四级考试巅峰训练一本通 Test 9

韩萱 2011-11-05 7955 阅读
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[00:01.21]Test Nine
[00:02.77]Section A
[00:04.66]1. W: One piece of cloth is pure wool
[00:08.33]and the other is a synthetic fabric.
[00:10.87]M: Amazing! I really can't tell them apart.
[00:14.31]Q: What does the man mean?
[00:32.08]2. M: The winters here are usually mild.
[00:35.76]W: Usually, but I think this year will be different.
[00:39.18]Q: What does the woman imply about this winter?
[00:57.88]3. W: You rowed hard today and won the race.
[01:01.52]M: Yes, I practiced a lot and didn't eat much yesterday.
[01:04.92]Q: Why did the man win?
[01:22.87]4. M: The children want something for a snack.
[01:26.40]W: Don't give them anything.
[01:27.74]They're going to have dinner soon.
[01:30.13]Q: What is the man going to give to the children?
[01:48.66]5. W: Well, how do you like it?
[01:51.97]M: I like it but the sleaves are too short
[01:54.10]and it's a little peppery.
[01:56.13]Q: Where did this conversation probably take place?
[02:14.91]6. M: I saw so many professors at the meeting.
[02:18.67]I thought that meeting was for teachers only.
[02:21.00]W: Oh, no. Many people were asked to come…
[02:23.67]university administrators, foreign experts,
[02:26.39]teachers and also student leaders.
[02:29.31]Q: Who did not come to the meeting?
[02:47.34]7. M: Registration ought to be easy this year.
[02:51.00]W: Unless the computer breaks down.
[02:53.47]Q: What does the woman imply about this year's registration?
[03:12.66]8. M: What does the $850 include?
[03:16.39]W: Heat, water and cable TV.
[03:18.71]You have to pay your own electricity.
[03:21.32]Q: Which of the following is not included in the $850 rent?
[03:41.40]Conversation One
[03:43.35]M: Hi, Lynn, I saw you at registration yesterday.
[03:46.31]I sailed right through, but you were standing in a long line.
[03:49.53]W: Yeah, I waited an hour to sign up for a distance learning course.
[03:53.35]M: Distance learning? Never heard of it.
[03:55.22]W: Well, it's new this semester
[03:56.97]— it's only open to psychology majors.
[03:59.29]But I bet it'll catch on elsewhere.
[04:01.25]Yesterday over a hundred students signed up.
[04:03.95]M: Well, what is it?
[04:04.99]W: It's an experimental course.
[04:06.72]I registered for child psychology.
[04:09.15]All I've got to do is watch a twelve week series of televised lessons.
[04:13.43]The department shows them several different times a day
[04:15.97]and in several different locations.
[04:17.70]M: Don't you ever have to meet with your professor?
[04:19.89]W: Yeah, after each part of the series I have to talk to her
[04:22.82]and the other students on the phone,
[04:24.16]you know, about our ideas.
[04:25.96]Then we'll meet on campus three times for reviews and exams.
[04:29.41]M: It sounds pretty nontraditional to me,
[04:31.46]but I guess it makes sense,
[04:32.54]considering how many students have jobs.
[04:34.66]It must really help with their schedules
[04:36.53]— not to mention how it'll cut down on traffic.
[04:38.74]W: You know, last year my department did a survey
[04:41.27]and they found out that 80 percent
[04:42.90]of all psychology majors were employed.
[04:45.41]That's why they came up with the program.
[04:47.73]Look, I'll be working three days a week next semester,
[04:50.98]and it was either cut back on my classes or try this out.
[04:54.17]M: The only thing is … doesn't it seem impersonal, though?
[04:57.62]I mean, I'd miss having class discussions
[04:59.72]and hearing what other people think.
[05:01.91]W: Well, I guess that's why phone contact's important.
[05:05.31]Anyway, it's an experiment.
[05:06.99]Maybe I'll end up hating it.
[05:08.41]M: Maybe, but … I'll be curious to see how it works out.
[05:14.05]Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[05:18.38]9. Where did the man see the woman yesterday?
[05:36.57]10. How is the distance learning course
[05:39.38]different from traditional courses?
