大学英语四级考试听力突破 Model Test Six

韩萱 2011-12-18 7022 阅读
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[00:13.87]考前抢分训练(二)
[00:17.06]Model Test Six
[00:19.28]Section A
[00:21.51]Directions: In this section,
[00:25.24]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:28.44]and 2 long conversations.
[00:31.20]At the end of each conversation,
[00:34.47]one or more questions will be asked
[00:37.05]about what was said..
[00:38.77]Both the conversation and the questions
[00:42.12]will be spoken only once.
[00:44.80]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:49.09]During the pause,
[00:51.20]you must read the four choices
[00:53.31]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:57.63]and decide which is the best answer.
[01:00.97]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[01:06.16]with a single line through the centre.
[01:09.57]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:15.01]11. M: Would you like to go to the movies with Maggie and me on Saturday?
[01:22.33]W: I wish I could,
[01:23.51]but I'm having dinner at my brother's.
[01:25.94]Q: What will the woman do on Saturday?
[01:43.39]12. M: Oops!
[01:45.75]Did any of my tea just spill on you?
[01:49.08]W: It's hot! Is that all you have to say?
[01:51.80]Q: What does the woman imply?
[02:09.24]13. M: I notice you don't buy lunch
[02:13.45]in the cafeteria any more.
[02:15.91]W: Since prices went up,
[02:17.47]I've decided to bring my own.
[02:19.62]Q: Why doesn't the woman buy food
[02:21.51]in the cafeteria?
[02:38.24]14. M: Your little nephew is growing
[02:42.03]by leaps and bounds.
[02:44.90]W: Yes,
[02:45.71]he must be at least three feet tall already.
[02:49.00]Q: What does the man say
[02:50.44]about the woman's nephew?
[03:07.59]15. M: Could you please tell me
[03:10.89]where I can find a CD by the Backstreet Boys?
[03:14.84]W: Sure,
[03:15.39]it would be over there
[03:16.63]with all the CD's in pop music.
[03:19.68]They're arranged alphabetically by group.
[03:22.22]Q: Where does this conversation
[03:23.69]most probably take place?
[03:41.14]16. W: What do you think
[03:43.94]I should name this puppy I found?
[03:46.19]M: I have no idea.
[03:47.82]But if I were you,
[03:49.21]I'd find it a new home-
[03:51.09]you know the dorm rules.
[03:53.74]Q: What does the man suggest the woman do?
[04:11.43]17. W: Hey, I just got a part-time job
[04:15.80]in the supermarket near our school.
[04:18.30]There is still a vacancy.
[04:19.82]Would you like to take it?
[04:21.44]M: Thank you.
[04:22.17]But taking a part-time job would
[04:24.12]take up a lot of time.
[04:26.06]I want to concentrate on my studies.
[04:29.96]Q: What's the man's attitude toward
[04:31.68]part-time job?
[04:48.08]18. W: Excuse me.
[04:50.79]An egg fell out of the box
[04:52.41]and broke on the floor.
[04:54.22]M: Thanks for reminding me.
[04:55.90]I'll take care of it
[04:57.40]before someone slips on it.
[04:59.98]Q: What is the man going to do?
[05:17.01]Now you will hear the two long conversations.
[05:21.45]Conversation One
[05:23.74]M: Hey, Monica.
[05:24.53]What's up?
[05:25.66]Looks like you got some sun this weekend.
[05:29.34]W: Yeah, I guess so.
[05:31.10]You know,
[05:31.55]I spent the weekend at the beach.
[05:33.95]M: Oh, really?
[05:35.02]But it's hard to find a hotel there.
[05:37.85]Where did you stay?
[05:39.58]W: An old friend just moved there.
[05:41.67]She invited me for
[05:42.97]as long as I wanted to stay.
[05:45.50]M: So what are you doing back here already?
[05:48.27]Didn't you have much fun there?
[05:50.29]W: Oh, I have a paper to hand in this week,
[05:53.17]and I just couldn't concentrate myself
[05:55.56]on studying at the beach.
[05:57.65]M: Then what did you do out there,
[05:59.55]I mean besides lying out in the sun?
[06:02.31]W: I played some volleyball.
[06:04.23]You know I never realized
[06:05.60]how hard it is to run on sand.
[06:07.88]I couldn't even get through a whole game
[06:09.79]before I had to sit down.
[06:11.84]It's much easier to run
[06:13.44]in the wet sand near the water.
[06:15.74]M: Interesting! Did you go swimming?
[06:18.44]W: I wanted to,
[06:19.75]but they said the water isn't warm enough
[06:21.95]for thatuntil a couple months from now,
[06:24.35]so I just waded(涉水) in the water
[06:25.93]up to my knees.
[06:27.29]M: Sounds relaxing.
[06:28.79]I wish I could get away to the beach like that.
[06:32.09]W: Maybe next weekend we can go there together.
[06:35.62]It'll be more exciting.
[06:37.35]M: That's great!
