大学英语四级考试听力突破 Model Test Four

韩萱 2011-12-18 8343 阅读
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[00:12.45]Model Test Four
[00:14.62]Section A
[00:17.05]Directions: In this section,
[00:20.97]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:23.94]and 2 long conversations.
[00:27.14]At the end of each conversation,
[00:30.05]one or more questions will be asked
[00:32.47]about what was said.
[00:34.79]Both the conversation and the questions
[00:37.63]will be spoken only once.
[00:40.66]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:44.91]During the pause,
[00:46.66]you must read the four choices
[00:48.84]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:53.48]and decide which is the best answer.
[00:57.21]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[01:02.34]with a single line through the centre.
[01:06.58]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:11.26]11. M: The taxi is waiting for us.
[01:15.01]Let's hurry.
[01:16.48]W: Wait a minute.
[01:17.08]I'll take some water with us.
[01:19.08]That Karaoke doesn't provide water for free.
[01:22.35]Q: What are the speakers going to do?
[01:40.15]12. W: Did you watch the American Idol yesterday?
[01:44.60]M: I wanted to,
[01:45.89]but my mother was watching the news,
[01:48.55]she cannot bear that kind of program.
[01:52.12]Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
[02:09.87]13. M: Don't be too harsh on yourself.
[02:14.02]You have already worked so hard.
[02:16.42]I think you really need to have a break.
[02:19.01]W: You're right.
[02:19.92]But nowadays earning money is my priority.
[02:23.55]Q: What's the woman most probably going to do?
[02:41.66]14. M: Hello, Mary.
[02:44.82]How do you feel now?
[02:46.36]I hear you lost your oral contest.
[02:49.50]W: You must have confused me with my twin sister Lily.
[02:53.30]I've never taken part in the oral competition.
[02:56.70]Q: What do we learn about the woman?
[03:13.95]15. M: You seemed to have no clue about Tony's speech
[03:18.78]during the conference.
[03:20.47]Did you have any objection?
[03:22.81]W: No. But I wish he would have spoken more slowly
[03:26.46]because I just came here for a short while.
[03:29.92]Q: What does the woman mean?
[03:46.54]16. M: If you're satisfied with my plan
[03:50.25]for the color of your bedroom,
[03:52.21]I will start my work next week.
[03:54.71]W: Well, my husband wants white for the ceiling
[03:57.33]and pink for the walls,
[03:58.71]but I don't like it.
[04:00.72]Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers?
[04:18.94]17. M: Alice, are you busy?
[04:22.67]I need one copy of the contract this morning.
[04:25.93]W: OK, sir. I almost finish typing the letter,
[04:29.30]I'll get to it soon.
[04:31.58]Q: Where does this conversation probably take place?
[04:50.21]18. M: It's fantastic, isn't it?
[04:54.58]W: Well, the lyrics were passable,
[04:56.45]but the rhythm was so predictable.
[04:58.58]I like something original and exciting.
[05:01.52]Q: What does the woman think of the record?
[05:18.92]Now you will hear the two long conversations.
[05:23.29]Conversation One
[05:25.25]M: Let's go and get something to eat.
[05:27.92]W: Oh, I'm starving.
[05:30.17]Hey, there's a McDonald's up ahead.
[05:32.41]M: There's always a McDonald's up ahead.
[05:35.01]Everywhere you turn there's another blasted McDonald's.
[05:38.80]W: What's wrong with that?
[05:40.55]Hey, they're convenient.
[05:42.29]M: They're too convenient!
[05:43.98]Anything would be convenient
[05:45.49]if it could be found on every street corner.
[05:48.47]W: I like McDonald's
[05:50.43]M: I'm sick of it.
[05:51.67]Did you know
[05:52.41]that there are over 8 000 restaurants in the US alone
[05:56.45]and over 11 000 franchises worldwide?
[06:00.49]By the year 2020,
[06:02.27]everyone will eat at McDonald's everyday!
[06:05.89]W: They're definitely everywhere.
[06:07.97]But they must be doing something right;
[06:10.32]they've sold over 100 billion burgers.
[06:13.73]They're even in Japan.
[06:15.33]Did you know
[06:16.22]they even put special Japanese sauces
[06:18.87]on some of their burgers in Japan?
[06:21.05]That makes McDonald's quite popular there.
[06:24.35]M: Whatever.
[06:25.11]I just don't think their food is all that great.
[06:28.48]W: But at least their product is consistent;
[06:31.27]you know exactly
[06:32.55]what you're going to get every time you go there.
[06:34.94]M: Did you know
[06:35.62]that McDonald's is now recognized by
[06:38.52]96% of all American schoolchildren?
[06:42.05]They are the largest minimum-wage employer in America.
[06:46.30]W: I heard that a person working at a McDonald's
[06:49.43]in Moscow makes more than the average Russian doctor does.
[06:53.89]M: That's disgusting!
[06:55.28]But I do believe in capitalism,
[06:57.60]McDonald's may earn a lot of money every year.
[07:00.63]They say that one in every seven American millionaires
[07:04.51]got their start at McDonald's.
[07:07.39]W: Oh, I'm hungry.
[07:08.86]Let's hurry and find a fast food place.
[07:12.17]M: OK. What do you feel like eating?
[07:14.91]W: I've got this intense craving for a Big Mac.
[07:19.19]M: I just lose my appetite.
[07:21.59]Let's go somewhere else for a change.
[07:24.72]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation
[07:28.58]you have just heard.