[05:56.04]11. What do the speakers agree
[05:58.82]is the major advantage of the distance learning course?
[06:16.26]12. Why did the woman decide to enroll
[06:19.53]in the distance learning course?
[06:35.88]Conversation Two
[06:37.84]W: Hi, John!
[06:38.58]M: Oh. Hi, Laura. What're you doing here?
[06:40.98]W: Uh … I'm usually here on weekends.
[06:43.04]It's my dad's shop. So … you're looking for a bike?
[06:45.84]M: Yeah. Now that the weather's warming up,
[06:47.91]I thought I'd get some exercise
[06:49.21]— instead of taking the bus all the time.
[06:50.93]W: Well, you came to the right place.
[06:53.01]Do you know what you'd like?
[06:54.33]M: Well, I don't want a racer or a touring bike or anything.
[06:58.29]Mostly I'll just be using it to get me back and forth from work.
[07:01.69]W: How far is that?
[07:02.88]M: About four miles.
[07:04.40]W: Are there a lot of hills on the way?
[07:06.28]M: Some, I guess. But … uh …
[07:08.78]maybe I should just tell you up front
[07:11.25]that I've only got a hundred and fifty dollars.
[07:13.54]Can I get anything decent for that?
[07:15.47]W: Well, you're not going to get anything top of the line
[07:17.96]— but we do have a few trade ins in the back
[07:19.97]that're in good condition.
[07:21.47]M: That sounds good.
[07:22.82]W: And you're right,
[07:23.47]for the kind of riding you're going to be doing,
[07:25.41]the most important thing is comfort.
[07:27.39]You want to make sure it's the right height for you.
[07:29.51]Follow me and I'll show you what we've got.
[07:33.48]Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
[07:38.07]13. Why is Laura at the bicycle shop?
[07:56.27]14. Why does John want to buy a bicycle?
[08:14.89]15. What does Laura suggest that John do?
[08:35.53]Section B
[08:37.42]Passage one
[08:39.23]Researchers have discovered a link
[08:40.75]between drinking and thinking.
[08:42.74]A moderate amount of alcohol
[08:44.10]may help us keep our mental abilities as we age.
[08:47.69]Brain scans show alcohol abuse kills brain cells.
[08:51.54]But little is known about the effects of life long drinking.
[08:54.89]So moderate drinkers may
[08:56.37]want to toast new findings from researchers at Duke,
[08:59.39]and Indiana Universities. Dr. Joe, Christian of Indiana Universities
[09:04.19]says men who have one or two drinks each day
[09:06.82]retain slightly stronger comprehension skills
[09:09.79]than the non drinker or the heavy drinker.
[09:12.14]The doctor and his colleagues
[09:13.43]gave mental tests to nearly 4000 male twins
[09:16.51]between the ages of 66 and 76.
[09:19.97]The moderate drinkers had slightly better reasoning ability
[09:22.51]than his brothers who drink more or less.
[09:25.17]Other studies have found that
[09:26.33]alcohol in moderation can help the heart.
[09:29.14]But alcohol abuse can cause bone loss and other health problems.
[09:33.23]This study was presented at an alcoholism meeting in San Antonio.
[09:38.96]Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[09:43.17]16. What had recent research found about drinking?
[10:01.92]17. How would moderate drinkers feel
[10:05.06]about the new research findings?
[10:21.86]18. Where was the result of the study first made public?
[10:41.01]Passage Two
[10:42.74]Psychologists believe that our dreams
[10:44.67]can often give us interesting information about ourselves,
[10:48.16]if we will take the time to look at them seriously.
[10:51.11]On the simplest level,
[10:52.47]dreams can make us aware of things
[10:54.07]we have missed during the day
[10:55.68]because we were too busy to notice them.
[10:57.91]For instance, if you dream of your teeth falling out,
[11:00.60]you may have unconsciously picked up signs of dental trouble.
[11:04.06]Or if you dream of missing an important appointment,
[11:06.91]your dream may be trying to remind you
[11:08.97]of an engagement coming up
[11:09.97]that you have forgotten to write down.
