2013年12月英语四级听力真题及答案 第3套

韩萱 2016-10-17 3459 阅读
分享

Part III Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)

Section A

Directions:In this section,you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D),and decide which is the best answer,Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1.

A) Plan his budget carefully.

B) Give her more information.

C) Ask someone else for advice.

D) Buy a gift for his girlfriend.

2.

A) She'll have some chocolate cake.

B) She'll take a look at the menu.

C) She'll go without dessert.

D) She'll prepare the dinner.

3.

A) The man can speak a foreign language.

B) The woman hopes to improve her English.

C) The woman knows many different languages.

D) The man wishes to visit many more countries.

4.

A) Go to the library.

B) Meet the woman.

C) See Prof. Smith.

D) Have a drink in the bar.

5.

A) She isn't sure when Prof. Bloom will be back.

B) The man shouldn't be late for his class.

C) The man can come back sometime later.

D) She can pass on the message for the man.

6.

A) He has a strange personality.

B) He's got emotional problems.

C) His illness is beyond cure.

D) His behavior is hard to explain.

7.

A) The tickets are more expensive than expected.

B) The tickets are sold in advance at half price.

C) It's difficult to buy the tickets on the spot.

D) It's better to buy the tickets beforehand.

8.

A) He turned suddenly and ran into a tree.

B) He was hit by a fallen box from a truck.

C) He drove too fast and crashed into a truck.

D) He was trying to overtake the truck ahead of him.

Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.

A) To go boating on the St. Lawrence River.

B) To go sightseeing in Quebec Province.

C) To call on a friend in Quebec City.

D) To attend a wedding in Montreal.

10.

A) Study the map of Quebec Province.

B) Find more about Quebec City.

C) Brush up on her French.

D) Learn more about the local customs.

11.

A) It's most beautiful in summer.

B) It has many historical buildings.

C) It was greatly expanded in the 18th century.

D) It's the only French-speaking city in Canada.

Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12.

A) It was about a little animal.

B) It took her six years to write.

C) It was adapted from a fairy tale.

D) It was about a little girl and her pet.

13.

A) She knows how to write best-selling novels.

B) She can earn a lot of money by writing for adults.

C) She is able to win enough support from publishers.

D) She can make a living by doing what she likes.

14.

A) The characters.

B) The readers.

C) Her ideas.

D) Her life experiences.

15.

A) She doesn't really know where they originated.

B) She mainly drew on stories of ancient saints.

C) They popped out of her childhood dreams.

D) They grew out of her long hours of thinking.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Passage One

Questions 16 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

16.

A) Monitor students' sleep patterns.

B) Help students concentrate in class.

C) Record students' weekly performance.

D) Ask students to complete a sleep report.

17.

A) Declining health.

B) Lack of attention.

C) Loss of motivation.

D) Improper behavior.

18.

A) They should make sure their children are always punctual for school.

B) They should ensure their children grow up in a healthy environment.

C) They should help their children accomplish high-quality work.

D) They should see to it that their children have adequate sleep.

Passage Two

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19.

A) She stopped being a homemaker.

B) She became a famous educator.

C) She became a public figure.

D) She quit driving altogether.

20.

A) A motorist's speeding.

B) Her running a stop sign.

C) Her lack of driving experience.

D) A motorist's failure to concentrate.

21.

A) Nervous and unsure of herself.

B) Calm and confident of herself.

C) Courageous and forceful.

D) Distracted and reluctant.

22.

A) More strict training of women drivers.

B) Restrictions on cell phone use while driving.

C) Improved traffic conditions in cities.

D) New regulations to ensure children's safety.

Passage Three

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

23.

A) They haven't devoted its much energy to medicine as to space travel.

B) There are too many kinds of cold viruses for them to identify.

C) It is not economical to find a cure for each type of cold.

D) They believe people can recover without treatment.

24.

A) They reveal the seriousness of the problem.

B) They indicate how fast the virus spreads.

C) They tell us what kind of medicine to take.

D) They show our body is fighting the virus.

25.

A) It actually does more harm than good.

B) It causes damage to some organs of our body.

C) It works better when combined with other remedies.

D) It helps us to recover much sooner.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally,when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

You probably have noticed that people express similar ideas in different ways, depending on the situation they are in. This is very __26__. All languages have two general levels of usage: a formal level and an informal level. English is no __27__. The difference in these two levels is the situation in which you use a __28__ level. Formal language is the kind of language you find in textbooks, __29__, and in business letters. You would also use formal English in compositions and __30__ that you write in school. Informal language is used in conversation with colleagues, family members and friends, and when we write __31__ notes or letters to close friends.

Formal language is different from informal language __32__. First, formal language tends to be more polite. What we may find interesting is that it usually takes more words to be polite. For example, I might say to a friend or a family member. "Close the door, please." but to a __33__, I probably would say, "Would you mind closing the door?"

Another difference between formal and informal language is some of the __34__. There are bound to be some words and phrases that __35__ formal language and others that are informal. Let's say that I really like soccer. If I'm talking to my friend, I might say "I'm just crazy about soccer!" But if I were talking to my boss, I would probably say "I really enjoy soccer."

01-25 BCACD BDADC BADCA CBDCD ABBDA

26. natural

27. exception

28. particular

29. reference books

30. essays

31. personal

32. in several ways

33. stranger

34. vocabulary

35. belong in

听力短对话

1.

M:Christmas is around thecorner and I'm looking for a gift for my girlfriend. Any suggestions?

W: Well,you have to tell me something about your girlfriend first. Also, what's yourbudget?

