大学英语4级考试精准听力法 Model Test Six

韩萱 2011-10-21 7338 阅读
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[00:15.02]Model Test Six
[00:18.07]Section A
[00:20.45]Directions:
[00:22.73]In this section,
[00:24.46]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:27.46]and 2 long conversations.
[00:31.22]At the end of each conversation,
[00:33.64]one or more questions will be asked
[00:36.06]about what was said.
[00:38.18]Both the conversation
[00:40.16]and the questions
[00:41.28]will be spoken only once.
[00:44.43]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:48.49]During the pause,
[00:50.02]you must read the four choices
[00:52.43]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:56.78]and decide which is the best answer.
[01:00.87]Then mark the corresponding letter
[01:03.41]on Answer Sheet 2
[01:05.87]with a single line through the centre.
[01:10.09]Now let’s begin with
[01:11.40]the eight short conversations.
[01:15.28]11. W: Sir, the shirt suits you so well.
[01:19.31]What about packing it for you?
[01:21.25]M: Thank you Miss.
[01:22.25]I just can’t figure out
[01:23.76]why I’ve never chosen this color before.
[01:27.41]Q: What does the man mean?
[01:44.37]12. W: How was the job interview?
[01:47.89]I think you’ll be a good journalist.
[01:50.33]I remember you are
[01:51.51]the best writer of the class.
[01:53.84]M: Well, in fact, my application
[01:56.23]was turned down.
[01:57.94]They were looking for people
[01:59.29]with experience in this profession.
[02:01.97]Q: Why didn’t the man get the job?
[02:19.34]13. W: I don’t understand
[02:22.52]how you got a ticket,
[02:24.43]I always thought
[02:25.47]you were a careful driver.
[02:27.55]M: I’m careful mostly,
[02:29.81]but I thought I could make it
[02:31.52]before the light turned.
[02:34.23]Q: Why did the man get a ticket?
[02:51.71]14. W: How much time did you have
[02:54.89]for writing your term paper?
[02:57.35]M: We were given three weeks,
[02:59.30]but I finished in less than half the time.
[03:02.63]Q: How long did it take the man
[03:05.31]to write his term paper?
[03:22.21]15. W: Danny,
[03:24.42]did you go the basketball game
[03:26.42]last night? Susan alone scored 18 points.
[03:30.81]M: Really?
[03:31.59]So she has changed her mind
[03:33.24]about playing, hasn’t she?
[03:36.16]Q: What does the man
[03:37.15]imply about Susan?
[03:54.16]16. W: Excuse me, sir.
[03:57.33]I’ve been waiting
[03:58.43]for almost 20 minutes long
[04:00.07]to pay the telephone bill.
[04:02.41]M: Sorry, Miss,
[04:03.26]the computer is out of order,
[04:05.39]and everybody is supposed
[04:06.59]to wait here at least this afternoon.
[04:10.23]Q: What does the man mean?
[04:27.05]17. M: Dr. Green’s handwriting
[04:30.90]is tough to read.
[04:32.65]W: I know. I got a prescription
[04:34.77]from him last week
[04:36.21]with comments all over it,
[04:38.02]and I could barely make it out.
[04:40.66]Q: What does the woman mean?
[04:58.25]18. W: You surprised me so much.
[05:01.61]I never imagined you as an outdoor sort.
[05:05.58]M: When you are in the mountains,
[05:06.84]you learn how to adapt.
[05:09.97]Q: What can we learn about the man?
[05:27.50]Now you will hear the
[05:28.39]two long conversations.
[05:32.64]Conversation One
[05:35.00]M: Sophia, I’m so happy
[05:37.04]you’re here early today.
[05:39.06]What about discussing your attendance
[05:40.80]for a moment?
[05:42.08]W: Dr. William, I’m really sorry
[05:44.35]about missing your class yesterday.
[05:46.63]M: Actually, it has been several days.
[05:49.51]Counting today, we’ve only had 7 classes,
[05:52.50]yet you have already missed 4.
[05:54.97]It’s more than a half.
[05:57.12]You won’t be able to pass the exam
[05:59.58]if you’re constantly absent.
[06:01.25]And I really don’t want to fail anyone.
[06:04.40]W: Sorry, I’ve been extremely busy.
[06:07.21]I can explain for it, Dr. William.
[06:10.13]I have a part-time job, so...
[06:12.39]M: Well, I hope you’re ready
[06:14.04]for today’s exam.
[06:15.78]W: Today? Gosh, I forgot it.
[06:18.54]M: Read the syllabus(教学大纲),
[06:19.85]Sophia. You should either
[06:21.18]make an effortto attend,
[06:22.70]or you should consider withdrawing
[06:24.91]while it’s still possible.
[06:26.95]W: What do you mean?
[06:28.25]M: Today is the final day you can
[06:29.88]withdraw and get a full refund.
[06:32.48]W: Maybe I really should.
[06:34.30]What do you suggest?
[06:35.76]M: I wish you could attend classes regularly,
[06:38.43]however, if you don’t believe
[06:40.04]you’re capable of this,
[06:41.39]then don’t waste your money.
[06:43.42]W: Thanks, Dr. William.
[06:44.93]If it’s OK, I suppose I’ll go ahead
[06:47.86]and drop the class.
[06:49.30]M: It’s entirely up to you,
[06:51.06]but that might be good
[06:52.32]if you don’t think things
[06:53.79]are going to change.
[06:55.51]W: Thank you, Dr. William.
[06:58.91]Questions 19 to 21 are based on
[07:02.12]the conversation you have just heard.
[07:05.58]19. What is the woman’s problem?
