1984, he introduced a very clear company policy.

He decided that his shops should sell down market products at the lowest possible prices.

It was a great success. The British public loved his cheap gold earrings and his tasteless silver ornaments.

By 1991, Ratner's company had 2 400 shops and it was worth over 680 million pounds.

But in April of that year, Gerald Ratner made a big mistake.

At a big meeting of top British business people, he suited up and explained the secret of his success.

People say,How can we sell our goods for such a low price? I say, Because they are absolute rubbish.

His audience roared with laughter. But the British newspapers and the British public were not so amused. People felt insulted and stayed away from Ratner's shops.

Sales fell and six months after his speech, Ratner's share price had fallen by 42%. The following year, things got worse and Gerald Ratner was forced to resign.

By the end of 1992, he lost his company, his career and his house.

Even worse, 25 000 of his employees had lost their jobs. It had been a very expensive joke.

22. What did Gerald Ratner decide to do when he took over his father's shops?

23. On what occasion did Gerald Ratner explain the secret of his success?

24. How did people feel when they learned of Gerald Ratner's remarks?

25. What does the story of Gerald Ratner suggest?

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will heara passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the secondtime, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have justheard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should checkwhat you have written.

Now listen to the passage.

Looking at the basic biological systems, the world is not doing very well.

Yet, economic indicators show the world is prospering.

Despite a slow start at the beginning of the eighties, global economic output increased by more than a fifth during the decade.

The economy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs were created.

How can biological indicators show the opposite of economic indicators?

The answer is that the economic indicators have a basic fault: they show no difference between resource uses that sustain progress and those uses that will hurt it.

The main measure of economic progress is the gross national product(GNP).

In simple terms, this totals the value of all goods and services produced and subtracts loss in value of factories and equipment.

Developed a half-century ago, GNP helped establish a common way among countries of measuring change in economic output.

For some time, this seemed to work reasonably well, but serious weaknesses are now appearing.

As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories and equipment, but it does not take into account the loss of natural resources, including nonrenewable resources, such as oil, or renewable resources, such as forests.

This basic fault can produce a misleading sense of national economic health.

According to GNP, for example, countries that overcut forests actually do better than those that preserve their forests.

The trees cut down are counted as income but no subtraction is made for using up the forests.

1-8:ADBDCBBA

9-12:CDCB

13-15:ADA

16-18:BDC

19-21:ABB

22-25:CADB

26. prospering

27. decade

28. opposite

29. sustain

30. In simple terms

31. establish

32. reasonably

33. take into account

34. misleading

35. using up

Listening comprehension

Section A

1.【解析】A。推理题。本题的关键在于听懂反问句和反问的语调。男士说:“Is that any reason to quit? 这能是你放弃的理由吗?”反问语气表肯定!换句话说,男士的建议是你应该好好继续下棋。故选A。

2.【解析】 D。本题的关键在于听到细节“Mary should know it. ”男士说自己手边有一堆Sally的信件需要寄给她,所以需要知道她的地址。女士说自己很久没跟Sally联系了,但是结尾说了一句:“Mary应该知道地址。”故选D。

3.【解析】B。这道题同样是一个反义疑问句,表达肯定意思。关键听到男士的那句:“You’ve never see my handwriting, have you?”“你从没看过我的笔迹吧?”话外音可以推理出来就是:我的笔迹很难认,你肯定看不出来我写的是什么笔记。故选B。

4.【解析】D。男士说我今晚要带女朋友去新开的漂亮饭店过生日。女士说我上周去过,太让我失望了。言外之意就是建议男士不要去这家饭馆了。故选D。

5.【解析】C。本题首先听到女士开头说的:“冬天终于结束了。”和男士结尾说:“我等了好几个月了啊。”显然是男士非常期待冬天快点结束,春天快点到来。故选C。

6.【解析】 B。关键听到男士说的那句:Many thanks for letting me use them. 太感谢你让我看他们了。thank和选项中的appreciate为同义词。

7.【解析】 B。本题是典型的动作判断题。通过选项全是动词短语就可判断应该抓听动词。而本题最关键的是细节:I decided to walk to work.和选项中的Go on foot. 为同义表达。

8.【解析】A。本题关键是听到男士的话:男士说今早机场关闭了一段时间了,而且仍然没恢复正常。其中的closed for a while和选项中的Temporary closing同义。

