大学英语四级考试听力突破 Model Test Two

韩萱 2011-12-13 1994 阅读
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[00:13.87]Model Test Two
[00:16.06]Section A
[00:17.62]Directions: In this section,
[00:21.37]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:24.39]and 2 long conversations.
[00:28.00]At the end of each conversation,
[00:30.55]one or more questions will be asked
[00:32.92]about what was said.
[00:35.17]Both the conversation and the questions
[00:38.17]will be spoken only once.
[00:41.37]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:45.40]During the pause,
[00:47.00]you must read the four choices
[00:49.33]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:53.92]and decide which is the best answer.
[00:57.76]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[01:02.75]with a single line through the centre.
[01:07.01]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:11.60]11. M: Would you like to go out for a dinner with me?
[01:16.31]W: Oh, I'd like to,
[01:17.52]but I'm busy preparing my graduation paper.
[01:21.15]Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
[01:39.09]12. W: Did you attend the new English teacher's oral class?
[01:43.72]M: How she could make her students so active
[01:47.03]is really beyond me.
[01:49.37]Q: What does the man imply
[01:50.56]about the new English teacher's lass?
[02:08.64]13. W: Frankly speaking, Arden,
[02:12.49]it never strikes me that you are 40 years old.
[02:16.16]M: Oh, really?
[02:17.18]A lot of people who meet me,
[02:19.16]including some friends of mine,
[02:21.27]think I'm just in my thirties.
[02:23.83]Q: What can we learn about the man?
[02:41.39]14. M: Oh, gosh.
[02:44.46]I was caught cheating
[02:45.78]in the math examination yesterday.
[02:48.43]W: I'm sorry to hear that.
[02:50.47]But since it happened,
[02:51.94]you have to face the music.
[02:54.32]Q: What can we infer from the conversation?
[03:12.78]15. W: Can you spare me some time this week?
[03:17.27]I missed part of your lecture on Thomas Hardy
[03:20.01]who is my favorite writer.
[03:21.95]M: OK, we can discuss it Friday afternoon.
[03:25.91]Q: What is the relationship
[03:27.28]between the two speakers?
[03:44.31]16. W: How about John?
[03:47.53]Did he recover from the car accident?
[03:50.70]M: It's hard to say.
[03:52.62]Physically speaking, he's fine.
[03:55.67]Q: What does the man mean?
[04:12.30]17. M: One ten-cent pencil and two ten-cent erasers, please.
[04:18.76]W: OK. That will be 30 cents,
[04:20.89]and we'll give you a 10% discount.
[04:23.93]Q: How much money will the man pay?
[04:41.77]18. M: Where were you on Thanksgiving Day, Susan?
[04:46.99]I dropped by and there was nobody in.
[04:50.00]W: My whole family went to Chicago to visit my Grandpa.
[04:53.78]It's our tradition to spend Thanksgiving Day
[04:56.61]in this way.
[04:58.10]Q: What can we learn from this conversation?
[05:16.25]Now you will hear the two long conversations.
[05:21.35]Conversation One
[05:23.36]M: Good morning, Amanda!
[05:25.03]W: Hi, Mike! Nice day, isn't it?
[05:27.36]M: Yeah, so what're you doing up so early?
[05:30.80]Have you decided to take up jogging
[05:32.51]in the park like me?
[05:34.31]W: No, Mike.
[05:35.36]You know I really can't stand jogging.
[05:37.66]It's so boring.
[05:39.13]I've joined a yoga class at our local fitness center.
[05:42.23]I hear it's a great way to stay fit.
[05:44.55]Want to join me?
[05:45.79]M: No way! Yoga is for girls.
[05:49.00]I'd rather do some weights at the gym at weekends
[05:51.83]than put my body into painful postures.
[05:55.09]W: Come on, there's more fun in yoga than that!
[05:58.12]It's perfect for both physical and spiritual well-being.
[06:02.39]It also helps your body become more flexible.
[06:05.32]M: No thanks-
[06:06.55]I think all of this is just a money-making game.
[06:10.23]I'm telling you Amanda,
[06:11.72]don't buy into it!
[06:13.19]If you want to keep fit,
[06:14.73]you should take some physical exercises.
[06:18.31]W: Mike, we just learn three new postures every day
[06:21.17]and do some meditation.
[06:23.10]My yoga mentor is going to teach us about breathing today.
[06:27.18]Did you know
[06:27.97]that we don't even breathe properly anymore?
[06:31.08]M: Count me out!
[06:32.35]I don't need anyone to tell me how to breathe!
[06:35.71]Just because celebrities are doing yoga,
[06:38.61]everyone's jumping on the bandwagon.
[06:41.41]W: That's not true!
[06:43.09]You're always reluctant to try something new.
[06:46.00]Give it a chance-you might enjoy it.
[06:48.61]M: OK, but only if you promise
[06:51.49]I'll end up with a body like a tough strong man!
[06:56.64]Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation
[07:00.20]you have just heard.
[07:03.38]19. What kind of exercise does the man do
[07:07.88]in the morning?
[07:24.04]20. Which of the following is NOT yoga's function?
[07:44.58]21. According to the man,
[07:48.16]why yoga is popular today?
[08:05.99]Conversation Two
[08:08.25]M: I need a haircut.
[08:09.53]But you look pretty busy today.
[08:12.07]Do you have an opening for me?
[08:14.43]W: Yes, we do.