Q:What does the woman wantthe man to do?

2.

M:What would you like fordessert? I think I'll have apple pie and ice cream.

W :The chocolate cake looksgreat, but I have to watch my weight. You go ahead and get yours.

Q:What would the woman mostprobably do?

3.

W:Having visited so manycountries, you must be able to speak several different languages!

M:I wish I could. ButJapanese and, of course English are the only languages I can speak.

Q;What do we learn from theconversation?

4.

M:Prof. Smith asked me to goto his office after class. So it is impossible for me to make it to the bar at10:00.

W: Then itseems we'll have to meet an hour later at the library.

O:What will the man do firstafter class?

5.

M:It’s already 11:00 now. Do youmean I ought to wait until Prof. Bloom comes back from class?

W:Not really. You can justleave a note. I’ll give it to her later.

Q:What does the woman mean?

6.

M:How’s John now? Is he feelingany better?

W: Notyet. It still seems impossible to make him smile. Talking to him is reallydifficult, and he gets upset easily over little things.

Q :What do we learn about Johnfrom the conversation?

7.

M: Do WChave to get the opera tickets in advance?

W:Certainly! Tickets at the door are usually sold at a higher price.

Q:What does the woman imply?

8.

M:The taxi driver must havebeen speeding.

W:Well, not really! Hecrashed into, the tree because he was trying not to hit a box that had fallenoff the truck ahead of him.

Q:What do we learn about thetaxi driver?

听力长对话原文1

Conversation One

W: Hey, Bob, guess what? I’m going to visit Quebec next summer, (9)I’m invited to go to a friend's wedding, but while I’m there, I’d also like to do some sightseeing.

M: That’s nice, Sherry. But do you mean the province of Quebec or Quebec City?

W: I mean the province. (9)My friend’s wedding is in Montreal, so I’m going there first. I'll slay for five days. Is Montreal the capital city of the province?

M: Well, many people think so because it’s the biggest city, but it’s not the capital. Quebec City is. But Montreal is great. The St. Lawrence River runs right through the middle of the city. It's beautiful in summer.

W: Wow, and do you think I can get by in English? My French is OK, but not that good. I know most people there speak French, but can I also use English?

M; Weil, people speak both French and English there, but you’ll hear French most of the time and all the street signs are in French. In fact, Montreal is the third largest French-speaking city in the world. (10) So you'd better practice your French before you go.

W: Good advice. What about Quebec City? I’ll visit a friend from college who lives there now. What’s it like?

M: (11)It's a beautiful city, very old. Many old buildings have been nicely restored. Some of them were built in the 17th and 18th centuries. You'll love it there.

W: Fantastic. I can't wait to go.

9. What's the woman's main purpose of visiting Quebec?

10. What does the man advise the woman to do before the trip?

11. What does the man say about Quebec City?

听力长对话原文2

Conversation Two

M: Hi, Ms. Rowling. How old were you when you started to write? And what was your first book?

W: (12)I wrote my first finished story when I was about six. It was about a small animal> a rabbit, I mean,and I've been writing ever since.

M: Why did you choose to be an author?

W: If someone asked me how to achieve happiness, step one would be finding out what you love doing most and step two would be finding someone to pay you to do it. (13)I consider myself very lucky indeed to be able to support myself by writing.

M:Do you have any plans to write books for adults?

W:My first two novels were for adults. I suppose I might write another one, but I never really imagine a target audience when I’m writing. (14)The ideas come first, so it really depends on the idea that grabs me next. Where did the ideas for the Harry Potter books come from?

M: (15)I’ve no idea where the ideas came from and I hope I’ll never find out. It would spoil my excitement if it turned out I just have a funny little wrinkle on the surface of my brain which makes me think about invisible train platforms.

M: How do you come up with the names of your characters?

W:I invented some of them, but I also collected strange names. I've gotten them from ancient saints, maps, dictionaries, plants, war memorials, and people I’ve met.

M: Oh, you are really resourceful.

12. What do we learn from the conversation about Ms. Rowling's first book?

13. Why does Ms. Rowling consider herself very lucky?

14. What dictates Ms. Rowling's writing?

15. According to Ms. Rowling, where did she get the ideas for the Harry Potter books?

听力短文原文

Passage One

Reducing the amount of sleep students get at night has a direct impact on their performance at school during the day. According to classroom teachers, elementary and middle school students who stay up late exhibit more learning and attention problems. This has been shown by Brown Medical School and Bradley Hospital research. In the study, (16) teachers were not told the amount of sleep students received when completing weekly performance reports. Yet they rated the students who had received eight hours or less as having the most trouble recalling old material,learning new lessons, and completing high-quality work. Teachers also reported that (17) these students had more difficulty paying attention. The experiment is the first to ask teachers to report on the effects of sleep deficiency in children. "Just (17)staying up late can cause increased academic difficulty and attention problems for otherwise healthy, well-functioning kids," said Gahan Fallone, the study’s lead author. "So the results provide professionals and parents with a clear message: When a child is having learning and attention problems, the issue of sleep has to be taken into consideration." "If we don’t ask about sleep and try to improve sleep patterns in kids’ struggling academically« then we aren’t doing our job," Fallone said. "For parents," he said, "the message is simple一 (18)getting kids to bed on time is as important as getting them to school on time."