[07:32.27]19. According to the man,
[07:35.53]why is McDonald's so convenient?
[07:53.03]20. What makes McDonald's so popular in Japan?
[08:13.63]21. How about the salary of McDonald's staff in Moscow?
[08:34.49]22. Where will the two speakers go for dinner?
[08:54.66]Conversation Two
[08:56.91]M: Hello, William Smith's speaking,
[08:59.01]what can I do for you?
[09:00.57]W: Hello, Mr. Smith.
[09:02.07]This is Susan returning your call.
[09:04.52]I'm sorry for missing your call this morning.
[09:07.44]My secretary said
[09:08.32]you called concerning our meeting next Tuesday?
[09:11.98]M: Yes, Ms. Susan. Thank you for returning my call.
[09:15.00]I'm glad to finally get a hold of you.
[09:17.24]I just want you to know
[09:18.29]that I will not be able to make our meeting next Tuesday.
[09:21.71]I will be out of town that day.
[09:23.98]This matter is really urgent.
[09:25.83]I even didn't expect it.
[09:27.44]So I'm terribly sorry and I wonder
[09:29.57]whether it's possible to reschedule the meeting to Monday?
[09:33.98]W: I'm sorry,
[09:34.69]I'm afraid I'm completely booked on Monday.
[09:37.42]Would it be possible to postpone until you return?
[09:41.12]M: Oh dear,
[09:41.86]I was counting on taking care of our meeting before I leave.
[09:45.84]But I suppose I could shuffle a few things.
[09:48.98]Yes, we can arrange something.
[09:51.21]I'll be back Thursday morning.
[09:53.43]What about Thursday afternoon?
[09:55.50]Would that work for you?
[09:57.51]W: That should be fine. What about 2 o'clock?
[10:00.22]M: Perfect.
[10:00.93]I'll look forward to seeing you at 2 o'clock
[10:02.93]next Thursday afternoon.
[10:04.88]If you need to change the time,
[10:06.44]please feel free to call me.
[10:09.06]W: Thanks, Mr. Smith.
[10:10.31]I'll see you on Thursday.
[10:12.62]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation
[10:16.80]you have just heard.
[10:19.45]23. Why cannot the man make the meeting?
[10:38.95]24. What will the woman probably do on Monday?
[10:59.28]25. When will the two speakers meet?
[11:18.81]Section B
[11:20.88]Directions: In this section,
[11:23.96]you will hear 3 short passages,
[11:27.53]at the end of each passage,
[11:29.68]you will hear some questions.
[11:32.28]Both the passage and the questions
[11:34.59]will be spoken only once.
[11:38.20]After you hear a question,
[11:40.46]you must choose the best answer
[11:42.79]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[11:47.37]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[11:51.43]with a single line through the centre.
[11:55.19]Passage One
[11:56.74]With only two weeks to go before Christmas,
[11:59.64]buying presents is a high priority
[12:01.96]for a lot of people.
[12:03.74]However,
[12:04.64]this year not so many people are leaving their homes to
[12:07.89]browse around the shops.
[12:09.88]These days,
[12:10.57]lots of people can do their shopping
[12:12.77]in the comfort of their own home
[12:14.82]with the help of the Internet.
[12:17.57]Online shopping is becoming more and more popular
[12:20.45]for a number of reasons:
[12:22.56]prices are often lower online,
[12:24.99]you don't have to queue up in busy shops
[12:27.51]and you can buy almost any product imaginable
[12:31.37]with just a few clicks of your mouse.
[12:33.94]Computer trends are often male-dominated,
[12:37.16]but this year women are expected to do more shopping
[12:40.34]on the Internet than men.
[12:42.65]It seems women are now more attracted to the
[12:45.27]convenience of online shopping than they used to be.
[12:49.20]Average spending online this Christmas by women
[12:52.65]will rise to£240
[12:55.66]compared to the slightly lower average of£233 by men,
[13:01.38]while the average amount spend per person on high street
[13:05.25]is only £197. 70% of Internet users,
[13:11.26]male and female,
[13:12.57]are now buying their Christmas gifts online.
[13:15.91]In the past,
[13:16.81]a lot of people were reluctant to shop online.
[13:20.19]Many were worried about the security of
[13:22.51]entering their card details on the Internet
[13:25.34]and the reliability of the Internet,
[13:27.85]but as shopping online has become more widely spread,
[13:31.23]these worries have begun to disappear.
[13:34.37]45% of internet users still do have security worries
[13:39.47]but it hasn't slowed down the
[13:41.13]ever-increasing numbers of online shoppers.
[13:45.57]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
[13:49.25]you have just heard.
[13:51.65]26. Which is not the advantage of shopping online?
[14:12.25]27. How much money do men spend on online shopping?
[14:33.44]28. What did people worry about online shopping
[14:38.66]in the past?
[14:54.86]Passage Two
[14:56.55]In Sweden and Norway,
[14:58.63]the practice of splitting the bill
[15:00.54]in restaurants is common.
[15:02.54]In a courtship situation
[15:04.26]where both parts have a similar financial standing,
[15:08.02]the traditional custom of the man
[15:10.59]always paying in restaurants has largely fallen out of use
[15:14.72]and is considered old fashioned.
[15:16.88]Generally,
[15:17.66]a romantic couple will take turns paying the bill
[15:20.97]or split it.
[15:22.39]In most of northern and central Europe
[15:24.91]the practice of splitting the bill is common.