[11:12.30]On a deeper level,
[11:13.50]dreams can show us how we really feel about our relationships.
[11:17.13]For instance,
[11:17.75]a young woman who considered herself fairly happily married,
[11:20.85]dreamed of angrily bashing her husband
[11:22.85]over the head with a vacuum cleaner.
[11:24.99]The dream was urging the woman
[11:26.13]to get in touch with her feelings
[11:27.27]of resentment toward her husband
[11:29.31]for insisting that she stay home
[11:30.80]instead of taking an interesting job.
[11:34.80]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[11:39.50]19. What did the young woman dream?
[11:57.68]20. What might a dream of teeth falling out mean
[12:01.44]according to the talk?
[12:17.50]21. What did the talk say that psychologists believe about dreams?
[12:37.34]22. Why did the speaker mention the dream
[12:40.48]of missing an appointment?
[12:56.79]Passage Three
[12:58.74]In the fall, Monday nights and Saturday and Sunday afternoons
[13:01.86]see American stadiums filled with football fans,
[13:05.03]with millions of other fans sitting before television sets at home
[13:08.42]to watch the game and yell their advice and applause.
[13:11.56]Then when the game is over,
[13:13.25]everyone discusses the various runs and passes and penalties,
[13:17.18]the performance of the various players,
[13:19.20]and the decisions of the referees.
[13:21.59]On following days,
[13:22.75]the sports pages of the newspapers further analyze and criticize
[13:26.61]and give details of the lives of the outstanding players,
[13:30.17]for the game now rivals baseball
[13:32.10]as a popular American spectator sport,
[13:34.90]and football players are highly paid national celebrities.
[13:38.84]Famous college and professional coaches
[13:41.07]and outstanding quarterbacks
[13:42.84]get the notoriety that used to be reserved for Hollywood actors.
[13:48.24]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.
[13:52.91]23. On what day doesn't a football fan
[13:56.40]go to see American football games?
[14:13.61]24. Which of the following will not be disscussed by football fans?
[14:33.21]25. Which of the following is not true according to the passsage?
[14:52.85]Section C
[14:54.68]Coming in all shapes and sizes,
[14:56.69]Christmas trees serve
[14:57.65]as one of the most potent symbols of Christmas,
[15:00.58]and for many people their decorations and lights
[15:03.18]evoke the "magic" of Christmas.
[15:05.41]The tradition of using an evergreen tree
[15:07.49]as a symbol of Christmas dates back before recorded history.
[15:11.70]The Druids in ancient England and Gaul
[15:13.82]and Romans in Europe
[15:15.22]both used evergreen branches to decorate their homes
[15:17.83]and public building to celebrate the Winter Solstice.
[15:21.06]Over the years, these traditions were adopted by Christians,
[15:24.07]who incorporated them
[15:25.08]as part of their Christmas holiday celebration.
[15:27.65]Trees used specifically to celebrate Christmas
[15:30.29]are mentioned in the early 1600s
[15:32.46]in Germany and surrounding countries.
[15:34.69]The families would set up these trees
[15:36.48]in a prominent location of their home
[15:38.34]and decorate them with coloured paper,
[15:40.73]small toys, food, and sometimes candles.
[15:44.52]Gifts were placed beneath the tree.
[15:46.77]As these people moved or immigrated to other countries,
[15:49.94]they took this tradition with them.
[15:52.10]Through the years many different things
[15:53.91]were used to decorate Christmas trees.
[15:56.10]As the world moved into the 1900s,
[15:58.51]many trees were decorated with strings of popcom,
[16:01.55]home made cards and pictures,
[16:03.50]cotton to look like snow,
[16:05.11]candy in all shapes and sizes, and occasionally,
[16:08.50]fancy store-made glass balls and hand blown glass figurines.
[16:12.67]Candles were sometimes used,
[16:14.27]but often caused devastating fires,
[16:16.39]and many different types of candle holders were invented
[16:19.12]to try to prevent tree fires.
[16:21.12]Traditionally people went
[16:22.42]by themselves into the forest to find their tree,
[16:24.97]cut it down, and bring it back home.
