大学英语四级考试听力突破 Model Test Five

韩萱 2011-12-18 1547 阅读
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[00:13.58]Model Test Five
[00:16.37]Section A
[00:18.15]Directions: In this section,
[00:21.65]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:24.85]and 2 long conversations.
[00:28.25]At the end of each conversation,
[00:31.02]one or more questions will be asked
[00:33.38]about what was said.
[00:35.63]Both the conversation and the questions
[00:38.62]will be spoken only once.
[00:41.49]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:45.93]During the pause,
[00:47.52]you must read the four choices
[00:49.80]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:54.37]and decide which is the best answer.
[00:58.19]Then mark the corresponding letter
[01:00.93]on Answer Sheet 2
[01:03.24]with a single line through the centre.
[01:07.49]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:13.58]11. W: Hello, room service.
[01:16.08]What can I do for you?
[01:17.79]M: My room has run out of tissue.
[01:20.18]Please send some to Room 705.
[01:23.67]Q: Where does the conversation
[01:25.45]most probably take place?
[01:42.54]12. W: Hi, Jack,
[01:44.71]could you lend me some money now?
[01:46.91]M: I'd like to,
[01:47.81]but I'm on the way to buy Mary a gift.
[01:50.74]You know her birthday is around the corner.
[01:54.01]Q: What does the man mean?
[02:10.60]13. M: Last Friday,
[02:13.56]we went to Helen's house to read comics.
[02:16.69]W: I heard that she has a variety of comic books.
[02:20.01]Is that true?
[02:22.39]Q: What do we learn about Helen?
[02:39.54]14. W: I had done a lot of homework
[02:42.85]for this examination, however, I failed it.
[02:46.25]M: That's OK. As the saying goes,
[02:49.10]"He who laughs last laughs longest".
[02:53.32]Q: What does the man mean?
[03:09.79]15. W: I need some new clothes.
[03:14.01]None of my blouses fit.
[03:16.50]M: Maybe you should go on a diet.
[03:19.83]Q: What does the man mean?
[03:36.74]16. M: I think green is good on me,
[03:41.01]do you have a green one for this shirt?
[03:43.85]W: I'll check, but to tell you the truth,
[03:46.03]I think this color makes you look younger.
[03:48.95]Q: What is the relationship
[03:50.21]between the two speakers?
[04:07.07]17. W: Darling, shall I help you
[04:10.77]prepare the food for dinner?
[04:12.88]M: You must be kidding.
[04:14.58]Last time you almost spoiled our appetite.
[04:17.18]W: What does the man mean?
[04:33.94]18. W: You don't look well, Bill.
[04:37.06]What's wrong with you?
[04:38.46]M: I got a sore toe. It's going to kill me.
[04:42.07]Q: What's the man's problem?
[04:58.74]Now you will hear the two long conversations.
[05:03.91]Conversation One
[05:06.97]W: Hi! John, what do you usually do on weekends?
[05:10.81]I feel so bored on the weekend.
[05:13.17]M: Why don't you surf on the net?
[05:14.98]There are so many fun things to do!
[05:18.24]W: Well, My mom won't let me get online.
[05:21.08]She said that there are so many traps
[05:23.28]on the Internet.
[05:24.63]She is afraid that I might get bad influence.
[05:28.17]M: She only looks at the negative side of the Internet.
[05:31.46]Actually there are far more positive impacts.
[05:34.80]W: Could you give me some examples, please?
[05:37.42]M: Simply by clicking a button,
[05:39.30]you can get information about all kinds of topics.
[05:42.62]Even if you want to have very specific information,
[05:46.34]you will find it in a short time.
[05:49.38]W: Really?
[05:50.39]M: There are also some social communities
[05:52.71]on the Internet,
[05:53.95]such as English Chat Room. I often go there
[05:57.67]to practice my oral English.
[06:00.01]I don't feel shy there as I normally do.
[06:03.31]Now I find that I've made great progress in my oral
[06:06.84]and written English due to the Internet.
[06:10.15]W: That's great.
[06:11.16]I've been looking for a place
[06:12.43]to practice my English for a long time.
[06:15.32]M: Another big advantage of the Internet
[06:17.61]is the easy access to information
[06:20.26]and it's very cheap.
[06:21.99]There are many websites that offer free stuff.
[06:25.70]W: I enjoy reading novels,
[06:27.83]especially those adventures.
[06:30.08]But my mom said that a lot of children get sick
[06:33.20]after playing on the computer all day long.
[06:36.73]M: She is right. We can't get stuck on it all day.
[06:40.50]We need to go out to breathe fresh air.
[06:43.33]We need to keep fit in the park.