[08:15.60]I can cut your hair right now if you like.
[08:18.29]Do you need a shampoo too, or just a haircut?
[08:21.28]M: Just a haircut.
[08:22.44]I washed my hair this morning.
[08:24.88]W: Alright.
[08:25.86]I will have an assistant wet your hair.
[08:28.25]Then I can start. Please step over there.
[08:31.52]How would you like your hair cut today?
[08:33.81]M: Well, I had a haircut eight weeks ago.
[08:37.19]So my hair is pretty long.
[08:39.35]However, I want the same style as the last time.
[08:43.38]W: I recommend you leave it a little long on top.
[08:46.68]But we should take in the back and sides a bit more.
[08:50.21]That's more fashionable now.
[08:52.07]M: Alright.
[08:53.35]You are the expert.
[08:54.73]I'm happy to have your recommendation.
[08:57.70]W: And do you usually part your hair along here?
[09:00.63]M: Yes.
[09:01.48]W: Alright, I know just what to do.
[09:04.48]Your hair seems quite dry, you know.
[09:06.39]And I see some split ends.
[09:08.40]M: Yes, I know my hair is quite thin.
[09:11.30]It runs in my family.
[09:13.06]Everybody has very thin hair.
[09:15.80]W: The problem is the split ends.
[09:17.46]They make your hair look even frizzier.
[09:19.95]M: I don't know what to do with it.
[09:22.05]W: Well, it's easy.
[09:23.30]Don't blow dry your hair for so long
[09:25.26]after you shower.
[09:26.67]Let it dry naturally,
[09:28.42]then you won't get split ends.
[09:30.60]M: Oh really? I will try. Thanks.
[09:34.66]Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation
[09:38.27]you have just heard.
[09:42.46]22. Before cutting the hair,
[09:45.94]what should the barber do with the customer's hair?
[10:04.17]23. What's the problem of the man's hair?
[10:24.45]24. What causes this hair problem?
[10:44.11]25. What does the barber suggest the man
[10:48.60]do to deal with his hair problem?
[11:06.29]Section B
[11:07.81]Directions: In this section,
[11:10.82]you will hear 3 short passages.
[11:14.37]At the end of each passage,
[11:16.60]you will hear some questions.
[11:18.91]Both the passage and the questions
[11:21.53]will be spoken only once.
[11:24.79]After you hear a question,
[11:27.51]you must choose the best answer
[11:29.64]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[11:34.30]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[11:38.33]with a single line through the centre.
[11:41.61]Passage One
[11:43.38]How did the first sliced bread and other famous foods
[11:47.28]get their names?
[11:49.14]It has been a mystery for a long time.
[11:52.27]Some researchers have decided to compile the answers
[11:55.82]and finally there is a surprising story
[11:58.64]behind the brand name.
[12:00.98]Consumers had long been slicing bread themselves
[12:04.20]and any store-bought bread
[12:06.23]before the late 1920s was unsliced,
[12:09.76]and people could just bite on the loaf.
[12:12.47]But even Wonder Bread wasn't sliced at first.
[12:16.29]Created in 1921 by the
[12:18.23]Taggart Baking Company of Indianapolis,
[12:20.79]Indiana,
[12:21.80]the new bread was almost ready for market
[12:24.21]when the question of a name arose.
[12:27.47]Making a striking name for his new bread is
[12:30.56]really a tough question.
[12:33.16]Vice president Elmer Cline happened to
[12:35.77]attend a balloon race one day.
[12:38.46]The sight of dozens of brightly
[12:40.58]colored hot-air balloons in the sky
[12:43.09]filled him with,
[12:44.51]as he later said,
[12:45.86]"Wonder".
[12:47.09]And afterwards,
[12:48.16]Wonder Bread was born.
[12:50.37]Cline, in fact,
[12:51.71]was so impressed with the sight of those balloons
[12:54.60]that he covered his new product's wrapper with red,
[12:58.16]yellow and blue balloons,
[13:00.19]which is still Wonder's package design today.
[13:03.62]You might think that a product combining balloons,
[13:06.67]bread and a sense of wonder couldn't get any better.
[13:10.64]But in 1933,
[13:12.67]Wonder introduced the very first pre-sliced loaf of bread
[13:17.06]to American consumers,
[13:19.09]the popularity of which is reflected in that phrase
[13:22.57]"the best thing since sliced bread".
[13:27.76]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
[13:32.00]you have just heard.
[13:35.88]26. What can we learn about the bread before 1920s?
[13:57.33]27. How did Wonder Bread get its name?
[14:16.93]28. What kind of package design does Wonder Bread have?
[14:37.89]Passage Two
[14:39.15]In 1967,
[14:40.99]American Vogue magazine published an article
[14:44.33]called Can Great Skin Be Created?
[14:47.42]written by beauty editor Carol Phillips
[14:50.22]with Dr. Norman Orentriech,
[14:52.47]discussing the significance of a skin-care routine.
[14:55.83]Evelyn Lauder,
[14:56.96]daughter-in-law of Estée Lauder,
[14:59.06]read the article,
[15:00.14]and brought it to Estée's attention.
[15:03.24]Both Carol Phillips and Dr. Orentreich were recruited
[15:06.88]to help create the brand, and in August, 1968,
[15:12.31]Clinique emerged as the world's first hypo-allergenic,
[15:15.62]skin-care line at Saks Fifth Avenue.
