大学英语四级考试听力突破 Model Test Three

韩萱 2011-12-18 5845 阅读
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[00:12.95]Model Test Three
[00:15.44]Section A
[00:17.85]Directions: In this section,
[00:21.71]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:24.76]and 2 long conversations.
[00:28.53]At the end of each conversation,
[00:30.85]one or more questions will be asked
[00:33.34]about what was said.
[00:35.73]Both the conversation and the questions
[00:38.50]will be spoken only once.
[00:41.52]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:45.87]During the pause,
[00:47.48]you must read the four choices
[00:49.71]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:54.20]and decide which is the best answer.
[00:58.15]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[01:03.24]with a single line through the centre.
[01:07.19]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:11.91]11. W: John, look at this coat.
[01:15.52]You bought it for me when you were courting me.
[01:18.34]M: Yeah, it was a long time ago
[01:20.55]and the coat is worn out.
[01:22.79]I think I should buy you a new one.
[01:25.98]Q: What is the relationship
[01:27.24]between the two speakers?
[01:44.03]12. W: I'm afraid
[01:46.55]that we're not satisfied with these plans
[01:48.75]for the drawing room.
[01:50.47]M: Would you like me to
[01:51.44]prepare another set of blueprints?
[01:54.42]Q: What's the man's job?
[02:11.00]13. W: If you ask me,
[02:14.21]I suggest you go there by plane.
[02:16.31]It's quick and convenient.
[02:18.91]M: Yeah, it's true,
[02:20.16]but I'm terribly airsick.
[02:22.76]Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
[02:40.54]14. W: I've been thinking of my sister the whole day.
[02:45.90]M: Why not give her an unexpected arrival?
[02:49.93]Q: What does the man mean?
[03:06.33]15. W: I didn't see Mary for several days.
[03:11.03]What did she do?
[03:12.54]M: She was busy preparing for her thesis debate.
[03:16.21]Q: What did Mary do in the past few days?
[03:33.99]16. W: I really like the Italian food we took yesterday.
[03:39.69]What do you think?
[03:41.29]M: Aha, it's good but it's not my taste.
[03:45.29]Q: What does the man imply?
[04:02.11]17. W: Jack,
[04:04.76]why do so many boys wear long hair in your class?
[04:08.69]M: Oh, you see.
[04:10.14]Bill does so and the other boys just follow suit.
[04:14.97]Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
[04:32.98]18. W: What do you think of my new idea, Tom?
[04:37.20]M: I can't come up with a better one, Jenny.
[04:40.22]Q: What does the man mean?
[04:56.73]Now you will hear the two long conversations.
[05:00.70]Conversation One
[05:02.83]W: Mike, why are so many Americans overweight?
[05:06.42]M: Well, that's a good question, Lily.
[05:08.72]You'd think that with the current fitness craze in the US,
[05:12.38]there wouldn't be so many overweight Americans.
[05:15.63]W: Just how many people are overweight?
[05:18.52]M: About 40% of Americans are overweight.
[05:22.68]What's interesting is that one study said
[05:25.20]that lower-income groups have a higher percentage of
[05:28.66]being overweight than higher-income groups.
[05:32.27]W: Are there any other factors like that in the study?
[05:35.61]M: Yes.
[05:36.52]The study also said that the hotter the climate is,
[05:40.05]the lower the percentage of fat people is.
[05:43.47]W: That makes sense. When it's hot,
[05:45.80]you usually don't feel like eating a lot.
[05:48.55]M: Is that
[05:49.28]why Japanese people are typically skinnier than Americans?
[05:53.81]W: Well,
[05:54.61]our food has less fat and oil than American food does.
[05:58.94]And Americans eat a lot more meat than we do.
[06:02.21]M: You're right.
[06:03.01]And we also eat more sugar and junk food.
[06:06.49]But there's another reason
[06:07.84]why so many Americans are fat.
[06:10.44]W: What's that?
[06:11.68]M: Nobody works out any more—not even kids.
[06:15.53]The average American home has the TV on
[06:18.44]for six hours a day!
[06:21.11]W: Wow! No wonder you Americans are so fat.
[06:24.98]You don't get enough exercise.
[06:27.11]Say, Mike,
[06:28.41]aren't you getting a little bigger in the waist?
[06:31.47]M: Yeah, I guess so.
[06:33.24]W: To lose weight,
[06:34.44]you really need to watch what you eat
[06:36.64]and get some exercise.
[06:38.66]M: Hey, I started a diet and lost 10 pounds.
[06:42.58]W: So what happened afterwards?
[06:44.66]M: I quit and gained it all back plus 5 pounds.
[06:50.62]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation
[06:54.38]you have just heard.
[06:56.96]19. How many people are overweight in America?
[07:16.85]20. Which is NOT the reason for being overweight?
[07:36.88]21. According to the woman, how can the man lose weight?
[07:57.21]22. What happened to the man finally?
[08:16.31]Conversation Two
[08:18.64]M: Hi, Helen! Nice to see you again.
[08:21.36]W: Yes, it's been a while.
[08:23.32]Hey, you've gotten bigger
[08:24.71]since the last time I've seen you.