16. What were teachers told to do in the experiment?

17. According to the experiment, what problem can insufficient sleep cause in students?

18. What message did the researcher intend to convey to parents?

Passage Two

(19)Partricia Pania never wanted to be a national public figure. All she wanted to be was a mother and a homemaker. (20)But her life was turned upside down when a motorist, distracted by his cell phone, ran a stop sign and crashed into the side of her car. The impact killed her 2-year-old daughter. Four months later, Pania reluctantly but courageously decided to try to educate the public and to fight for laws to ban drivers from using cell phones while a car is moving. She wanted to save other children from what happened to her daughter, (21) in her first speech, Pania got off to a shaky start. She was visibly trembling and her voice was soft and uncertain. But as she got into her speech, a dramatic transformation took place. She stopped shaking and spoke with a strong voice. For the rest of her talk, she was a forceful and compelling speaker. She wanted everyone in the audience to know what she knew without having to learn it from a personal tragedy. Many in the audience were moved to tears, and to action. In subsequent presentations, Pania gained reputation as a highly effective speaker. Her appearance on a talk show was broadcast three times, transmitting her message to over 14 million people. (22)Her campaign increased public awareness of the problem and prompted over 300 cities and several states to consider restrictions on cell phone use.

19. What was the significant change in Partricia Pania's life?

20. What had led to Pania's personal tragedy?

21. How did Pania feel when she began her first speech?

22. What could be expected as a result of Pania’s efforts?

Passage Three

Many people catch a cold in the springtime or fall, It makes us wonder if scientists can send a man to the moon, why can’t they find a cure for the common cold? The answer is easy. (23)There’re actually hundreds of kinds of cold viruses out there. You never know which one you will get, so there isn’t a cure for each one. When a virus attacks your body, your body works hard to get rid of it. Blood rushes to your nose and causes a blockage in it. You feel terrible because you can’t breathe well, (24)but your body is actually eating the virus. Your temperature rises and you get a fever, but the heat of your body is killing the virus. You also have a running nose to stop the virus from getting to your cells. You may feel miserable, but actually your wonderful body is doing everything it can to kill the cold. Different people have different remedies for colds. In the United States and some other countries, for example, people might eat chicken soup to feel better. Some people take hot baths and drink warm liquids. Other people take medicines to relieve various symptoms of colds. There's one interesting thing to note. (25)Some scientists say taking medicines when you have a cold is actually bad for you. The virus stays in you longer because your body doesn’t develop a way to fight it and kill it.

23. According to the passage, why haven’t scientists found a cure for the common cold?

24. What does the speaker say about the symptoms of the common cold?

25. What do some scientists say about taking medicines for the common cold,according to the passage?

听力填空

You probably have noticed that people express similar ideas in different ways, depending on the situation they are in. This is very natural. All languages have two general levels of usage: a formal level and an informal level. English is no exception. The difference in these two levels is the situation in which you use a particular level. Formal language is the kind of language you find in textbooks, reference books, and in business letters. You would also use formal English in compositions and essays that you write in school. Informal language is used in conversation with colleagues, family members and friends, and when we write personal notes or letters to close friends.

Formal language is different from informal language in several ways. First, formal language tends to be more polite. What we may find interesting is that it usually takes more words to be polite. For example, I might say to a friend or a family member. "Close the door, please." but to a stranger, I probably would say, "Would you mind closing the door?"

Another difference between formal and informal language is some of the vocabulary. There are bound to be some words and phrases that belong in formal language and others that are informal. Let's say that I really like soccer. If I'm talking to my friend, I might say "I'm just crazy about soccer!" But if I were talking to my boss, I would probably say "I really enjoy soccer."

【四级短对话】

1.B) 【精析】行动计划题。.男士就给女朋*买什么礼物 征求女士的建议。女士说要先知道男士的女友的情况及男士的预算才能提供意见。由此可见,女士是 在要求男士提供更多的信息。

2.C) 【精析】推理判断题。女士先说巧克力蛋糕不错, but之后是话语的转折,她表示要注意体重。由此 可以推断,女士最后可能决定不吃甜点。

3.A) 【精析】推理判断题。男士用I wish I could否定了女士对自己会讲多国语言的推测。注意男士说的of course English,说明英语是他的母语,他理所当然会说。由此可知,除了英语,他只会一门外语,即日语。

4.C) 【精析】行动计划题。此题考查动作的先后顺序。 男士说下课后要先去Prof. Smith. 10点不能到达酒吧,女士说只好1小时后在阁书馆见面了。由此可知,男士下课后首先要见教授。

5.D)【精析】语义理解题。男士问女士需要等到Bloom 教授下课吗,女士回答不需要,只需要留下一个便条,并表示她会替男士交给Bloom教授。

6.B) 【精析】综合归纳题。男士问女士 John怎么样了, 女士说很雅让他笑,很难与他谈话,他很容易因为 小事沮丧。由此推断,John的情绪不好。

7.D) 【精析】弦外之音题。女士对男士所问的是否提前 购票给予肯定答复。D)中的beforehand"预先"是 对对话中in advance的同义转述。tickets at the door意为"临近开演前所售的票"。

8.A)【精析】推理判断题。男士说出租车司机一定是超 速行驶了,女士说不是,司机是* 了躲避卡车上掉下来的箱子而撞到树上了。由此可以推断,司机当 时一定是突然转向才撞到了树上。

【四级长对话】

9. What's the woman's main purpose of visiting Quebec?

D)【精析】目的意图题。女士在对话开始时开门见山 地跟男士说自己受邀去参加婚礼,男士接着询问是 在魁北克省还是在魁北克市,女士回答朋友的婚礼 是在魁北克省的蒙特利尔市。