[06:39.91]Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation
[06:43.28]you have just heard.
[06:46.43]19. How did the woman spend last weekend?
[07:06.22]20. Why did the woman come home so soon?
[07:26.16]21. Why did the woman stop continuing to play volleyball?
[07:47.07]22. What will the speakers probably do
[07:51.70]next weekend?
[08:08.28]Conversation Two
[08:10.41]M: Hi, Alice! Have you heard the news?
[08:13.04]W: What do you mean? What news?
[08:15.65]M: You know all the classes we've missed
[08:17.42]because of the snow last winter?
[08:19.97]W: Uh, yeah. Then what's wrong with those classes?
[08:24.21]M: Well, the dean said
[08:25.79]we're going to have to make them up
[08:27.94]during the summer holiday.
[08:30.36]W: But we have our vacation all set!
[08:32.56]What are we going to do?
[08:34.45]Do the others know?
[08:36.08]M: I don't know.
[08:37.16]It sucks!
[08:38.97]W: But I really don't want to cancel our trip.
[08:41.67]All of us have already made our plan reservations!
[08:45.33]M: I can try to call the travel agency,
[08:48.04]maybe they can refund our money.
[08:50.48]But before we do anything,
[08:52.48]we need to talk with our professors.
[08:55.00]W: You think they'll excuse us from class?
[08:57.82]M: Probably not.
[08:59.48]But I was talking to Jim this morning
[09:01.87]and he said
[09:02.72]that one of his professors told him
[09:04.47]that they could make up the class
[09:06.83]at a different time.
[09:08.58]W: Wow-that's great!
[09:10.31]Which professor was it?
[09:12.02]M: I don't know.
[09:13.17]But we're going to have to speak to
[09:14.56]all of them anyway.
[09:16.58]W: Why didn't they add extra days
[09:18.75]at the end of this semester?
[09:20.64]M: Because the graduation date cannot be changed.
[09:24.07]W: I was just really looking forward to this vacation.
[09:27.23]The idea of the sun and the beach!
[09:29.64]M: Me too.
[09:30.96]Oh, look,
[09:31.91]there's Professor Webster right now!
[09:34.20]W: Come on, let's go talk to her!
[09:37.83]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation
[09:42.31]you have just heard.
[09:45.92]23. Why are the speakers upset?
[10:05.74]24. What can be inferred about the speakers' vacation?
[10:26.81]25. Why can't the semester be extended?
[10:46.74]Section B
[10:48.32]Directions: In this section,
[10:51.56]you will hear 3 short passages,
[10:54.46]at the end of each passage,
[10:57.24]you will hear some questions.
[10:59.51]Both the passage and the questions
[11:02.32]will be spoken only once.
[11:05.58]After you hear a question,
[11:08.13]you must choose the best answer
[11:10.43]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[11:15.01]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[11:19.08]with a single line through the centre.
[11:22.49]Passage One
[11:24.22]Florida is located in the southeastern United States.
[11:28.46]It's called the Sunshine State.
[11:30.83]It grows more oranges than anyplace except Brazil.
[11:35.22]Recently,
[11:36.22]Arctic air has damaged some Florida oranges
[11:39.62]and strawberries,
[11:41.21]and killed fish at tropical fish farms.
[11:44.38]However,
[11:45.38]protecting plants and trees in the garden
[11:47.86]may not be too difficult
[11:49.64]if you follow a few suggestions.
[11:52.27]Sudden cold can be the biggest threat,
[11:54.92]especially after a warm period.
[11:57.39]Plants have not had a chance
[11:59.24]to harden their defenses.
[12:01.12]Those that are actively growing or flowering
[12:04.34]are at high risk.
[12:06.08]Try to choose planting areas
[12:07.97]that face west and south.
[12:10.25]Being near other growth may also provide warmth.
[12:14.45]Most frost damage takes place at night.
[12:17.51]Ice crystals form on the leaf surface.
[12:20.48]They pull moisture from the leaves
[12:22.41]and keep plant tissues from getting water.
[12:25.61]Cold weather is most likely to damage
[12:28.00]or kill plants that do not have enough moisture.
[12:31.88]So keep the garden watered.
[12:34.30]Moist soil absorbs more heat
[12:36.69]than loose,dry soil covered with vegetation.
[12:40.21]University of Arizona extension experts say
[12:43.27]covering plants and small trees
[12:45.28]with cloth or paper can help prevent frost damage.
[12:49.75]A-100-watt light bulb designed for outdoor use
[12:53.60]can also provide warmth.
[12:55.90]Some people place Christmas lights
[12:57.95]on young trees for warmth.
[13:00.04]The bulbs should hang below the leaves
[13:02.63]to let the heat rise into the tree.
[13:06.40]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
[13:11.63]you have just heard.
[13:13.93]26. What's the main idea of the passage?
[13:34.21]27. How do ice crystals damage the plants?
[13:54.90]28. Which one is NOT a proper way to protect trees?