[16:27.06]But these days one is more likely to buy it from a tree farm,
[16:30.03]or use an artificial one,
[16:31.58]the better of which look quite realistic.
[16:36.70]Coming in all shapes and sizes,
[16:38.68]Christmas trees serve
[16:39.86]as one of the most potent symbols of Christmas,
[16:44.43]and for many people their decorations and lights
[16:47.14]evoke the "magic" of Christmas.
[16:51.38]The tradition of using an evergreen tree
[16:53.38]as a symbol of Christmas dates back before recorded history.
[16:59.61]The Druids in ancient England and Gaul
[17:01.83]and Romans in Europe
[17:03.23]both used evergreen branches to decorate their homes
[17:07.82]and public building to celebrate the Winter Solstice.
[17:11.05]Over the years, these traditions were adopted by Christians,
[17:15.93]who incorporated them
[17:19.05]as part of their Christmas holiday celebration.
[17:21.65]Trees used specifically to celebrate Christmas
[17:26.48]are mentioned in the early 1600s
[17:28.33]in Germany and surrounding countries.
[17:30.63]The families would set up these trees
[17:32.48]in a prominent location of their home
[17:36.46]and decorate them with coloured paper,
[17:38.68]small toys, food, and sometimes candles.
[17:42.43]Gifts were placed beneath the tree.
[17:44.72]As these people moved or immigrated to other countries,
[17:47.87]they took this tradition with them.
[18:38.05]Through the years many different things
[18:39.91]were used to decorate Christmas trees.
[18:42.07]As the world moved into the 1900s,
[18:44.45]many trees were decorated with strings of popcom,
[18:47.42]home made cards and pictures,
[18:49.47]cotton to look like snow,
[18:51.16]candy in all shapes and sizes, and occasionally,
[18:54.42]fancy store-made glass balls and hand blown glass figurines.
[18:58.70]Candles were sometimes used,
[19:00.30]but often caused devastating fires,
[19:02.42]and many different types of candle holders were invented
[19:05.14]to try to prevent tree fires.
[19:55.24]Traditionally people went
[19:56.30]by themselves into the forest to find their tree,
[19:58.86]cut it down, and bring it back home.
[20:00.98]But these days one is more likely to buy it from a tree farm,
[20:03.94]or use an artificial one,
[20:05.49]the better of which look quite realistic.
[20:58.64]Coming in all shapes and sizes,
[21:00.57]Christmas trees serve
[21:01.80]as one of the most potent symbols of Christmas,
[21:04.42]and for many people their decorations and lights
[21:07.01]evoke the "magic" of Christmas.
[21:09.05]The tradition of using an evergreen tree
[21:11.22]as a symbol of Christmas dates back before recorded history.
[21:15.53]The Druids in ancient England and Gaul
[21:17.66]and Romans in Europe
[21:19.11]both used evergreen branches to decorate their homes
[21:21.78]and public building to celebrate the Winter Solstice.
[21:24.91]Over the years, these traditions were adopted by Christians,
[21:27.94]who incorporated them
[21:28.95]as part of their Christmas holiday celebration.
[21:31.53]Trees used specifically to celebrate Christmas
[21:34.07]are mentioned in the early 1600s
[21:36.34]in Germany and surrounding countries.
[21:38.52]The families would set up these trees
[21:40.10]in a prominent location of their home
[21:42.36]and decorate them with coloured paper,
[21:44.61]small toys, food, and sometimes candles.
[21:48.35]Gifts were placed beneath the tree.
[21:50.62]As these people moved or immigrated to other countries,
[21:53.82]they took this tradition with them.
[21:55.98]Through the years many different things
[21:57.80]were used to decorate Christmas trees.
[21:59.99]As the world moved into the 1900s,
[22:02.33]many trees were decorated with strings of popcom,
[22:05.27]home made cards and pictures,
[22:07.37]cotton to look like snow,
[22:09.10]candy in all shapes and sizes, and occasionally,
[22:12.37]fancy store-made glass balls and hand blown glass figurines.
[22:16.47]Candles were sometimes used,
[22:18.31]but often caused devastating fires,
[22:20.30]and many different types of candle holders were invented
[22:22.97]to try to prevent tree fires.