[15:28.39]On a dinner date,
[15:29.73]the man may pay the bill as way of overtly
[15:32.87]stating that he views this as a romantic situation
[15:36.76]and that he has some hopes
[15:38.36]or expectations for a future development.
[15:41.77]Some women object to this or even find it offensive.
[15:45.50]Younger urban women especially tend not to
[15:48.70]accept men paying for them;
[15:50.95]or will in turn insist to pay for the next dinner or drink.
[15:55.27]In south European Countries such as Italy,
[15:57.89]Portugal, Greece or Turkey,
[15:59.88]it is rather uncommon for locals to
[16:02.24]have separate bills, sometimes even regarded as rude,
[16:06.33]especially when in larger groups.
[16:08.56]But in urban areas or places this has been changed
[16:12.26]over the last decades.
[16:14.35]In Middle Eastern cultures,
[16:15.84]going Dutch is judged to be extremely rude.
[16:19.44]Traditions of hospitality play a great part in who pays,
[16:23.36]therefore an invitation will be given
[16:26.03]only when the host feels he
[16:28.03]or she is able to afford the expenses of all.
[16:32.96]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage
[16:37.09]you have just heard.
[16:39.39]29. In Northern Europe,
[16:42.33]what will a man do on a dinner date?
[17:00.28]30. In which country
[17:03.16]it is uncommon to have separate bills?
[17:20.76]31. What can we infer from the
[17:24.55]Middle Eastern cultures?
[17:41.20]Passage Three
[17:43.16]Short track speed skating is only about 100 years old
[17:47.40]and a product of North America.
[17:50.07]It originated in Canada and the United States in 1905
[17:54.74]with the first known competition having taken place in 1909.
[17:59.47]By the 1920s and 30s,
[18:01.62]the sport was gaining popularity in Great Britain,
[18:04.67]Japan, France, Belgium and Australia.
[18:08.19]In 1988, short track speed skating was a
[18:11.55]demonstration event at the Calgary Olympic Winter Games.
[18:15.79]Four years later,
[18:16.91]it was included as a full medal event
[18:19.32]at the Albertville 1992 Olympic Winter Games.
[18:23.22]Short track speed skating takes place
[18:25.53]on a 111.12metre oval track within a hockey rink.
[18:31.34]Tight corners make it difficult
[18:32.94]for skaters to maintain control.
[18:35.57]Skaters compete against each other,
[18:37.77]rather than the clock.
[18:39.43]The competition consists of a series of heats
[18:42.43]with four or six athletes.
[18:44.77]The first two athletes in each heat advance
[18:47.51]to the next round until only four skaters remain for the final.
[18:52.47]The men's and ladies' short track relays take place over two days
[18:57.41]and consist of semi-final and final competitions.
[19:01.39]Eight teams of four skaters plus a substitute
[19:04.79]take part in the relay.
[19:07.05]The teams decide
[19:08.07]how many laps each of their members will race,
[19:10.96]with the understanding
[19:11.95]that the final two laps must be covered by the same skater.
[19:16.41]It is unusual for an individual athlete to exceed 1.5 laps,
[19:21.70]meaning there are some seven or eight relay exchanges per athlete.
[19:26.14]Instead of passing a baton(指挥棒),
[19:28.32]the skater on the ice needs to only tag the next skater to
[19:32.94]complete an exchange.
[19:34.73]In order to maintain momentum, however,
[19:37.08]it is more common for the next skater to crouch
[19:40.67]and receive a push from behind.
[19:43.75]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
[19:47.11]you have just heard.
[19:49.48]32. Where did Short track speed skating come from?
[20:09.86]33. When did Short track speed skating
[20:14.20]become the official Olympic event?
[20:31.65]34. How many skaters on one team that take part
[20:36.87]in the relays?
[20:53.03]35. How do the skaters complete an exchange
[20:58.02]in a relay?
[21:13.92]Section C
[21:16.00]Directions: In this section,
[21:19.01]you will hear a passage three times.
[21:22.35]When the passage is read for the first time,
[21:25.75]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[21:30.12]When the passage is read for the second time,
[21:33.22]you are required to fill in the blanks
[21:36.34]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[21:41.62]you have just heard.
[21:44.25]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
[21:48.69]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[21:53.22]For these blanks,
[21:54.74]you can either use the exact words
[21:57.46]you have just heard
[21:59.00]or write down the main points
[22:01.43]in your own words.
[22:04.30]Finally,
[22:05.43]when the passage is read for the third time,
[22:08.68]you should check what you have written.
[22:11.68]Now listen to the passage.
[22:15.68]In Canada and the United Kingdom,
[22:17.91]Boxing Day is primarily known as a shopping holiday,
[22:22.03]much as the United States
[22:23.80]treats the day after Thanksgiving.
[22:26.60]It is a time where shops have sales,
[22:29.09]often with dramatic price decreases.
[22:32.25]For many merchants,
[22:33.62]Boxing Day has become the day of the year
[22:36.33]with the greatest revenue.
[22:38.43]In the UK in 2009,
[22:40.96]it was estimated that up to 12 million shoppers
[22:44.39]appeared at the sales-a rise of
[22:46.93]almost 20% compared to 2008,
[22:50.79]although this was also affected
[22:52.31]by the fact
[22:53.13]that the VAT would go back up to 17.5% from 1 January.
[23:00.47]Many retailers open very early
[23:02.84]and offer door buster deals to draw people to their stores.