[07:24.22]20. How many classes
[07:26.60]has the woman attended?
[07:43.46]21. What does the woman
[07:46.16]decide to do?
[08:02.67]Conversation Two
[08:05.12]W: OK, last night you were supposed to
[08:07.69]read an article about human bones.
[08:10.26]Are there any comments about it?
[08:12.42]M: Well, to begin with, I was surprised
[08:14.76]to find out that there was so much
[08:16.80]going on in bones. I always assumed
[08:19.87]they were pretty lifeless.
[08:21.90]W: Well, that’s an assumption
[08:23.48]many people make.
[08:25.27]But the fact is that bones
[08:27.18]are made of dynamic living tissue
[08:29.96]that requires continuous maintenance
[08:32.04]and repair.
[08:33.34]M: Right. That’s one of the things
[08:35.25]I found so fascinating about the article-
[08:38.26]the way the bones repair themselves.
[08:41.22]W: OK. So can you tell us
[08:43.20]how the bones repair themselves?
[08:45.41]M: Sure. See, there are two groups
[08:48.23]of different types of specialized cells
[08:51.12]in the bones that work together.
[08:53.45]The first group of specialized cells goes
[08:56.44]to an area of the bone that needs repair,
[08:59.21]and produces the chemical
[09:01.04]that actually breaks down the bone tissue,
[09:03.96]and leaves a hole in it.
[09:05.68]After that the second group of
[09:07.37]specialized cells comes
[09:09.29]and produces the new tissue
[09:11.28]that fills in the hole
[09:12.80]that was made by the first group.
[09:14.76]W: Very good. This is a very complex process.
[09:19.07]In fact, scientists who study human bones
[09:22.69]don’t completely understand it yet.
[09:25.59]They are still trying to find out
[09:27.61]how it actually works.
[09:29.73]Specifically, because sometimes
[09:32.14]after the first group of cells
[09:33.95]leaves a hole in the bone tissue,
[09:36.15]for some reason,
[09:37.49]the second group doesn’t
[09:39.25]completely fill in the hole.
[09:41.10]And this can cause real problems.
[09:43.79]It can actually lead to a disease
[09:46.19]in which the bone becomes weak
[09:48.35]and is easily broken.
[09:50.50]M: OK, I get it. So if the scientists
[09:53.71]can figure out
[09:54.72]what makes the specialized cells work,
[09:57.39]maybe they can find out a way
[09:59.45]to make sure the second group of cells
[10:01.60]completely fills the hole
[10:03.36]in the bone tissue every time.
[10:05.58]That’ll prevent the disease
[10:07.24]from ever occurring.
[10:11.09]Questions 22 to 25 are based
[10:13.39]on the conversation
[10:14.49]you have just heard.
[10:17.02]22. What is the conversation
[10:20.35]mainly about?
[10:37.04]23. What is the function of
[10:39.89]the first group of specialized cells
[10:42.24]discussed in the conversation?
[10:59.72]24. What does the woman say
[11:02.41]about the second group of specialized cells
[11:05.73]in human bones?
[11:22.63]25. According to the man,
[11:25.82]what is one important purpose
[11:27.66]of studying specialized cells in human
[11:30.32]bones?
[11:46.48]Section B
[11:48.27]Directions: In this section,
[11:51.74]you will hear 3 short passages,
[11:55.43]at the end of each passage,
[11:57.45]you will hear some questions.
[12:00.05]Both the passage and the questions
[12:02.27]will be spoken only once.
[12:05.59]After you hear a question,
[12:08.16]you must choose the best answer
[12:10.42]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[12:14.95]Then mark the corresponding letter
[12:17.29]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line
[12:20.66]through the centre.
[12:23.92]Passage One
[12:25.77]One important way of losing heat
[12:28.01]is through the evaporation of sweat
[12:30.45]from the surface of the skin.
[12:32.77]It’s important
[12:33.63]because it’s a process
[12:35.08]that can be well controlled
[12:36.88]according to the body’s needs.
[12:39.73]The temperature inside our body
[12:41.60]is kept almost constant.
[12:44.21]But the temperature of the skin,
[12:45.92]hands, arms, legs and feet varies a lot
[12:50.82]and is generally much lower
[12:52.37]than the internal temperature.
[12:54.88]Our skin is warmed by the blood
[12:56.80]passing through it.
[12:58.52]If the blood vessels constrict-
[13:00.79]causing very little blood
[13:02.32]to pass near the surface-
[13:03.72]the skin is cool and much less heat is lost.
[13:07.93]The blood flow in the skin is controlled
[13:10.46]partly by the brain,
[13:12.40]according to the body’s heat needs.
[13:15.25]There is a kind of temperature controller.
[13:18.06]If this area of the brain
[13:19.63]emits strong signals,
[13:21.39]the blood vessels constrict,
[13:23.59]less blood flows,
[13:25.18]the skin temperature drops
[13:26.63]and less heat is lost.
[13:29.25]If, on the other hand, the brain puts out
[13:31.90]only weak signals,
[13:33.46]the vessels will make larger,
[13:35.90]more blood flows in the skin,
[13:39.00]the skin temperature rises
[13:40.75]and more heat is lost.
[13:42.52]This is why people with pale skin
[13:44.97]go red when taking a hot bath-
[13:47.84]the body is trying to
[13:49.36]get rid of internal heat,
[13:51.27]and go white when they get cold-
[13:53.78]the body is trying to conserve heat.
[13:58.13]Questions 26 to 28 are based
[14:01.00]on the passage you have just heard.
[14:04.90]26. What is one important way
[14:08.41]of losing body heat?