[22:25.12]Traditionally people went
[22:26.18]by themselves into the forest to find their tree,
[22:28.81]cut it down, and bring it back home.
[22:30.89]But these days one is more likely to buy it from a tree farm,
[22:33.84]or use an artificial one,
[22:35.41]the better of which look quite realistic.
[00:01.21]Test Nine [00:02.77]Section A [00:04.66]1. W: One piece of cloth is pure wool [00:08.33]and the other is a synthetic fabric. [00:10.87]M: Amazing! I really can't tell them apart. [00:14.31]Q: What does the man mean? [00:32.08]2. M: The winters here are usually mild. [00:35.76]W: Usually, but I think this year will be different. [00:39.18]Q: What does the woman imply about this winter? [00:57.88]3. W: You rowed hard today and won the race. [01:01.52]M: Yes, I practiced a lot and didn't eat much yesterday. [01:04.92]Q: Why did the man win? [01:22.87]4. M: The children want something for a snack. [01:26.40]W: Don't give them anything. [01:27.74]They're going to have dinner soon. [01:30.13]Q: What is the man going to give to the children? [01:48.66]5. W: Well, how do you like it? [01:51.97]M: I like it but the sleaves are too short [01:54.10]and it's a little peppery. [01:56.13]Q: Where did this conversation probably take place? [02:14.91]6. M: I saw so many professors at the meeting. [02:18.67]I thought that meeting was for teachers only. [02:21.00]W: Oh, no. Many people were asked to come… [02:23.67]university administrators, foreign experts, [02:26.39]teachers and also student leaders. [02:29.31]Q: Who did not come to the meeting? [02:47.34]7. M: Registration ought to be easy this year. [02:51.00]W: Unless the computer breaks down. [02:53.47]Q: What does the woman imply about this year's registration? [03:12.66]8. M: What does the $850 include? [03:16.39]W: Heat, water and cable TV. [03:18.71]You have to pay your own electricity. [03:21.32]Q: Which of the following is not included in the $850 rent? [03:41.40]Conversation One [03:43.35]M: Hi, Lynn, I saw you at registration yesterday. [03:46.31]I sailed right through, but you were standing in a long line. [03:49.53]W: Yeah, I waited an hour to sign up for a distance learning course. [03:53.35]M: Distance learning? Never heard of it. [03:55.22]W: Well, it's new this semester [03:56.97]— it's only open to psychology majors. [03:59.29]But I bet it'll catch on elsewhere. [04:01.25]Yesterday over a hundred students signed up. [04:03.95]M: Well, what is it? [04:04.99]W: It's an experimental course. [04:06.72]I registered for child psychology. [04:09.15]All I've got to do is watch a twelve week series of televised lessons. [04:13.43]The department shows them several different times a day [04:15.97]and in several different locations. [04:17.70]M: Don't you ever have to meet with your professor? [04:19.89]W: Yeah, after each part of the series I have to talk to her [04:22.82]and the other students on the phone, [04:24.16]you know, about our ideas. [04:25.96]Then we'll meet on campus three times for reviews and exams. [04:29.41]M: It sounds pretty nontraditional to me, [04:31.46]but I guess it makes sense, [04:32.54]considering how many students have jobs. [04:34.66]It must really help with their schedules [04:36.53]— not to mention how it'll cut down on traffic. [04:38.74]W: You know, last year my department did a survey [04:41.27]and they found out that 80 percent [04:42.90]of all psychology majors were employed. [04:45.41]That's why they came up with the program. [04:47.73]Look, I'll be working three days a week next semester, [04:50.98]and it was either cut back on my classes or try this out. [04:54.17]M: The only thing is … doesn't it seem impersonal, though? [04:57.62]I mean, I'd miss having class discussions [04:59.72]and hearing what other people think. [05:01.91]W: Well, I guess that's why phone contact's important. [05:05.31]Anyway, it's an experiment. [05:06.99]Maybe I'll end up hating it. [05:08.41]M: Maybe, but … I'll be curious to see how it works out. [05:14.05]Questions 9 to 12 are based on the conversation you have just heard. [05:18.38]9. Where did the man see the woman yesterday? [05:36.57]10. How is the distance learning course [05:39.38]different from traditional