[06:45.61]And we also need to socialize with real people.
[06:49.31]W: Yeah, I see.
[06:52.07]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation
[06:55.99]you have just heard.
[06:59.80]19. Why are parents worried about
[07:03.58]children's addiction to the Internet?
[07:21.14]20. Which is NOT the advantage of Internet?
[07:40.87]21. What can we know from the conversation?
[08:00.85]Conversation Two
[08:03.16]W: Are you all ready for Christmas?
[08:05.17]M: Are you kidding? I haven't even started.
[08:08.26]I've done zero shopping.
[08:11.04]W: Well, you'd better get going-
[08:12.74]Christmas is only a week away.
[08:15.13]M: I have to tell you that I'm one of those people
[08:17.46]who really get stressed out by the Christmas rush.
[08:21.34]W: Oh, I'm not. I love the holidays. I love the crowds,
[08:25.32]the shopping, the lights, the music, the food,
[08:28.34]the parties, all the presents.
[08:31.23]M: That's just the beginning.
[08:32.84]My wife always spends too much money on Christmas.
[08:36.82]The average Christmas expense for US families
[08:40.01]is about $550.
[08:42.79]But somehow we always spend about twice that much.
[08:46.98]It takes me till April to pay off
[08:49.53]all our Christmas bills.
[08:51.34]W: But didn't you use to love Christmas
[08:53.80]when you were a kid?
[08:55.24]M: I guess so.
[08:56.54]W: I know you did.
[08:58.14]You were the most excited kid in the whole class.
[09:01.15]I remember. Maybe Christmas is for kids,
[09:04.56]but you can still enjoy it
[09:06.30]through the eyes of your children.
[09:08.38]M: Well, kids enjoy it
[09:10.01]because they don't have to do all the shopping
[09:12.42]and pay all the bills.
[09:14.46]W: Maybe that's true. But for me,
[09:16.40]Christmas is about what's in your heart
[09:18.63]and how you can make others happy.
[09:21.13]M: You're right, Mary. I'm going to try harder
[09:24.14]to keep the true spirit of Christmas in my heart.
[09:27.84]W: I'm glad to hear that John. By the way,
[09:31.04]do you have your tree up?
[09:32.84]M: Oh, I hate all the needles
[09:34.70]that get all over your living room floor. I mean,
[09:38.02]we're going to get a decorated tree today.
[09:41.10]W: That's OK. Just enjoy your holiday.
[09:47.09]Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation
[09:51.60]you have just heard.
[09:55.73]22. What did the man do to prepare for Christmas?
[10:15.80]23. How much does the man really spend for Christmas?
[10:36.55]24. Why do kids enjoy Christmas?
[10:56.32]25. What is the man's plan for the Christmas tree?
[11:16.77]Section B
[11:18.56]Directions: In this section,
[11:21.90]you will hear 3 short passages.
[11:25.73]At the end of each passage,
[11:27.60]you will hear some questions.
[11:30.08]Both the passage and the questions
[11:32.50]will be spoken only once.
[11:35.83]After you hear a question,
[11:38.47]you must choose the best answer
[11:40.51]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[11:45.54]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[11:49.55]with a single line through the centre.
[11:53.19]Passage One
[11:54.58]It is said that happiness
[11:56.49]is contagious(传染性的,会传播的).
[11:58.42]The supporting evidence is everywhere:
[12:00.71]from the streets of Rio during Carnival
[12:03.50]to more obscure celebrations elsewhere in the world.
[12:07.43]And long-term happiness may also be healthy.
[12:11.24]New York researcher Dr. Karina Davidson
[12:14.82]certainly thinks so.
[12:16.66]Dr. Davidson is a lead researcher in a 10-year study
[12:20.64]of more than 1 700 healthy men and women.
[12:25.11]The study revealed that people who are happy
[12:28.02]and content with their lives
[12:29.96]are 22% less likely
[12:32.63]than unhappy people to have a heart
[12:35.24]attack or suffer from symptoms of heart disease.
[12:39.27]We know that there is a direct physiological impact
[12:42.57]on the body of experiencing happiness
[12:45.25]or satisfaction or enjoyment.
[12:48.09]So, when you sit down and watch a movie,
[12:50.77]or read a book that you really enjoy,
[12:53.26]your stress hormones go down
[12:55.58]and some cultural barrier reflex system
[12:59.09]is actually up regulated.
[13:01.62]We know an animal study said those things across time
[13:05.00]actually protect the heart.
[13:07.91]The observational study is the first to show
[13:10.28]an independent relationship between positive emotions
[13:14.06]and coronary heart disease.