[15:18.86]Clinique tests its product for allergic reactions by
[15:22.35]applying it to 600 people 12 times,
[15:26.05]with a standard of zero reactions.
[15:28.96]There are three formulas available in North America
[15:32.27]and Europe-extra-mild, mild, and oily.
[15:36.03]Clinique also has a facial care line
[15:38.68]called CX which contains products
[15:41.66]targeted towards specialized needs,
[15:44.50]such as stretch marks associated with pregnancy.
[15:48.11]Clinique also carries a skin care line targeted to men.
[15:51.93]Although mostly known as a skincare line,
[15:55.08]52% of revenue for Clinique is derived from their makeup,
[15:59.76]25% from foundation alone.
[16:03.44]Clinique also carries a line of makeup brushes
[16:06.30]coated with an antibacterial(抗细菌的) solution.
[16:09.60]Happy, Clinique's best-selling women's fragrance,
[16:12.84]was introduced in 1997.
[16:15.19]It features notes of ruby red grapefruit(葡萄柚),
[16:18.58]bergamot(香柠檬), Hawaiian wedding flower,
[16:21.18]and spring mimosa(含羞草).
[16:23.03]In 2008, Clinique announced a partnership with Allergan,
[16:27.03]the maker of Botox and former partner of Elizabeth Arden,
[16:31.06]with the result being a new line called Clinique Medical.
[16:34.95]The line is only available in physician's offices.
[16:38.32]The 5-product set is designed for pre
[16:40.92]and post-operation skin care,
[16:43.66]and targets complications such as redness,
[16:46.92]tightness, burning, irritation and discoloration.
[16:52.78]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage
[16:56.99]you have just heard.
[17:00.79]29. What is Clinique?
[17:19.59]30. How many people did Clinique test
[17:23.37]for allergic reaction?
[17:40.23]31. What can we learn about Clinique Medical line?
[18:00.80]Passage Three
[18:02.49]As we all know, there are more differences lying
[18:05.72]between high school and college.
[18:07.68]For some students,
[18:09.09]one of the biggest differences is the amount
[18:11.60]and depth of research that is required
[18:14.21]for research papers.
[18:15.99]College professors expect students to
[18:18.30]be quite adept at researching,
[18:20.54]and for some students,
[18:22.26]this is a big change from high school.
[18:25.00]This is not to say
[18:26.40]that high school teachers don't do a great job
[18:29.28]to prepare their students for college level research-
[18:32.64]quite the contrary! Teachers in high school
[18:35.32]take a tough and essential role
[18:37.39]in teaching students
[18:38.54]how to research and write,
[18:40.66]and college professors simply require students to
[18:43.97]take that skill to a new level.
[18:46.61]For example, you may soon discover
[18:48.78]that many college professors won't accept
[18:51.46]encyclopedia(百科全书) articles as research sources.
[18:54.96]Encyclopedias are great for finding a compact,
[18:58.33]informative accumulation of research on a specific topic.
[19:02.89]They are a great resource
[19:04.22]for finding the basic facts,
[19:06.34]but they are limited
[19:07.29]when it comes to
[19:08.08]offering interpretations of the facts.
[19:11.36]Professors require students to
[19:13.49]dig a little deeper than that,
[19:15.48]accumulate their own evidence from broader sources,
[19:18.47]and form opinions about their sources
[19:20.56]as well as the specific topics.
[19:23.20]For this reason,
[19:24.13]college-bound students should become familiar with
[19:27.26]the library and all its terms, rules and methods.
[19:31.28]They should also have the confidence to
[19:33.68]venture outside the comfort of the
[19:35.70]local public library
[19:37.37]and explore more diverse resources.
[19:41.88]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
[19:45.38]you have just heard.
[19:47.60]32. What is the big change
[19:51.09]from high school to college for some students?
[20:09.28]33. According to the passage,
[20:13.20]what do high school teachers usually do?
[20:31.56]34. What should college students do to
[20:36.05]accumulate their researching resource?
[20:53.82]35. What should college students do to
[20:58.36]improve their researching ability?
[21:15.75]Section C
[21:17.28]Directions: In this section,
[21:20.23]you will hear a passage three times.
[21:23.94]When the passage is read for the first time,
[21:26.97]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[21:31.22]When the passage is read for the second time,
[21:34.33]you are required to fill in the blanks
[21:37.32]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[21:42.82]you have just heard.
[21:45.14]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46
[21:49.67]you are required to fill in the missing information.
[21:54.70]For these blanks,
[21:56.00]you can either use the exact words
[21:58.55]you have just heard
[22:00.13]or write down the main points
[22:02.63]in your own words.
[22:05.75]Finally,
[22:06.58]when the passage is read for the third time,
[22:09.82]you should check what you have written.
[22:12.80]Now listen to the passage.
[22:17.20]Elinor Ostrom is an American political scientist.
[22:21.14]She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize
[22:25.12]in Economic Sciences,
[22:26.89]which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson,
[22:29.94]for "her analysis of economic governance,
[22:33.15]especially the commons".
[22:35.01]She is the first woman to win the prize
[22:37.37]in this category.
[22:39.29]Ostrom lives in Bloomington, Ind.,
[22:42.22]and is on the faculty of
[22:43.59]both Indiana University and Arizona State University.
[22:47.51]In 1973,
[22:49.32]she co-founded The Workshop in Political Theory
[22:52.44]and Policy Analysis at Indiana University with her husband,
[22:56.84]Vincent Ostrom.