[08:27.04]M: Yeah, ever since I got married
[08:29.20]I've been putting on weight.
[08:31.17]My wife's a good cook.
[08:33.45]W: You need to start exercising again.
[08:36.28]Have you thought about joining a health club?
[08:38.82]M: I have. But they are expensive.
[08:41.25]And I don't have the time.
[08:43.36]W: I'm a member at Spa Fitness
[08:45.24]and you'd be surprised at
[08:46.96]how inexpensive a year membership is.
[08:50.11]Most of the members are "normal" people
[08:52.63]who work out for about an hour
[08:54.53]just three times a week.
[08:56.63]M: Sounds reasonable.
[08:57.85]I mean, you look skinny enough.
[09:00.55]W: Well, to tell the truth,
[09:01.94]I haven't always been this lean.
[09:04.03]After I turned 30,
[09:05.66]I started putting on the pounds.
[09:07.87]I couldn't fit into my favorite skirts anymore
[09:10.70]and I didn't have any energy.
[09:12.95]So I decided to do exercise.
[09:15.62]Once you start on a regular exercise program,
[09:18.66]you start feeling better immediately.
[09:21.18]M: Is that right?
[09:22.51]I read that Americans are getting fatter.
[09:25.27]In fact, the average American teen is
[09:28.02]10~20 pounds heavier today than in the 1980s.
[09:32.63]I'm amazed at how many fat teenage girls I see.
[09:36.80]W: That's because of lifestyle changes.
[09:39.48]Health clubs aren't just for beautiful people.
[09:42.23]Actually,
[09:43.29]the majority of the members are
[09:44.81]trying to lose weight like us.
[09:47.17]So will you join me for a workout?
[09:49.62]I can get you in free tonight with a guest pass.
[09:52.68]M: Why not? I've got nothing to lose.
[09:55.64]W: Nothing but a few pounds.
[09:57.95]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation
[10:02.35]you have just heard.
[10:06.33]23. Why does the man put on weight?
[10:26.10]24. What can we infer about the woman's age?
[10:46.50]25. How can the man get into the health club tonight?
[11:07.25]Section B
[11:09.32]Directions: In this section,
[11:12.43]you will hear 3 short passages,
[11:16.02]at the end of each passage,
[11:18.17]you will hear some questions.
[11:20.59]Both the passage and the questions
[11:22.97]will be spoken only once.
[11:26.40]After you hear a question,
[11:28.80]you must choose the best answer
[11:31.06]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[11:36.09]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[11:39.96]with a single line through the centre.
[11:43.69]Passage One
[11:45.37]Costa Rica is at the southern point of Central America,
[11:49.90]borders to the north by Nicaragua and Panama to the south.
[11:54.16]It's a little smaller than the state of West Virginia
[11:57.71]and largely mountainous
[11:57.71]with thin strips of low lands by the Pacific and Caribbean.
[12:03.92]Traditionally focused on exporting bananas and coffee,
[12:07.72]Costa Rica's new top industry is tourism.
[12:11.68]Many tourists arrive in the capital San José
[12:15.10]and head straight for the Pacific coast beaches.
[12:18.14]But if you are looking for something
[12:19.80]a little out of the ordinary,
[12:21.68]the country has several prime spots
[12:24.15]for volcano watching
[12:25.76]but the most popular is Arenal,
[12:28.60]near the town of La Fortuna.
[12:30.79]The volcano creates many hot springs.
[12:33.69]Costa Rica is rich in wild life
[12:36.05]and ranks as one of the most bio-diverse countries.
[12:39.75]Its national parks are home to everything
[12:42.63]from howler monkeys to white-faced capuchins.
[12:45.97]It's a bird watchers' paradise with over 800 species.
[12:50.56]On the ground, tapirs sniff for food
[12:52.96]using their short trunks to grab leaves and fruit.
[12:56.75]Along the coast, turtle watching is popular,
[12:59.84]especially in April and May.
[13:02.28]Leatherbacks and green turtles lurch(东倒西歪地向前)
[13:04.86]up on to the beach to lay their eggs.
[13:07.42]They only rest for a little while
[13:09.44]before making the return trip back out to sea.
[13:13.07]So it's natural that when you're planning a trip,
[13:15.70]the right time to go depends on what you want to do.
[13:19.10]The dry season for most of the country
[13:21.73]runs from December to April.
[13:24.04]The different parts of the year are best for surfing,
[13:27.52]fishing and animal watching,
[13:29.63]so there is always something happening.
[13:32.57]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
[13:35.80]you have just heard.
[13:37.87]26. What can we know about Costa Rica's
[13:42.30]top industry nowadays?
[13:59.17]27. When can tourists see turtles along the coast?
[14:19.38]28. When is the wet season in Costa Rica?

[14:39.74]Passage Two
[14:41.27]A total solar eclipse occurred on August 1st, 2008.
[14:46.29]A solar eclipse occurs
[14:47.83]when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun,
[14:50.80]thereby totally or partially
[14:53.23]obscuring the Earth's view of the Sun.