[14:25.48]27. What does the passage tell us
[14:28.83]about the temperature inside our body?
[14:46.70]28. How is our skin warmed or cooled?
[15:06.05]29. What sometimes affects skin color?
[15:25.88]Passage Two
[15:27.42]Job interviews increasingly
[15:29.75]become more necessary than before,
[15:33.12]which is attached more importance
[15:34.95]by people in all kinds of fields.
[15:38.06]The primary reason
[15:39.20]for such a prevalent tendency is
[15:41.68]that one of the biggest obstacles
[15:43.70]to overcome in obtaining a desirable job
[15:46.83]is bound to be the interview nowadays.
[15:50.23]So there is no possibility for us
[15:53.20]to escape it. Sometimes you will
[15:56.06]be dreading(恐惧) or trembling on it,
[15:58.63]which is a very natural thing.
[16:00.95]What I desire to do today is
[16:03.60]to take some of the sting
[16:05.06]out of the interview and show you
[16:07.16]how to make a good impression
[16:08.92]and even apply the interview
[16:11.14]to your own advantage.
[16:13.45]As we all know, some applicants
[16:15.93]feel extremely nervous in the interview.
[16:19.03]They become hesitant and indecisive
[16:22.41]and their faltering
[16:23.67]and stammering delivery
[16:25.21]is even irritating to the boss,
[16:27.90]who, after all, has only a few minutes
[16:30.64]to find out the advantages
[16:32.47]and disadvantages of an applicant
[16:35.68]and to see if he or she is the right one
[16:38.98]for the job. So an important point to rise
[16:42.32]is one’s decent appearance.
[16:44.76]Do not mention money straight away,
[16:47.27]which may be terrible
[16:48.80]and make the applicant come across
[16:51.09]as mercenary(唯利是图的).
[16:52.72]Try to give your employers an impression
[16:55.03]that you are confident and decisive.
[16:58.20]Eventually, I just want to
[17:00.65]remind you to remember
[17:02.37]that you’ve got about 10~15 minutes
[17:05.12]to present yourself to the employers.
[17:07.92]It’s in these vital minutes
[17:09.63]that you must project the right image.
[17:14.53]Questions 30 to 32 are based on
[17:17.06]the passage you have just heard.
[17:20.50]30. What is the primary purpose
[17:23.39]of this speech?
[17:39.92]31. What is the performance
[17:42.76]when people feel nervous?
[18:00.08]32. What is the aim of the speaker’s
[18:03.24]last few words?
[18:20.18]Passage Three
[18:21.57]Do you want to know something
[18:23.73]about the history of weather?
[18:25.97]Don’t look at the sky.
[18:27.63]Don’t look for old weather reports.
[18:30.40]Looking at tree rings(树木的年轮)
[18:31.90]is more important.
[18:33.47]Correct weather reports
[18:34.57]date back only one century,
[18:36.96]but some trees can provide
[18:38.67]an exact record of the weather
[18:40.49]even further back.
[18:42.93]The change from a favorable
[18:44.26]to an unfavorable climate
[18:46.05]can be determined
[18:47.32]by reading the pattern of rings
[18:49.13]in a tree trunk.
[18:50.80]To find out the weather of ten years ago,
[18:53.42]count the rings in a tree trunk
[18:55.54]from the outside to the inside.
[18:58.05]If the tenth ring is far
[18:59.87]from the other rings,
[19:01.34]it’s certain that plenty of sunny
[19:03.40]and rainy weather occurred.
[19:05.55]If the rings are close together,
[19:07.28]then the climate was bad for the tree.
[19:10.39]Studying in tree rings is important
[19:12.75]not only for the history of weather,
[19:14.61]but also for the history of man.
[19:17.68]In a region of New Mexico,
[19:19.64]you can find only sand-
[19:21.89]no trees and no people.
[19:24.27]However, many centuries ago
[19:26.16]a large population lived there.
[19:28.99]They left suddenly. Why?
[19:31.52]A scientist studied patterns
[19:33.50]of dead tree rings
[19:34.76]which had grown there.
[19:36.43]He said that the people had to leave
[19:38.61]because they had
[19:39.66]cut down all the trees.
[19:41.90]Trees were all used
[19:43.26]to make fires and buildings.
[19:45.25]Therefore, after the people
[19:47.18]destroyed all the trees,
[19:48.99]they had to move.
[19:51.18]In this instance, studying
[19:52.71]tree rings uncovered an exciting fact
[19:55.27]about the history of man.
[19:59.35]Questions 33 to 35 are based
[20:01.95]on the passage you have just heard.
[20:06.32]33. What was the weather like
[20:09.62]ten years ago if the tenth ring
[20:12.03]was far from the other rings?
[20:29.21]34. Why are the scientists
[20:32.16]interested in studying tree rings?
[20:50.04]35. Why did ancient people
[20:53.21]usually live where there were
[20:55.03]lots of trees?
[21:11.40]Section C
[21:13.06]Directions: In this section,
[21:16.41]you will hear a passage
[21:17.84]three times.
[21:19.85]When the passage is read
[21:21.56]for the first time,
[21:23.24]you should listen carefully
[21:24.63]for its general idea.
[21:27.01]When the passage is read
[21:28.93]for the second time,
[21:30.40]you are required to fill in the blanks
[21:33.35]numbered from 36 to 43
[21:37.31]with the exact words
[21:38.92]you have just heard.
[21:41.33]For blanks
[21:42.49]numbered from 44 to 46
[21:45.91]you are required to fill in
[21:47.92]the missing information.
[21:50.30]For these blanks,
[21:52.32]you can either use the
[21:53.56]exact words you have just heard
[21:56.32]or write down the main points
[21:58.54]in your own words.