[13:16.60]But Dr. Davidson stresses that more work
[13:19.16]and clinical trials are needed
[13:21.23]before any treatment recommendations can be made.
[13:24.99]She says, though, that the study is the first step
[13:27.70]in providing doctors better insight
[13:30.34]and how to interact with their patients.
[13:33.41]Heart disease is the leading killer of men and women
[13:36.75]in most industrialized countries.
[13:40.14]Dr. Davidson says she hopes her report
[13:42.96]will shine a light on a new approach for prevention.
[13:49.22]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
[13:52.73]you have just heard.
[13:56.89]26. Who is Dr. Davidson?
[14:16.05]27. What kind of people are easy to be attacked
[14:21.45]by heart disease?
[14:37.83]28. What is the leading killer of people
[14:41.86]in industrialized countries ?
[14:59.10]Passage Two
[15:01.03]The koala is broadly similar
[15:02.94]in appearance to the wombat(袋熊),
[15:05.22]but has a thicker coat, much larger ears,
[15:08.22]and longer limbs. The koala has large,
[15:11.50]sharp claws to assist with climbing tree trunks.
[15:15.32]Its weight varies from about 14kg
[15:19.15]for a large southern male,
[15:21.33]to about 5kg for a small northern female.
[15:25.82]Its five fingers are arranged with opposable thumbs,
[15:29.90]providing better gripping ability.
[15:32.77]The first two fingers are positioned in apposition(并列)
[15:35.97]on the front paws,
[15:37.94]and the first three fingers for the hind paws.
[15:41.37]The koala is one of the few mammals
[15:43.51]that have fingerprints.
[15:45.63]Koala fingerprints are similar to human fingerprints;
[15:49.31]even with an electron microscope,
[15:51.78]and it can be quite difficult
[15:53.44]to distinguish between the two.
[15:56.28]Koala can walk along a branch.
[15:58.61]Koalas also walk on all four legs
[16:01.58]when walking on the ground.
[16:03.54]The brain in the ancestors of the modern koala
[16:06.89]once filled the whole cranial cavity,
[16:09.88]but has become drastically reduced
[16:11.93]in the present species,
[16:13.75]a degeneration scientist
[16:16.11]suspects it is an adaptation to a diet
[16:19.37]low in energy. It's generally a silent animal,
[16:22.77]but males have a very loud call
[16:26.37]that can be heard from almost a kilometer away
[16:29.29]during the breeding season.
[16:32.60]When under stress, koalas may make a loud cry,
[16:36.94]which has been reported as similar
[16:39.02]to that of a human baby.
[16:41.17]There is little reliable information
[16:43.19]about the lifespan of the koala,
[16:45.27]but in captivity they have been observed
[16:47.58]to reach the age of 18 years.
[16:50.78]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage
[16:54.65]you have just heard.
[16:56.79]29. Which of the following cannot be the koala's weight?
[17:17.73]30. What can we infer about koala's fingerprints?
[17:38.13]31. What kind of information can we get about Koala's voice?
[17:59.52]Passage Three
[18:01.38]In the United States and Canada, a prom,
[18:05.34]short for promenade(舞会),
[18:06.80]is a formal dance of high school students.
[18:09.99]It is typically held
[18:11.48]at the end of junior or senior year.
[18:14.51]The Junior and Senior classes may participate
[18:17.71]in fund raisers throughout the school year
[18:20.66]to reduce the cost of prom.
[18:22.85]Approximately 8 million girls attend prom
[18:26.22]in the United States each year.
[18:28.66]Prom tickets are sold at school
[18:30.41]and are traditionally purchased
[18:32.49]by boys for the couple.
[18:34.78]They can also be bought individually.
[18:37.14]It's not unusual for people attending prom
[18:39.85]as friends to purchase a "couple's ticket".
[18:43.55]The cost of half of one couple's ticket
[18:46.00]is generally less than that of one for an individual.
[18:49.98]Pre-prom activities will typically
[18:52.13]include a visit to friends' homes for group photographs.
[18:56.48]A group of friends may rent a limousine
[18:59.34]to transport large groups to prom.
[19:02.04]Common prom activities include
[19:04.39](but are not limited to) dining, dancing,
[19:07.61]the crowning of a prom "king" and "queen",
[19:10.35]and socializing. For high school proms
[19:13.43]in the United States,
[19:14.87]some communities hold "after-prom",
[19:18.11]an activity run by parents, teachers,
[19:20.52]and community leaders for prom attendees
[19:23.66]after the formal events.
[19:25.52]Post-prom may be held at a different location
[19:28.08]and might include raffles, games or a late night meal.