[23:07.09]It's not uncommon for long queues to form
[23:09.80]early in the morning of 26 December,
[23:12.72]hours before the opening of shops
[23:14.61]holding the big sales,
[23:16.35]especially at big-box consumer electronics retailers.
[23:20.53]Once inside, the shoppers often rush and grab,
[23:24.25]as many stores have a limited quantity of
[23:26.89]deeply discounted items.
[23:28.86]Because of the shoulder-to-shoulder crowds,
[23:31.43]many choose to stay home
[23:33.47]and avoid the hectic shopping experience.
[23:36.69]The local media often cover the event,
[23:39.44]providing video of shoppers standing in line
[23:42.78]and later leaving with their purchased items.
[23:46.33]The Boxing Day sales have the potential
[23:48.66]for customer stampedes(蜂拥),
[23:50.69]injuries and even fatalities.
[23:53.03]As a result, many retailers have implemented practices
[23:56.89]aimed at controlling large numbers of shoppers,
[23:59.92]most of whom are anxious for bargains.
[24:02.52]They may limit entrances,
[24:04.29]restrict the number of patrons in a store at a time,
[24:07.79]provide tickets to people
[24:09.37]at the head of the line to
[24:10.79]guarantee them a hot ticket item,
[24:13.12]and canvass lined-up shoppers to
[24:15.60]inform them of inventory limitations.
[24:19.92]Now the passage will be read again.
[24:23.60]In Canada and the United Kingdom,
[24:25.85]Boxing Day is primarily known as a shopping holiday,
[24:30.00]much as the United States
[24:31.83]treats the day after Thanksgiving.
[24:34.60]It is a time where shops have sales,
[24:37.03]often with dramatic price decreases.
[24:40.43]For many merchants,
[24:41.59]Boxing Day has become the day of the year
[24:44.37]with the greatest revenue.
[24:46.56]In the UK in 2009,
[24:48.95]it was estimated that up to 12 million shoppers
[24:52.36]appeared at the sales-a rise of
[24:54.89]almost 20% compared to 2008,
[24:58.53]although this was also affected
[25:00.37]by the fact
[25:01.11]that the VAT would go back up to 17.5% from 1 January.
[25:08.37]Many retailers open very early
[25:10.87]and offer door buster deals to draw people to their stores.
[25:15.07]It's not uncommon for long queues to form
[25:17.73]early in the morning of 26 December,
[25:20.64]hours before the opening of shops
[25:22.54]holding the big sales,
[25:24.24]especially at big-box consumer electronics retailers.
[25:28.72]Once inside, the shoppers often rush and grab,
[25:32.07]as many stores have a limited quantity of
[25:34.79]deeply discounted items.
[26:26.58]Because of the shoulder-to-shoulder crowds,
[26:29.08]many choose to stay home
[26:30.74]and avoid the hectic shopping experience.
[26:34.06]The local media often cover the event,
[26:36.83]providing video of shoppers standing in line
[26:40.34]and later leaving with their purchased items.
[27:33.44]The Boxing Day sales have the potential
[27:35.62]for customer stampedes(蜂拥),
[27:37.61]injuries and even fatalities.
[27:40.48]As a result, many retailers have implemented practices
[27:43.86]aimed at controlling large numbers of shoppers,
[27:46.76]most of whom are anxious for bargains.
[28:39.03]They may limit entrances,
[28:40.74]restrict the number of patrons in a store at a time,
[28:44.14]provide tickets to people
[28:46.02]at the head of the line to
[28:47.28]guarantee them a hot ticket item,
[28:49.54]and canvass lined-up shoppers to
[28:52.03]inform them of inventory limitations.
[28:56.46]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[29:01.12]In Canada and the United Kingdom,
[29:03.35]Boxing Day is primarily known as a shopping holiday,
[29:07.58]much as the United States
[29:09.29]treats the day after Thanksgiving.
[29:12.03]It is a time where shops have sales,
[29:14.49]often with dramatic price decreases.
[29:17.75]For many merchants,
[29:19.06]Boxing Day has become the day of the year
[29:21.81]with the greatest revenue.
[29:23.66]In the UK in 2009,
[29:26.37]it was estimated that up to 12 million shoppers
[29:29.86]appeared at the sales-a rise of
[29:32.33]almost 20% compared to 2008,
[29:35.94]although this was also affected
[29:37.70]by the fact
[29:38.65]that the VAT would go back up to 17.5% from 1 January.
[29:45.87]Many retailers open very early
[29:48.19]and offer door buster deals to draw people to their stores.
[29:52.55]It's not uncommon for long queues to form
[29:55.18]early in the morning of 26 December,
[29:58.14]hours before the opening of shops
[30:00.06]holding the big sales,
[30:01.86]especially at big-box consumer electronics retailers.
[30:06.24]Once inside, the shoppers often rush and grab,
[30:09.61]as many stores have a limited quantity of
[30:12.33]deeply discounted items.
[30:14.57]Because of the shoulder-to-shoulder crowds,
[30:17.06]many choose to stay home
[30:18.76]and avoid the hectic shopping experience.
[30:22.13]The local media often cover the event,
[30:24.91]providing video of shoppers standing in line
[30:28.18]and later leaving with their purchased items.
[30:31.88]The Boxing Day sales have the potential
[30:34.19]for customer stampedes(蜂拥),
[30:36.12]injuries and even fatalities.