[22:00.79]Finally, when the passage
[22:03.74]is read for the third time,
[22:05.90]you should check what you have written.
[22:08.93]Now listen to the passage.
[22:13.38]Probably the most important thing
[22:15.18]that kids learn is
[22:16.65]how to have peer relationships.
[22:19.26]As a parent, you can’t do this,
[22:21.92]because you
[22:22.61]and your child aren’t equals.
[22:25.19]With a friend, your child will
[22:27.25]be able to learn strategies
[22:29.11]for getting what he wants.
[22:31.21]He will learn to negotiate a trade
[22:33.28]and to wait patiently.
[22:35.40]Friends also provide
[22:36.82]emotional support,
[22:38.77]something that is part of
[22:40.21]the foundation of healthy adulthood.
[22:42.97]You can’t be with your child
[22:44.84]on the elementary school playground
[22:47.03]or at the high school dance.
[22:49.35]Her friends will be the ones
[22:50.78]to stick up for her,
[22:52.31]to include her in games,
[22:54.09]and later, to tell her
[22:55.86]she looks great even
[22:57.73]if her prom date wanders off
[23:00.07]instead of dancing with her.
[23:02.08]Friends also help your children learn.
[23:05.15]Friends solve problems together,
[23:07.70]imitate each other,
[23:09.05]and pass on knowledge.
[23:11.60]Some experts believe
[23:13.10]that the single biggest predictor
[23:15.44]of your child’s success
[23:17.30]later in life is her ability
[23:19.39]to make friends.
[23:21.14]In fact, they claim
[23:23.04]it’s even more important
[23:24.46]than IQ and grades.
[23:27.00]This doesn’t mean
[23:28.02]that the kids who are
[23:29.24]the most popular in school
[23:30.95]do the best later on in life.
[23:33.87]What matters is not
[23:35.28]the number of friends
[23:36.55]a child has but rather
[23:38.60]the quality of the relationships.
[23:41.83]While it’s true
[23:42.64]that popularity has
[23:43.93]many advantages,
[23:45.45]it’s better
[23:46.34]to have a few good friends
[23:47.93]than to have the admiration
[23:50.10]of the masses.
[23:52.59]Now the passage will be read again.
[23:56.07]Probably the most important thing
[23:57.99]that kids learn is
[23:59.53]how to have peer relationships.
[24:02.01]As a parent, you can’t do this,
[24:04.63]because you
[24:05.50]and your child aren’t equals.
[24:07.91]With a friend, your child will
[24:10.15]be able to learn strategies
[24:11.86]for getting what he wants.
[24:13.92]He will learn to negotiate a trade
[24:15.97]and to wait patiently.
[24:18.30]Friends also provide
[24:19.76]emotional support,
[24:21.57]something that is part of
[24:22.89]the foundation of healthy adulthood.
[24:25.86]You can’t be with your child
[24:27.51]on the elementary school playground
[24:29.76]or at the high school dance.
[24:32.36]Her friends will be the ones
[24:33.76]to stick up for her,
[24:35.42]to include her in games,
[24:36.84]and later, to tell her
[24:38.60]she looks great even
[24:40.71]if her prom date wanders off
[24:42.81]instead of dancing with her.
[24:45.22]Friends also help your children learn.
[24:48.15]Friends solve problems together,
[24:50.77]imitate each other,
[24:52.12]and pass on knowledge.
[24:54.18]Some experts believe
[24:56.02]that the single biggest predictor
[24:58.34]of your child’s success
[24:59.98]later in life is her ability
[25:02.38]to make friends.
[25:54.22]In fact, they claim
[25:55.71]it’s even more important
[25:57.04]than IQ and grades.
[25:59.56]This doesn’t mean
[26:00.70]that the kids who are
[26:01.90]the most popular in school
[26:03.55]do the best later on in life.
[26:56.36]What matters is not
[26:57.61]the number of friends
[26:58.80]a child has but rather
[27:00.76]the quality of the relationships.
[27:03.94]While it’s true
[27:04.76]that popularity has
[27:06.16]many advantages,
[27:07.85]it’s better
[27:08.60]to have a few good friends
[27:10.09]than to have the admiration
[27:12.25]of the masses.
[28:03.71]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[28:07.64]Probably the most important thing
[28:09.38]that kids learn is
[28:10.90]how to have peer relationships.
[28:13.40]As a parent, you can’t do this,
[28:15.92]because you
[28:16.84]and your child aren’t equals.
[28:19.26]With a friend, your child will
[28:21.50]be able to learn strategies
[28:23.06]for getting what he wants.
[28:25.26]He will learn to negotiate a trade
[28:27.35]and to wait patiently.
[28:29.71]Friends also provide
[28:31.04]emotional support,
[28:33.13]something that is part of
[28:34.72]the foundation of healthy adulthood.
[28:37.15]You can’t be with your child
[28:39.08]on the elementary school playground
[28:41.32]or at the high school dance.
[28:43.50]Her friends will be the ones
[28:45.28]to stick up for her,
[28:46.47]to include her in games,
[28:48.01]and later, to tell her
[28:49.86]she looks great even
[28:52.00]if her prom date wanders off
[28:54.16]instead of dancing with her.
[28:56.45]Friends also help your children learn.
[28:59.18]Friends solve problems together,
[29:01.85]imitate each other,
[29:03.19]and pass on knowledge.
[29:05.51]Some experts believe
[29:07.28]that the single biggest predictor
[29:09.63]of your child’s success
[29:11.22]later in life is her ability
[29:13.71]to make friends.