[19:33.00]Some universities and colleges have proms as well,
[19:36.41]depending on the size of the graduating class
[19:38.93]in a faculty or department.
[19:43.86]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
[19:47.28]you have just heard.
[19:51.05]32. When is a prom held usually?
[20:10.85]33. What can we infer about the "couple's ticket"?
[20:31.17]34. Which of the following prom activities
[20:35.82]cannot be found in the passage?
[20:53.06]35. Who will hold the "after-prom"?
[21:12.81]Section C
[21:14.43]Directions: In this section,
[21:17.28]you will hear a passage three times.
[21:20.51]When the passage is read for the first time,
[21:23.93]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[21:28.14]When the passage is read for the second time,
[21:31.41]you are required to fill in the blanks
[21:34.37]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[21:39.77]you have just heard.
[21:41.99]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
[21:46.82]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[21:51.78]For these blanks,
[21:53.07]you can either use the exact words
[21:55.53]you have just heard
[21:57.34]or write down the main points
[21:59.41]in your own words.
[22:02.80]Finally,
[22:03.80]when the passage is read for the third time,
[22:06.87]you should check what you have written.
[22:10.30]Now listen to the passage.
[29:26.40][24:35.78][22:13.69]The financial crisis
[29:27.55][24:37.12][22:14.87]that started in 2007 up to now
[29:30.63][24:40.06][22:17.86]is a global financial crisis
[29:32.78][24:42.70][22:19.88]triggered by a liquidity shortfall
[29:35.40][24:44.89][22:22.54]in the United States banking system.
[29:38.00][24:47.42][22:25.34]It has resulted in the collapse
[29:39.71][24:49.19][22:27.02]of large financial institutions,
[29:42.41][24:51.78][22:29.63]the "bail out" of banks by national governments
[29:45.43][24:55.23][22:32.80]and downturns in stock markets around the world.
[29:49.09][24:58.55][22:36.52]It is considered by many economists
[29:51.42][25:00.97][22:38.65]to be the worst financial crisis
[29:53.57][25:03.15][22:40.84]since the Great Depression of the 1930s.
[29:56.44][25:05.84][22:43.65]It contributed to the failure of key businesses,
[29:59.93][25:09.25][22:46.93]declines in consumer wealth
[30:01.94][25:11.45][22:49.07]estimated in the trillions of US dollars,
[30:04.69][25:14.25][22:51.97]substantial financial commitments
[30:06.74][25:16.28][22:54.01]incurred by governments,
[30:08.20][25:17.64][22:55.63]and a significant decline in economic activity.
[30:12.53][25:22.15][22:59.87]Many causes have been proposed,
[30:14.44][25:24.06][23:01.81]with varying weight assigned by experts.
[30:17.42][25:26.78][23:04.48]Both market-based and regulatory solutions
[30:20.68][25:30.17][23:07.82]have been implemented or are under consideration,
[30:24.42][25:33.90][23:11.66]while significant risks remain
[30:26.50][25:36.02][23:13.77]for the world economy over the 2010~2011 periods.
[30:31.56][25:40.80][23:18.45]Although this economic period has been referred to
[30:34.39][25:43.92][23:21.72]as "the Great Recession",
[30:36.09][25:45.60][23:23.40]this same phrase has been used to refer to
[30:38.98][25:48.49][23:26.24]every recession of the several preceding decades.
[30:42.93][25:52.39][23:30.30]The collapse of a global housing bubble,
[30:45.63][25:55.10][23:32.79]which peaked in the US in 2006,
[30:49.04][25:58.47][23:36.18]damages financial institutions globally.
[30:52.68][26:51.74][23:39.88]Questions regarding bank solvency,
[30:55.53][26:54.42][23:42.82]declines in credit availability,
[30:57.98][26:56.80][23:45.18]and damaged investor confidence
[31:00.08][26:59.07][23:47.53]had an impact on global stock markets,
[31:03.04][27:01.79][23:50.41]where securities suffered large losses
[31:05.71][27:04.48][23:52.89]during the late 2008 and early 2009.
[31:09.83][27:08.80][23:57.45]Economies worldwide slowed
[31:11.84][27:10.52][23:58.95]during this period as credit tightened
[31:14.58][27:13.40][24:01.79]and international trade declined.
[31:17.30][28:05.76][24:04.57]Critics argued that credit rating agencies
[31:19.76][28:08.12][24:07.09]and investors failed to accurately price the risk
[31:23.68][28:11.95][24:10.96]involved with mortgage-related financial products,
[31:27.00][28:15.17][24:14.13]and that governments did not
[31:28.53][28:16.80][24:15.80]adjust their regulatory practices
[31:30.77][28:19.24][24:18.13]to address 21st century financial markets.