[30:38.77]As a result, many retailers have implemented practices
[30:42.44]aimed at controlling large numbers of shoppers,
[30:45.31]most of whom are anxious for bargains.
[30:48.09]They may limit entrances,
[30:49.72]restrict the number of patrons in a store at a time,
[30:53.02]provide tickets to people
[30:54.96]at the head of the line to
[30:56.24]guarantee them a hot ticket item,
[30:58.47]and canvass lined-up shoppers to
[31:01.02]inform them of inventory limitations.
[31:05.49]This is the end of listening comprehension.
[00:12.45]Model Test Four [00:14.62]Section A [00:17.05]Directions: In this section, [00:20.97]you will hear 8 short conversations [00:23.94]and 2 long conversations. [00:27.14]At the end of each conversation, [00:30.05]one or more questions will be asked [00:32.47]about what was said. [00:34.79]Both the conversation and the questions [00:37.63]will be spoken only once. [00:40.66]After each question there will be a pause. [00:44.91]During the pause, [00:46.66]you must read the four choices [00:48.84]marked A), B), C) and D), [00:53.48]and decide which is the best answer. [00:57.21]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [01:02.34]with a single line through the centre. [01:06.58]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations. [01:11.26]11. M: The taxi is waiting for us. [01:15.01]Let's hurry. [01:16.48]W: Wait a minute. [01:17.08]I'll take some water with us. [01:19.08]That Karaoke doesn't provide water for free. [01:22.35]Q: What are the speakers going to do? [01:40.15]12. W: Did you watch the American Idol yesterday? [01:44.60]M: I wanted to, [01:45.89]but my mother was watching the news, [01:48.55]she cannot bear that kind of program. [01:52.12]Q: What can we infer from the conversation? [02:09.87]13. M: Don't be too harsh on yourself. [02:14.02]You have already worked so hard. [02:16.42]I think you really need to have a break. [02:19.01]W: You're right. [02:19.92]But nowadays earning money is my priority. [02:23.55]Q: What's the woman most probably going to do? [02:41.66]14. M: Hello, Mary. [02:44.82]How do you feel now? [02:46.36]I hear you lost your oral contest. [02:49.50]W: You must have confused me with my twin sister Lily. [02:53.30]I've never taken part in the oral competition. [02:56.70]Q: What do we learn about the woman? [03:13.95]15. M: You seemed to have no clue about Tony's speech [03:18.78]during the conference. [03:20.47]Did you have any objection? [03:22.81]W: No. But I wish he would have spoken more slowly [03:26.46]because I just came here for a short while. [03:29.92]Q: What does the woman mean? [03:46.54]16. M: If you're satisfied with my plan [03:50.25]for the color of your bedroom, [03:52.21]I will start my work next week. [03:54.71]W: Well, my husband wants white for the ceiling [03:57.33]and pink for the walls, [03:58.71]but I don't like it. [04:00.72]Q: What is the relationship between the two speakers? [04:18.94]17. M: Alice, are you busy? [04:22.67]I need one copy of the contract this morning. [04:25.93]W: OK, sir. I almost finish typing the letter, [04:29.30]I'll get to it soon. [04:31.58]Q: Where does this conversation probably take place? [04:50.21]18. M: It's fantastic, isn't it? [04:54.58]W: Well, the lyrics were passable, [04:56.45]but the rhythm was so predictable. [04:58.58]I like something original and exciting. [05:01.52]Q: What does the woman think of the record? [05:18.92]Now you will hear the two long conversations. [05:23.29]Conversation One [05:25.25]M: Let's go and get something to eat. [05:27.92]W: Oh, I'm starving. [05:30.17]Hey, there's a McDonald's up ahead. [05:32.41]M: There's always a McDonald's up ahead. [05:35.01]Everywhere you turn there's another blasted McDonald's. [05:38.80]W: What's wrong with that? [05:40.55]Hey, they're convenient. [05:42.29]M: They're too convenient! [05:43.98]Anything would be convenient [05:45.49]if it could be found on every street corner. [05:48.47]W: I like McDonald's [05:50.43]M: I'm sick of it. [05:51.67]Did you know [05:52.41]that there are over 8 000 restaurants in the US alone [05:56.45]and over 11 000 franchises worldwide? [06:00.49]By the year 2020, [06:02.27]everyone will eat at McDonald's everyday! [06:05.89]W: They're definitely everywhere. [06:07.97]But they must be doing something right; [06:10.32]they've sold over 100 billion burgers. [06:13.73]They're even in Japan. [06:15.33]Did you know [06:16.22]they even put special Japanese sauces [06:18.87]on some of their burgers in Japan? [06:21.05]That makes McDonald's quite popular there. [06:24.35]M: Whatever. [06:25.11]I just don't think their food is all that great. [06:28.48]W: But at least their product is consistent; [06:31.27]you know exactly [06:32.55]what you're going to get every time you go there. [06:34.94]M: Did you know [06:35.62]that McDonald's is now recognized by [06:38.52]96% of all American schoolchildren? [06:42.05]They are the largest minimum-wage employer in America. [06:46.30]W: I heard that a person working at a McDonald's [06:49.43]in Moscow makes more than the average Russian doctor does. [06:53.89]M: That's disgusting! [06:55.28]But I do believe in capitalism, [06:57.60]McDonald's may earn a lot of money every year. [07:00.63]They say that one in every seven American millionaires [07:04.51]got their start at McDonald's. [07:07.39]W: Oh, I'm hungry. [07:08.86]Let's hurry and find a fast food place. [07:12.17]M: OK. What do you feel like eating? [07:14.91]W: I've got this intense craving for a Big Mac. [07:19.19]M: I just lose my appetite. [07:21.59]Let's