[29:15.33]In fact, they claim
[29:17.33]it’s even more important
[29:18.75]than IQ and grades.
[29:21.04]This doesn’t mean
[29:22.22]that the kids who are
[29:23.47]the most popular in school
[29:25.13]do the best later on in life.
[29:28.04]What matters is not
[29:29.66]the number of friends
[29:30.88]a child has but rather
[29:32.80]the quality of the relationships.
[29:35.87]While it’s true
[29:36.88]that popularity has
[29:38.33]many advantages,
[29:39.82]it’s better
[29:40.80]to have a few good friends
[29:42.27]than to have the admiration
[29:44.21]of the masses.
[29:48.00]This is the end of
[29:49.12]listening comprehension.
[00:15.02]Model Test Six [00:18.07]Section A [00:20.45]Directions: [00:22.73]In this section, [00:24.46]you will hear 8 short conversations [00:27.46]and 2 long conversations. [00:31.22]At the end of each conversation, [00:33.64]one or more questions will be asked [00:36.06]about what was said. [00:38.18]Both the conversation [00:40.16]and the questions [00:41.28]will be spoken only once. [00:44.43]After each question there will be a pause. [00:48.49]During the pause, [00:50.02]you must read the four choices [00:52.43]marked A), B), C) and D), [00:56.78]and decide which is the best answer. [01:00.87]Then mark the corresponding letter [01:03.41]on Answer Sheet 2 [01:05.87]with a single line through the centre. [01:10.09]Now let’s begin with [01:11.40]the eight short conversations. [01:15.28]11. W: Sir, the shirt suits you so well. [01:19.31]What about packing it for you? [01:21.25]M: Thank you Miss. [01:22.25]I just can’t figure out [01:23.76]why I’ve never chosen this color before. [01:27.41]Q: What does the man mean? [01:44.37]12. W: How was the job interview? [01:47.89]I think you’ll be a good journalist. [01:50.33]I remember you are [01:51.51]the best writer of the class. [01:53.84]M: Well, in fact, my application [01:56.23]was turned down. [01:57.94]They were looking for people [01:59.29]with experience in this profession. [02:01.97]Q: Why didn’t the man get the job? [02:19.34]13. W: I don’t understand [02:22.52]how you got a ticket, [02:24.43]I always thought [02:25.47]you were a careful driver. [02:27.55]M: I’m careful mostly, [02:29.81]but I thought I could make it [02:31.52]before the light turned. [02:34.23]Q: Why did the man get a ticket? [02:51.71]14. W: How much time did you have [02:54.89]for writing your term paper? [02:57.35]M: We were given three weeks, [02:59.30]but I finished in less than half the time. [03:02.63]Q: How long did it take the man [03:05.31]to write his term paper? [03:22.21]15. W: Danny, [03:24.42]did you go the basketball game [03:26.42]last night? Susan alone scored 18 points. [03:30.81]M: Really? [03:31.59]So she has changed her mind [03:33.24]about playing, hasn’t she? [03:36.16]Q: What does the man [03:37.15]imply about Susan? [03:54.16]16. W: Excuse me, sir. [03:57.33]I’ve been waiting [03:58.43]for almost 20 minutes long [04:00.07]to pay the telephone bill. [04:02.41]M: Sorry, Miss, [04:03.26]the computer is out of order, [04:05.39]and everybody is supposed [04:06.59]to wait here at least this afternoon. [04:10.23]Q: What does the man mean? [04:27.05]17. M: Dr. Green’s handwriting [04:30.90]is tough to read. [04:32.65]W: I know. I got a prescription [04:34.77]from him last week [04:36.21]with comments all over it, [04:38.02]and I could barely make it out. [04:40.66]Q: What does the woman mean? [04:58.25]18. W: You surprised me so much. [05:01.61]I never imagined you as an outdoor sort. [05:05.58]M: When you are in the mountains, [05:06.84]you learn how to adapt. [05:09.97]Q: What can we learn about the man? [05:27.50]Now you will hear the [05:28.39]two long conversations. [05:32.64]Conversation One [05:35.00]M: Sophia, I’m so happy [05:37.04]you’re here early today. [05:39.06]What about discussing your attendance [05:40.80]for a moment? [05:42.08]W: Dr. William, I’m really sorry [05:44.35]about missing your class yesterday. [05:46.63]M: Actually, it has been several days. [05:49.51]Counting today, we’ve only had 7 classes, [05:52.50]yet you have already missed 4. [05:54.97]It’s more than a half. [05:57.12]You won’t be able to pass the exam [05:59.58]if you’re constantly absent. [06:01.25]And I really don’t want to fail anyone. [06:04.40]W: Sorry, I’ve been extremely busy. [06:07.21]I can explain for it, Dr. William. [06:10.13]I have a part-time job, so... [06:12.39]M: Well, I hope you’re ready [06:14.04]for today’s exam. [06:15.78]W: Today? Gosh, I forgot it. [06:18.54]M: Read the syllabus(教学大纲), [06:19.85]Sophia. You should either [06:21.18]make an effortto attend, [06:22.70]or you should consider withdrawing [06:24.91]while it’s still possible. [06:26.95]W: What do you mean? [06:28.25]M: Today is the final day you can [06:29.88]withdraw and get a full refund. [06:32.48]W: Maybe I really should. [06:34.30]What do you suggest? [06:35.76]M: I wish you could attend classes regularly, [06:38.43]however, if you don’t believe [06:40.04]you’re capable of this, [06:41.39]then don’t waste your money. [06:43.42]W: Thanks, Dr. William. [06:44.93]If it’s OK, I suppose I’ll go ahead [06:47.86]and drop the class. [06:49.30]M: It’s entirely up to you, [06:51.06]but that might be good [06:52.32]if you don’t think things [06:53.79]are going to change. [06:55.51]W: Thank you, Dr. William. [06:58.91]Questions 19 to 21 are based on [07:02.12]the conversation you have just heard. [07:05.58]19. What is the woman’s problem? [07:24.22]20. How many