Conversation One:

【解析】主要讲了一位化学产品公司的推销员想要向其他公司推荐自家公司产品的过程。 对话开头男士先表明自己的身份和想要推荐产品的意图,但遇到的问题是男士需要找的Mr. Grand非常忙,没空处理这件事。女士作为Mr. Grand的助理开始处理,问题的最终解决是要求男士提供自己家产品的详细介绍邮寄过来。

这是典型四级听力工作类长对话的模式:先工作方面的介绍,然后谈到工作中遇到的问题,最后是问题的解决。分别设置了这3个考点。相对而言,工作类考题比较难的地方在于部分词汇会造成干扰:例如,公司名Liquid Control Products,chemical processing, personal assistance, reference等,但除了personal assistance直接与考点相关外,其他单词没听懂考生也应完全不纠结。而personal assistance在选项中为所听即所得。

因此,总体而言,这篇长对话与往年难度持平。

Conversation Two:

【解析】本篇长对话作为正式访谈类的听力,一开始采访人从女士是否想过会在西方社会圈生活和工作作为切入点进行了一个热身;紧接着,女士回答自己一直对欧洲的音乐有所关注,采访人就顺着这个点提到女士目前作为专业小提琴演奏家职业相关的情况,从而提到女士最早来到欧洲的原因是获得巴黎奖学金留学的机会。

长对话二非常简单,基本上没有生词,结合日常生活经验也可以比较顺理成章地理解一位亚洲日本小提琴家的成长之路:年幼开始学琴,从小对音乐有研究,有过欧洲留学经历,最终进入欧洲社会圈。

Section B

16.【解析】 本题考查事实细节。文章中作者先提出“有多少人了解莎士比亚本人”的问题,接着指出各学者经过几个世纪的研究之后,仍然在不断探索发现他的个人史。由此可知,莎士比亚的个人史很少有人知道。

17.【解析】本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚的父亲受人尊敬,是Stratford-on-Avon镇议会的一名成员。选项a member of the town council与原文完全对应。

18.【解析】 本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚一部分的生活将永远不为人所知。因为1666年伦敦的一场大火把很多重要文件烧毁了,而这些本来可能是了解莎士比亚的重要线索。所以答案选择Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire。

19.【解析】 本题考查事实细节。原文开篇就提到人们在外出旅游时会遇到很多危险,而其中最为常见的就是盗窃。根据所听即所得,可选出正确答案。

20.【解析】 本题考查事实细节。原文中提到在准备出国旅游时,一定要确保文件正确,避免出现签证错误、过期护照等情况。因此答案应选正确的文件。选项中的documents与文中的paperwork对应。