[22:58.77]Examining the use of collective action, trust,
[23:01.48]and cooperation in the management of common pool resources,
[23:05.78]her institutional approach to public policy,
[23:08.69]known as the institutional analysis
[23:11.12]and development (IAD) framework,
[23:13.84]has been considered sufficiently distinct to be thought of
[23:17.56]as a separate school of public choice theory.
[23:20.76]She has authored many books in the fields of
[23:23.16]organizational theory, political science,
[23:26.09]and public administration.
[23:28.55]Ostrom is considered one of the leading scholars
[23:31.17]in the study of common pool resources.
[23:34.19]In particular, Ostrom's work emphasizes
[23:37.06]how humans interact with ecosystems to
[23:39.72]maintain long-term sustainable resource yields.
[23:43.34]It was not by chance
[23:44.66]that Elinor Ostrom was awarded this year's Nobel prize
[23:47.90]in economics.
[23:49.42]Common pool resources include many forests,
[23:52.64]fisheries, oil fields, grazing lands,
[23:55.23]and irrigation systems.
[23:59.12]Her work has considered how societies have developed
[24:01.98]different institutional arrangements
[24:04.11]for managing natural resources in many cases.
[24:07.83]Under the situation
[24:09.22]that the global warming becoming the most pressing issue
[24:12.90]facing the human race,
[24:14.66]it was not by chance that Elinor Ostrom was awarded
[24:18.11]this year's Nobel Prize in economics.
[24:24.27]Now the passage will be read again.
[24:29.66]Elinor Ostrom is an American political scientist.
[24:33.68]She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize
[24:37.52]in Economic Sciences,
[24:39.53]which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson,
[24:42.59]for "her analysis of economic governance,
[24:45.61]especially the commons".
[24:47.54]She is the first woman to win the prize
[24:49.93]in this category.
[24:51.83]Ostrom lives in Bloomington, Ind.,
[24:54.63]and is on the faculty of
[24:56.02]both Indiana University and Arizona State University.
[24:59.87]In 1973,
[25:01.83]she co-founded The Workshop in Political Theory
[25:04.96]and Policy Analysis at Indiana University with her husband,
[25:09.28]Vincent Ostrom.
[25:11.16]Examining the use of collective action, trust,
[25:13.94]and cooperation in the management of common pool resources,
[25:18.19]her institutional approach to public policy,
[25:21.36]known as the institutional analysis
[25:23.57]and development (IAD) framework,
[25:26.30]has been considered sufficiently distinct to be thought of
[25:29.93]as a separate school of public choice theory.
[25:33.16]She has authored many books in the fields of
[25:35.60]organizational theory, political science,
[25:38.60]and public administration.
[26:30.54]Ostrom is considered one of the leading scholars
[26:33.23]in the study of common pool resources.
[26:36.49]In particular, Ostrom'swork emphasizes
[26:38.97]how humans interact with ecosystems to
[26:41.63]maintain long-term sustainable resource yields.
[27:35.10]It was not by chance
[27:36.08]that Elinor Ostrom was awarded this year's Nobel prize
[27:39.20]in economics.
[27:41.35]Common pool resources include many forests,
[27:44.05]fisheries, oil fields, grazing lands,
[27:46.85]and irrigation systems.
[27:50.45]Her work has considered how societies have developed
[27:53.31]different institutional arrangements
[27:55.73]for managing natural resources in many cases.
[28:48.79]Under the situation
[28:50.33]that the global warming becoming the most pressing issue
[28:53.71]facing the human race,
[28:55.50]it was not by chance that Elinor Ostrom was awarded
[28:58.86]this year's Nobel Prize in economics.
[29:03.60]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[29:08.57]Elinor Ostrom is an American political scientist.
[29:12.67]She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize
[29:16.42]in Economic Sciences,
[29:18.45]which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson,
[29:21.55]for "her analysis of economic governance,
[29:24.57]especially the commons".
[29:26.56]She is the first woman to win the prize
[29:28.78]in this category.
[29:30.76]Ostrom lives in Bloomington, Ind.,
[29:33.53]and is on the faculty of
[29:34.92]both Indiana University and Arizona State University.
[29:38.89]In 1973,
[29:40.85]she co-founded The Workshop in Political Theory
[29:43.96]and Policy Analysis at Indiana University with her husband,
[29:48.22]Vincent Ostrom.
[29:49.87]Examining the use of collective action, trust,
[29:52.77]and cooperation in the management of common pool resources,
[29:57.25]her institutional approach to public policy,
[30:00.32]known as the institutional analysis
[30:02.55]and development (IAD) framework,
[30:05.22]has been considered sufficiently distinct to be thought of
[30:08.83]as a separate school of public choice theory.
[30:12.37]She has authored many books in the fields of
[30:14.57]organizational theory, political science,
[30:17.53]and public administration.
[30:19.97]Ostrom is considered one of the leading scholars
[30:22.63]in the study of common pool resources.
[30:25.73]In particular, Ostrom's work emphasizes
[30:28.44]how humans interact with ecosystems to
[30:31.08]maintain long-term sustainable resource yields.
[30:34.81]It was not by chance
[30:36.08]that Elinor Ostrom was awarded this year's Nobel prize
[30:39.22]in economics.
[30:41.35]Common pool resources include many forests,
[30:44.02]fisheries, oil fields, grazing lands,
[30:46.61]and irrigation systems.