[14:15.92]Passage Two
[14:17.78]International Women's Day's celebrated
[14:20.33]each year on March, 8th.
[14:22.97]Groups around the world use this day
[14:25.44]to honor the progress of women's status.
[14:29.02]They also use the day to call attention to
[14:31.45]the social, political and economic problems
[14:35.00]facing women and girls.
[14:37.60]Among the issues are forced marriage,
[14:40.69]sexual abuse, poverty and lack of education.
[14:44.73]National Women's Day was first celebrated
[14:48.70]in the United States on February, 28th, 1909.
[14:54.02]The next year, Clara Zetkin,
[14:56.08]a women's rights leader from Germany
[14:58.20]suggested the idea of an international celebration.
[15:02.38]She said women around the world should
[15:04.74]set aside one day every year
[15:06.91]to protest oppression and inequality.
[15:10.33]She suggested the idea
[15:12.01]at an International Conference of Working Women
[15:14.93]in Copenhagen.
[15:16.65]More than one million people
[15:18.21]attended events in Austria, Germany,
[15:21.23]and Switzerland
[15:22.21]during the first International Women's Day
[15:24.51]in 1911.
[15:26.86]In 1914, the date for the observance was
[15:29.87]changed to March, 8th
[15:32.11]in honor of a historic protest for women's rights.
[15:35.78]15 000 women marched in New York City
[15:39.21]on March, 8th, 1908.
[15:42.11]They marched to demand better pay,
[15:45.31]shorter work hours, and the right to vote.
[15:48.48]International Women's Day is a public holiday
[15:51.30]in several countries, including China,
[15:53.97]Russia, Bulgaria and Vietnam.
[15:56.73]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage
[16:02.86]you have just heard.
[16:06.62]29. Which is NOT a purpose of
[16:10.95]International Women's Day?
[16:27.93]30. When was the first International Women's Day
[16:32.46]celebrated?
[16:48.70]31. What do we know about Clara Zetkin?
[17:07.85]Passage Three
[17:09.34]Many American cities have nicknames.
[17:12.52]These can help establish an identity,
[17:15.36]spread pride among citizens and build unity.
[17:19.41]A few years ago,
[17:20.69]some marketing and advertising experts were
[17:23.27]asked to name the best nickname
[17:25.43]for an American city.
[17:27.60]The winner was the nation's largest city, New York.
[17:31.61]The top nickname was The Big Apple.
[17:34.28]You might wonder how New York got this nickname.
[17:38.07]In the early 1970s, the city had many problems.
[17:42.14]The number of visitors was falling.
[17:44.75]So a campaign was launched to
[17:47.09]give the city a new image.
[17:49.40]The head of the New York Conventions
[17:51.33]and Visitors Bureau
[17:52.82]decided to call the city, The Big Apple.
[17:56.14]There are several explanations for
[17:58.07]where this name came from.
[18:00.21]Language expert Barry Popick says
[18:03.13]John Fitzgerald,
[18:04.55]a writer for a New York newspaper,
[18:06.61]used the name the Big Apple to mean New York
[18:09.60]in the 1920s.
[18:11.85]Mr. Fitzgerald wrote about horse races.
[18:14.77]In horse racing,
[18:16.06]the expression meant "the big time",
[18:18.55]the place where large amounts of money could be won.
[18:21.43]He heard the name used by men
[18:23.53]who worked at a racetrack in New Orleans, Louisiana.
[18:27.66]Mr. Fitzgerald wrote: "The Big Apple.
[18:30.61]The dream of every lad
[18:31.82]that ever threw a leg over a thoroughbred
[18:34.78]and the goal of all horsemen.
[18:36.73]There's only one Big Apple. That's New York."
[18:40.96]However,
[18:41.92]it is not the only nickname
[18:43.89]for America's largest city.
[18:46.13]Barry Popick's web site lists
[18:48.08]almost 100 nicknames that describe New York.
[18:52.61]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
[18:56.27]you have just heard.
[18:58.93]32. What can we infer from the passage?
[19:18.98]33. Why did New York get the nickname
[19:23.68]"The Big Apple" in the 1970s?
[19:41.46]34. According to Barry Popick,
[19:45.41]who used "The Big Apple"
[19:47.28]to describe New York in the 1920s?
[20:05.19]35. What does "The Big Apple" mean
[20:09.95]in horse racing?
[20:26.13]Section C
[20:27.80]Directions: In this section,
[20:30.89]you will hear a passage three times.
[20:34.17]When the passage is read for the first time,
[20:37.51]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[20:41.31]When the passage is read for the second time,
[20:44.80]you are required to fill in the blanks
[20:47.99]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[20:53.40]you have just heard.
[20:56.09]For the blanks numbered from 44 to 46
[21:00.33]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[21:04.84]For these blanks,
[21:06.58]you can either use the exact words
[21:09.26]you have just heard
[21:10.94]or write down the main points
[21:13.37]in your own words.