[31:34.80][28:23.01][24:22.13]Governments and central banks responded
[31:37.34][28:25.74][24:24.78]with unprecedented monetary policy expansion,
[31:40.84][28:29.23][24:28.16]and institutional bailouts.
[24:32.10]Now the passage will be read again.
[29:22.17]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[31:44.27]This is the end of listening comprehension.
[00:13.58]Model Test Five [00:16.37]Section A [00:18.15]Directions: In this section, [00:21.65]you will hear 8 short conversations [00:24.85]and 2 long conversations. [00:28.25]At the end of each conversation, [00:31.02]one or more questions will be asked [00:33.38]about what was said. [00:35.63]Both the conversation and the questions [00:38.62]will be spoken only once. [00:41.49]After each question there will be a pause. [00:45.93]During the pause, [00:47.52]you must read the four choices [00:49.80]marked A), B), C) and D), [00:54.37]and decide which is the best answer. [00:58.19]Then mark the corresponding letter [01:00.93]on Answer Sheet 2 [01:03.24]with a single line through the centre. [01:07.49]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations. [01:13.58]11. W: Hello, room service. [01:16.08]What can I do for you? [01:17.79]M: My room has run out of tissue. [01:20.18]Please send some to Room 705. [01:23.67]Q: Where does the conversation [01:25.45]most probably take place? [01:42.54]12. W: Hi, Jack, [01:44.71]could you lend me some money now? [01:46.91]M: I'd like to, [01:47.81]but I'm on the way to buy Mary a gift. [01:50.74]You know her birthday is around the corner. [01:54.01]Q: What does the man mean? [02:10.60]13. M: Last Friday, [02:13.56]we went to Helen's house to read comics. [02:16.69]W: I heard that she has a variety of comic books. [02:20.01]Is that true? [02:22.39]Q: What do we learn about Helen? [02:39.54]14. W: I had done a lot of homework [02:42.85]for this examination, however, I failed it. [02:46.25]M: That's OK. As the saying goes, [02:49.10]"He who laughs last laughs longest". [02:53.32]Q: What does the man mean? [03:09.79]15. W: I need some new clothes. [03:14.01]None of my blouses fit. [03:16.50]M: Maybe you should go on a diet. [03:19.83]Q: What does the man mean? [03:36.74]16. M: I think green is good on me, [03:41.01]do you have a green one for this shirt? [03:43.85]W: I'll check, but to tell you the truth, [03:46.03]I think this color makes you look younger. [03:48.95]Q: What is the relationship [03:50.21]between the two speakers? [04:07.07]17. W: Darling, shall I help you [04:10.77]prepare the food for dinner? [04:12.88]M: You must be kidding. [04:14.58]Last time you almost spoiled our appetite. [04:17.18]W: What does the man mean? [04:33.94]18. W: You don't look well, Bill. [04:37.06]What's wrong with you? [04:38.46]M: I got a sore toe. It's going to kill me. [04:42.07]Q: What's the man's problem? [04:58.74]Now you will hear the two long conversations. [05:03.91]Conversation One [05:06.97]W: Hi! John, what do you usually do on weekends? [05:10.81]I feel so bored on the weekend. [05:13.17]M: Why don't you surf on the net? [05:14.98]There are so many fun things to do! [05:18.24]W: Well, My mom won't let me get online. [05:21.08]She said that there are so many traps [05:23.28]on the Internet. [05:24.63]She is afraid that I might get bad influence. [05:28.17]M: She only looks at the negative side of the Internet. [05:31.46]Actually there are far more positive impacts. [05:34.80]W: Could you give me some examples, please? [05:37.42]M: Simply by clicking a button, [05:39.30]you can get information about all kinds of topics. [05:42.62]Even if you want to have very specific information, [05:46.34]you will find it in a short time. [05:49.38]W: Really? [05:50.39]M: There are also some social communities [05:52.71]on the Internet, [05:53.95]such as English Chat Room. I often go there [05:57.67]to practice my oral English. [06:00.01]I don't feel shy there as I normally do. [06:03.31]Now I find that I've made great progress in my oral [06:06.84]and written English due to the Internet. [06:10.15]W: That's great. [06:11.16]I've been looking for a place [06:12.43]to practice my English for a long time. [06:15.32]M: Another big advantage of the Internet [06:17.61]is the easy access to information [06:20.26]and it's very cheap. [06:21.99]There are many websites that offer free stuff. [06:25.70]W: I enjoy reading novels, [06:27.83]especially those adventures. [06:30.08]But my mom said that a lot of children get sick [06:33.20]after playing on the computer all day long. [06:36.73]M: She is right. We can't get stuck on it all day. [06:40.50]We need to go out to breathe fresh air. [06:43.33]We