2016英语四级听力新题型模拟 (第5套) 短文(3)

韩萱 2016-06-15 4286 阅读
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Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

23

A.He deserves a rest.

B.He is making up a lie.

C.He is too weak.

D.He is telling a joke.

24

A.Men are more tolerant about pain.

B.Women are more tolerant about pain.

C.People's mind can affect their body.

D.Individual's sensitivity varies greatly.

25

A.Their living conditions.

B.Their religious belief.

C.Their cultural background.

D.Their social status.

Passage Three

Perhaps because of traditional beliefs that men are tougher than women, it's common for British people these days to joke about men's weaknesses. A man who complains he's ill with a cold might be told he just has "man flu". The implication is a woman keeps working when she has a cold, while a man exaggerates its effects, in order to get some sympathy and get out of doing any work. (23) According to the British saying, such a man is being "a big girl's blouse", a jokey way of saying he's not as manly and brave as he could be.

But now it seems maybe men aren't such big girl's blouses after all. Researchers at Leeds Metropolitan University in England imposed pain on 200 Libyan and British students, and studied how they responded. (24) They found that although there was no difference in the unpleasantness of the pain, the men were much more tolerant about it. The women showed more sensitivity. They tolerated less pain, and were happier to admit it hurt.

So why did the men put up with more pain than women? Gender stereotypes seem to be playing a part, with women expected to be sensitive and men feeling the pressure to show they've manhood. The research found that these gender differences were stronger in the Libyan students than the British ones. The Libyan men also had a higher pain threshold than British men. (25) This suggests that cultural differences also play a part in how people cope with pain. Research into pain is important, because it could help scientists develop better pain relief, and help people who live with chronic pain. Most pain killers are tested on men.

23. How do British people think about a man who has "man flu"?

24. What did researchers at Leeds Metropolitan University find?

25. What makes Libyan men more tolerant about pain than British men?

参考答案:

【小题23】C

【小题24】A

【小题25】C

习题解析:

【小题23】短文在开头处说,如果男士感冒时向人诉说自己很难受,人们会认为他太夸张了,并且用 a big girl's blouse 这样的话来笑话他,说他 not as manly and brave as he could be,也就是说,人们会认为这样的男性太过软弱。因此答案为选项 C。

【小题24】短文中提到根据大学研究人员的研究,...there was no difference in the unpleasantness of the pain, the men were much more tolerant about it,由此可知,男性对疼痛的耐受力比女性要高。因此答案为选项 A。

【小题25】短文中提到,实验发现,利比亚的男性比英国的男性更能够耐受疼痛,这是因为...cultural differences also play a part in how people cope with pain,即文化背景造成了他们的不同表现。因此答案为选项 C。
Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. 23 A.He deserves a rest. B.He is making up a lie. C.He is too weak. D.He is telling a joke. 24 A.Men are more tolerant about pain. B.Women are more tolerant about pain. C.People's mind can affect their body. D.Individual's sensitivity varies greatly. 25 A.Their living conditions. B.Their religious belief. C.Their cultural background. D.Their social status. Passage Three Perhaps because of traditional beliefs that men are tougher than women, it's common for British people these days to joke about men's weaknesses. A man who complains he's ill with a cold might be told he just has "man flu". The implication is a woman keeps working when she has a cold, while a man exaggerates its effects, in order to get some sympathy and get out of doing any work. (23) According to the British saying, such a man is being "a big girl's blouse", a jokey way of saying he's not as manly and brave as he could be. But now it seems maybe men aren't such big girl's blouses after all. Researchers at Leeds Metropolitan University in England imposed pain on 200 Libyan and British students, and studied how they responded. (24) They found that although there was no difference in the unpleasantness of the pain, the men were much more tolerant about it. The women showed more sensitivity. They tolerated less pain, and were happier to admit it hurt. So why did the men put up with more pain than women? Gender stereotypes seem to be playing a part, with women expected to be sensitive and men feeling the pressure to show they've manhood. The research found that these gender differences were stronger in the Libyan students than the British ones. The Libyan men also had a higher pain threshold than British men. (25) This suggests that cultural differences also play a part in how people cope with pain. Research into pain is important, because it could help scientists develop better pain relief, and help people who live with chronic pain. Most pain killers are tested on men. 23. How do British people think about a man who has "man flu"? 24. What did researchers at Leeds Metropolitan University find? 25. What makes Libyan men more tolerant about pain than British men? 参考答案: 【小题23】C 【小题24】A 【小题25】C 习题解析: 【小题23】短文在开头处说,如果男士感冒时向人诉说自己很难受,人们会认为他太夸张了,并且用 a big girl's blouse 这样的话来笑话他,说他 not as manly and brave as he could be,也就是说,人们会认为这样的男性太过软弱。因此答案为选项 C。 【小题24】短文中提到根据大学研究人员的研究,...there was no difference in the unpleasantness of the pain, the men were much more tolerant about it,由此可知,男性对疼痛的耐受力比女性要高。因此答案为选项 A。 【小题25】短文中提到,实验发现,利比亚的男性比英国的男性更能够耐受疼痛,这是因为...cultural differences also play a part in how people cope with pain,即文化背景造成了他们的不同表现。因此答案为选项 C。
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