classes [07:26.60]has the woman attended? [07:43.46]21. What does the woman [07:46.16]decide to do? [08:02.67]Conversation Two [08:05.12]W: OK, last night you were supposed to [08:07.69]read an article about human bones. [08:10.26]Are there any comments about it? [08:12.42]M: Well, to begin with, I was surprised [08:14.76]to find out that there was so much [08:16.80]going on in bones. I always assumed [08:19.87]they were pretty lifeless. [08:21.90]W: Well, that’s an assumption [08:23.48]many people make. [08:25.27]But the fact is that bones [08:27.18]are made of dynamic living tissue [08:29.96]that requires continuous maintenance [08:32.04]and repair. [08:33.34]M: Right. That’s one of the things [08:35.25]I found so fascinating about the article- [08:38.26]the way the bones repair themselves. [08:41.22]W: OK. So can you tell us [08:43.20]how the bones repair themselves? [08:45.41]M: Sure. See, there are two groups [08:48.23]of different types of specialized cells [08:51.12]in the bones that work together. [08:53.45]The first group of specialized cells goes [08:56.44]to an area of the bone that needs repair, [08:59.21]and produces the chemical [09:01.04]that actually breaks down the bone tissue, [09:03.96]and leaves a hole in it. [09:05.68]After that the second group of [09:07.37]specialized cells comes [09:09.29]and produces the new tissue [09:11.28]that fills in the hole [09:12.80]that was made by the first group. [09:14.76]W: Very good. This is a very complex process. [09:19.07]In fact, scientists who study human bones [09:22.69]don’t completely understand it yet. [09:25.59]They are still trying to find out [09:27.61]how it actually works. [09:29.73]Specifically, because sometimes [09:32.14]after the first group of cells [09:33.95]leaves a hole in the bone tissue, [09:36.15]for some reason, [09:37.49]the second group doesn’t [09:39.25]completely fill in the hole. [09:41.10]And this can cause real problems. [09:43.79]It can actually lead to a disease [09:46.19]in which the bone becomes weak [09:48.35]and is easily broken. [09:50.50]M: OK, I get it. So if the scientists [09:53.71]can figure out [09:54.72]what makes the specialized cells work, [09:57.39]maybe they can find out a way [09:59.45]to make sure the second group of cells [10:01.60]completely fills the hole [10:03.36]in the bone tissue every time. [10:05.58]That’ll prevent the disease [10:07.24]from ever occurring. [10:11.09]Questions 22 to 25 are based [10:13.39]on the conversation [10:14.49]you have just heard. [10:17.02]22. What is the conversation [10:20.35]mainly about? [10:37.04]23. What is the function of [10:39.89]the first group of specialized cells [10:42.24]discussed in the conversation? [10:59.72]24. What does the woman say [11:02.41]about the second group of specialized cells [11:05.73]in human bones? [11:22.63]25. According to the man, [11:25.82]what is one important purpose [11:27.66]of studying specialized cells in human [11:30.32]bones? [11:46.48]Section B [11:48.27]Directions: In this section, [11:51.74]you will hear 3 short passages, [11:55.43]at the end of each passage, [11:57.45]you will hear some questions. [12:00.05]Both the passage and the questions [12:02.27]will be spoken only once. [12:05.59]After you hear a question, [12:08.16]you must choose the best answer [12:10.42]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). [12:14.95]Then mark the corresponding letter [12:17.29]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line [12:20.66]through the centre. [12:23.92]Passage One [12:25.77]One important way of losing heat [12:28.01]is through the evaporation of sweat [12:30.45]from the surface of the skin. [12:32.77]It’s important [12:33.63]because it’s a process [12:35.08]that can be well controlled [12:36.88]according to the body’s needs. [12:39.73]The temperature inside our body [12:41.60]is kept almost constant. [12:44.21]But the temperature of the skin, [12:45.92]hands, arms, legs and feet varies a lot [12:50.82]and is generally much lower [12:52.37]than the internal temperature. [12:54.88]Our skin is warmed by the blood [12:56.80]passing through it. [12:58.52]If the blood vessels constrict- [13:00.79]causing very little blood [13:02.32]to pass near the surface- [13:03.72]the skin is cool and much less heat is lost. [13:07.93]The blood flow in the skin is controlled [13:10.46]partly by the brain, [13:12.40]according to the body’s heat needs. [13:15.25]There is a kind of temperature controller. [13:18.06]If this area of the brain [13:19.63]emits strong signals, [13:21.39]the blood vessels constrict, [13:23.59]less blood flows, [13:25.18]the skin temperature drops [13:26.63]and less heat is lost. [13:29.25]If, on the other hand, the brain puts out [13:31.90]only weak signals, [13:33.46]the vessels will make larger, [13:35.90]more blood flows in the skin, [13:39.00]the skin temperature rises [13:40.75]and more heat is lost. [13:42.52]This is why people with pale skin [13:44.97]go red when taking a hot bath- [13:47.84]the body is trying to [13:49.36]get rid of internal heat, [13:51.27]and go white when they get cold- [13:53.78]the body is trying to conserve heat. [13:58.13]Questions 26 to 28 are based [14:01.00]on the passage you have just heard. [14:04.90]26. What is one important way [14:08.41]of losing body heat? [14:25.48]27. What does the passage tell us [14:28.83]about the temperature inside our body? [14:46.70]28. How is our skin warmed or cooled? [15:06.05]29. What sometimes affects skin