2016英语六级听力新题型模拟 (第2套) 讲座(3)

韩萱 2016-06-17 2098 阅读
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Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 23 to 25

23

A.Abundant natural resources.

B.Capacity to produce wealth.

C.A fertile soil.

D.A favorable climate.

24

A.They suffer from unstable political conditions.

B.They do not have enough workers.

C.They suffer from bad climate.

D.They lack experience in international trade.

25

A.Adopt more efficient farming techniques.

B.Increase investment in agricultural production.

C.Trade goods abroad for agricultural products.

D.Make more land under cultivation.

The "standard of living" of any country means the average person's share of the goods and services which the country produces. (23) A country's, standard of living, therefore, depends first and foremost on its capacity to produce wealth. "Wealth" in this sense is not money, for we do not live on money but on things that money can buy: "goods" such as food and clothing, and "services" such as transport and entertainment.

A country's capacity to produce wealth depends upon many factors, most of which have an effect on one another. Wealth depends to a great extent upon a country's natural resources, such as coal, gold, and other minerals, water supply and so on. Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals, and have a fertile soil and a favorable climate; other regions possess none of them.

Next to natural resources comes the ability to turn them to use. (24) Some countries are perhaps well off in natural resources, but have suffered for many years from civil and external wars, and for this and other reasons have been unable to develop their resources. Sound and stable political conditions, and freedom from foreign invasion, enable a country to develop its natural resources peacefully and steadily, and to produce more wealth than another country equally well served by nature but less well ordered. Another important factor is the technical efficiency of a country's people. Industrialized countries that have trained numerous skilled workers and technicians are better placed to produce wealth than countries whose workers are largely unskilled.

A country's standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and consumed within its own borders, but also upon what is indirectly produced through international trade. For example, Britain's wealth in foodstuffs and other agricultural products would be much less if it had to depend only on those grown at home. (25) Trade makes it possible for its surplus manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products that would otherwise be lacking. A country's wealth is, therefore, much influenced by its manufacturing capacity, provided that other countries can be found ready to accept its manufactures.

23. What does a country's standard of living mainly depend on?

24. Why do some countries with rich natural resources produce less wealth than others?

25. How does Britain solve its problem of insufficient agricultural products?

参考答案:

【小题23】B

【小题24】A

【小题25】C

习题解析:

【小题23】听力原文中明确提到 A country's standard of living, therefore, depends first and foremost on its capacity to produce wealth.即一个国家的生活标准首要取决于这个国家创造财富的能力,故选项 B 为答案。

【小题24】听力原文中提到一些国家自然资源丰富,但长年遭受内部和外部战争,总有一些原因导致不能开发自然资源,而有着良好稳定的政治环境并且远离外国侵略的国家可以和平稳定地开发它的自然资源,由此可知,一个国家政局的稳定对于自然资源的开发和财富的创造有很大影响,故选项 A 为答案。

【小题25】听力原文中明确提到 Trade makes it possible for its surplus manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products that would otherwise be lacking.即贸易使英国能够把剩余的制造业产品销往国外来换取农产品,否则它的农产品会十分缺乏,故选项 C 为答案。
Now listen to the following recording and answer questions 23 to 25 23 A.Abundant natural resources. B.Capacity to produce wealth. C.A fertile soil. D.A favorable climate. 24 A.They suffer from unstable political conditions. B.They do not have enough workers. C.They suffer from bad climate. D.They lack experience in international trade. 25 A.Adopt more efficient farming techniques. B.Increase investment in agricultural production. C.Trade goods abroad for agricultural products. D.Make more land under cultivation. The "standard of living" of any country means the average person's share of the goods and services which the country produces. (23) A country's, standard of living, therefore, depends first and foremost on its capacity to produce wealth. "Wealth" in this sense is not money, for we do not live on money but on things that money can buy: "goods" such as food and clothing, and "services" such as transport and entertainment. A country's capacity to produce wealth depends upon many factors, most of which have an effect on one another. Wealth depends to a great extent upon a country's natural resources, such as coal, gold, and other minerals, water supply and so on. Some regions of the world are well supplied with coal and minerals, and have a fertile soil and a favorable climate; other regions possess none of them. Next to natural resources comes the ability to turn them to use. (24) Some countries are perhaps well off in natural resources, but have suffered for many years from civil and external wars, and for this and other reasons have been unable to develop their resources. Sound and stable political conditions, and freedom from foreign invasion, enable a country to develop its natural resources peacefully and steadily, and to produce more wealth than another country equally well served by nature but less well ordered. Another important factor is the technical efficiency of a country's people. Industrialized countries that have trained numerous skilled workers and technicians are better placed to produce wealth than countries whose workers are largely unskilled. A country's standard of living does not only depend upon the wealth that is produced and consumed within its own borders, but also upon what is indirectly produced through international trade. For example, Britain's wealth in foodstuffs and other agricultural products would be much less if it had to depend only on those grown at home. (25) Trade makes it possible for its surplus manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products that would otherwise be lacking. A country's wealth is, therefore, much influenced by its manufacturing capacity, provided that other countries can be found ready to accept its manufactures. 23. What does a country's standard of living mainly depend on? 24. Why do some countries with rich natural resources produce less wealth than others? 25. How does Britain solve its problem of insufficient agricultural products? 参考答案: 【小题23】B 【小题24】A 【小题25】C 习题解析: 【小题23】听力原文中明确提到 A country's standard of living, therefore, depends first and foremost on its capacity to produce wealth.即一个国家的生活标准首要取决于这个国家创造财富的能力,故选项 B 为答案。 【小题24】听力原文中提到一些国家自然资源丰富,但长年遭受内部和外部战争,总有一些原因导致不能开发自然资源,而有着良好稳定的政治环境并且远离外国侵略的国家可以和平稳定地开发它的自然资源,由此可知,一个国家政局的稳定对于自然资源的开发和财富的创造有很大影响,故选项 A 为答案。 【小题25】听力原文中明确提到 Trade makes it possible for its surplus manufactured goods to be traded abroad for the agricultural products that would otherwise be lacking.即贸易使英国能够把剩余的制造业产品销往国外来换取农产品,否则它的农产品会十分缺乏,故选项 C 为答案。
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