[30:50.27]Her work has considered how societies have developed
[30:53.29]different institutional arrangements
[30:55.71]for managing natural resources in many cases.
[30:59.10]Under the situation
[31:00.59]that the global warming becoming the most pressing issue
[31:04.35]facing the human race,
[31:06.13]it was not by chance that Elinor Ostrom was awarded
[31:09.47]this year's Nobel Prize in economics.
[31:15.47]This is the end of listening comprehension.
[00:13.87]Model Test Two [00:16.06]Section A [00:17.62]Directions: In this section, [00:21.37]you will hear 8 short conversations [00:24.39]and 2 long conversations. [00:28.00]At the end of each conversation, [00:30.55]one or more questions will be asked [00:32.92]about what was said. [00:35.17]Both the conversation and the questions [00:38.17]will be spoken only once. [00:41.37]After each question there will be a pause. [00:45.40]During the pause, [00:47.00]you must read the four choices [00:49.33]marked A), B), C) and D), [00:53.92]and decide which is the best answer. [00:57.76]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [01:02.75]with a single line through the centre. [01:07.01]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations. [01:11.60]11. M: Would you like to go out for a dinner with me? [01:16.31]W: Oh, I'd like to, [01:17.52]but I'm busy preparing my graduation paper. [01:21.15]Q: What can we learn from the conversation? [01:39.09]12. W: Did you attend the new English teacher's oral class? [01:43.72]M: How she could make her students so active [01:47.03]is really beyond me. [01:49.37]Q: What does the man imply [01:50.56]about the new English teacher's lass? [02:08.64]13. W: Frankly speaking, Arden, [02:12.49]it never strikes me that you are 40 years old. [02:16.16]M: Oh, really? [02:17.18]A lot of people who meet me, [02:19.16]including some friends of mine, [02:21.27]think I'm just in my thirties. [02:23.83]Q: What can we learn about the man? [02:41.39]14. M: Oh, gosh. [02:44.46]I was caught cheating [02:45.78]in the math examination yesterday. [02:48.43]W: I'm sorry to hear that. [02:50.47]But since it happened, [02:51.94]you have to face the music. [02:54.32]Q: What can we infer from the conversation? [03:12.78]15. W: Can you spare me some time this week? [03:17.27]I missed part of your lecture on Thomas Hardy [03:20.01]who is my favorite writer. [03:21.95]M: OK, we can discuss it Friday afternoon. [03:25.91]Q: What is the relationship [03:27.28]between the two speakers? [03:44.31]16. W: How about John? [03:47.53]Did he recover from the car accident? [03:50.70]M: It's hard to say. [03:52.62]Physically speaking, he's fine. [03:55.67]Q: What does the man mean? [04:12.30]17. M: One ten-cent pencil and two ten-cent erasers, please. [04:18.76]W: OK. That will be 30 cents, [04:20.89]and we'll give you a 10% discount. [04:23.93]Q: How much money will the man pay? [04:41.77]18. M: Where were you on Thanksgiving Day, Susan? [04:46.99]I dropped by and there was nobody in. [04:50.00]W: My whole family went to Chicago to visit my Grandpa. [04:53.78]It's our tradition to spend Thanksgiving Day [04:56.61]in this way. [04:58.10]Q: What can we learn from this conversation? [05:16.25]Now you will hear the two long conversations. [05:21.35]Conversation One [05:23.36]M: Good morning, Amanda! [05:25.03]W: Hi, Mike! Nice day, isn't it? [05:27.36]M: Yeah, so what're you doing up so early? [05:30.80]Have you decided to take up jogging [05:32.51]in the park like me? [05:34.31]W: No, Mike. [05:35.36]You know I really can't stand jogging. [05:37.66]It's so boring. [05:39.13]I've joined a yoga class at our local fitness center. [05:42.23]I hear it's a great way to stay fit. [05:44.55]Want to join me? [05:45.79]M: No way! Yoga is for girls. [05:49.00]I'd rather do some weights at the gym at weekends [05:51.83]than put my body into painful postures. [05:55.09]W: Come on, there's more fun in yoga than that! [05:58.12]It's perfect for both physical and spiritual well-being. [06:02.39]It also helps your body become more flexible. [06:05.32]M: No thanks- [06:06.55]I think all of this is just a money-making game. [06:10.23]I'm telling you Amanda, [06:11.72]don't buy into it! [06:13.19]If you want to keep fit, [06:14.73]you should take some physical exercises. [06:18.31]W: Mike, we just learn three new postures every day [06:21.17]and do some meditation. [06:23.10]My yoga mentor is going to teach us about breathing today. [06:27.18]Did you know [06:27.97]that we don't even breathe properly anymore? [06:31.08]M: Count me out! [06:32.35]I don't need anyone to tell me how to breathe! [06:35.71]Just because celebrities are doing yoga, [06:38.61]everyone's jumping on the bandwagon. [06:41.41]W: That's not true! [06:43.09]You're always reluctant to try something new. [06:46.00]Give it a chance-you might enjoy it. [06:48.61]M: OK, but only if you promise [06:51.49]I'll end up with a body like a tough strong man! [06:56.64]Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation [07:00.20]you have just heard. [07:03.38]19. What kind of exercise does the man do [07:07.88]in the morning? [07:24.04]20. Which of the following is NOT yoga's function? [07:44.58]21. According to the man, [07:48.16]why yoga is popular today? [08:05.99]Conversation Two [08:08.25]M: I need a haircut. [08:09.53]But you look pretty busy today. [08:12.07]Do you have an opening for me? [08:14.43]W: Yes, we do. [08:15.60]I can cut your hair right now if you like. [08:18.29]Do you need a shampoo too, or just a haircut? [08:21.28]M: Just a