[14:56.32]A total solar eclipse occurs
[14:58.38]when the Moon's apparent diameter(直径) is
[15:01.25]larger than the Sun,
[15:03.04]blocking all direct sunlight
[15:05.08]and turning day into darkness.
[15:07.65]And it occurs in a narrow path
[15:09.63]across the surface of the Earth,
[15:12.08]while a partial solar eclipse will be visible
[15:15.15]over a region thousands of miles wide.
[15:18.36]It had a magnitude of 1.0394
[15:23.22]that was visible from a narrow corridor
[15:25.89]through northern Canada, Greenland, central Russia,
[15:29.48]eastern Kazakhstan, western Mongolia and China.
[15:33.30]Occurring north of the Arctic Circle,
[15:35.74]it belonged to the so-called midnight sun eclipses.
[15:40.11]The largest city on the path of the eclipse was
[15:42.60]Novosibirsk in Russia.
[15:44.72]The total eclipse lasted for 2 minutes,
[15:47.45]and covered 0.4% of the Earth's surface
[15:50.54]in a 10 200 km long path.
[15:54.88]It was the 47th eclipse of the 126th Saros cycle,
[15:59.73]which began with a partial eclipse
[16:01.72]on March 10th, 1179
[16:04.28]and will conclude with a partial eclipse
[16:06.78]on May 3rd, 2459.
[16:09.95]It was described by observers
[16:11.72]as "special for its colors around the horizon.
[16:15.58]There were wonderful oranges and reds all around,
[16:19.07]the clouds lit up,
[16:20.23]some dark in silhouette(轮廓,侧影),
[16:21.90]some golden, glowing yellowy-orange in the distance.
[16:25.96]You could see the shadow approaching against the clouds
[16:28.77]and then rushing away as it left".
[16:31.78]Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage
[16:35.98]you have just heard.
[16:38.70]29. How does solar eclipse happen?
[16:58.65]30. People in which part of the world
[17:02.54]cannot see this solar eclipse?
[17:19.77]31. How long did this total eclipse last?
[17:40.22]Passage Three
[17:42.21]US medicine,
[17:43.46]the nation's most conservative profession,
[17:46.12]is being shaken up.
[17:48.25]Many medical students and young doctors are determined to
[17:51.57]change its rules and traditions.
[17:54.50]Old practices like the
[17:55.87]one-to-one doctor-patient relationship
[17:58.28]and the direct fee for service are losing respect.
[18:02.39]The American Medical Association,
[18:04.77]traditional foe of any system hinting of collectivism(集体主义),
[18:08.32]is losing membership.
[18:10.37]Yet resistance to change is strong,
[18:13.29]and no speedy revolution of US medicine is in sight.
[18:17.40]What is happening amounts to a slow,
[18:20.36]often painful evolution
[18:22.43]that is shaping a new kind of doctor.
[18:25.16]He still represents only a vocal minority,
[18:28.31]but his attitudes are significant.
[18:31.71]He is more like his grandfather than his father,
[18:35.45]preferring the model of the old general practitioner
[18:38.68]to that of the specialist or researcher.
[18:41.20]He recognizes the inadequacies of the old GP,
[18:45.13]but thinks that better training can overcome them.
[18:48.49]He acknowledges the need for specialists,
[18:51.03]but envisions them as part of a team.
[18:53.60]"Specialists take one organ and ignore everything else,"
[18:57.74]says Jeffrey Beckwith, 26,
[19:00.19]an intern at Bronson Methodist Hospital in Kalamazoo, Mich.
[19:04.71]"I want to get it all together."
[19:07.21]He is less interested in solo practice(单独开业)
[19:10.26]and a big income.
[19:11.73]But he is ready to seek partnerships,
[19:13.86]which he values most.
[19:15.75]He is willing to accept Government participation
[19:18.45]in medicine and new types of health insurance schemes.
[19:22.59]Though only a radical few favor socialization,
[19:26.28]most see health care as a citizen's right
[19:29.44]rather than a privilege.
[19:31.46]They also realize that the money
[19:33.73]necessary to assure that right for all
[19:36.70]and some degree of supervision over its spending
[19:39.78]will have to come from some level of government.
[19:44.49]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
[19:47.85]you have just heard.
[19:50.16]32. What happened to US medicine?
[20:09.01]33. What kind of doctor was there in the past?
[20:28.98]34. What do modern young doctors value most?
[20:49.52]35. What is people's attitude to the health care?
[21:09.76]Section C
[21:11.87]Directions: In this section,
[21:14.75]you will hear a passage three times.
[21:18.10]When the passage is read for the first time,
[21:21.36]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[21:25.71]When the passage is read for the second time,
[21:29.04]you are required to fill in the blanks
[21:32.03]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[21:37.29]you have just heard.
[21:39.78]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
[21:44.56]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[21:49.29]For these blanks,
[21:50.53]you can either use the exact words
[21:53.05]you have just heard
[21:54.71]or write down the main points
[21:57.25]in your own words.
[21:59.84]Finally,
[22:01.16]when the passage is read for the third time,
[22:04.45]you should check what you have written.
[22:07.73]Now listen to the passage.
[22:11.51]Research suggests
[22:12.98]that parental involvement in school is vital to
[22:16.85]a child's academic success.