color? [15:25.88]Passage Two [15:27.42]Job interviews increasingly [15:29.75]become more necessary than before, [15:33.12]which is attached more importance [15:34.95]by people in all kinds of fields. [15:38.06]The primary reason [15:39.20]for such a prevalent tendency is [15:41.68]that one of the biggest obstacles [15:43.70]to overcome in obtaining a desirable job [15:46.83]is bound to be the interview nowadays. [15:50.23]So there is no possibility for us [15:53.20]to escape it. Sometimes you will [15:56.06]be dreading(恐惧) or trembling on it, [15:58.63]which is a very natural thing. [16:00.95]What I desire to do today is [16:03.60]to take some of the sting [16:05.06]out of the interview and show you [16:07.16]how to make a good impression [16:08.92]and even apply the interview [16:11.14]to your own advantage. [16:13.45]As we all know, some applicants [16:15.93]feel extremely nervous in the interview. [16:19.03]They become hesitant and indecisive [16:22.41]and their faltering [16:23.67]and stammering delivery [16:25.21]is even irritating to the boss, [16:27.90]who, after all, has only a few minutes [16:30.64]to find out the advantages [16:32.47]and disadvantages of an applicant [16:35.68]and to see if he or she is the right one [16:38.98]for the job. So an important point to rise [16:42.32]is one’s decent appearance. [16:44.76]Do not mention money straight away, [16:47.27]which may be terrible [16:48.80]and make the applicant come across [16:51.09]as mercenary(唯利是图的). [16:52.72]Try to give your employers an impression [16:55.03]that you are confident and decisive. [16:58.20]Eventually, I just want to [17:00.65]remind you to remember [17:02.37]that you’ve got about 10~15 minutes [17:05.12]to present yourself to the employers. [17:07.92]It’s in these vital minutes [17:09.63]that you must project the right image. [17:14.53]Questions 30 to 32 are based on [17:17.06]the passage you have just heard. [17:20.50]30. What is the primary purpose [17:23.39]of this speech? [17:39.92]31. What is the performance [17:42.76]when people feel nervous? [18:00.08]32. What is the aim of the speaker’s [18:03.24]last few words? [18:20.18]Passage Three [18:21.57]Do you want to know something [18:23.73]about the history of weather? [18:25.97]Don’t look at the sky. [18:27.63]Don’t look for old weather reports. [18:30.40]Looking at tree rings(树木的年轮) [18:31.90]is more important. [18:33.47]Correct weather reports [18:34.57]date back only one century, [18:36.96]but some trees can provide [18:38.67]an exact record of the weather [18:40.49]even further back. [18:42.93]The change from a favorable [18:44.26]to an unfavorable climate [18:46.05]can be determined [18:47.32]by reading the pattern of rings [18:49.13]in a tree trunk. [18:50.80]To find out the weather of ten years ago, [18:53.42]count the rings in a tree trunk [18:55.54]from the outside to the inside. [18:58.05]If the tenth ring is far [18:59.87]from the other rings, [19:01.34]it’s certain that plenty of sunny [19:03.40]and rainy weather occurred. [19:05.55]If the rings are close together, [19:07.28]then the climate was bad for the tree. [19:10.39]Studying in tree rings is important [19:12.75]not only for the history of weather, [19:14.61]but also for the history of man. [19:17.68]In a region of New Mexico, [19:19.64]you can find only sand- [19:21.89]no trees and no people. [19:24.27]However, many centuries ago [19:26.16]a large population lived there. [19:28.99]They left suddenly. Why? [19:31.52]A scientist studied patterns [19:33.50]of dead tree rings [19:34.76]which had grown there. [19:36.43]He said that the people had to leave [19:38.61]because they had [19:39.66]cut down all the trees. [19:41.90]Trees were all used [19:43.26]to make fires and buildings. [19:45.25]Therefore, after the people [19:47.18]destroyed all the trees, [19:48.99]they had to move. [19:51.18]In this instance, studying [19:52.71]tree rings uncovered an exciting fact [19:55.27]about the history of man. [19:59.35]Questions 33 to 35 are based [20:01.95]on the passage you have just heard. [20:06.32]33. What was the weather like [20:09.62]ten years ago if the tenth ring [20:12.03]was far from the other rings? [20:29.21]34. Why are the scientists [20:32.16]interested in studying tree rings? [20:50.04]35. Why did ancient people [20:53.21]usually live where there were [20:55.03]lots of trees? [21:11.40]Section C [21:13.06]Directions: In this section, [21:16.41]you will hear a passage [21:17.84]three times. [21:19.85]When the passage is read [21:21.56]for the first time, [21:23.24]you should listen carefully [21:24.63]for its general idea. [21:27.01]When the passage is read [21:28.93]for the second time, [21:30.40]you are required to fill in the blanks [21:33.35]numbered from 36 to 43 [21:37.31]with the exact words [21:38.92]you have just heard. [21:41.33]For blanks [21:42.49]numbered from 44 to 46 [21:45.91]you are required to fill in [21:47.92]the missing information. [21:50.30]For these blanks, [21:52.32]you can either use the [21:53.56]exact words you have just heard [21:56.32]or write down the main points [21:58.54]in your own words. [22:00.79]Finally, when the passage [22:03.74]is read for the third time, [22:05.90]you should check what you have written. [22:08.93]Now listen to the passage. [22:13.38]Probably the most important thing [22:15.18]that kids learn is [22:16.65]how to have peer relationships. [22:19.26]As a parent, you can’t do this, [22:21.92]because you [22:22.61]and your child aren’t equals. [22:25.19]With