haircut. [08:22.44]I washed my hair this morning. [08:24.88]W: Alright. [08:25.86]I will have an assistant wet your hair. [08:28.25]Then I can start. Please step over there. [08:31.52]How would you like your hair cut today? [08:33.81]M: Well, I had a haircut eight weeks ago. [08:37.19]So my hair is pretty long. [08:39.35]However, I want the same style as the last time. [08:43.38]W: I recommend you leave it a little long on top. [08:46.68]But we should take in the back and sides a bit more. [08:50.21]That's more fashionable now. [08:52.07]M: Alright. [08:53.35]You are the expert. [08:54.73]I'm happy to have your recommendation. [08:57.70]W: And do you usually part your hair along here? [09:00.63]M: Yes. [09:01.48]W: Alright, I know just what to do. [09:04.48]Your hair seems quite dry, you know. [09:06.39]And I see some split ends. [09:08.40]M: Yes, I know my hair is quite thin. [09:11.30]It runs in my family. [09:13.06]Everybody has very thin hair. [09:15.80]W: The problem is the split ends. [09:17.46]They make your hair look even frizzier. [09:19.95]M: I don't know what to do with it. [09:22.05]W: Well, it's easy. [09:23.30]Don't blow dry your hair for so long [09:25.26]after you shower. [09:26.67]Let it dry naturally, [09:28.42]then you won't get split ends. [09:30.60]M: Oh really? I will try. Thanks. [09:34.66]Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation [09:38.27]you have just heard. [09:42.46]22. Before cutting the hair, [09:45.94]what should the barber do with the customer's hair? [10:04.17]23. What's the problem of the man's hair? [10:24.45]24. What causes this hair problem? [10:44.11]25. What does the barber suggest the man [10:48.60]do to deal with his hair problem? [11:06.29]Section B [11:07.81]Directions: In this section, [11:10.82]you will hear 3 short passages. [11:14.37]At the end of each passage, [11:16.60]you will hear some questions. [11:18.91]Both the passage and the questions [11:21.53]will be spoken only once. [11:24.79]After you hear a question, [11:27.51]you must choose the best answer [11:29.64]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). [11:34.30]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [11:38.33]with a single line through the centre. [11:41.61]Passage One [11:43.38]How did the first sliced bread and other famous foods [11:47.28]get their names? [11:49.14]It has been a mystery for a long time. [11:52.27]Some researchers have decided to compile the answers [11:55.82]and finally there is a surprising story [11:58.64]behind the brand name. [12:00.98]Consumers had long been slicing bread themselves [12:04.20]and any store-bought bread [12:06.23]before the late 1920s was unsliced, [12:09.76]and people could just bite on the loaf. [12:12.47]But even Wonder Bread wasn't sliced at first. [12:16.29]Created in 1921 by the [12:18.23]Taggart Baking Company of Indianapolis, [12:20.79]Indiana, [12:21.80]the new bread was almost ready for market [12:24.21]when the question of a name arose. [12:27.47]Making a striking name for his new bread is [12:30.56]really a tough question. [12:33.16]Vice president Elmer Cline happened to [12:35.77]attend a balloon race one day. [12:38.46]The sight of dozens of brightly [12:40.58]colored hot-air balloons in the sky [12:43.09]filled him with, [12:44.51]as he later said, [12:45.86]"Wonder". [12:47.09]And afterwards, [12:48.16]Wonder Bread was born. [12:50.37]Cline, in fact, [12:51.71]was so impressed with the sight of those balloons [12:54.60]that he covered his new product's wrapper with red, [12:58.16]yellow and blue balloons, [13:00.19]which is still Wonder's package design today. [13:03.62]You might think that a product combining balloons, [13:06.67]bread and a sense of wonder couldn't get any better. [13:10.64]But in 1933, [13:12.67]Wonder introduced the very first pre-sliced loaf of bread [13:17.06]to American consumers, [13:19.09]the popularity of which is reflected in that phrase [13:22.57]"the best thing since sliced bread". [13:27.76]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage [13:32.00]you have just heard. [13:35.88]26. What can we learn about the bread before 1920s? [13:57.33]27. How did Wonder Bread get its name? [14:16.93]28. What kind of package design does Wonder Bread have? [14:37.89]Passage Two [14:39.15]In 1967, [14:40.99]American Vogue magazine published an article [14:44.33]called Can Great Skin Be Created? [14:47.42]written by beauty editor Carol Phillips [14:50.22]with Dr. Norman Orentriech, [14:52.47]discussing the significance of a skin-care routine. [14:55.83]Evelyn Lauder, [14:56.96]daughter-in-law of Estée Lauder, [14:59.06]read the article, [15:00.14]and brought it to Estée's attention. [15:03.24]Both Carol Phillips and Dr. Orentreich were recruited [15:06.88]to help create the brand, and in August, 1968, [15:12.31]Clinique emerged as the world's first hypo-allergenic, [15:15.62]skin-care line at Saks Fifth Avenue. [15:18.86]Clinique tests its product for allergic reactions by [15:22.35]applying it to 600 people 12 times, [15:26.05]with a standard of zero reactions. [15:28.96]There are three formulas available in North America [15:32.27]and Europe-extra-mild, mild, and oily. [15:36.03]Clinique also has a facial care line [15:38.68]called CX which contains products [15:41.66]targeted towards specialized needs, [15:44.50]such as stretch marks associated with pregnancy. [15:48.11]Clinique also carries a skin care line targeted to men. [15:51.93]Although mostly known as a skincare line, [15:55.08]52% of revenue for Clinique is derived from their