go somewhere else for a change. [07:24.72]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation [07:28.58]you have just heard. [07:32.27]19. According to the man, [07:35.53]why is McDonald's so convenient? [07:53.03]20. What makes McDonald's so popular in Japan? [08:13.63]21. How about the salary of McDonald's staff in Moscow? [08:34.49]22. Where will the two speakers go for dinner? [08:54.66]Conversation Two [08:56.91]M: Hello, William Smith's speaking, [08:59.01]what can I do for you? [09:00.57]W: Hello, Mr. Smith. [09:02.07]This is Susan returning your call. [09:04.52]I'm sorry for missing your call this morning. [09:07.44]My secretary said [09:08.32]you called concerning our meeting next Tuesday? [09:11.98]M: Yes, Ms. Susan. Thank you for returning my call. [09:15.00]I'm glad to finally get a hold of you. [09:17.24]I just want you to know [09:18.29]that I will not be able to make our meeting next Tuesday. [09:21.71]I will be out of town that day. [09:23.98]This matter is really urgent. [09:25.83]I even didn't expect it. [09:27.44]So I'm terribly sorry and I wonder [09:29.57]whether it's possible to reschedule the meeting to Monday? [09:33.98]W: I'm sorry, [09:34.69]I'm afraid I'm completely booked on Monday. [09:37.42]Would it be possible to postpone until you return? [09:41.12]M: Oh dear, [09:41.86]I was counting on taking care of our meeting before I leave. [09:45.84]But I suppose I could shuffle a few things. [09:48.98]Yes, we can arrange something. [09:51.21]I'll be back Thursday morning. [09:53.43]What about Thursday afternoon? [09:55.50]Would that work for you? [09:57.51]W: That should be fine. What about 2 o'clock? [10:00.22]M: Perfect. [10:00.93]I'll look forward to seeing you at 2 o'clock [10:02.93]next Thursday afternoon. [10:04.88]If you need to change the time, [10:06.44]please feel free to call me. [10:09.06]W: Thanks, Mr. Smith. [10:10.31]I'll see you on Thursday. [10:12.62]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation [10:16.80]you have just heard. [10:19.45]23. Why cannot the man make the meeting? [10:38.95]24. What will the woman probably do on Monday? [10:59.28]25. When will the two speakers meet? [11:18.81]Section B [11:20.88]Directions: In this section, [11:23.96]you will hear 3 short passages, [11:27.53]at the end of each passage, [11:29.68]you will hear some questions. [11:32.28]Both the passage and the questions [11:34.59]will be spoken only once. [11:38.20]After you hear a question, [11:40.46]you must choose the best answer [11:42.79]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). [11:47.37]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [11:51.43]with a single line through the centre. [11:55.19]Passage One [11:56.74]With only two weeks to go before Christmas, [11:59.64]buying presents is a high priority [12:01.96]for a lot of people. [12:03.74]However, [12:04.64]this year not so many people are leaving their homes to [12:07.89]browse around the shops. [12:09.88]These days, [12:10.57]lots of people can do their shopping [12:12.77]in the comfort of their own home [12:14.82]with the help of the Internet. [12:17.57]Online shopping is becoming more and more popular [12:20.45]for a number of reasons: [12:22.56]prices are often lower online, [12:24.99]you don't have to queue up in busy shops [12:27.51]and you can buy almost any product imaginable [12:31.37]with just a few clicks of your mouse. [12:33.94]Computer trends are often male-dominated, [12:37.16]but this year women are expected to do more shopping [12:40.34]on the Internet than men. [12:42.65]It seems women are now more attracted to the [12:45.27]convenience of online shopping than they used to be. [12:49.20]Average spending online this Christmas by women [12:52.65]will rise to£240 [12:55.66]compared to the slightly lower average of£233 by men, [13:01.38]while the average amount spend per person on high street [13:05.25]is only £197. 70% of Internet users, [13:11.26]male and female, [13:12.57]are now buying their Christmas gifts online. [13:15.91]In the past, [13:16.81]a lot of people were reluctant to shop online. [13:20.19]Many were worried about the security of [13:22.51]entering their card details on the Internet [13:25.34]and the reliability of the Internet, [13:27.85]but as shopping online has become more widely spread, [13:31.23]these worries have begun to disappear. [13:34.37]45% of internet users still do have security worries [13:39.47]but it hasn't slowed down the [13:41.13]ever-increasing numbers of online shoppers. [13:45.57]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage [13:49.25]you have just heard. [13:51.65]26. Which is not the advantage of shopping online? [14:12.25]27. How much money do men spend on online shopping? [14:33.44]28. What did people worry about online shopping [14:38.66]in the past? [14:54.86]Passage Two [14:56.55]In Sweden and Norway, [14:58.63]the practice of splitting the bill [15:00.54]in restaurants is common. [15:02.54]In a courtship situation [15:04.26]where both parts have a similar financial standing, [15:08.02]the traditional custom of the man [15:10.59]always paying in restaurants has largely fallen out of use [15:14.72]and is considered old fashioned. [15:16.88]Generally, [15:17.66]a romantic couple will take turns paying the bill [15:20.97]or split it. [15:22.39]In most of northern and central Europe [15:24.91]the practice of splitting the bill is common. [15:28.39]On a dinner date, [15:29.73]the man may pay the bill as way of overtly [15:32.87]stating that he views this as a romantic