a friend, your child will [22:27.25]be able to learn strategies [22:29.11]for getting what he wants. [22:31.21]He will learn to negotiate a trade [22:33.28]and to wait patiently. [22:35.40]Friends also provide [22:36.82]emotional support, [22:38.77]something that is part of [22:40.21]the foundation of healthy adulthood. [22:42.97]You can’t be with your child [22:44.84]on the elementary school playground [22:47.03]or at the high school dance. [22:49.35]Her friends will be the ones [22:50.78]to stick up for her, [22:52.31]to include her in games, [22:54.09]and later, to tell her [22:55.86]she looks great even [22:57.73]if her prom date wanders off [23:00.07]instead of dancing with her. [23:02.08]Friends also help your children learn. [23:05.15]Friends solve problems together, [23:07.70]imitate each other, [23:09.05]and pass on knowledge. [23:11.60]Some experts believe [23:13.10]that the single biggest predictor [23:15.44]of your child’s success [23:17.30]later in life is her ability [23:19.39]to make friends. [23:21.14]In fact, they claim [23:23.04]it’s even more important [23:24.46]than IQ and grades. [23:27.00]This doesn’t mean [23:28.02]that the kids who are [23:29.24]the most popular in school [23:30.95]do the best later on in life. [23:33.87]What matters is not [23:35.28]the number of friends [23:36.55]a child has but rather [23:38.60]the quality of the relationships. [23:41.83]While it’s true [23:42.64]that popularity has [23:43.93]many advantages, [23:45.45]it’s better [23:46.34]to have a few good friends [23:47.93]than to have the admiration [23:50.10]of the masses. [23:52.59]Now the passage will be read again. [23:56.07]Probably the most important thing [23:57.99]that kids learn is [23:59.53]how to have peer relationships. [24:02.01]As a parent, you can’t do this, [24:04.63]because you [24:05.50]and your child aren’t equals. [24:07.91]With a friend, your child will [24:10.15]be able to learn strategies [24:11.86]for getting what he wants. [24:13.92]He will learn to negotiate a trade [24:15.97]and to wait patiently. [24:18.30]Friends also provide [24:19.76]emotional support, [24:21.57]something that is part of [24:22.89]the foundation of healthy adulthood. [24:25.86]You can’t be with your child [24:27.51]on the elementary school playground [24:29.76]or at the high school dance. [24:32.36]Her friends will be the ones [24:33.76]to stick up for her, [24:35.42]to include her in games, [24:36.84]and later, to tell her [24:38.60]she looks great even [24:40.71]if her prom date wanders off [24:42.81]instead of dancing with her. [24:45.22]Friends also help your children learn. [24:48.15]Friends solve problems together, [24:50.77]imitate each other, [24:52.12]and pass on knowledge. [24:54.18]Some experts believe [24:56.02]that the single biggest predictor [24:58.34]of your child’s success [24:59.98]later in life is her ability [25:02.38]to make friends. [25:54.22]In fact, they claim [25:55.71]it’s even more important [25:57.04]than IQ and grades. [25:59.56]This doesn’t mean [26:00.70]that the kids who are [26:01.90]the most popular in school [26:03.55]do the best later on in life. [26:56.36]What matters is not [26:57.61]the number of friends [26:58.80]a child has but rather [27:00.76]the quality of the relationships. [27:03.94]While it’s true [27:04.76]that popularity has [27:06.16]many advantages, [27:07.85]it’s better [27:08.60]to have a few good friends [27:10.09]than to have the admiration [27:12.25]of the masses. [28:03.71]Now the passage will be read for the third time. [28:07.64]Probably the most important thing [28:09.38]that kids learn is [28:10.90]how to have peer relationships. [28:13.40]As a parent, you can’t do this, [28:15.92]because you [28:16.84]and your child aren’t equals. [28:19.26]With a friend, your child will [28:21.50]be able to learn strategies [28:23.06]for getting what he wants. [28:25.26]He will learn to negotiate a trade [28:27.35]and to wait patiently. [28:29.71]Friends also provide [28:31.04]emotional support, [28:33.13]something that is part of [28:34.72]the foundation of healthy adulthood. [28:37.15]You can’t be with your child [28:39.08]on the elementary school playground [28:41.32]or at the high school dance. [28:43.50]Her friends will be the ones [28:45.28]to stick up for her, [28:46.47]to include her in games, [28:48.01]and later, to tell her [28:49.86]she looks great even [28:52.00]if her prom date wanders off [28:54.16]instead of dancing with her. [28:56.45]Friends also help your children learn. [28:59.18]Friends solve problems together, [29:01.85]imitate each other, [29:03.19]and pass on knowledge. [29:05.51]Some experts believe [29:07.28]that the single biggest predictor [29:09.63]of your child’s success [29:11.22]later in life is her ability [29:13.71]to make friends. [29:15.33]In fact, they claim [29:17.33]it’s even more important [29:18.75]than IQ and grades. [29:21.04]This doesn’t mean [29:22.22]that the kids who are [29:23.47]the most popular in school [29:25.13]do the best later on in life. [29:28.04]What matters is not [29:29.66]the number of friends [29:30.88]a child has but rather [29:32.80]the quality of the relationships. [29:35.87]While it’s true [29:36.88]that popularity has [29:38.33]many advantages, [29:39.82]it’s better [29:40.80]to have a few good friends [29:42.27]than to have the admiration [29:44.21]of the masses. [29:48.00]This is the end of [29:49.12]listening comprehension.
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