makeup, [15:59.76]25% from foundation alone. [16:03.44]Clinique also carries a line of makeup brushes [16:06.30]coated with an antibacterial(抗细菌的) solution. [16:09.60]Happy, Clinique's best-selling women's fragrance, [16:12.84]was introduced in 1997. [16:15.19]It features notes of ruby red grapefruit(葡萄柚), [16:18.58]bergamot(香柠檬), Hawaiian wedding flower, [16:21.18]and spring mimosa(含羞草). [16:23.03]In 2008, Clinique announced a partnership with Allergan, [16:27.03]the maker of Botox and former partner of Elizabeth Arden, [16:31.06]with the result being a new line called Clinique Medical. [16:34.95]The line is only available in physician's offices. [16:38.32]The 5-product set is designed for pre [16:40.92]and post-operation skin care, [16:43.66]and targets complications such as redness, [16:46.92]tightness, burning, irritation and discoloration. [16:52.78]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage [16:56.99]you have just heard. [17:00.79]29. What is Clinique? [17:19.59]30. How many people did Clinique test [17:23.37]for allergic reaction? [17:40.23]31. What can we learn about Clinique Medical line? [18:00.80]Passage Three [18:02.49]As we all know, there are more differences lying [18:05.72]between high school and college. [18:07.68]For some students, [18:09.09]one of the biggest differences is the amount [18:11.60]and depth of research that is required [18:14.21]for research papers. [18:15.99]College professors expect students to [18:18.30]be quite adept at researching, [18:20.54]and for some students, [18:22.26]this is a big change from high school. [18:25.00]This is not to say [18:26.40]that high school teachers don't do a great job [18:29.28]to prepare their students for college level research- [18:32.64]quite the contrary! Teachers in high school [18:35.32]take a tough and essential role [18:37.39]in teaching students [18:38.54]how to research and write, [18:40.66]and college professors simply require students to [18:43.97]take that skill to a new level. [18:46.61]For example, you may soon discover [18:48.78]that many college professors won't accept [18:51.46]encyclopedia(百科全书) articles as research sources. [18:54.96]Encyclopedias are great for finding a compact, [18:58.33]informative accumulation of research on a specific topic. [19:02.89]They are a great resource [19:04.22]for finding the basic facts, [19:06.34]but they are limited [19:07.29]when it comes to [19:08.08]offering interpretations of the facts. [19:11.36]Professors require students to [19:13.49]dig a little deeper than that, [19:15.48]accumulate their own evidence from broader sources, [19:18.47]and form opinions about their sources [19:20.56]as well as the specific topics. [19:23.20]For this reason, [19:24.13]college-bound students should become familiar with [19:27.26]the library and all its terms, rules and methods. [19:31.28]They should also have the confidence to [19:33.68]venture outside the comfort of the [19:35.70]local public library [19:37.37]and explore more diverse resources. [19:41.88]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage [19:45.38]you have just heard. [19:47.60]32. What is the big change [19:51.09]from high school to college for some students? [20:09.28]33. According to the passage, [20:13.20]what do high school teachers usually do? [20:31.56]34. What should college students do to [20:36.05]accumulate their researching resource? [20:53.82]35. What should college students do to [20:58.36]improve their researching ability? [21:15.75]Section C [21:17.28]Directions: In this section, [21:20.23]you will hear a passage three times. [21:23.94]When the passage is read for the first time, [21:26.97]you should listen carefully for its general idea. [21:31.22]When the passage is read for the second time, [21:34.33]you are required to fill in the blanks [21:37.32]numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words [21:42.82]you have just heard. [21:45.14]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 [21:49.67]you are required to fill in the missing information. [21:54.70]For these blanks, [21:56.00]you can either use the exact words [21:58.55]you have just heard [22:00.13]or write down the main points [22:02.63]in your own words. [22:05.75]Finally, [22:06.58]when the passage is read for the third time, [22:09.82]you should check what you have written. [22:12.80]Now listen to the passage. [22:17.20]Elinor Ostrom is an American political scientist. [22:21.14]She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize [22:25.12]in Economic Sciences, [22:26.89]which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson, [22:29.94]for "her analysis of economic governance, [22:33.15]especially the commons". [22:35.01]She is the first woman to win the prize [22:37.37]in this category. [22:39.29]Ostrom lives in Bloomington, Ind., [22:42.22]and is on the faculty of [22:43.59]both Indiana University and Arizona State University. [22:47.51]In 1973, [22:49.32]she co-founded The Workshop in Political Theory [22:52.44]and Policy Analysis at Indiana University with her husband, [22:56.84]Vincent Ostrom. [22:58.77]Examining the use of collective action, trust, [23:01.48]and cooperation in the management of common pool resources, [23:05.78]her institutional approach to public policy, [23:08.69]known as the institutional analysis [23:11.12]and development (IAD) framework, [23:13.84]has been considered sufficiently distinct to be thought of [23:17.56]as a separate school of public choice theory. [23:20.76]She has authored many books in the fields of [23:23.16]organizational theory, political science, [23:26.09]and public administration. [23:28.55]Ostrom is considered one of the leading scholars [23:31.17]in the study of common pool resources. [23:34.19]In particular, Ostrom's work emphasizes [23:37.06]how humans interact with ecosystems to [23:39.72]maintain long-term sustainable resource yields. [23:43.34]It was not by chance [23:44.66]that Elinor Ostrom was awarded this year's Nobel prize [23:47.90]in economics. [23:49.42]Common pool resources include many forests, [23:52.64]fisheries, oil fields, grazing lands, [23:55.23]and irrigation systems. [23:59.12]Her work has considered how societies have developed [24:01.98]different institutional arrangements [24:04.11]for managing natural resources in many cases. [24:07.83]Under the situation [24:09.22]that the global warming becoming the most pressing issue [24:12.90]facing the human race, [24:14.66]it was not by chance that Elinor Ostrom was awarded [24:18.11]this year's Nobel Prize in economics. [24:24.27]Now the passage will be read again. [24:29.66]Elinor Ostrom is an American political scientist. [24:33.68]She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize [24:37.52]in Economic Sciences, [24:39.53]which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson, [24:42.59]for "her analysis of economic governance, [24:45.61]especially the commons". [24:47.54]She is the first woman to win the prize [24:49.93]in this category. [24:51.83]Ostrom lives in Bloomington, Ind., [24:54.63]and is on the faculty of [24:56.02]both Indiana University and Arizona State University. [24:59.87]In 1973, [25:01.83]she co-founded The Workshop in Political Theory [25:04.96]and Policy Analysis at Indiana University with her husband, [25:09.28]Vincent Ostrom. [25:11.16]Examining the use of collective action, trust, [25:13.94]and cooperation in the management of common pool resources, [25:18.19]her institutional approach to public policy, [25:21.36]known as the institutional analysis [25:23.57]and development (IAD) framework, [25:26.30]has been considered sufficiently distinct to be thought of [25:29.93]as a separate school of public choice theory. [25:33.16]She has authored many books in the fields of [25:35.60]organizational theory, political science, [25:38.60]and public administration. [26:30.54]Ostrom is considered one of the leading scholars [26:33.23]in the study of common pool resources. [26:36.49]In particular, Ostrom'swork emphasizes [26:38.97]how humans interact with ecosystems to [26:41.63]maintain long-term sustainable resource yields. [27:35.10]It was not by chance [27:36.08]that Elinor Ostrom was awarded this year's Nobel prize [27:39.20]in economics. [27:41.35]Common pool resources include many forests, [27:44.05]fisheries, oil fields, grazing lands, [27:46.85]and irrigation systems. [27:50.45]Her work has considered how societies have developed [27:53.31]different institutional arrangements [27:55.73]for managing natural resources in many cases. [28:48.79]Under the situation [28:50.33]that the global warming becoming the most pressing issue [28:53.71]facing the human race, [28:55.50]it was not by chance that Elinor Ostrom was awarded [28:58.86]this year's Nobel Prize in economics. [29:03.60]Now the passage will be read for the third time. [29:08.57]Elinor Ostrom is an American political scientist. [29:12.67]She was awarded the 2009 Nobel Memorial Prize [29:16.42]in Economic Sciences, [29:18.45]which she shared with Oliver E. Williamson, [29:21.55]for "her analysis of economic governance, [29:24.57]especially the commons". [29:26.56]She is the first woman to win the prize [29:28.78]in this category. [29:30.76]Ostrom lives in Bloomington, Ind., [29:33.53]and is on the faculty of [29:34.92]both Indiana University and Arizona State University. [29:38.89]In 1973, [29:40.85]she co-founded The Workshop in Political Theory [29:43.96]and Policy Analysis at Indiana University with her husband, [29:48.22]Vincent Ostrom. [29:49.87]Examining the use of collective action, trust, [29:52.77]and cooperation in the management of common pool resources, [29:57.25]her institutional approach to public policy, [30:00.32]known as the institutional analysis [30:02.55]and development (IAD) framework, [30:05.22]has been considered sufficiently distinct to be thought of [30:08.83]as a separate school of public choice theory. [30:12.37]She has authored many books in the fields of [30:14.57]organizational theory, political science, [30:17.53]and public administration. [30:19.97]Ostrom is considered one of the leading scholars [30:22.63]in the study of common pool resources. [30:25.73]In particular, Ostrom's work emphasizes [30:28.44]how humans interact with ecosystems to [30:31.08]maintain long-term sustainable resource yields. [30:34.81]It was not by chance [30:36.08]that Elinor Ostrom was awarded this year's Nobel prize [30:39.22]in economics. [30:41.35]Common pool resources include many forests, [30:44.02]fisheries, oil fields, grazing lands, [30:46.61]and irrigation systems. [30:50.27]Her work has considered how societies have developed [30:53.29]different institutional arrangements [30:55.71]for managing natural resources in many cases. [30:59.10]Under the situation [31:00.59]that the global warming becoming the most pressing issue [31:04.35]facing the human race, [31:06.13]it was not by chance that Elinor Ostrom was awarded [31:09.47]this year's Nobel Prize in economics. [31:15.47]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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