need to keep fit in the park. [06:45.61]And we also need to socialize with real people. [06:49.31]W: Yeah, I see. [06:52.07]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation [06:55.99]you have just heard. [06:59.80]19. Why are parents worried about [07:03.58]children's addiction to the Internet? [07:21.14]20. Which is NOT the advantage of Internet? [07:40.87]21. What can we know from the conversation? [08:00.85]Conversation Two [08:03.16]W: Are you all ready for Christmas? [08:05.17]M: Are you kidding? I haven't even started. [08:08.26]I've done zero shopping. [08:11.04]W: Well, you'd better get going- [08:12.74]Christmas is only a week away. [08:15.13]M: I have to tell you that I'm one of those people [08:17.46]who really get stressed out by the Christmas rush. [08:21.34]W: Oh, I'm not. I love the holidays. I love the crowds, [08:25.32]the shopping, the lights, the music, the food, [08:28.34]the parties, all the presents. [08:31.23]M: That's just the beginning. [08:32.84]My wife always spends too much money on Christmas. [08:36.82]The average Christmas expense for US families [08:40.01]is about $550. [08:42.79]But somehow we always spend about twice that much. [08:46.98]It takes me till April to pay off [08:49.53]all our Christmas bills. [08:51.34]W: But didn't you use to love Christmas [08:53.80]when you were a kid? [08:55.24]M: I guess so. [08:56.54]W: I know you did. [08:58.14]You were the most excited kid in the whole class. [09:01.15]I remember. Maybe Christmas is for kids, [09:04.56]but you can still enjoy it [09:06.30]through the eyes of your children. [09:08.38]M: Well, kids enjoy it [09:10.01]because they don't have to do all the shopping [09:12.42]and pay all the bills. [09:14.46]W: Maybe that's true. But for me, [09:16.40]Christmas is about what's in your heart [09:18.63]and how you can make others happy. [09:21.13]M: You're right, Mary. I'm going to try harder [09:24.14]to keep the true spirit of Christmas in my heart. [09:27.84]W: I'm glad to hear that John. By the way, [09:31.04]do you have your tree up? [09:32.84]M: Oh, I hate all the needles [09:34.70]that get all over your living room floor. I mean, [09:38.02]we're going to get a decorated tree today. [09:41.10]W: That's OK. Just enjoy your holiday. [09:47.09]Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation [09:51.60]you have just heard. [09:55.73]22. What did the man do to prepare for Christmas? [10:15.80]23. How much does the man really spend for Christmas? [10:36.55]24. Why do kids enjoy Christmas? [10:56.32]25. What is the man's plan for the Christmas tree? [11:16.77]Section B [11:18.56]Directions: In this section, [11:21.90]you will hear 3 short passages. [11:25.73]At the end of each passage, [11:27.60]you will hear some questions. [11:30.08]Both the passage and the questions [11:32.50]will be spoken only once. [11:35.83]After you hear a question, [11:38.47]you must choose the best answer [11:40.51]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). [11:45.54]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [11:49.55]with a single line through the centre. [11:53.19]Passage One [11:54.58]It is said that happiness [11:56.49]is contagious(传染性的,会传播的). [11:58.42]The supporting evidence is everywhere: [12:00.71]from the streets of Rio during Carnival [12:03.50]to more obscure celebrations elsewhere in the world. [12:07.43]And long-term happiness may also be healthy. [12:11.24]New York researcher Dr. Karina Davidson [12:14.82]certainly thinks so. [12:16.66]Dr. Davidson is a lead researcher in a 10-year study [12:20.64]of more than 1 700 healthy men and women. [12:25.11]The study revealed that people who are happy [12:28.02]and content with their lives [12:29.96]are 22% less likely [12:32.63]than unhappy people to have a heart [12:35.24]attack or suffer from symptoms of heart disease. [12:39.27]We know that there is a direct physiological impact [12:42.57]on the body of experiencing happiness [12:45.25]or satisfaction or enjoyment. [12:48.09]So, when you sit down and watch a movie, [12:50.77]or read a book that you really enjoy, [12:53.26]your stress hormones go down [12:55.58]and some cultural barrier reflex system [12:59.09]is actually up regulated. [13:01.62]We know an animal study said those things across time [13:05.00]actually protect the heart. [13:07.91]The observational study is the first to show [13:10.28]an independent relationship between positive emotions [13:14.06]and coronary heart disease. [13:16.60]But Dr. Davidson stresses that more work [13:19.16]and clinical trials are needed [13:21.23]before any treatment recommendations can be made. [13:24.99]She says, though, that