[21:15.17]Finally,
[21:17.30]when the passage is read for the third time,
[21:20.40]you should check what you have written.
[21:23.66]Now listen to the passage.
[21:27.48]What do students think of e-textbooks?
[21:30.56]Administrators
[21:31.55]at Northwest Missouri State University
[21:34.23]wanted to find out.
[21:36.15]Earlier this year they tested them
[21:38.26]with 500 students in 20 classes.
[21:41.82]The university is unusual.
[21:44.11]It not only provides laptop computers to
[21:47.13]all 7 000 of its full-time students.
[21:50.30]It does not require students to
[21:52.33]buy their textbooks either.
[21:54.44]They rent them to save money.
[21:56.44]The school aims to save even more
[21:59.07]by moving to e-textbooks.
[22:01.76]The students in the survey reported
[22:04.11]that downloading the books
[22:05.85]from the Internet was easy.
[22:07.57]They liked the idea of
[22:08.97]carrying lighter backpacks.
[22:10.90]And 56% said they were better able to
[22:14.35]find information.
[22:16.19]But most found
[22:17.49]that using e-textbooks did not change
[22:20.06]their study habits.
[22:21.69]And 60% felt they read more
[22:24.53]when they were reading on paper.
[22:26.73]In all, almost half the students said
[22:29.21]they still liked physical textbooks better.
[22:32.96]But the survey found
[22:34.56]that cost could be a big influence.
[22:37.71]55% said they would choose e-textbooks
[22:41.04]if using them meant
[22:42.73]their textbook rental fee would not increase.
[22:46.56]The administrators are disappointed with
[22:48.91]the e-textbooks now available
[22:51.43]because the majority are not interactive,
[22:54.22]for now,
[22:54.89]most of the books are just words on a screen.
[22:57.83]It is believed growth will come
[23:00.61]when more digital books include video,
[23:03.22]activities, games and other ways to interact.
[23:06.93]Now the passage will be read again.
[23:11.31]What do students think of e-textbooks?
[23:14.54]Administrators
[23:15.42]at Northwest Missouri State University
[23:18.11]wanted to find out.
[23:20.04]Earlier this year they tested them
[23:22.04]with 500 students in 20 classes.
[23:26.04]The university is unusual.
[23:28.05]It not only provides laptop computers to
[23:30.74]all 7 000 of its full-time students.
[23:34.13]It does not require students to
[23:36.18]buy their textbooks either.
[23:38.37]They rent them to save money.
[23:40.68]The school aims to save even more
[23:42.78]by moving to e-textbooks.
[23:45.47]The students in the survey reported
[23:47.92]that downloading the books
[23:49.36]from the Internet was easy.
[23:51.37]They liked the idea of
[23:52.80]carrying lighter backpacks.
[23:54.77]And 56% said they were better able to
[23:58.20]find information.
[23:59.99]But most found
[24:01.46]that using e-textbooks did not change
[24:03.91]their study habits.
[24:05.57]And 60% felt they read more
[24:08.37]when they were reading on paper.
[24:10.70]In all, almost half the students said
[24:13.28]they still liked physical textbooks better.
[25:06.45]But the survey found
[25:07.83]that cost could be a big influence.
[25:11.02]55% said they would choose e-textbooks
[25:14.66]if using them meant
[25:16.02]their textbook rental fee would not increase.
[26:09.33]The administrators are disappointed with
[26:11.50]the e-textbooks now available
[26:14.16]because the majority are not interactive,
[26:16.97]for now,
[26:17.59]most of the books are just words on a screen.
[26:21.14]It is believed growth will come
[26:23.31]when more digital books include video,
[26:25.95]activities, games and other ways to interact.
[27:20.12]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[27:24.14]What do students think of e-textbooks?
[27:27.19]Administrators
[27:28.41]at Northwest Missouri State University
[27:30.94]wanted to find out.
[27:32.89]Earlier this year they tested them
[27:35.00]with 500 students in 20 classes.
[27:38.92]The university is unusual.
[27:40.90]It not only provides laptop computers to
[27:43.77]all 7 000 of its full-time students.
[27:47.08]It does not require students to
[27:48.85]buy their textbooks either.
[27:51.24]They rent them to save money.
[27:53.56]The school aims to save even more
[27:55.73]by moving to e-textbooks.
[27:58.61]The students in the survey reported
[28:00.77]that downloading the books
[28:02.38]from the Internet was easy.
[28:04.18]They liked the idea of
[28:05.53]carrying lighter backpacks.
[28:07.63]And 56% said they were better able to
[28:11.09]find information.
[28:12.86]But most found
[28:14.04]that using e-textbooks did not change
[28:16.85]their study habits.
[28:18.51]And 60% felt they read more
[28:21.44]when they were reading on paper.
[28:23.47]In all, almost half the students said
[28:26.18]they still liked physical textbooks better.
[28:29.63]But the survey found
[28:31.33]that cost could be a big influence.