[22:19.37]However, if you're a single parent,
[22:21.64]a working parent,
[22:22.67]or a parent with little spare time,
[22:24.99]you may find it difficult to find ways to get involved.
[22:28.93]The following list of recommendations
[22:31.12]comes from the Harvard Family Research Project,
[22:34.45]an organization committed to advancing education,
[22:38.20]which may give you some enlightenment.
[22:41.03]First, attend teacher-parent conferences.
[22:44.24]If the scheduling of conferences conflicts
[22:46.61]with your work schedule,
[22:48.32]speak to the teacher and principal about your situation,
[22:51.68]and work out a time when you can meet.
[22:54.17]Second, get over your own insecurities.
[22:57.65]The Harvard Family Research Project found
[23:00.57]that parents
[23:01.39]who had negative childhood experiences at school
[23:04.67]are less likely to get involved
[23:06.48]in their children's academic programs,
[23:09.11]and may feel uncomfortable contacting teachers.
[23:12.88]Remember that your child's academic experience is
[23:16.28]important and vital to his professional success.
[23:19.60]Don't let your own obstacles hinder your child's success.
[23:23.85]Third, drop in on extracurricular activities.
[23:28.01]If you are unavailable during the day,
[23:30.23]try to pick your child up from after-school activities.
[23:33.95]Arrive a few minutes early and watch your child in action.
[23:38.75]Sit in on your child's student council meeting
[23:41.43]or theater rehearsal.
[23:43.39]Finally, use a translator.
[23:45.65]Parents who speak English as a second language
[23:48.33]can get in touch with their child's school
[23:50.98]and request a translator.
[23:53.03]It's important for all parents to
[23:54.99]have their questions answered
[23:56.67]and their concerns properly communicated.
[24:00.69]Now the passage will be read again.
[24:04.01]Research suggests
[24:05.23]that parental involvement in school is vital to
[24:09.31]a child's academic success.
[24:11.86]However, if you're a single parent,
[24:14.00]a working parent,
[24:15.21]or a parent with little spare time,
[24:17.50]you may find it difficult to find ways to get involved.
[24:21.27]The following list of recommendations
[24:23.59]comes from the Harvard Family Research Project,
[24:26.99]an organization committed to advancing education,
[24:30.67]which may give you some enlightenment.
[24:33.47]First, attend teacher-parent conferences.
[24:36.72]If the scheduling of conferences conflicts
[24:39.05]with your work schedule,
[24:40.68]speak to the teacher and principal about your situation,
[24:44.18]and work out a time when you can meet.
[24:46.59]Second, get over your own insecurities.
[24:50.17]The Harvard Family Research Project found
[24:53.04]that parents
[24:53.90]who had negative childhood experiences at school
[24:57.18]are less likely to get involved
[24:58.97]in their children's academic programs,
[25:01.52]and may feel uncomfortable contacting teachers.
[25:05.05]Remember that your child's academic experience is
[25:08.79]important and vital to his professional success.
[26:01.87]Don't let your own obstacles hinder your child's success.
[26:06.27]Third, drop in on extracurricular activities.
[26:09.92]If you are unavailable during the day,
[26:12.24]try to pick your child up from after-school activities.
[27:05.98]Arrive a few minutes early and watch your child in action.
[27:10.21]Sit in on your child's student council meeting
[27:13.16]or theater rehearsal.
[27:15.26]Finally, use a translator.
[27:17.27]Parents who speak English as a second language
[27:20.01]can get in touch with their child's school
[27:22.50]and request a translator.
[27:24.65]It's important for all parents to
[27:26.64]have their questions answered
[27:28.42]and their concerns properly communicated.
[28:21.38]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[28:25.36]Research suggests
[28:26.63]that parental involvement in school is vital to
[28:30.59]a child's academic success.
[28:33.04]However, if you're a single parent,
[28:35.39]a working parent,
[28:36.54]or a parent with little spare time,
[28:38.83]you may find it difficult to find ways to get involved.
[28:42.56]The following list of recommendations
[28:44.93]comes from the Harvard Family Research Project,
[28:48.33]an organization committed to advancing education,
[28:51.97]which may give you some enlightenment.
[28:54.67]First, attend teacher-parent conferences.
[28:58.02]If the scheduling of conferences conflicts
[29:00.39]with your work schedule,
[29:01.99]speak to the teacher and principal about your situation,
[29:05.45]and work out a time when you can meet.
[29:07.88]Second, get over your own insecurities.
[29:11.51]The Harvard Family Research Project found
[29:14.39]that parents
[29:15.25]who had negative childhood experiences at school
[29:18.53]are less likely to get involved
[29:20.34]in their children's academic programs,
[29:22.81]and may feel uncomfortable contacting teachers.
[29:26.59]Remember that your child's academic experience is
[29:30.07]important and vital to his professional success.
[29:33.47]Don't let your own obstacles hinder your child's success.
[29:38.09]Third, drop in on extracurricular activities.
[29:41.73]If you are unavailable during the day,
[29:44.10]try to pick your child up from after-school activities.
[29:48.10]Arrive a few minutes early and watch your child in action.