the study is the first step [13:27.70]in providing doctors better insight [13:30.34]and how to interact with their patients. [13:33.41]Heart disease is the leading killer of men and women [13:36.75]in most industrialized countries. [13:40.14]Dr. Davidson says she hopes her report [13:42.96]will shine a light on a new approach for prevention. [13:49.22]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage [13:52.73]you have just heard. [13:56.89]26. Who is Dr. Davidson? [14:16.05]27. What kind of people are easy to be attacked [14:21.45]by heart disease? [14:37.83]28. What is the leading killer of people [14:41.86]in industrialized countries ? [14:59.10]Passage Two [15:01.03]The koala is broadly similar [15:02.94]in appearance to the wombat(袋熊), [15:05.22]but has a thicker coat, much larger ears, [15:08.22]and longer limbs. The koala has large, [15:11.50]sharp claws to assist with climbing tree trunks. [15:15.32]Its weight varies from about 14kg [15:19.15]for a large southern male, [15:21.33]to about 5kg for a small northern female. [15:25.82]Its five fingers are arranged with opposable thumbs, [15:29.90]providing better gripping ability. [15:32.77]The first two fingers are positioned in apposition(并列) [15:35.97]on the front paws, [15:37.94]and the first three fingers for the hind paws. [15:41.37]The koala is one of the few mammals [15:43.51]that have fingerprints. [15:45.63]Koala fingerprints are similar to human fingerprints; [15:49.31]even with an electron microscope, [15:51.78]and it can be quite difficult [15:53.44]to distinguish between the two. [15:56.28]Koala can walk along a branch. [15:58.61]Koalas also walk on all four legs [16:01.58]when walking on the ground. [16:03.54]The brain in the ancestors of the modern koala [16:06.89]once filled the whole cranial cavity, [16:09.88]but has become drastically reduced [16:11.93]in the present species, [16:13.75]a degeneration scientist [16:16.11]suspects it is an adaptation to a diet [16:19.37]low in energy. It's generally a silent animal, [16:22.77]but males have a very loud call [16:26.37]that can be heard from almost a kilometer away [16:29.29]during the breeding season. [16:32.60]When under stress, koalas may make a loud cry, [16:36.94]which has been reported as similar [16:39.02]to that of a human baby. [16:41.17]There is little reliable information [16:43.19]about the lifespan of the koala, [16:45.27]but in captivity they have been observed [16:47.58]to reach the age of 18 years. [16:50.78]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage [16:54.65]you have just heard. [16:56.79]29. Which of the following cannot be the koala's weight? [17:17.73]30. What can we infer about koala's fingerprints? [17:38.13]31. What kind of information can we get about Koala's voice? [17:59.52]Passage Three [18:01.38]In the United States and Canada, a prom, [18:05.34]short for promenade(舞会), [18:06.80]is a formal dance of high school students. [18:09.99]It is typically held [18:11.48]at the end of junior or senior year. [18:14.51]The Junior and Senior classes may participate [18:17.71]in fund raisers throughout the school year [18:20.66]to reduce the cost of prom. [18:22.85]Approximately 8 million girls attend prom [18:26.22]in the United States each year. [18:28.66]Prom tickets are sold at school [18:30.41]and are traditionally purchased [18:32.49]by boys for the couple. [18:34.78]They can also be bought individually. [18:37.14]It's not unusual for people attending prom [18:39.85]as friends to purchase a "couple's ticket". [18:43.55]The cost of half of one couple's ticket [18:46.00]is generally less than that of one for an individual. [18:49.98]Pre-prom activities will typically [18:52.13]include a visit to friends' homes for group photographs. [18:56.48]A group of friends may rent a limousine [18:59.34]to transport large groups to prom. [19:02.04]Common prom activities include [19:04.39](but are not limited to) dining, dancing, [19:07.61]the crowning of a prom "king" and "queen", [19:10.35]and socializing. For high school proms [19:13.43]in the United States, [19:14.87]some communities hold "after-prom", [19:18.11]an activity run by parents, teachers, [19:20.52]and community leaders for prom attendees [19:23.66]after the formal events. [19:25.52]Post-prom may be held at a different location [19:28.08]and might include raffles, games or a late night meal. [19:33.00]Some universities and colleges have proms as well, [19:36.41]depending on the size of the graduating class [19:38.93]in a faculty or department. [19:43.86]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage [19:47.28]you have just heard. [19:51.05]32. When is