situation [15:36.76]and that he has some hopes [15:38.36]or expectations for a future development. [15:41.77]Some women object to this or even find it offensive. [15:45.50]Younger urban women especially tend not to [15:48.70]accept men paying for them; [15:50.95]or will in turn insist to pay for the next dinner or drink. [15:55.27]In south European Countries such as Italy, [15:57.89]Portugal, Greece or Turkey, [15:59.88]it is rather uncommon for locals to [16:02.24]have separate bills, sometimes even regarded as rude, [16:06.33]especially when in larger groups. [16:08.56]But in urban areas or places this has been changed [16:12.26]over the last decades. [16:14.35]In Middle Eastern cultures, [16:15.84]going Dutch is judged to be extremely rude. [16:19.44]Traditions of hospitality play a great part in who pays, [16:23.36]therefore an invitation will be given [16:26.03]only when the host feels he [16:28.03]or she is able to afford the expenses of all. [16:32.96]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage [16:37.09]you have just heard. [16:39.39]29. In Northern Europe, [16:42.33]what will a man do on a dinner date? [17:00.28]30. In which country [17:03.16]it is uncommon to have separate bills? [17:20.76]31. What can we infer from the [17:24.55]Middle Eastern cultures? [17:41.20]Passage Three [17:43.16]Short track speed skating is only about 100 years old [17:47.40]and a product of North America. [17:50.07]It originated in Canada and the United States in 1905 [17:54.74]with the first known competition having taken place in 1909. [17:59.47]By the 1920s and 30s, [18:01.62]the sport was gaining popularity in Great Britain, [18:04.67]Japan, France, Belgium and Australia. [18:08.19]In 1988, short track speed skating was a [18:11.55]demonstration event at the Calgary Olympic Winter Games. [18:15.79]Four years later, [18:16.91]it was included as a full medal event [18:19.32]at the Albertville 1992 Olympic Winter Games. [18:23.22]Short track speed skating takes place [18:25.53]on a 111.12metre oval track within a hockey rink. [18:31.34]Tight corners make it difficult [18:32.94]for skaters to maintain control. [18:35.57]Skaters compete against each other, [18:37.77]rather than the clock. [18:39.43]The competition consists of a series of heats [18:42.43]with four or six athletes. [18:44.77]The first two athletes in each heat advance [18:47.51]to the next round until only four skaters remain for the final. [18:52.47]The men's and ladies' short track relays take place over two days [18:57.41]and consist of semi-final and final competitions. [19:01.39]Eight teams of four skaters plus a substitute [19:04.79]take part in the relay. [19:07.05]The teams decide [19:08.07]how many laps each of their members will race, [19:10.96]with the understanding [19:11.95]that the final two laps must be covered by the same skater. [19:16.41]It is unusual for an individual athlete to exceed 1.5 laps, [19:21.70]meaning there are some seven or eight relay exchanges per athlete. [19:26.14]Instead of passing a baton(指挥棒), [19:28.32]the skater on the ice needs to only tag the next skater to [19:32.94]complete an exchange. [19:34.73]In order to maintain momentum, however, [19:37.08]it is more common for the next skater to crouch [19:40.67]and receive a push from behind. [19:43.75]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage [19:47.11]you have just heard. [19:49.48]32. Where did Short track speed skating come from? [20:09.86]33. When did Short track speed skating [20:14.20]become the official Olympic event? [20:31.65]34. How many skaters on one team that take part [20:36.87]in the relays? [20:53.03]35. How do the skaters complete an exchange [20:58.02]in a relay? [21:13.92]Section C [21:16.00]Directions: In this section, [21:19.01]you will hear a passage three times. [21:22.35]When the passage is read for the first time, [21:25.75]you should listen carefully for its general idea. [21:30.12]When the passage is read for the second time, [21:33.22]you are required to fill in the blanks [21:36.34]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words [21:41.62]you have just heard. [21:44.25]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 [21:48.69]you are required to fill in the missing information. [21:53.22]For these blanks, [21:54.74]you can either use the exact words [21:57.46]you have just heard [21:59.00]or write down the main points [22:01.43]in your own words. [22:04.30]Finally, [22:05.43]when the passage is read for the third time, [22:08.68]you should check what you have written. [22:11.68]Now listen to the passage. [22:15.68]In Canada and the United Kingdom, [22:17.91]Boxing Day is primarily known as a shopping holiday, [22:22.03]much as the United States [22:23.80]treats the day after Thanksgiving. [22:26.60]It is a time where shops have sales, [22:29.09]often with dramatic price decreases. [22:32.25]For many merchants, [22:33.62]Boxing Day has become the day of the year [22:36.33]with the greatest revenue. [22:38.43]In the UK in 2009, [22:40.96]it was estimated that up to 12 million shoppers [22:44.39]appeared at the sales-a rise of [22:46.93]almost 20% compared to 2008, [22:50.79]although this was also affected [22:52.31]by the fact [22:53.13]that the VAT would go back up to 17.5% from 1 January. [23:00.47]Many retailers open very early [23:02.84]and offer door buster deals to draw people to their stores. [23:07.09]It's not uncommon for long queues to form [23:09.80]early in the morning of 26 December, [23:12.72]hours before the opening of shops [23:14.61]holding