[29:52.60]Sit in on your child's student council meeting
[29:55.41]or theater rehearsal.
[29:57.52]Finally, Use a translator.
[29:59.54]Parents who speak English as a second language
[30:02.39]can get in touch with their child's school
[30:04.79]and request a translator.
[30:06.67]It's important for all parents to
[30:08.82]have their questions answered
[30:10.60]and their concerns properly communicated.
[30:15.31]This is the end of listening comprehension.
[00:12.95]Model Test Three [00:15.44]Section A [00:17.85]Directions: In this section, [00:21.71]you will hear 8 short conversations [00:24.76]and 2 long conversations. [00:28.53]At the end of each conversation, [00:30.85]one or more questions will be asked [00:33.34]about what was said. [00:35.73]Both the conversation and the questions [00:38.50]will be spoken only once. [00:41.52]After each question there will be a pause. [00:45.87]During the pause, [00:47.48]you must read the four choices [00:49.71]marked A), B), C) and D), [00:54.20]and decide which is the best answer. [00:58.15]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [01:03.24]with a single line through the centre. [01:07.19]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations. [01:11.91]11. W: John, look at this coat. [01:15.52]You bought it for me when you were courting me. [01:18.34]M: Yeah, it was a long time ago [01:20.55]and the coat is worn out. [01:22.79]I think I should buy you a new one. [01:25.98]Q: What is the relationship [01:27.24]between the two speakers? [01:44.03]12. W: I'm afraid [01:46.55]that we're not satisfied with these plans [01:48.75]for the drawing room. [01:50.47]M: Would you like me to [01:51.44]prepare another set of blueprints? [01:54.42]Q: What's the man's job? [02:11.00]13. W: If you ask me, [02:14.21]I suggest you go there by plane. [02:16.31]It's quick and convenient. [02:18.91]M: Yeah, it's true, [02:20.16]but I'm terribly airsick. [02:22.76]Q: What can we infer from the conversation? [02:40.54]14. W: I've been thinking of my sister the whole day. [02:45.90]M: Why not give her an unexpected arrival? [02:49.93]Q: What does the man mean? [03:06.33]15. W: I didn't see Mary for several days. [03:11.03]What did she do? [03:12.54]M: She was busy preparing for her thesis debate. [03:16.21]Q: What did Mary do in the past few days? [03:33.99]16. W: I really like the Italian food we took yesterday. [03:39.69]What do you think? [03:41.29]M: Aha, it's good but it's not my taste. [03:45.29]Q: What does the man imply? [04:02.11]17. W: Jack, [04:04.76]why do so many boys wear long hair in your class? [04:08.69]M: Oh, you see. [04:10.14]Bill does so and the other boys just follow suit. [04:14.97]Q: What can we infer from the conversation? [04:32.98]18. W: What do you think of my new idea, Tom? [04:37.20]M: I can't come up with a better one, Jenny. [04:40.22]Q: What does the man mean? [04:56.73]Now you will hear the two long conversations. [05:00.70]Conversation One [05:02.83]W: Mike, why are so many Americans overweight? [05:06.42]M: Well, that's a good question, Lily. [05:08.72]You'd think that with the current fitness craze in the US, [05:12.38]there wouldn't be so many overweight Americans. [05:15.63]W: Just how many people are overweight? [05:18.52]M: About 40% of Americans are overweight. [05:22.68]What's interesting is that one study said [05:25.20]that lower-income groups have a higher percentage of [05:28.66]being overweight than higher-income groups. [05:32.27]W: Are there any other factors like that in the study? [05:35.61]M: Yes. [05:36.52]The study also said that the hotter the climate is, [05:40.05]the lower the percentage of fat people is. [05:43.47]W: That makes sense. When it's hot, [05:45.80]you usually don't feel like eating a lot. [05:48.55]M: Is that [05:49.28]why Japanese people are typically skinnier than Americans? [05:53.81]W: Well, [05:54.61]our food has less fat and oil than American food does. [05:58.94]And Americans eat a lot more meat than we do. [06:02.21]M: You're right. [06:03.01]And we also eat more sugar and junk food. [06:06.49]But there's another reason [06:07.84]why so many Americans are fat. [06:10.44]W: What's that? [06:11.68]M: Nobody works out any more—not even kids. [06:15.53]The average American home has the TV on [06:18.44]for six hours a day! [06:21.11]W: Wow! No wonder you Americans are so fat. [06:24.98]You don't get enough exercise. [06:27.11]Say, Mike, [06:28.41]aren't you getting a little bigger in the waist? [06:31.47]M: Yeah, I guess so. [06:33.24]W: To lose weight, [06:34.44]you really need to watch what you eat [06:36.64]and get some exercise. [06:38.66]M: Hey, I started a diet and lost 10 pounds. [06:42.58]W: So what happened afterwards? [06:44.66]M: I quit and gained it all back plus 5 pounds. [06:50.62]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation [06:54.38]you have just heard. [06:56.96]19. How many people are overweight in America? [07:16.85]20. Which is NOT the reason for being overweight? [07:36.88]21. According to the woman, how can the man lose weight? [07:57.21]22. What happened to the man finally? [08:16.31]Conversation Two [08:18.64]M: Hi, Helen! Nice to see you again. [08:21.36]W: Yes, it's been a while. [08:23.32]Hey, you've gotten bigger [08:24.71]since the last time I've seen you. [08:27.04]M: Yeah, ever since I got married [08:29.20]I've been putting on weight. [08:31.17]My wife's a good cook. [08:33.45]W: You need to start exercising again. [08:36.28]Have you thought about joining a health club? [08:38.82]M: I have. But they are expensive. [08:41.25]And I don't have the time. [08:43.36]W: I'm a member at Spa Fitness [08:45.24]and you'd be surprised at [08:46.96]how inexpensive a year membership is. [08:50.11]Most of the members are "normal" people [08:52.63]who work out for about an hour [08:54.53]just three times a week. [08:56.63]M: Sounds reasonable. [08:57.85]I mean, you look skinny enough. [09:00.55]W: Well, to tell the truth, [09:01.94]I haven't always been this lean. [09:04.03]After I turned 30, [09:05.66]I started putting on the pounds. [09:07.87]I couldn't fit into my favorite skirts anymore [09:10.70]and I didn't have any energy. [09:12.95]So I decided to do exercise. [09:15.62]Once you start on a regular exercise program, [09:18.66]you start feeling better immediately. [09:21.18]M: Is that right? [09:22.51]I read that Americans are getting fatter. [09:25.27]In fact, the average American teen is [09:28.02]10~20 pounds heavier today than in the 1980s. [09:32.63]I'm amazed at how many fat teenage girls I see. [09:36.80]W: That's because of lifestyle changes. [09:39.48]Health clubs aren't just for beautiful people. [09:42.23]Actually, [09:43.29]the majority of the members are [09:44.81]trying to lose weight like us. [09:47.17]So will you join me for a workout? [09:49.62]I can get you in free tonight with a guest pass. [09:52.68]M: Why not? I've got nothing to lose. [09:55.64]W: Nothing but a few pounds. [09:57.95]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation [10:02.35]you have just heard. [10:06.33]23. Why does the man put on weight? [10:26.10]24. What can we infer about the woman's age? [10:46.50]25. How can the man get into the health club tonight? [11:07.25]Section B [11:09.32]Directions: In this section, [11:12.43]you will hear 3 short passages, [11:16.02]at the end of each passage, [11:18.17]you will hear some questions. [11:20.59]Both the passage and the questions [11:22.97]will be spoken only once. [11:26.40]After you hear a question, [11:28.80]you must choose the best answer [11:31.06]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). [11:36.09]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [11:39.96]with a single line through the centre. [11:43.69]Passage One [11:45.37]Costa Rica is at the southern point of Central America, [11:49.90]borders to the north by Nicaragua and Panama to the south. [11:54.16]It's a little smaller than the state of West Virginia [11:57.71]and largely mountainous [11:57.71]with thin strips of low lands by the Pacific and Caribbean. [12:03.92]Traditionally focused on exporting bananas and coffee, [12:07.72]Costa Rica's new top industry is tourism. [12:11.68]Many tourists arrive in the capital San José [12:15.10]and head straight for the Pacific coast beaches. [12:18.14]But if you are looking for something [12:19.80]a little out of the ordinary, [12:21.68]the country has several prime spots [12:24.15]for volcano watching [12:25.76]but the most popular is Arenal, [12:28.60]near the town of La Fortuna. [12:30.79]The volcano creates many hot springs. [12:33.69]Costa Rica is rich in wild life [12:36.05]and ranks as one of the most bio-diverse countries. [12:39.75]Its national parks are home to everything [12:42.63]from howler monkeys to white-faced capuchins. [12:45.97]It's a bird watchers' paradise with over 800 species. [12:50.56]On the ground, tapirs sniff for food [12:52.96]using their short trunks to grab leaves and fruit. [12:56.75]Along the coast, turtle watching is popular, [12:59.84]especially in April and May. [13:02.28]Leatherbacks and green turtles lurch(东倒西歪地向前) [13:04.86]up on to the beach to lay their eggs. [13:07.42]They only rest for a little while [13:09.44]before making the return trip back out to sea. [13:13.07]So it's natural that when you're planning a trip, [13:15.70]the right time to go depends on what you want to do. [13:19.10]The dry season for most of the country [13:21.73]runs from December to April. [13:24.04]The different parts of the year are best for surfing, [13:27.52]fishing and animal watching, [13:29.63]so there is always something happening. [13:32.57]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage [13:35.80]you have just heard. [13:37.87]26. What can we know about Costa Rica's [13:42.30]top industry nowadays? [13:59.17]27. When can tourists see turtles along the coast? [14:19.38]28. When is the wet season in Costa Rica? [14:39.74]Passage Two [14:41.27]A total solar eclipse occurred on August 1st, 2008. [14:46.29]A solar eclipse occurs [14:47.83]when the Moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, [14:50.80]thereby totally or partially [14:53.23]obscuring the Earth's view of the Sun. [14:56.32]A total solar eclipse occurs [14:58.38]when the Moon's apparent diameter(直径) is [15:01.25]larger than the Sun, [15:03.04]blocking all direct sunlight [15:05.08]and turning day into darkness. [15:07.65]And it occurs in a narrow path [15:09.63]across the surface of the Earth, [15:12.08]while a partial solar eclipse will be visible [15:15.15]over a region thousands of miles wide. [15:18.36]It had a magnitude of 1.0394 [15:23.22]that was visible from a narrow corridor [15:25.89]through