21.【解析】文章最后提到,到达目的地后要选择乘坐正式的交通工具,不要搭乘陌生人的车。use official transport和文中完全一致,所听即所得可得出答案。
Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)   Section A   Directions: In this section, you will bear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each questions there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B),C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet 1 with a single line through the center.   注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。 1. A) The woman should go on playing chess. B) He is willing to play chess with the woman. C) The woman has good reason to quit the game. D) He will give the woman some tips on the game. 2. A) She would like to resume contact with Sally. B) The man can forward the mail to Mary. C) She can call Mary to take care of the mail. D) Mary probably knows Sally's new address. 3. A) He did not attend today’s class. B) His notes are not easy to read. C) His handwriting has a unique style. D) He is very pleased to be able to help. 4. A) The new restaurant is a perfect place for dating. B) The new restaurant caught her fancy immediately. C) The man has good taste in choosing the restaurant. D) The man had better choose another restaurant. 5. A) He will help the woman put things away. B) He has been waiting for the winter sale. C) He has been looking forward to spring. D) He will clean the woman's boots for spring. 6. A) The woman often works overtime at weekends. B) The man often lends books to the woman. C) The man appreciates the woman's help. D) The woman is rather forgetful. 7. A) Take a sightseeing trip. B) Go to work on foot. C) Start work earlier than usual. D) Take a walk when the weather is nice. 8. A) Temporary closing has disturbed the airport’s operation. B) The plane is going to land at another airport. C) All flights have been delayed due to bad weather. D) The airport’s management is in real need of improvement. Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 9. A) It specializes in safety from leaks. B) It is headquartered in London. C) It has a chemical processing plant. D) It has a partnership with LCP. 10. A) He is a safety inspector. B) He is Mr. Grand’s friend. C) He is a chemist. D) He is a salesman. 11. A) The public relations officer. B) Head of the personnel department. C) Mr. Grand’s personal assistant. D) Director of the safety department. 12. A) Send a comprehensive description of their work. B) Provide details of their products and services. C) Leave a message for Mr. Grand. D) Wait for Mr. Grand to call back. Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 13. A) She listened to recordings of many European orchestras. B) She read a lot about European musicians and their music. C) She dreamed of working and living in a European country. D) She learned playing the violin from a famous French musician. 14. A) She was a pupil of a famous European violinist. B) She gave her first performance with her father. C) She became a professional violinist at fifteen. D) She began taking violin lessons as a small child. 15. A) It was the chance of a lifetime. B) It was a great challenge to her. C) It gave her a chance to explore the city. D) It helped her learn classical French music. Section B   Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marketed A), B),C) and D). Then marked the correspond letter on Answer sheet I with a single line through the centre.   注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。 Passage One Questions 16 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 16. A) There are mysterious stories behind his works. B) His personal history is little known. C) His works have no match worldwide. D) There are many misunderstandings about him. 17. A) He once worked in a well-known acting company. B) He moved to Stratford-on-Avon in his childhood. C) He failed to go beyond grammar school. D) He was a member of the town council. 18. A) People of his time had little interest in him. B) His works were adapted beyond recognition. C) Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire. D) Writers of his time had no means to protect their works. Passage Two Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard. 19. A) Theft. B) Air crash. C) Cheating. D) Road accidents. 20. A) Learn the local customs. B) Have the right documents. C) Book tickets well in advance. D) Make hotel reservations. 21. A) Contact your agent. B) Use official transport. C) Get a lift if possible. D) Have a friend meet you. Passage Three Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. 22. A) Cut down production cost. B) Refine the taste of his goods. C) Sell inexpensive products. D) Specialise in gold ornaments. 23. A) At a meeting of top British businesspeople. B) During a local sales promotion campaign. C) During a live television interview. D) At a national press conference. 24. A) Discouraged. B) Distressed. C) Puzzled. D) Insulted. 25. A) He is not laughed at, that laughs at himself first. B) There should be a limit to one’s sense of humour. C) He who never learns from the past is bound to fail. D) The words of some businesspeople are just rubbish. Section C   Directions: in this section,you will hear a paasage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is reaf for the third time, you should check what you have written.   