a prom held usually? [20:10.85]33. What can we infer about the "couple's ticket"? [20:31.17]34. Which of the following prom activities [20:35.82]cannot be found in the passage? [20:53.06]35. Who will hold the "after-prom"? [21:12.81]Section C [21:14.43]Directions: In this section, [21:17.28]you will hear a passage three times. [21:20.51]When the passage is read for the first time, [21:23.93]you should listen carefully for its general idea. [21:28.14]When the passage is read for the second time, [21:31.41]you are required to fill in the blanks [21:34.37]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words [21:39.77]you have just heard. [21:41.99]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 [21:46.82]you are required to fill in the missing information. [21:51.78]For these blanks, [21:53.07]you can either use the exact words [21:55.53]you have just heard [21:57.34]or write down the main points [21:59.41]in your own words. [22:02.80]Finally, [22:03.80]when the passage is read for the third time, [22:06.87]you should check what you have written. [22:10.30]Now listen to the passage. [29:26.40][24:35.78][22:13.69]The financial crisis [29:27.55][24:37.12][22:14.87]that started in 2007 up to now [29:30.63][24:40.06][22:17.86]is a global financial crisis [29:32.78][24:42.70][22:19.88]triggered by a liquidity shortfall [29:35.40][24:44.89][22:22.54]in the United States banking system. [29:38.00][24:47.42][22:25.34]It has resulted in the collapse [29:39.71][24:49.19][22:27.02]of large financial institutions, [29:42.41][24:51.78][22:29.63]the "bail out" of banks by national governments [29:45.43][24:55.23][22:32.80]and downturns in stock markets around the world. [29:49.09][24:58.55][22:36.52]It is considered by many economists [29:51.42][25:00.97][22:38.65]to be the worst financial crisis [29:53.57][25:03.15][22:40.84]since the Great Depression of the 1930s. [29:56.44][25:05.84][22:43.65]It contributed to the failure of key businesses, [29:59.93][25:09.25][22:46.93]declines in consumer wealth [30:01.94][25:11.45][22:49.07]estimated in the trillions of US dollars, [30:04.69][25:14.25][22:51.97]substantial financial commitments [30:06.74][25:16.28][22:54.01]incurred by governments, [30:08.20][25:17.64][22:55.63]and a significant decline in economic activity. [30:12.53][25:22.15][22:59.87]Many causes have been proposed, [30:14.44][25:24.06][23:01.81]with varying weight assigned by experts. [30:17.42][25:26.78][23:04.48]Both market-based and regulatory solutions [30:20.68][25:30.17][23:07.82]have been implemented or are under consideration, [30:24.42][25:33.90][23:11.66]while significant risks remain [30:26.50][25:36.02][23:13.77]for the world economy over the 2010~2011 periods. [30:31.56][25:40.80][23:18.45]Although this economic period has been referred to [30:34.39][25:43.92][23:21.72]as "the Great Recession", [30:36.09][25:45.60][23:23.40]this same phrase has been used to refer to [30:38.98][25:48.49][23:26.24]every recession of the several preceding decades. [30:42.93][25:52.39][23:30.30]The collapse of a global housing bubble, [30:45.63][25:55.10][23:32.79]which peaked in the US in 2006, [30:49.04][25:58.47][23:36.18]damages financial institutions globally. [30:52.68][26:51.74][23:39.88]Questions regarding bank solvency, [30:55.53][26:54.42][23:42.82]declines in credit availability, [30:57.98][26:56.80][23:45.18]and damaged investor confidence [31:00.08][26:59.07][23:47.53]had an impact on global stock markets, [31:03.04][27:01.79][23:50.41]where securities suffered large losses [31:05.71][27:04.48][23:52.89]during the late 2008 and early 2009. [31:09.83][27:08.80][23:57.45]Economies worldwide slowed [31:11.84][27:10.52][23:58.95]during this period as credit tightened [31:14.58][27:13.40][24:01.79]and international trade declined. [31:17.30][28:05.76][24:04.57]Critics argued that credit rating agencies [31:19.76][28:08.12][24:07.09]and investors failed to accurately price the risk [31:23.68][28:11.95][24:10.96]involved with mortgage-related financial products, [31:27.00][28:15.17][24:14.13]and that governments did not [31:28.53][28:16.80][24:15.80]adjust their regulatory practices [31:30.77][28:19.24][24:18.13]to address 21st century financial markets. [31:34.80][28:23.01][24:22.13]Governments and central banks responded [31:37.34][28:25.74][24:24.78]with unprecedented monetary policy expansion, [31:40.84][28:29.23][24:28.16]and institutional bailouts. [24:32.10]Now the passage will be read again. [29:22.17]Now the passage will be read for the third time. [31:44.27]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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