10. What does the man advise the woman to do before the trip?

C)【精析】请求建议题。解答本题应注意建议的表达 方式。女士说自己的法语不好,男士用you’d better句型建议女士在旅行前练习一下法语。

11. What does the man say about Quebec City?

B)【精析】事实细节题。对话最后女士问男士魁北克 市怎么样,男士说很漂亮、很古老,有很多古老的 建筑物修复得很好。

12. What do we learn from the conversation about Ms. Rowling's first book?

A) 【精析】事实细节题。通过整个对话可以得知这 是对《哈利•波特》的作者Rowling女士的采访。 对话开头女士便提到她六岁时开始写作,第一本 书与小动物有关。

13. Why does Ms. Rowling consider herself very lucky?

D) 【精析】目的原因题。对话中Rowling女士说她 认为自己非常幸运,能够靠写作养活自己。

14. What dictates Ms. Rowling's writing?

C)【精析】事实细节题。对话中Rowling女士提到灵感第一,所以为谁而写完全取决于接下来的灵 感。由此可知,引导着Rowling女士写作的是她的灵感。

15. According to Ms. Rowling, where did she get the ideas for the Harry Potter books?

A)【精析】事实细节题。对话中男士问《哈利•波 特》的灵感是从哪里来的,Rowling女士回答不知道。

【四级短文】

16. What were teachers told to do in the experiment?

C)【精析】事实细节题。文中明确提到,在研究过程 中,参与的教师在完成学生的每周表现报告之前 并未被告知学生们的睡眠量。由此可知,老师被 要求记录学生每周的表现情况。

17. According to the experiment, what problem can insufficient sleep cause in students?

B)【精析】事实细节题。文中明确提到,这些睡眠不足的学生更难集中注意力,而未提及睡眠不足的学生有健康状态下降、缺乏积极性和行为不正常等症状.

18. What message did the researcher intend to convey to parents?

D)【精析】推理判断题。短文末尾提到让孩子们按时 睡觉跟让他们按时上学同等重要,由此可以推断 家长们应保证孩子有充足的睡眠。see to it意为 "务必要,保证"。

19. What was the significant change in Partricia Pania's life?

C)【精析】推理判断题。短文开头提到Pania不愿成为公众人物,她只想做个家庭主妇。但是当一个司机因为开车时打手机而撞到她的汽车致使她 两岁的女儿死亡后,她的生活彻底改变了。由此 可以推断Pania生命中最重要的转变是成为一名公众人物。

20. What had led to Pania's personal tragedy?

D)【精析】事实细节题。文中提到一个开车的人边 开车边打电话,闻了停止信号撞上Pania的汽车。 由此可知,是由于开车的人打手机分散了注意力而导致了悲剧的爱生。

21. How did Pania feel when she began her first speech?

A) 【精析】推理判断题。文中指出在第一次演讲中, Pania—开始不太顺利,她明显在发抖,声音弱小犹豫。由此可知,她在初次演讲开始时很紧张,而丑不自信。

22. What could be expected as a result of Pania’s efforts?

B) 【精析】综合推断题。短文末尾提到Pania掀起的运动增强了人们对司机开车时使用手机问题的 认识,促使300多座城市和几个州考虑限制手机 的使用。由此可知,Pania的努力有望使政府出台相关措施以限制司机开车时使用手机。

23. According to the passage, why haven’t scientists found a cure for the common cold?

B)【精析】事实细节题。短文开头提到感冒病毒有成千上万种,你根本就不知道你感染的是哪一种,因 此并不是每种病毒都能找到相应的治疗方法。

24. What does the speaker say about the symptoms of the common cold?

D)【精析】事实细节题。

25. What do some scientists say about taking medicines for the common cold, according to the passage?

A)【精析】事实细节题,短文最后提到一些专家认为 感冒时服用药物实际上对身体有害。可得答案为natural,意为"自然的"。

【四级听写】

26. natural

【精析】语义推断题。由very判断此处缺少形容 词,与前面的This is构成主系表结构。结合录音冒的症状时提到,当病毒侵入你的身体时,身体会努力将其清除。随后提到了不起的身体正在尽其 所能战胜感冒。由此可知,感冒的症状表明我们的身体在和感冒病毒作斗争。

27. exception

【精析】固定搭配题。分析句子结构可知,空格前为no,故所缺单iii]应为名同(同组>。结合录音填 入exception. no exception是同定搭配.意为"不例外"

28. particular

【精析】修饰关系题。分析句子结构知.此处缺少形词来修饰空格后面的名词level。下文分別介绍了正式语和非正式语的使用此所填形容 同应强调一种特殊性。结合滋音填入particular, 意为"特定的"。

29. reference books

【精析】间定搭配题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 要填入名词(词组),与前后的textbooks和 business letters并列构成正式语言使用的场合。 结合隶☆填入reference books,意为"参考书"。

30. essays

【精析】同类列举题。分析句子结构》1知,此处需 填入名词(词组)与后面的write形成动宾结构。 所填词与compositions并-列.而§_意思也与 compositions相近。结合录音填人essays.意为 "散文,小品文"。

31. personal

【精析】语义推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 填入形容词修饰空格后的名词notes和letters。 结合隶音可得答案为personal,意为"私人的"。

32. in several ways

【精析】句意推断题。句子不缺少主干成分,由此 推断所缺部分可能是状语。结合录音可得答案为 in several ways,意为"在几个方面"。

33. stranger

【精析】语境推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 填人单数名词。结合录音可得答案为stranger,意 为"陌生人"。

34. vocabulary

【精析】句意推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 填人名词(词组)。结合录音可得答案为vocabulary, 意为"词汇"。