[28:34.37]55% said they would choose e-textbooks
[28:38.05]if using them meant
[28:39.53]their textbook rental fee would not increase.
[28:43.30]The administrators are disappointed with
[28:45.57]the e-textbooks now available
[28:48.27]because the majority are not interactive,
[28:50.98]for now,
[28:51.62]most of the books are just words on a screen.
[28:54.67]It is believed growth will come
[28:57.40]when more digital books include video,
[28:59.95]activities, games and other ways to interact.
[29:04.80]This is the end of listening comprehension.
[00:13.87]考前抢分训练(二) [00:17.06]Model Test Six [00:19.28]Section A [00:21.51]Directions: In this section, [00:25.24]you will hear 8 short conversations [00:28.44]and 2 long conversations. [00:31.20]At the end of each conversation, [00:34.47]one or more questions will be asked [00:37.05]about what was said.. [00:38.77]Both the conversation and the questions [00:42.12]will be spoken only once. [00:44.80]After each question there will be a pause. [00:49.09]During the pause, [00:51.20]you must read the four choices [00:53.31]marked A), B), C) and D), [00:57.63]and decide which is the best answer. [01:00.97]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [01:06.16]with a single line through the centre. [01:09.57]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations. [01:15.01]11. M: Would you like to go to the movies with Maggie and me on Saturday? [01:22.33]W: I wish I could, [01:23.51]but I'm having dinner at my brother's. [01:25.94]Q: What will the woman do on Saturday? [01:43.39]12. M: Oops! [01:45.75]Did any of my tea just spill on you? [01:49.08]W: It's hot! Is that all you have to say? [01:51.80]Q: What does the woman imply? [02:09.24]13. M: I notice you don't buy lunch [02:13.45]in the cafeteria any more. [02:15.91]W: Since prices went up, [02:17.47]I've decided to bring my own. [02:19.62]Q: Why doesn't the woman buy food [02:21.51]in the cafeteria? [02:38.24]14. M: Your little nephew is growing [02:42.03]by leaps and bounds. [02:44.90]W: Yes, [02:45.71]he must be at least three feet tall already. [02:49.00]Q: What does the man say [02:50.44]about the woman's nephew? [03:07.59]15. M: Could you please tell me [03:10.89]where I can find a CD by the Backstreet Boys? [03:14.84]W: Sure, [03:15.39]it would be over there [03:16.63]with all the CD's in pop music. [03:19.68]They're arranged alphabetically by group. [03:22.22]Q: Where does this conversation [03:23.69]most probably take place? [03:41.14]16. W: What do you think [03:43.94]I should name this puppy I found? [03:46.19]M: I have no idea. [03:47.82]But if I were you, [03:49.21]I'd find it a new home- [03:51.09]you know the dorm rules. [03:53.74]Q: What does the man suggest the woman do? [04:11.43]17. W: Hey, I just got a part-time job [04:15.80]in the supermarket near our school. [04:18.30]There is still a vacancy. [04:19.82]Would you like to take it? [04:21.44]M: Thank you. [04:22.17]But taking a part-time job would [04:24.12]take up a lot of time. [04:26.06]I want to concentrate on my studies. [04:29.96]Q: What's the man's attitude toward [04:31.68]part-time job? [04:48.08]18. W: Excuse me. [04:50.79]An egg fell out of the box [04:52.41]and broke on the floor. [04:54.22]M: Thanks for reminding me. [04:55.90]I'll take care of it [04:57.40]before someone slips on it. [04:59.98]Q: What is the man going to do? [05:17.01]Now you will hear the two long conversations. [05:21.45]Conversation One [05:23.74]M: Hey, Monica. [05:24.53]What's up? [05:25.66]Looks like you got some sun this weekend. [05:29.34]W: Yeah, I guess so. [05:31.10]You know, [05:31.55]I spent the weekend at the beach. [05:33.95]M: Oh, really? [05:35.02]But it's hard to find a hotel there. [05:37.85]Where did you stay? [05:39.58]W: An old friend just moved there. [05:41.67]She invited me for [05:42.97]as long as I wanted to stay. [05:45.50]M: So what are you doing back here already? [05:48.27]Didn't you have much fun there? [05:50.29]W: Oh, I have a paper to hand in this week, [05:53.17]and I just couldn't concentrate myself [05:55.56]on studying at the beach. [05:57.65]M: Then what did you do out there, [05:59.55]I mean besides lying out in the sun? [06:02.31]W: I played some volleyball. [06:04.23]You know I never realized [06:05.60]how hard it is to run on sand. [06:07.88]I couldn't even get through a whole game [06:09.79]before I had to sit down. [06:11.84]It's much easier to run [06:13.44]in the wet sand near the water. [06:15.74]M: Interesting! Did you go swimming? [06:18.44]W: I wanted to, [06:19.75]but they said the water isn't warm enough [06:21.95]for thatuntil a couple months from now, [06:24.35]so I just waded(涉水) in the water [06:25.93]up to my knees. [06:27.29]M: Sounds relaxing. [06:28.79]I wish I could get away to the beach like that. [06:32.09]W: Maybe next weekend we can go there together. [06:35.62]It'll be more exciting. [06:37.35]M: That's great! [06:39.91]Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation [06:43.28]you have