the big sales, [23:16.35]especially at big-box consumer electronics retailers. [23:20.53]Once inside, the shoppers often rush and grab, [23:24.25]as many stores have a limited quantity of [23:26.89]deeply discounted items. [23:28.86]Because of the shoulder-to-shoulder crowds, [23:31.43]many choose to stay home [23:33.47]and avoid the hectic shopping experience. [23:36.69]The local media often cover the event, [23:39.44]providing video of shoppers standing in line [23:42.78]and later leaving with their purchased items. [23:46.33]The Boxing Day sales have the potential [23:48.66]for customer stampedes(蜂拥), [23:50.69]injuries and even fatalities. [23:53.03]As a result, many retailers have implemented practices [23:56.89]aimed at controlling large numbers of shoppers, [23:59.92]most of whom are anxious for bargains. [24:02.52]They may limit entrances, [24:04.29]restrict the number of patrons in a store at a time, [24:07.79]provide tickets to people [24:09.37]at the head of the line to [24:10.79]guarantee them a hot ticket item, [24:13.12]and canvass lined-up shoppers to [24:15.60]inform them of inventory limitations. [24:19.92]Now the passage will be read again. [24:23.60]In Canada and the United Kingdom, [24:25.85]Boxing Day is primarily known as a shopping holiday, [24:30.00]much as the United States [24:31.83]treats the day after Thanksgiving. [24:34.60]It is a time where shops have sales, [24:37.03]often with dramatic price decreases. [24:40.43]For many merchants, [24:41.59]Boxing Day has become the day of the year [24:44.37]with the greatest revenue. [24:46.56]In the UK in 2009, [24:48.95]it was estimated that up to 12 million shoppers [24:52.36]appeared at the sales-a rise of [24:54.89]almost 20% compared to 2008, [24:58.53]although this was also affected [25:00.37]by the fact [25:01.11]that the VAT would go back up to 17.5% from 1 January. [25:08.37]Many retailers open very early [25:10.87]and offer door buster deals to draw people to their stores. [25:15.07]It's not uncommon for long queues to form [25:17.73]early in the morning of 26 December, [25:20.64]hours before the opening of shops [25:22.54]holding the big sales, [25:24.24]especially at big-box consumer electronics retailers. [25:28.72]Once inside, the shoppers often rush and grab, [25:32.07]as many stores have a limited quantity of [25:34.79]deeply discounted items. [26:26.58]Because of the shoulder-to-shoulder crowds, [26:29.08]many choose to stay home [26:30.74]and avoid the hectic shopping experience. [26:34.06]The local media often cover the event, [26:36.83]providing video of shoppers standing in line [26:40.34]and later leaving with their purchased items. [27:33.44]The Boxing Day sales have the potential [27:35.62]for customer stampedes(蜂拥), [27:37.61]injuries and even fatalities. [27:40.48]As a result, many retailers have implemented practices [27:43.86]aimed at controlling large numbers of shoppers, [27:46.76]most of whom are anxious for bargains. [28:39.03]They may limit entrances, [28:40.74]restrict the number of patrons in a store at a time, [28:44.14]provide tickets to people [28:46.02]at the head of the line to [28:47.28]guarantee them a hot ticket item, [28:49.54]and canvass lined-up shoppers to [28:52.03]inform them of inventory limitations. [28:56.46]Now the passage will be read for the third time. [29:01.12]In Canada and the United Kingdom, [29:03.35]Boxing Day is primarily known as a shopping holiday, [29:07.58]much as the United States [29:09.29]treats the day after Thanksgiving. [29:12.03]It is a time where shops have sales, [29:14.49]often with dramatic price decreases. [29:17.75]For many merchants, [29:19.06]Boxing Day has become the day of the year [29:21.81]with the greatest revenue. [29:23.66]In the UK in 2009, [29:26.37]it was estimated that up to 12 million shoppers [29:29.86]appeared at the sales-a rise of [29:32.33]almost 20% compared to 2008, [29:35.94]although this was also affected [29:37.70]by the fact [29:38.65]that the VAT would go back up to 17.5% from 1 January. [29:45.87]Many retailers open very early [29:48.19]and offer door buster deals to draw people to their stores. [29:52.55]It's not uncommon for long queues to form [29:55.18]early in the morning of 26 December, [29:58.14]hours before the opening of shops [30:00.06]holding the big sales, [30:01.86]especially at big-box consumer electronics retailers. [30:06.24]Once inside, the shoppers often rush and grab, [30:09.61]as many stores have a limited quantity of [30:12.33]deeply discounted items. [30:14.57]Because of the shoulder-to-shoulder crowds, [30:17.06]many choose to stay home [30:18.76]and avoid the hectic shopping experience. [30:22.13]The local media often cover the event, [30:24.91]providing video of shoppers standing in line [30:28.18]and later leaving with their purchased items. [30:31.88]The Boxing Day sales have the potential [30:34.19]for customer stampedes(蜂拥), [30:36.12]injuries and even fatalities. [30:38.77]As a result, many retailers have implemented practices [30:42.44]aimed at controlling large numbers of shoppers, [30:45.31]most of whom are anxious for bargains. [30:48.09]They may limit entrances, [30:49.72]restrict the number of patrons in a store at a time, [30:53.02]provide tickets to people [30:54.96]at the head of the line to [30:56.24]guarantee them a hot ticket item, [30:58.47]and canvass lined-up shoppers to [31:01.02]inform them of inventory limitations. [31:05.49]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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