35. belong in

【精析】语境推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 填人定语从句的谓语部分。结合录音可得答案为 belong in,意为"适合(某种情景)"。
Part III Listening Comprehension (30 minutes) Section A Directions:In this section,you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation,one or more questions will be asked about what was said.Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D),and decide which is the best answer,Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。 1. A) Plan his budget carefully. B) Give her more information. C) Ask someone else for advice. D) Buy a gift for his girlfriend. 2. A) She'll have some chocolate cake. B) She'll take a look at the menu. C) She'll go without dessert. D) She'll prepare the dinner. 3. A) The man can speak a foreign language. B) The woman hopes to improve her English. C) The woman knows many different languages. D) The man wishes to visit many more countries. 4. A) Go to the library. B) Meet the woman. C) See Prof. Smith. D) Have a drink in the bar. 5. A) She isn't sure when Prof. Bloom will be back. B) The man shouldn't be late for his class. C) The man can come back sometime later. D) She can pass on the message for the man. 6. A) He has a strange personality. B) He's got emotional problems. C) His illness is beyond cure. D) His behavior is hard to explain. 7. A) The tickets are more expensive than expected. B) The tickets are sold in advance at half price. C) It's difficult to buy the tickets on the spot. D) It's better to buy the tickets beforehand. 8. A) He turned suddenly and ran into a tree. B) He was hit by a fallen box from a truck. C) He drove too fast and crashed into a truck. D) He was trying to overtake the truck ahead of him. Questions 9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 9. A) To go boating on the St. Lawrence River. B) To go sightseeing in Quebec Province. C) To call on a friend in Quebec City. D) To attend a wedding in Montreal. 10. A) Study the map of Quebec Province. B) Find more about Quebec City. C) Brush up on her French. D) Learn more about the local customs. 11. A) It's most beautiful in summer. B) It has many historical buildings. C) It was greatly expanded in the 18th century. D) It's the only French-speaking city in Canada. Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 12. A) It was about a little animal. B) It took her six years to write. C) It was adapted from a fairy tale. D) It was about a little girl and her pet. 13. A) She knows how to write best-selling novels. B) She can earn a lot of money by writing for adults. C) She is able to win enough support from publishers. D) She can make a living by doing what she likes. 14. A) The characters. B) The readers. C) Her ideas. D) Her life experiences. 15. A) She doesn't really know where they originated. B) She mainly drew on stories of ancient saints. C) They popped out of her childhood dreams. D) They grew out of her long hours of thinking. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。 Passage One Questions 16 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard. 16. A) Monitor students' sleep patterns. B) Help students concentrate in class. C) Record students' weekly performance. D) Ask students to complete a sleep report. 17. A) Declining health. B) Lack of attention. C) Loss of motivation. D) Improper behavior. 18. A) They should make sure their children are always punctual for school. B) They should ensure their children grow up in a healthy environment. C) They should help their children accomplish high-quality work. D) They should see to it that their children have adequate sleep. Passage Two Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard. 19. A) She stopped being a homemaker. B) She became a famous educator. C) She became a public figure. D) She quit driving altogether. 20. A) A motorist's speeding. B) Her running a stop sign. C) Her lack of driving experience. D) A motorist's failure to concentrate. 21. A) Nervous and unsure of herself. B) Calm and confident of herself. C) Courageous and forceful. D) Distracted and reluctant. 22. A) More strict training of women drivers. B) Restrictions on cell phone use while driving. C) Improved traffic conditions in cities. D) New regulations to ensure children's safety. Passage Three Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. 23. A) They haven't devoted its much energy to medicine as to space travel. B) There are too many kinds of cold viruses for them to identify. C) It is not economical to find a cure for each type of cold. D) They believe people can recover without treatment. 24. A) They reveal the seriousness of the problem. B) They indicate how fast the virus spreads. C) They tell us what kind of medicine to take. D) They show our body is fighting the virus. 25. A) It actually does more harm than good. B) It causes damage to some organs of our body. C) It works better when combined with other remedies. D) It helps us to recover much sooner. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally,when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written. 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。 