注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。   Looking at the basic biological systems, the world is not doing very well. Yet economic indicators show the world is 26____. Despite a slow start at the beginning of the eighties, global economic output increased by more than a fifth during the 27____. The economy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs were created. How can biological indicators show the 28____ of economic indicators? The answer is that the economic indicators have a basic fault: they show no difference between resource uses that 29____ progress and those uses that will hurt it. The main measure of economic progress is the gross national product (GNP), 30____, this totals the value of all goods and services produced and subtracts loss in value of factories and equipment. Developed a half-century ago, GNP helped 31____ a common way among countries of measuring change in economic output. For some time, this seemed to work 32____ well, but serious weaknesses are now appearing. As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories and equipment, but it does not 33____ the loss of natural resources, including nonrenewable resources such as oil or renewable resources such as forests. This basic fault can produce a 34____ sense of national economic health. According to GNP, for example, countries that overcut forests actually do better than those that preserve their forests. The trees cut down are counted as income but no subtraction is made for 35____ the forests. Part II Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, oneor more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation andthe questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be apause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C), and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter onAnswer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. Now let’s begin with the eight shortconversations. 1. W: I'm going to give up playing chess. I lost again today. M: Just because you lost? Is that any reason to quit? Q: What does the man imply? 2. M: Do you know Sally's new address? She's got some mail here, and I'd like to forward it to her. W: Well, we've not been in touch for quite a while. Let's see. Mary should know it. Q: What does the woman mean? 3. W: I missed classes this morning. Could you please lend me your notes? M: My notes? You've never seen my handwriting, have you? Q: What does the man imply? 4. M: I'm taking my girlfriend to the fancy new restaurant for her birthday tonight. W: I went there last weekend. I found it rather disappointing. Q: What does the woman mean? 5. W: Winter is over at last. Time to put away my gloves and boots. M: I've been waiting for this for months. Q: What does the man mean? 6. W: Thank you for bringing the books back. M: I thought you need them over the weekend. Many thanks for letting me use them. Q: What do we learn from the conversation? 7. W: Are you working flexible hours? M: No, I'm not. The weather today is so nice, so I decided to walk to work, and that meant I had to leave an hour earlier than usual. Q: What did the man decide to do? 8. W: Our plane has been circling for a long time. Why the delay? M: The airport was closed for a while this morning, and things are still not back to normal. Q: What does the man mean? Now you’ll hear the two long conversations. Conversation One W: Morning, this is TGC! M: Good morning, Walter Barry here, calling from London. Could I speak to Mr. Grand, please? W: Who's calling, please? M: Walter Barry, from London. W: What is it about, please? M: Well, I understand that your company has a chemical processing plant. My own company LCP, Liquid Control Products, is a leader in safety from leaks in the field of chemical processing. I'd like to speak to Mr. Grand to discuss ways in which we could help TGC protect itself from such problems and save money at the same time. W: Yes, I see. Well, Mr. Grand is not available just now. M: Can you tell me when I could reach him? W: He's very busy for the next few days. Then he'll be away in New York. So it's difficult to give you a time. M: Could I speak to someone else, perhaps? W: Who, in particular? M: A colleague, for example? W: You are speaking to his personal assistant. I can deal with calls for Mr. Grand. M: Yes, well, could I ring him tomorrow? W: No, I'm sorry, he won't be free tomorrow. Listen, let me suggest something. You send us details of your products and services, together with references from other companies. And then we'll contact you. M: Yes, that's very kind of you. I have your address. W: Very good, Mr....? M: Barry. Walter Barry, from LCP in London. W: Right, Mr. Barry. We look forward to hearing from you. M: Thank you. Goodbye. W: Bye. 9. What do we learn about the woman's company? 10. What do we learn about the man? 11. Whats the woman's position in her company? 