just heard. [06:46.43]19. How did the woman spend last weekend? [07:06.22]20. Why did the woman come home so soon? [07:26.16]21. Why did the woman stop continuing to play volleyball? [07:47.07]22. What will the speakers probably do [07:51.70]next weekend? [08:08.28]Conversation Two [08:10.41]M: Hi, Alice! Have you heard the news? [08:13.04]W: What do you mean? What news? [08:15.65]M: You know all the classes we've missed [08:17.42]because of the snow last winter? [08:19.97]W: Uh, yeah. Then what's wrong with those classes? [08:24.21]M: Well, the dean said [08:25.79]we're going to have to make them up [08:27.94]during the summer holiday. [08:30.36]W: But we have our vacation all set! [08:32.56]What are we going to do? [08:34.45]Do the others know? [08:36.08]M: I don't know. [08:37.16]It sucks! [08:38.97]W: But I really don't want to cancel our trip. [08:41.67]All of us have already made our plan reservations! [08:45.33]M: I can try to call the travel agency, [08:48.04]maybe they can refund our money. [08:50.48]But before we do anything, [08:52.48]we need to talk with our professors. [08:55.00]W: You think they'll excuse us from class? [08:57.82]M: Probably not. [08:59.48]But I was talking to Jim this morning [09:01.87]and he said [09:02.72]that one of his professors told him [09:04.47]that they could make up the class [09:06.83]at a different time. [09:08.58]W: Wow-that's great! [09:10.31]Which professor was it? [09:12.02]M: I don't know. [09:13.17]But we're going to have to speak to [09:14.56]all of them anyway. [09:16.58]W: Why didn't they add extra days [09:18.75]at the end of this semester? [09:20.64]M: Because the graduation date cannot be changed. [09:24.07]W: I was just really looking forward to this vacation. [09:27.23]The idea of the sun and the beach! [09:29.64]M: Me too. [09:30.96]Oh, look, [09:31.91]there's Professor Webster right now! [09:34.20]W: Come on, let's go talk to her! [09:37.83]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation [09:42.31]you have just heard. [09:45.92]23. Why are the speakers upset? [10:05.74]24. What can be inferred about the speakers' vacation? [10:26.81]25. Why can't the semester be extended? [10:46.74]Section B [10:48.32]Directions: In this section, [10:51.56]you will hear 3 short passages, [10:54.46]at the end of each passage, [10:57.24]you will hear some questions. [10:59.51]Both the passage and the questions [11:02.32]will be spoken only once. [11:05.58]After you hear a question, [11:08.13]you must choose the best answer [11:10.43]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). [11:15.01]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [11:19.08]with a single line through the centre. [11:22.49]Passage One [11:24.22]Florida is located in the southeastern United States. [11:28.46]It's called the Sunshine State. [11:30.83]It grows more oranges than anyplace except Brazil. [11:35.22]Recently, [11:36.22]Arctic air has damaged some Florida oranges [11:39.62]and strawberries, [11:41.21]and killed fish at tropical fish farms. [11:44.38]However, [11:45.38]protecting plants and trees in the garden [11:47.86]may not be too difficult [11:49.64]if you follow a few suggestions. [11:52.27]Sudden cold can be the biggest threat, [11:54.92]especially after a warm period. [11:57.39]Plants have not had a chance [11:59.24]to harden their defenses. [12:01.12]Those that are actively growing or flowering [12:04.34]are at high risk. [12:06.08]Try to choose planting areas [12:07.97]that face west and south. [12:10.25]Being near other growth may also provide warmth. [12:14.45]Most frost damage takes place at night. [12:17.51]Ice crystals form on the leaf surface. [12:20.48]They pull moisture from the leaves [12:22.41]and keep plant tissues from getting water. [12:25.61]Cold weather is most likely to damage [12:28.00]or kill plants that do not have enough moisture. [12:31.88]So keep the garden watered. [12:34.30]Moist soil absorbs more heat [12:36.69]than loose,dry soil covered with vegetation. [12:40.21]University of Arizona extension experts say [12:43.27]covering plants and small trees [12:45.28]with cloth or paper can help prevent frost damage. [12:49.75]A-100-watt light bulb designed for outdoor use [12:53.60]can also provide warmth. [12:55.90]Some people place Christmas lights [12:57.95]on young trees for warmth. [13:00.04]The bulbs should hang below the leaves [13:02.63]to let the heat rise into the tree. [13:06.40]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage [13:11.63]you have just heard. [13:13.93]26. What's the main idea of the passage? [13:34.21]27. How do ice crystals damage the plants? [13:54.90]28. Which one is NOT a proper way to protect trees? [14:15.92]Passage Two [14:17.78]International Women's Day's celebrated [14:20.33]each year on March, 8th. [14:22.97]Groups around the world use this day [14:25.44]to honor the progress of women's status. [14:29.02]They also use the day to call attention to [14:31.45]the social, political and economic problems [14:35.00]facing women and girls. [14:37.60]Among the issues are forced marriage, [14:40.69]sexual abuse, poverty and lack of education. [14:44.73]National Women's Day was first celebrated [14:48.70]in the United States on February, 28th, 1909. [14:54.02]The next year, Clara Zetkin, [14:56.08]a women's rights leader from Germany [14:58.20]suggested the idea of an international celebration. [15:02.38]She said women around the world should [15:04.74]set aside one day every year [15:06.91]to protest oppression and inequality. [15:10.33]She suggested the idea [15:12.01]at an International Conference of Working Women [15:14.93]in Copenhagen. [15:16.65]More than one million people [15:18.21]attended events in Austria, Germany, [15:21.23]and Switzerland [15:22.21]during the first International Women's Day [15:24.51]in 1911. [15:26.86]In 1914, the date for the observance was [15:29.87]changed to March, 8th [15:32.11]in honor of a historic protest for women's rights. [15:35.78]15 000 women marched in New York City [15:39.21]on March, 8th, 1908. [15:42.11]They marched to demand better pay, [15:45.31]shorter work hours, and the right to vote. [15:48.48]International Women's Day is a public holiday [15:51.30]in several countries, including China, [15:53.97]Russia, Bulgaria and Vietnam. [15:56.73]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage [16:02.86]you have just heard. [16:06.62]29. Which is NOT a purpose of [16:10.95]International Women's Day? [16:27.93]30. When was the first International Women's Day [16:32.46]celebrated? [16:48.70]31. What do we know about Clara Zetkin? [17:07.85]Passage Three [17:09.34]Many American cities have nicknames. [17:12.52]These can help establish an identity, [17:15.36]spread pride among citizens and build unity. [17:19.41]A few years ago, [17:20.69]some marketing and advertising experts were [17:23.27]asked to name the best nickname [17:25.43]for an American city. [17:27.60]The winner was the nation's largest city, New York. [17:31.61]The top nickname was The Big Apple. [17:34.28]You might wonder how New York got this nickname. [17:38.07]In the early 1970s, the city had many problems. [17:42.14]The number of visitors was falling. [17:44.75]So a campaign was launched to [17:47.09]give the city a new image. [17:49.40]The head of the New York Conventions [17:51.33]and Visitors Bureau [17:52.82]decided to call the city, The Big Apple. [17:56.14]There are several explanations for [17:58.07]where this name came from. [18:00.21]Language expert Barry Popick says [18:03.13]John Fitzgerald, [18:04.55]a writer for a New York newspaper, [18:06.61]used the name the Big Apple to mean New York [18:09.60]in the 1920s. [18:11.85]Mr. Fitzgerald wrote about horse races. [18:14.77]In horse racing, [18:16.06]the expression meant "the big time", [18:18.55]the place where large amounts of money could be won. [18:21.43]He heard the name used by men [18:23.53]who worked at a racetrack in New Orleans, Louisiana. [18:27.66]Mr. Fitzgerald wrote: "The Big Apple. [18:30.61]The dream of every lad [18:31.82]that ever threw a leg over a thoroughbred [18:34.78]and the goal of all horsemen. [18:36.73]There's only one Big Apple. That's New York." [18:40.96]However, [18:41.92]it is not the only nickname [18:43.89]for America's largest city. [18:46.13]Barry Popick's web site lists [18:48.08]almost 100 nicknames that describe New York. [18:52.61]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage [18:56.27]you have just heard. [18:58.93]32. What can we infer from the passage? [19:18.98]33. Why did New York get the nickname [19:23.68]"The Big Apple" in the 1970s? [19:41.46]34. According to Barry Popick, [19:45.41]who used "The Big Apple" [19:47.28]to describe New York in the 1920s? [20:05.19]35. What does "The Big Apple" mean [20:09.95]in horse racing? [20:26.13]Section C [20:27.80]Directions: In this section, [20:30.89]you will hear a passage three times. [20:34.17]When the passage is read for the first time, [20:37.51]you should listen carefully for its general idea. [20:41.31]When the passage is read for the second time, [20:44.80]you are required to fill in the blanks [20:47.99]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words [20:53.40]you have just heard. [20:56.09]For the blanks numbered from 44 to 46 [21:00.33]you are required to fill in the missing information. [21:04.84]For these blanks, [21:06.58]you can either use the exact words [21:09.26]you have just heard [21:10.94]or write down the main points [21:13.37]in your own words. [21:15.17]Finally, [21:17.30]when the passage is read for the third time, [21:20.40]you should check what you have written. [21:23.66]Now listen to the passage. [21:27.48]What do students think of e-textbooks? [21:30.56]Administrators [21:31.55]at Northwest Missouri State University [21:34.23]wanted to find out. [21:36.15]Earlier this year they tested them [21:38.26]with 500 students in 20 classes. [21:41.82]The university is unusual. [21:44.11]It not only provides laptop computers to [21:47.13]all 7 000 of its full-time students. [21:50.30]It does not require students to [21:52.33]buy their textbooks either. [21:54.44]They rent them to save money. [21:56.44]The school aims to save even more [21:59.07]by moving to e-textbooks. [22:01.76]The students in the survey reported [22:04.11]that downloading the books [22:05.85]from the Internet was easy. [22:07.57]They liked the idea of [22:08.97]carrying lighter backpacks. [22:10.90]And 56% said they were better able to [22:14.35]find information. [22:16.19]But most found [22:17.49]that using e-textbooks did not change [22:20.06]their study habits. [22:21.69]And 60% felt they read more [22:24.53]when they were reading on paper. [22:26.73]In all, almost half the students said [22:29.21]they still liked physical textbooks better. [22:32.96]But the survey found [22:34.56]that cost could be a big influence. [22:37.71]55% said they would choose e-textbooks [22:41.04]if using them meant [22:42.73]their textbook rental fee would not increase. [22:46.56]The administrators are disappointed with [22:48.91]the e-textbooks now available [22:51.43]because the majority are not interactive, [22:54.22]for now, [22:54.89]most of the books are just words on a screen. [22:57.83]It is believed growth will come [23:00.61]when more digital books include video, [23:03.22]activities, games and other ways to interact. [23:06.93]Now the passage will be read again. [23:11.31]What do students think of e-textbooks? [23:14.54]Administrators [23:15.42]at Northwest Missouri State University [23:18.11]wanted to find out. [23:20.04]Earlier this year they tested them [23:22.04]with 500 students in 20 classes. [23:26.04]The university is unusual. [23:28.05]It not only provides laptop computers to [23:30.74]all 7 000 of its full-time students. [23:34.13]It does not require students to [23:36.18]buy their textbooks either. [23:38.37]They rent them to save money. [23:40.68]The school aims to save even more [23:42.78]by moving to e-textbooks. [23:45.47]The students in the survey reported [23:47.92]that downloading the books [23:49.36]from the Internet was easy. [23:51.37]They liked the idea of [23:52.80]carrying lighter backpacks. [23:54.77]And 56% said they were better able to [23:58.20]find information. [23:59.99]But most found [24:01.46]that using e-textbooks did not change [24:03.91]their study habits. [24:05.57]And 60% felt they read more [24:08.37]when they were reading on paper. [24:10.70]In all, almost half the students said [24:13.28]they still liked physical textbooks better. [25:06.45]But the survey found [25:07.83]that cost could be a big influence. [25:11.02]55% said they would choose e-textbooks [25:14.66]if using them meant [25:16.02]their textbook rental fee would not increase. [26:09.33]The administrators are disappointed with [26:11.50]the e-textbooks now available [26:14.16]because the majority are not interactive, [26:16.97]for now, [26:17.59]most of the books are just words on a screen. [26:21.14]It is believed growth will come [26:23.31]when more digital books include video, [26:25.95]activities, games and other ways to interact. [27:20.12]Now the passage will be read for the third time. [27:24.14]What do students think of e-textbooks? [27:27.19]Administrators [27:28.41]at Northwest Missouri State University [27:30.94]wanted to find out. [27:32.89]Earlier this year they tested them [27:35.00]with 500 students in 20 classes. [27:38.92]The university is unusual. [27:40.90]It not only provides laptop computers to [27:43.77]all 7 000 of its full-time students. [27:47.08]It does not require students to [27:48.85]buy their textbooks either. [27:51.24]They rent them to save money. [27:53.56]The school aims to save even more [27:55.73]by moving to e-textbooks. [27:58.61]The students in the survey reported [28:00.77]that downloading the books [28:02.38]from the Internet was easy. [28:04.18]They liked the idea of [28:05.53]carrying lighter backpacks. [28:07.63]And 56% said they were better able to [28:11.09]find information. [28:12.86]But most found [28:14.04]that using e-textbooks did not change [28:16.85]their study habits. [28:18.51]And 60% felt they read more [28:21.44]when they were reading on paper. [28:23.47]In all, almost half the students said [28:26.18]they still liked physical textbooks better. [28:29.63]But the survey found [28:31.33]that cost could be a big influence. [28:34.37]55% said they would choose e-textbooks [28:38.05]if using them meant [28:39.53]their textbook rental fee would not increase. [28:43.30]The administrators are disappointed with [28:45.57]the e-textbooks now available [28:48.27]because the majority are not interactive, [28:50.98]for now, [28:51.62]most of the books are just words on a screen. [28:54.67]It is believed growth will come [28:57.40]when more digital books include video, [28:59.95]activities, games and other ways to interact. [29:04.80]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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