You probably have noticed that people express similar ideas in different ways, depending on the situation they are in. This is very __26__. All languages have two general levels of usage: a formal level and an informal level. English is no __27__. The difference in these two levels is the situation in which you use a __28__ level. Formal language is the kind of language you find in textbooks, __29__, and in business letters. You would also use formal English in compositions and __30__ that you write in school. Informal language is used in conversation with colleagues, family members and friends, and when we write __31__ notes or letters to close friends. Formal language is different from informal language __32__. First, formal language tends to be more polite. What we may find interesting is that it usually takes more words to be polite. For example, I might say to a friend or a family member. "Close the door, please." but to a __33__, I probably would say, "Would you mind closing the door?" Another difference between formal and informal language is some of the __34__. There are bound to be some words and phrases that __35__ formal language and others that are informal. Let's say that I really like soccer. If I'm talking to my friend, I might say "I'm just crazy about soccer!" But if I were talking to my boss, I would probably say "I really enjoy soccer." 01-25 BCACD BDADC BADCA CBDCD ABBDA 26. natural 27. exception 28. particular 29. reference books 30. essays 31. personal 32. in several ways 33. stranger 34. vocabulary 35. belong in 听力短对话 1. M:Christmas is around thecorner and I'm looking for a gift for my girlfriend. Any suggestions? W: Well,you have to tell me something about your girlfriend first. Also, what's yourbudget? Q:What does the woman wantthe man to do? 2. M:What would you like fordessert? I think I'll have apple pie and ice cream. W :The chocolate cake looksgreat, but I have to watch my weight. You go ahead and get yours. Q:What would the woman mostprobably do? 3. W:Having visited so manycountries, you must be able to speak several different languages! M:I wish I could. ButJapanese and, of course English are the only languages I can speak. Q;What do we learn from theconversation? 4. M:Prof. Smith asked me to goto his office after class. So it is impossible for me to make it to the bar at10:00. W: Then itseems we'll have to meet an hour later at the library. O:What will the man do firstafter class? 5. M:It’s already 11:00 now. Do youmean I ought to wait until Prof. Bloom comes back from class? W:Not really. You can justleave a note. I’ll give it to her later. Q:What does the woman mean? 6. M:How’s John now? Is he feelingany better? W: Notyet. It still seems impossible to make him smile. Talking to him is reallydifficult, and he gets upset easily over little things. Q :What do we learn about Johnfrom the conversation? 7. M: Do WChave to get the opera tickets in advance? W:Certainly! Tickets at the door are usually sold at a higher price. Q:What does the woman imply? 8. M:The taxi driver must havebeen speeding. W:Well, not really! Hecrashed into, the tree because he was trying not to hit a box that had fallenoff the truck ahead of him. Q:What do we learn about thetaxi driver? 听力长对话原文1 Conversation One W: Hey, Bob, guess what? I’m going to visit Quebec next summer, (9)I’m invited to go to a friend's wedding, but while I’m there, I’d also like to do some sightseeing. M: That’s nice, Sherry. But do you mean the province of Quebec or Quebec City? W: I mean the province. (9)My friend’s wedding is in Montreal, so I’m going there first. I'll slay for five days. Is Montreal the capital city of the province? M: Well, many people think so because it’s the biggest city, but it’s not the capital. Quebec City is. But Montreal is great. The St. Lawrence River runs right through the middle of the city. It's beautiful in summer. W: Wow, and do you think I can get by in English? My French is OK, but not that good. I know most people there speak French, but can I also use English? M; Weil, people speak both French and English there, but you’ll hear French most of the time and all the street signs are in French. In fact, Montreal is the third largest French-speaking city in the world. (10) So you'd better practice your French before you go. W: Good advice. What about Quebec City? I’ll visit a friend from college who lives there now. What’s it like? M: (11)It's a beautiful city, very old. Many old buildings have been nicely restored. Some of them were built in the 17th and 18th centuries. You'll love it there. W: Fantastic. I can't wait to go. 9. What's the woman's main purpose of visiting Quebec? 10. What does the man advise the woman to do before the trip? 11. What does the man say about Quebec City? 听力长对话原文2 Conversation Two M: Hi, Ms. Rowling. How old were you when you started to write? And what was your first book? W: (12)I wrote my first finished story when I was about six. It was about a small animal> a rabbit, I mean,and I've been writing ever since. M: Why did you choose to be an author? W: If someone asked me how to achieve happiness, step one would be finding out what you love doing most and step two would be finding someone to pay you to do it. (13)I consider myself very lucky indeed to be able to support myself by writing. M:Do you have any plans to write books for adults? W:My first two novels were for adults. I suppose I might write another one, but I never really imagine a target audience when I’m writing. (14)The ideas come first, so it really depends on the idea that grabs me next. Where did the ideas for the Harry Potter books come from? M: (15)I’ve no idea where the ideas came from and I hope I’ll never find out. It would spoil my excitement if it turned out I just have a funny little wrinkle on the surface of my brain which makes me think about invisible train platforms. M: How do you come up with the names of your characters? W:I invented some of them, but I also collected strange names. I've gotten them from ancient saints, maps, dictionaries, plants, war memorials, and people I’ve met. M: Oh, you are really resourceful. 