courses? [05:56.04]11. What do the speakers agree [05:58.82]is the major advantage of the distance learning course? [06:16.26]12. Why did the woman decide to enroll [06:19.53]in the distance learning course? [06:35.88]Conversation Two [06:37.84]W: Hi, John! [06:38.58]M: Oh. Hi, Laura. What're you doing here? [06:40.98]W: Uh … I'm usually here on weekends. [06:43.04]It's my dad's shop. So … you're looking for a bike? [06:45.84]M: Yeah. Now that the weather's warming up, [06:47.91]I thought I'd get some exercise [06:49.21]— instead of taking the bus all the time. [06:50.93]W: Well, you came to the right place. [06:53.01]Do you know what you'd like? [06:54.33]M: Well, I don't want a racer or a touring bike or anything. [06:58.29]Mostly I'll just be using it to get me back and forth from work. [07:01.69]W: How far is that? [07:02.88]M: About four miles. [07:04.40]W: Are there a lot of hills on the way? [07:06.28]M: Some, I guess. But … uh … [07:08.78]maybe I should just tell you up front [07:11.25]that I've only got a hundred and fifty dollars. [07:13.54]Can I get anything decent for that? [07:15.47]W: Well, you're not going to get anything top of the line [07:17.96]— but we do have a few trade ins in the back [07:19.97]that're in good condition. [07:21.47]M: That sounds good. [07:22.82]W: And you're right, [07:23.47]for the kind of riding you're going to be doing, [07:25.41]the most important thing is comfort. [07:27.39]You want to make sure it's the right height for you. [07:29.51]Follow me and I'll show you what we've got. [07:33.48]Questions 13 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard. [07:38.07]13. Why is Laura at the bicycle shop? [07:56.27]14. Why does John want to buy a bicycle? [08:14.89]15. What does Laura suggest that John do? [08:35.53]Section B [08:37.42]Passage one [08:39.23]Researchers have discovered a link [08:40.75]between drinking and thinking. [08:42.74]A moderate amount of alcohol [08:44.10]may help us keep our mental abilities as we age. [08:47.69]Brain scans show alcohol abuse kills brain cells. [08:51.54]But little is known about the effects of life long drinking. [08:54.89]So moderate drinkers may [08:56.37]want to toast new findings from researchers at Duke, [08:59.39]and Indiana Universities. Dr. Joe, Christian of Indiana Universities [09:04.19]says men who have one or two drinks each day [09:06.82]retain slightly stronger comprehension skills [09:09.79]than the non drinker or the heavy drinker. [09:12.14]The doctor and his colleagues [09:13.43]gave mental tests to nearly 4000 male twins [09:16.51]between the ages of 66 and 76. [09:19.97]The moderate drinkers had slightly better reasoning ability [09:22.51]than his brothers who drink more or less. [09:25.17]Other studies have found that [09:26.33]alcohol in moderation can help the heart. [09:29.14]But alcohol abuse can cause bone loss and other health problems. [09:33.23]This study was presented at an alcoholism meeting in San Antonio. [09:38.96]Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard. [09:43.17]16. What had recent research found about drinking? [10:01.92]17. How would moderate drinkers feel [10:05.06]about the new research findings? [10:21.86]18. Where was the result of the study first made public? [10:41.01]Passage Two [10:42.74]Psychologists believe that our dreams [10:44.67]can often give us interesting information about ourselves, [10:48.16]if we will take the time to look at them seriously. [10:51.11]On the simplest level, [10:52.47]dreams can make us aware of things [10:54.07]we have missed during the day [10:55.68]because we were too busy to notice them. [10:57.91]For instance, if you dream of your teeth falling out, [11:00.60]you may have unconsciously picked up signs of dental trouble. [11:04.06]Or if you dream of missing an important appointment, [11:06.91]your dream may be trying to remind you [11:08.97]of an engagement coming up [11:09.97]that you have forgotten to write down. [11:12.30]On a deeper level, [11:13.50]dreams can show us how we really feel about our relationships. [11:17.13]For instance, [11:17.75]a young woman who considered herself fairly happily married, [11:20.85]dreamed of angrily bashing her husband [11:22.85]over the head with a vacuum cleaner. [11:24.99]The dream was urging the woman [11:26.13]to get in touch with her feelings [11:27.27]of resentment toward her husband [11:29.31]for insisting that she stay home [11:30.80]instead of taking an interesting job. [11:34.80]Questions 19 to 22 are based on the passage you have just heard. [11:39.50]19. What did the young woman dream? [11:57.68]20. What might a dream of teeth falling out mean [12:01.44]according to the talk? [12:17.50]21. What did the talk say that psychologists believe about dreams? [12:37.34]22. Why did the speaker mention the dream [12:40.48]of missing an appointment? [12:56.79]Passage Three [12:58.74]In the fall, Monday nights and Saturday and Sunday afternoons [13:01.86]see American stadiums filled with football fans, [13:05.03]with millions of other fans sitting before television sets at home [13:08.42]to watch the game and yell their advice and applause. [13:11.56]Then when the game is over, [13:13.25]everyone discusses the various runs and passes and penalties, [13:17.18]the performance of the various players, [13:19.20]and the decisions of the referees. [13:21.59]On following days, [13:22.75]the sports pages of the newspapers further analyze and criticize [13:26.61]and give details of the lives of the outstanding players, [13:30.17]for the game now rivals baseball [13:32.10]as a popular American spectator sport, [13:34.90]and football players are highly paid national celebrities. [13:38.84]Famous college and professional coaches [13:41.07]and outstanding quarterbacks [13:42.84]get the notoriety that used to be reserved for Hollywood actors. [13:48.24]Questions 23 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard. [13:52.91]23. On what day doesn't a football fan [13:56.40]go to see American football games? [14:13.61]24. Which of the following will not be disscussed by football fans? [14:33.21]25. Which of the following is not true according to the passsage? [14:52.85]Section C [14:54.68]Coming in all shapes and sizes, [14:56.69]Christmas trees serve [14:57.65]as one of the most potent symbols of Christmas, [15:00.58]and for many people their decorations and lights [15:03.18]evoke the "magic" of Christmas. [15:05.41]The tradition of using an evergreen tree [15:07.49]as a symbol of Christmas dates back before recorded history. [15:11.70]The Druids in ancient England and Gaul [15:13.82]and Romans in Europe [15:15.22]both used evergreen branches to decorate their homes [15:17.83]and public building to celebrate the Winter Solstice. [15:21.06]Over the years, these traditions were adopted by Christians, [15:24.07]who incorporated them [15:25.08]as part of their Christmas holiday celebration. [15:27.65]Trees used specifically to celebrate Christmas [15:30.29]are mentioned in the early 1600s [15:32.46]in Germany and surrounding countries. [15:34.69]The families would set up these trees [15:36.48]in a prominent location of their home [15:38.34]and decorate them with coloured paper, [15:40.73]small toys, food, and sometimes candles. [15:44.52]Gifts were placed beneath the tree. [15:46.77]As these people moved or immigrated to other countries, [15:49.94]they took this tradition with them. [15:52.10]Through the years many different things [15:53.91]were used to decorate Christmas trees. [15:56.10]As the world moved into the 1900s, [15:58.51]many trees were decorated with strings of popcom, [16:01.55]home made cards and pictures, [16:03.50]cotton to look like snow, [16:05.11]candy in all shapes and sizes, and occasionally, [16:08.50]fancy store-made glass balls and hand blown glass figurines. [16:12.67]Candles were sometimes used, [16:14.27]but often caused devastating fires, [16:16.39]and many different types of candle holders were invented [16:19.12]to try to prevent tree fires. [16:21.12]Traditionally people went [16:22.42]by themselves into the forest to find their tree, [16:24.97]cut it down, and bring it back home. [16:27.06]But these days one is more likely to buy it from a tree farm, [16:30.03]or use an artificial one, [16:31.58]the better of which look quite realistic. [16:36.70]Coming in all shapes and sizes, [16:38.68]Christmas trees serve [16:39.86]as one of the