12. What does the woman suggest the man do? Conversation Two M: Miss Yamada, did you ever think that you would find yourself living and working in the western world? W: No, not really, although I've always listened to recordings of great orchestras from Europe. M: So you enjoyed classical music even when you were very young? W: Oh, yes. I was only a child. M: You were born in 1955. Is that right? W: Yes, I began violin lessons at school when I was six. M: As young as that. Did you like it? W: Oh, yes, very much. M: When did you first play on your own? I mean, when did you give your first performance? W: I think I was 8...? No,9. I just had my birthday a week before, and my father had bought me a new violin. I played a small piece at the school concert. M: Did you know then that you would become a professional violinist? W: Yes, I think so. I enjoyed playing the violin very much, and I didn't mind practicing, sometimes three or four hours a day. M: And when did you first come to Europe? W: I was very lucky. When I was 15, I won a scholarship to a college in Paris. That was for a three-year course. M: How did your parents feel about that? W: I think they were pleased and worried at the same time. It was the chance of a lifetime. But of course I would be thousands of miles from home. Anyway, I studied in Paris for three years and then went back to Tokyo. 13.What do we know about the woman before she went to Europe? 14.What does the woman say about her music experience? 15.What does the woman say about her study in Paris? Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear aquestion, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B),C), and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a singleline through the centre. Passage One What makes a person famous? This is a mystery that many people have carefully thought about. All kinds of myths surround the lives of well-known people. Most people are familiar with the works of William Shakespeare, one of the greatest English writers of the 16th and 17th centuries. Yet how many know Shakespeare, the person, the man behind the works? After centuries of research, scholars are still trying to discover Shakespeare's personal history. It is not easily found in his writings. Authors of the time could not protect their works. An acting company, for example, could change a play if they wanted to. Nowadays, writers have copyrights that protect their work. Many myths arose about Shakespeare. Some said he had no formal education. Others believed that he began his career by tending the horses of wealthy men. All of these myths are interesting, but are they true? Probably not. Shakespeare's father was a respected man in Stratford-on-Avon, a member of the town council. He sent young William to grammar school. Most people of Elizabethan times did not continue beyond grammar school; so, Shakespeare did have, at least, an average education. Some parts of Shakespeare's life will always remain unknown. The Great London Fire of 1666 burned many important documents that could have been a source of clues. We will always be left with many questions and few facts. 16. What does the speaker say about William Shakespeare? 17. What do we learn about Shakespeare's father? 18. Why does the speaker say parts of Shakespeare's life will remain a mystery? Passage Two Wherever you go and for whatever reason, its important to be safe. While the majority of people you will meet when travelling are sure to be friendly and welcoming, there are dangers. Theft being the most common. Just as in your home country, do not expect everyone you meet to be friendly and helpful. It's important to prepare for your trip in advance and to take precautions while you are travelling. As you prepare for your trip, make sure you have the right paperwork. You don't want to get to your destination, only to find you have the wrong visa, or worse, that your passport isn't valid anymore. Also, make sure you travel with proper medical insurance, so that if you are sick or injured during your travels, you will be able to get treatment. If you want to drive while you are abroad, make sure you have an international drivers license. When you get to your destination, use official transport. Always go to bus and taxi stands. Don't accept rides from strangers who offer you a lift. If there is no meter in the taxi, agree on a price before you get in. If you prefer to stay in cheap hotels while travelling, make sure you can lock the door of your room from the inside. Finally, remember to smile. It's the friendliest and most sincere form of communication, and is sure to be understood in any part of the world! 19. What is mentioned as a most common danger when people go travelling abroad? 20. What is the most important thing to do when you prepare for your trip abroad? 