12. What do we learn from the conversation about Ms. Rowling's first book? 13. Why does Ms. Rowling consider herself very lucky? 14. What dictates Ms. Rowling's writing? 15. According to Ms. Rowling, where did she get the ideas for the Harry Potter books? 听力短文原文 Passage One Reducing the amount of sleep students get at night has a direct impact on their performance at school during the day. According to classroom teachers, elementary and middle school students who stay up late exhibit more learning and attention problems. This has been shown by Brown Medical School and Bradley Hospital research. In the study, (16) teachers were not told the amount of sleep students received when completing weekly performance reports. Yet they rated the students who had received eight hours or less as having the most trouble recalling old material,learning new lessons, and completing high-quality work. Teachers also reported that (17) these students had more difficulty paying attention. The experiment is the first to ask teachers to report on the effects of sleep deficiency in children. "Just (17)staying up late can cause increased academic difficulty and attention problems for otherwise healthy, well-functioning kids," said Gahan Fallone, the study’s lead author. "So the results provide professionals and parents with a clear message: When a child is having learning and attention problems, the issue of sleep has to be taken into consideration." "If we don’t ask about sleep and try to improve sleep patterns in kids’ struggling academically« then we aren’t doing our job," Fallone said. "For parents," he said, "the message is simple一 (18)getting kids to bed on time is as important as getting them to school on time." 16. What were teachers told to do in the experiment? 17. According to the experiment, what problem can insufficient sleep cause in students? 18. What message did the researcher intend to convey to parents? Passage Two (19)Partricia Pania never wanted to be a national public figure. All she wanted to be was a mother and a homemaker. (20)But her life was turned upside down when a motorist, distracted by his cell phone, ran a stop sign and crashed into the side of her car. The impact killed her 2-year-old daughter. Four months later, Pania reluctantly but courageously decided to try to educate the public and to fight for laws to ban drivers from using cell phones while a car is moving. She wanted to save other children from what happened to her daughter, (21) in her first speech, Pania got off to a shaky start. She was visibly trembling and her voice was soft and uncertain. But as she got into her speech, a dramatic transformation took place. She stopped shaking and spoke with a strong voice. For the rest of her talk, she was a forceful and compelling speaker. She wanted everyone in the audience to know what she knew without having to learn it from a personal tragedy. Many in the audience were moved to tears, and to action. In subsequent presentations, Pania gained reputation as a highly effective speaker. Her appearance on a talk show was broadcast three times, transmitting her message to over 14 million people. (22)Her campaign increased public awareness of the problem and prompted over 300 cities and several states to consider restrictions on cell phone use. 19. What was the significant change in Partricia Pania's life? 20. What had led to Pania's personal tragedy? 21. How did Pania feel when she began her first speech? 22. What could be expected as a result of Pania’s efforts? Passage Three Many people catch a cold in the springtime or fall, It makes us wonder if scientists can send a man to the moon, why can’t they find a cure for the common cold? The answer is easy. (23)There’re actually hundreds of kinds of cold viruses out there. You never know which one you will get, so there isn’t a cure for each one. When a virus attacks your body, your body works hard to get rid of it. Blood rushes to your nose and causes a blockage in it. You feel terrible because you can’t breathe well, (24)but your body is actually eating the virus. Your temperature rises and you get a fever, but the heat of your body is killing the virus. You also have a running nose to stop the virus from getting to your cells. You may feel miserable, but actually your wonderful body is doing everything it can to kill the cold. Different people have different remedies for colds. In the United States and some other countries, for example, people might eat chicken soup to feel better. Some people take hot baths and drink warm liquids. Other people take medicines to relieve various symptoms of colds. There's one interesting thing to note. (25)Some scientists say taking medicines when you have a cold is actually bad for you. The virus stays in you longer because your body doesn’t develop a way to fight it and kill it. 23. According to the passage, why haven’t scientists found a cure for the common cold? 24. What does the speaker say about the symptoms of the common cold? 25. What do some scientists say about taking medicines for the common cold,according to the passage? 