northern Canada, Greenland, central Russia, [15:29.48]eastern Kazakhstan, western Mongolia and China. [15:33.30]Occurring north of the Arctic Circle, [15:35.74]it belonged to the so-called midnight sun eclipses. [15:40.11]The largest city on the path of the eclipse was [15:42.60]Novosibirsk in Russia. [15:44.72]The total eclipse lasted for 2 minutes, [15:47.45]and covered 0.4% of the Earth's surface [15:50.54]in a 10 200 km long path. [15:54.88]It was the 47th eclipse of the 126th Saros cycle, [15:59.73]which began with a partial eclipse [16:01.72]on March 10th, 1179 [16:04.28]and will conclude with a partial eclipse [16:06.78]on May 3rd, 2459. [16:09.95]It was described by observers [16:11.72]as "special for its colors around the horizon. [16:15.58]There were wonderful oranges and reds all around, [16:19.07]the clouds lit up, [16:20.23]some dark in silhouette(轮廓,侧影), [16:21.90]some golden, glowing yellowy-orange in the distance. [16:25.96]You could see the shadow approaching against the clouds [16:28.77]and then rushing away as it left". [16:31.78]Questions 29 to 32 are based on the passage [16:35.98]you have just heard. [16:38.70]29. How does solar eclipse happen? [16:58.65]30. People in which part of the world [17:02.54]cannot see this solar eclipse? [17:19.77]31. How long did this total eclipse last? [17:40.22]Passage Three [17:42.21]US medicine, [17:43.46]the nation's most conservative profession, [17:46.12]is being shaken up. [17:48.25]Many medical students and young doctors are determined to [17:51.57]change its rules and traditions. [17:54.50]Old practices like the [17:55.87]one-to-one doctor-patient relationship [17:58.28]and the direct fee for service are losing respect. [18:02.39]The American Medical Association, [18:04.77]traditional foe of any system hinting of collectivism(集体主义), [18:08.32]is losing membership. [18:10.37]Yet resistance to change is strong, [18:13.29]and no speedy revolution of US medicine is in sight. [18:17.40]What is happening amounts to a slow, [18:20.36]often painful evolution [18:22.43]that is shaping a new kind of doctor. [18:25.16]He still represents only a vocal minority, [18:28.31]but his attitudes are significant. [18:31.71]He is more like his grandfather than his father, [18:35.45]preferring the model of the old general practitioner [18:38.68]to that of the specialist or researcher. [18:41.20]He recognizes the inadequacies of the old GP, [18:45.13]but thinks that better training can overcome them. [18:48.49]He acknowledges the need for specialists, [18:51.03]but envisions them as part of a team. [18:53.60]"Specialists take one organ and ignore everything else," [18:57.74]says Jeffrey Beckwith, 26, [19:00.19]an intern at Bronson Methodist Hospital in Kalamazoo, Mich. [19:04.71]"I want to get it all together." [19:07.21]He is less interested in solo practice(单独开业) [19:10.26]and a big income. [19:11.73]But he is ready to seek partnerships, [19:13.86]which he values most. [19:15.75]He is willing to accept Government participation [19:18.45]in medicine and new types of health insurance schemes. [19:22.59]Though only a radical few favor socialization, [19:26.28]most see health care as a citizen's right [19:29.44]rather than a privilege. [19:31.46]They also realize that the money [19:33.73]necessary to assure that right for all [19:36.70]and some degree of supervision over its spending [19:39.78]will have to come from some level of government. [19:44.49]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage [19:47.85]you have just heard. [19:50.16]32. What happened to US medicine? [20:09.01]33. What kind of doctor was there in the past? [20:28.98]34. What do modern young doctors value most? [20:49.52]35. What is people's attitude to the health care? [21:09.76]Section C [21:11.87]Directions: In this section, [21:14.75]you will hear a passage three times. [21:18.10]When the passage is read for the first time, [21:21.36]you should listen carefully for its general idea. [21:25.71]When the passage is read for the second time, [21:29.04]you are required to fill in the blanks [21:32.03]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words [21:37.29]you have just heard. [21:39.78]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 [21:44.56]you are required to fill in the missing information. [21:49.29]For these blanks, [21:50.53]you can either use the exact words [21:53.05]you have just heard [21:54.71]or write down the main points [21:57.25]in your own words. [21:59.84]Finally, [22:01.16]when the passage is read for the third time, [22:04.45]you should check what you have written. [22:07.73]Now listen to the passage. [22:11.51]Research suggests [22:12.98]that parental involvement in school is vital to [22:16.85]a child's academic success. [22:19.37]However, if you're a single parent, [22:21.64]a working parent, [22:22.67]or a parent with little spare time, [22:24.99]you may find it difficult to find ways to get involved. [22:28.93]The following list of recommendations [22:31.12]comes from the Harvard Family Research Project, [22:34.45]an organization committed to advancing education, [22:38.20]which may give you some enlightenment. [22:41.03]First, attend teacher-parent conferences. [22:44.24]If the scheduling of conferences conflicts [22:46.61]with your work schedule, [22:48.32]speak to the teacher and principal