21. What does the speaker suggest you do when you arrive at your destination? Passage Three The British are supposed to be famous for laughing at themselves, but even their sense of humour has a limit, as the British retailer Gerald Ratner found out to his cost. When Ratner took over his father's chain of 130 jewelry shops in 1984, he introduced a very clear company policy. He decided that his shops should sell down market products at the lowest possible prices. It was a great success. The British public loved his cheap gold earrings and his tasteless silver ornaments. By 1991, Ratner's company had 2 400 shops and it was worth over 680 million pounds. But in April of that year, Gerald Ratner made a big mistake. At a big meeting of top British business people, he suited up and explained the secret of his success. People say,How can we sell our goods for such a low price? I say, Because they are absolute rubbish. His audience roared with laughter. But the British newspapers and the British public were not so amused. People felt insulted and stayed away from Ratner's shops. Sales fell and six months after his speech, Ratner's share price had fallen by 42%. The following year, things got worse and Gerald Ratner was forced to resign. By the end of 1992, he lost his company, his career and his house. Even worse, 25 000 of his employees had lost their jobs. It had been a very expensive joke. 22. What did Gerald Ratner decide to do when he took over his father's shops? 23. On what occasion did Gerald Ratner explain the secret of his success? 24. How did people feel when they learned of Gerald Ratner's remarks? 25. What does the story of Gerald Ratner suggest? Section C Directions: In this section, you will heara passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the secondtime, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have justheard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should checkwhat you have written. Now listen to the passage. Looking at the basic biological systems, the world is not doing very well. Yet, economic indicators show the world is prospering. Despite a slow start at the beginning of the eighties, global economic output increased by more than a fifth during the decade. The economy grew, trade increased, and millions of new jobs were created. How can biological indicators show the opposite of economic indicators? The answer is that the economic indicators have a basic fault: they show no difference between resource uses that sustain progress and those uses that will hurt it. The main measure of economic progress is the gross national product(GNP). In simple terms, this totals the value of all goods and services produced and subtracts loss in value of factories and equipment. Developed a half-century ago, GNP helped establish a common way among countries of measuring change in economic output. For some time, this seemed to work reasonably well, but serious weaknesses are now appearing. As indicated earlier, GNP includes loss in value of factories and equipment, but it does not take into account the loss of natural resources, including nonrenewable resources, such as oil, or renewable resources, such as forests. This basic fault can produce a misleading sense of national economic health. According to GNP, for example, countries that overcut forests actually do better than those that preserve their forests. The trees cut down are counted as income but no subtraction is made for using up the forests. 1-8:ADBDCBBA 9-12:CDCB 13-15:ADA 16-18:BDC 19-21:ABB 22-25:CADB 26. prospering 27. decade 28. opposite 29. sustain 30. In simple terms 31. establish 32. reasonably 33. take into account 34. misleading 35. using up Listening comprehension Section A 1.【解析】A。推理题。本题的关键在于听懂反问句和反问的语调。男士说:“Is that any reason to quit? 这能是你放弃的理由吗?”反问语气表肯定!换句话说,男士的建议是你应该好好继续下棋。故选A。 2.【解析】 D。本题的关键在于听到细节“Mary should know it. ”男士说自己手边有一堆Sally的信件需要寄给她,所以需要知道她的地址。女士说自己很久没跟Sally联系了,但是结尾说了一句:“Mary应该知道地址。”故选D。 3.【解析】B。这道题同样是一个反义疑问句,表达肯定意思。关键听到男士的那句:“You’ve never see my handwriting, have you?”“你从没看过我的笔迹吧?”话外音可以推理出来就是:我的笔迹很难认,你肯定看不出来我写的是什么笔记。故选B。 4.【解析】D。男士说我今晚要带女朋友去新开的漂亮饭店过生日。女士说我上周去过,太让我失望了。言外之意就是建议男士不要去这家饭馆了。故选D。 5.【解析】C。本题首先听到女士开头说的:“冬天终于结束了。”和男士结尾说:“我等了好几个月了啊。”显然是男士非常期待冬天快点结束,春天快点到来。故选C。 6.【解析】 B。关键听到男士说的那句:Many thanks for letting me use them. 太感谢你让我看他们了。thank和选项中的appreciate为同义词。 7.【解析】 B。本题是典型的动作判断题。通过选项全是动词短语就可判断应该抓听动词。而本题最关键的是细节:I decided to walk to work.和选项中的Go on foot. 为同义表达。 8.【解析】A。本题关键是听到男士的话:男士说今早机场关闭了一段时间了,而且仍然没恢复正常。其中的closed for a while和选项中的Temporary closing同义。 Conversation One: 【解析】主要讲了一位化学产品公司的推销员想要向其他公司推荐自家公司产品的过程。 对话开头男士先表明自己的身份和想要推荐产品的意图,但遇到的问题是男士需要找的Mr. Grand非常忙,没空处理这件事。女士作为Mr. Grand的助理开始处理,问题的最终解决是要求男士提供自己家产品的详细介绍邮寄过来。 这是典型四级听力工作类长对话的模式:先工作方面的介绍,然后谈到工作中遇到的问题,最后是问题的解决。分别设置了这3个考点。相对而言,工作类考题比较难的地方在于部分词汇会造成干扰:例如,公司名Liquid Control Products,chemical processing, personal assistance, reference等,但除了personal assistance直接与考点相关外,其他单词没听懂考生也应完全不纠结。而personal assistance在选项中为所听即所得。 因此,总体而言,这篇长对话与往年难度持平。 Conversation Two: 【解析】本篇长对话作为正式访谈类的听力,一开始采访人从女士是否想过会在西方社会圈生活和工作作为切入点进行了一个热身;紧接着,女士回答自己一直对欧洲的音乐有所关注,采访人就顺着这个点提到女士目前作为专业小提琴演奏家职业相关的情况,从而提到女士最早来到欧洲的原因是获得巴黎奖学金留学的机会。 长对话二非常简单,基本上没有生词,结合日常生活经验也可以比较顺理成章地理解一位亚洲日本小提琴家的成长之路:年幼开始学琴,从小对音乐有研究,有过欧洲留学经历,最终进入欧洲社会圈。 Section B 16.【解析】 本题考查事实细节。文章中作者先提出“有多少人了解莎士比亚本人”的问题,接着指出各学者经过几个世纪的研究之后,仍然在不断探索发现他的个人史。由此可知,莎士比亚的个人史很少有人知道。 17.【解析】本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚的父亲受人尊敬,是Stratford-on-Avon镇议会的一名成员。选项a member of the town council与原文完全对应。 18.【解析】 本题考查事实细节。文章中提到莎士比亚一部分的生活将永远不为人所知。因为1666年伦敦的一场大火把很多重要文件烧毁了,而这些本来可能是了解莎士比亚的重要线索。所以答案选择Possible sources of clues about him were lost in a fire。 19.【解析】 本题考查事实细节。原文开篇就提到人们在外出旅游时会遇到很多危险,而其中最为常见的就是盗窃。根据所听即所得,可选出正确答案。 20.【解析】 本题考查事实细节。原文中提到在准备出国旅游时,一定要确保文件正确,避免出现签证错误、过期护照等情况。因此答案应选正确的文件。选项中的documents与文中的paperwork对应。 21.【解析】文章最后提到,到达目的地后要选择乘坐正式的交通工具,不要搭乘陌生人的车。use official transport和文中完全一致,所听即所得可得出答案。
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