听力填空 You probably have noticed that people express similar ideas in different ways, depending on the situation they are in. This is very natural. All languages have two general levels of usage: a formal level and an informal level. English is no exception. The difference in these two levels is the situation in which you use a particular level. Formal language is the kind of language you find in textbooks, reference books, and in business letters. You would also use formal English in compositions and essays that you write in school. Informal language is used in conversation with colleagues, family members and friends, and when we write personal notes or letters to close friends. Formal language is different from informal language in several ways. First, formal language tends to be more polite. What we may find interesting is that it usually takes more words to be polite. For example, I might say to a friend or a family member. "Close the door, please." but to a stranger, I probably would say, "Would you mind closing the door?" Another difference between formal and informal language is some of the vocabulary. There are bound to be some words and phrases that belong in formal language and others that are informal. Let's say that I really like soccer. If I'm talking to my friend, I might say "I'm just crazy about soccer!" But if I were talking to my boss, I would probably say "I really enjoy soccer." 【四级短对话】 1.B) 【精析】行动计划题。.男士就给女朋*买什么礼物 征求女士的建议。女士说要先知道男士的女友的情况及男士的预算才能提供意见。由此可见,女士是 在要求男士提供更多的信息。 2.C) 【精析】推理判断题。女士先说巧克力蛋糕不错, but之后是话语的转折,她表示要注意体重。由此 可以推断,女士最后可能决定不吃甜点。 3.A) 【精析】推理判断题。男士用I wish I could否定了女士对自己会讲多国语言的推测。注意男士说的of course English,说明英语是他的母语,他理所当然会说。由此可知,除了英语,他只会一门外语,即日语。 4.C) 【精析】行动计划题。此题考查动作的先后顺序。 男士说下课后要先去Prof. Smith. 10点不能到达酒吧,女士说只好1小时后在阁书馆见面了。由此可知,男士下课后首先要见教授。 5.D)【精析】语义理解题。男士问女士需要等到Bloom 教授下课吗,女士回答不需要,只需要留下一个便条,并表示她会替男士交给Bloom教授。 6.B) 【精析】综合归纳题。男士问女士 John怎么样了, 女士说很雅让他笑,很难与他谈话,他很容易因为 小事沮丧。由此推断,John的情绪不好。 7.D) 【精析】弦外之音题。女士对男士所问的是否提前 购票给予肯定答复。D)中的beforehand"预先"是 对对话中in advance的同义转述。tickets at the door意为"临近开演前所售的票"。 8.A)【精析】推理判断题。男士说出租车司机一定是超 速行驶了,女士说不是,司机是* 了躲避卡车上掉下来的箱子而撞到树上了。由此可以推断,司机当 时一定是突然转向才撞到了树上。 【四级长对话】 9. What's the woman's main purpose of visiting Quebec? D)【精析】目的意图题。女士在对话开始时开门见山 地跟男士说自己受邀去参加婚礼,男士接着询问是 在魁北克省还是在魁北克市,女士回答朋友的婚礼 是在魁北克省的蒙特利尔市。 10. What does the man advise the woman to do before the trip? C)【精析】请求建议题。解答本题应注意建议的表达 方式。女士说自己的法语不好,男士用you’d better句型建议女士在旅行前练习一下法语。 11. What does the man say about Quebec City? B)【精析】事实细节题。对话最后女士问男士魁北克 市怎么样,男士说很漂亮、很古老,有很多古老的 建筑物修复得很好。 12. What do we learn from the conversation about Ms. Rowling's first book? A) 【精析】事实细节题。通过整个对话可以得知这 是对《哈利•波特》的作者Rowling女士的采访。 对话开头女士便提到她六岁时开始写作,第一本 书与小动物有关。 13. Why does Ms. Rowling consider herself very lucky? D) 【精析】目的原因题。对话中Rowling女士说她 认为自己非常幸运,能够靠写作养活自己。 14. What dictates Ms. Rowling's writing? C)【精析】事实细节题。对话中Rowling女士提到灵感第一,所以为谁而写完全取决于接下来的灵 感。由此可知,引导着Rowling女士写作的是她的灵感。 15. According to Ms. Rowling, where did she get the ideas for the Harry Potter books? A)【精析】事实细节题。对话中男士问《哈利•波 特》的灵感是从哪里来的,Rowling女士回答不知道。 【四级短文】 16. What were teachers told to do in the experiment? C)【精析】事实细节题。文中明确提到,在研究过程 中,参与的教师在完成学生的每周表现报告之前 并未被告知学生们的睡眠量。由此可知,老师被 要求记录学生每周的表现情况。 17. According to the experiment, what problem can insufficient sleep cause in students? B)【精析】事实细节题。文中明确提到,这些睡眠不足的学生更难集中注意力,而未提及睡眠不足的学生有健康状态下降、缺乏积极性和行为不正常等症状. 18. What message did the researcher intend to convey to parents? D)【精析】推理判断题。短文末尾提到让孩子们按时 睡觉跟让他们按时上学同等重要,由此可以推断 家长们应保证孩子有充足的睡眠。see to it意为 "务必要,保证"。 19. What was the significant change in Partricia Pania's life? C)【精析】推理判断题。短文开头提到Pania不愿成为公众人物,她只想做个家庭主妇。但是当一个司机因为开车时打手机而撞到她的汽车致使她 两岁的女儿死亡后,她的生活彻底改变了。由此 可以推断Pania生命中最重要的转变是成为一名公众人物。 20. What had led to Pania's personal tragedy? D)【精析】事实细节题。文中提到一个开车的人边 开车边打电话,闻了停止信号撞上Pania的汽车。 由此可知,是由于开车的人打手机分散了注意力而导致了悲剧的爱生。 21. How did Pania feel when she began her first speech? A) 【精析】推理判断题。文中指出在第一次演讲中, Pania—开始不太顺利,她明显在发抖,声音弱小犹豫。由此可知,她在初次演讲开始时很紧张,而丑不自信。 22. What could be expected as a result of Pania’s efforts? B) 【精析】综合推断题。短文末尾提到Pania掀起的运动增强了人们对司机开车时使用手机问题的 认识,促使300多座城市和几个州考虑限制手机 的使用。由此可知,Pania的努力有望使政府出台相关措施以限制司机开车时使用手机。 23. According to the passage, why haven’t scientists found a cure for the common cold? B)【精析】事实细节题。短文开头提到感冒病毒有成千上万种,你根本就不知道你感染的是哪一种,因 此并不是每种病毒都能找到相应的治疗方法。 24. What does the speaker say about the symptoms of the common cold? D)【精析】事实细节题。 25. What do some scientists say about taking medicines for the common cold, according to the passage? A)【精析】事实细节题,短文最后提到一些专家认为 感冒时服用药物实际上对身体有害。可得答案为natural,意为"自然的"。 【四级听写】 26. natural 【精析】语义推断题。由very判断此处缺少形容 词,与前面的This is构成主系表结构。结合录音冒的症状时提到,当病毒侵入你的身体时,身体会努力将其清除。随后提到了不起的身体正在尽其 所能战胜感冒。由此可知,感冒的症状表明我们的身体在和感冒病毒作斗争。 27. exception 【精析】固定搭配题。分析句子结构可知,空格前为no,故所缺单iii]应为名同(同组>。结合录音填 入exception. no exception是同定搭配.意为"不例外" 28. particular 【精析】修饰关系题。分析句子结构知.此处缺少形词来修饰空格后面的名词level。下文分別介绍了正式语和非正式语的使用此所填形容 同应强调一种特殊性。结合滋音填入particular, 意为"特定的"。 29. reference books 【精析】间定搭配题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 要填入名词(词组),与前后的textbooks和 business letters并列构成正式语言使用的场合。 结合隶☆填入reference books,意为"参考书"。 30. essays 【精析】同类列举题。分析句子结构》1知,此处需 填入名词(词组)与后面的write形成动宾结构。 所填词与compositions并-列.而§_意思也与 compositions相近。结合录音填人essays.意为 "散文,小品文"。 31. personal 【精析】语义推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 填入形容词修饰空格后的名词notes和letters。 结合隶音可得答案为personal,意为"私人的"。 32. in several ways 【精析】句意推断题。句子不缺少主干成分,由此 推断所缺部分可能是状语。结合录音可得答案为 in several ways,意为"在几个方面"。 33. stranger 【精析】语境推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 填人单数名词。结合录音可得答案为stranger,意 为"陌生人"。 34. vocabulary 【精析】句意推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 填人名词(词组)。结合录音可得答案为vocabulary, 意为"词汇"。 35. belong in 【精析】语境推断题。分析句子结构可知,此处需 填人定语从句的谓语部分。结合录音可得答案为 belong in,意为"适合(某种情景)"。
3g.bigear.cn 用手机随时随地学英语
分享