about your situation, [22:51.68]and work out a time when you can meet. [22:54.17]Second, get over your own insecurities. [22:57.65]The Harvard Family Research Project found [23:00.57]that parents [23:01.39]who had negative childhood experiences at school [23:04.67]are less likely to get involved [23:06.48]in their children's academic programs, [23:09.11]and may feel uncomfortable contacting teachers. [23:12.88]Remember that your child's academic experience is [23:16.28]important and vital to his professional success. [23:19.60]Don't let your own obstacles hinder your child's success. [23:23.85]Third, drop in on extracurricular activities. [23:28.01]If you are unavailable during the day, [23:30.23]try to pick your child up from after-school activities. [23:33.95]Arrive a few minutes early and watch your child in action. [23:38.75]Sit in on your child's student council meeting [23:41.43]or theater rehearsal. [23:43.39]Finally, use a translator. [23:45.65]Parents who speak English as a second language [23:48.33]can get in touch with their child's school [23:50.98]and request a translator. [23:53.03]It's important for all parents to [23:54.99]have their questions answered [23:56.67]and their concerns properly communicated. [24:00.69]Now the passage will be read again. [24:04.01]Research suggests [24:05.23]that parental involvement in school is vital to [24:09.31]a child's academic success. [24:11.86]However, if you're a single parent, [24:14.00]a working parent, [24:15.21]or a parent with little spare time, [24:17.50]you may find it difficult to find ways to get involved. [24:21.27]The following list of recommendations [24:23.59]comes from the Harvard Family Research Project, [24:26.99]an organization committed to advancing education, [24:30.67]which may give you some enlightenment. [24:33.47]First, attend teacher-parent conferences. [24:36.72]If the scheduling of conferences conflicts [24:39.05]with your work schedule, [24:40.68]speak to the teacher and principal about your situation, [24:44.18]and work out a time when you can meet. [24:46.59]Second, get over your own insecurities. [24:50.17]The Harvard Family Research Project found [24:53.04]that parents [24:53.90]who had negative childhood experiences at school [24:57.18]are less likely to get involved [24:58.97]in their children's academic programs, [25:01.52]and may feel uncomfortable contacting teachers. [25:05.05]Remember that your child's academic experience is [25:08.79]important and vital to his professional success. [26:01.87]Don't let your own obstacles hinder your child's success. [26:06.27]Third, drop in on extracurricular activities. [26:09.92]If you are unavailable during the day, [26:12.24]try to pick your child up from after-school activities. [27:05.98]Arrive a few minutes early and watch your child in action. [27:10.21]Sit in on your child's student council meeting [27:13.16]or theater rehearsal. [27:15.26]Finally, use a translator. [27:17.27]Parents who speak English as a second language [27:20.01]can get in touch with their child's school [27:22.50]and request a translator. [27:24.65]It's important for all parents to [27:26.64]have their questions answered [27:28.42]and their concerns properly communicated. [28:21.38]Now the passage will be read for the third time. [28:25.36]Research suggests [28:26.63]that parental involvement in school is vital to [28:30.59]a child's academic success. [28:33.04]However, if you're a single parent, [28:35.39]a working parent, [28:36.54]or a parent with little spare time, [28:38.83]you may find it difficult to find ways to get involved. [28:42.56]The following list of recommendations [28:44.93]comes from the Harvard Family Research Project, [28:48.33]an organization committed to advancing education, [28:51.97]which may give you some enlightenment. [28:54.67]First, attend teacher-parent conferences. [28:58.02]If the scheduling of conferences conflicts [29:00.39]with your work schedule, [29:01.99]speak to the teacher and principal about your situation, [29:05.45]and work out a time when you can meet. [29:07.88]Second, get over your own insecurities. [29:11.51]The Harvard Family Research Project found [29:14.39]that parents [29:15.25]who had negative childhood experiences at school [29:18.53]are less likely to get involved [29:20.34]in their children's academic programs, [29:22.81]and may feel uncomfortable contacting teachers. [29:26.59]Remember that your child's academic experience is [29:30.07]important and vital to his professional success. [29:33.47]Don't let your own obstacles hinder your child's success. [29:38.09]Third, drop in on extracurricular activities. [29:41.73]If you are unavailable during the day, [29:44.10]try to pick your child up from after-school activities. [29:48.10]Arrive a few minutes early and watch your child in action. [29:52.60]Sit in on your child's student council meeting [29:55.41]or theater rehearsal. [29:57.52]Finally, Use a translator. [29:59.54]Parents who speak English as a second language [30:02.39]can get in touch with their child's school [30:04.79]and request a translator. [30:06.67]It's important for all parents to [30:08.82]have their questions answered [30:10.60]and their concerns properly communicated. [30:15.31]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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