most potent symbols of Christmas, [16:44.43]and for many people their decorations and lights [16:47.14]evoke the "magic" of Christmas. [16:51.38]The tradition of using an evergreen tree [16:53.38]as a symbol of Christmas dates back before recorded history. [16:59.61]The Druids in ancient England and Gaul [17:01.83]and Romans in Europe [17:03.23]both used evergreen branches to decorate their homes [17:07.82]and public building to celebrate the Winter Solstice. [17:11.05]Over the years, these traditions were adopted by Christians, [17:15.93]who incorporated them [17:19.05]as part of their Christmas holiday celebration. [17:21.65]Trees used specifically to celebrate Christmas [17:26.48]are mentioned in the early 1600s [17:28.33]in Germany and surrounding countries. [17:30.63]The families would set up these trees [17:32.48]in a prominent location of their home [17:36.46]and decorate them with coloured paper, [17:38.68]small toys, food, and sometimes candles. [17:42.43]Gifts were placed beneath the tree. [17:44.72]As these people moved or immigrated to other countries, [17:47.87]they took this tradition with them. [18:38.05]Through the years many different things [18:39.91]were used to decorate Christmas trees. [18:42.07]As the world moved into the 1900s, [18:44.45]many trees were decorated with strings of popcom, [18:47.42]home made cards and pictures, [18:49.47]cotton to look like snow, [18:51.16]candy in all shapes and sizes, and occasionally, [18:54.42]fancy store-made glass balls and hand blown glass figurines. [18:58.70]Candles were sometimes used, [19:00.30]but often caused devastating fires, [19:02.42]and many different types of candle holders were invented [19:05.14]to try to prevent tree fires. [19:55.24]Traditionally people went [19:56.30]by themselves into the forest to find their tree, [19:58.86]cut it down, and bring it back home. [20:00.98]But these days one is more likely to buy it from a tree farm, [20:03.94]or use an artificial one, [20:05.49]the better of which look quite realistic. [20:58.64]Coming in all shapes and sizes, [21:00.57]Christmas trees serve [21:01.80]as one of the most potent symbols of Christmas, [21:04.42]and for many people their decorations and lights [21:07.01]evoke the "magic" of Christmas. [21:09.05]The tradition of using an evergreen tree [21:11.22]as a symbol of Christmas dates back before recorded history. [21:15.53]The Druids in ancient England and Gaul [21:17.66]and Romans in Europe [21:19.11]both used evergreen branches to decorate their homes [21:21.78]and public building to celebrate the Winter Solstice. [21:24.91]Over the years, these traditions were adopted by Christians, [21:27.94]who incorporated them [21:28.95]as part of their Christmas holiday celebration. [21:31.53]Trees used specifically to celebrate Christmas [21:34.07]are mentioned in the early 1600s [21:36.34]in Germany and surrounding countries. [21:38.52]The families would set up these trees [21:40.10]in a prominent location of their home [21:42.36]and decorate them with coloured paper, [21:44.61]small toys, food, and sometimes candles. [21:48.35]Gifts were placed beneath the tree. [21:50.62]As these people moved or immigrated to other countries, [21:53.82]they took this tradition with them. [21:55.98]Through the years many different things [21:57.80]were used to decorate Christmas trees. [21:59.99]As the world moved into the 1900s, [22:02.33]many trees were decorated with strings of popcom, [22:05.27]home made cards and pictures, [22:07.37]cotton to look like snow, [22:09.10]candy in all shapes and sizes, and occasionally, [22:12.37]fancy store-made glass balls and hand blown glass figurines. [22:16.47]Candles were sometimes used, [22:18.31]but often caused devastating fires, [22:20.30]and many different types of candle holders were invented [22:22.97]to try to prevent tree fires. [22:25.12]Traditionally people went [22:26.18]by themselves into the forest to find their tree, [22:28.81]cut it down, and bring it back home. [22:30.89]But these days one is more likely to buy it from a tree farm, [22:33.84]or use an artificial one, [22:35.41]the better of which look quite realistic.
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