大学英语4级考试精准听力法 Model Test Three

韩萱 2011-10-21 7772 阅读
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[00:13.61]Model Test Three
[00:16.54]Section A
[00:18.99]Directions: In this section,
[00:22.95]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:25.96]and 2 long conversations.
[00:29.01]At the end of each conversation,
[00:32.03]one or more questions will be asked
[00:34.44]about what was said. Both the conversation
[00:38.51]and the questions will be spoken only once.
[00:42.65]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:46.87]During the pause, you must read the four choices
[00:50.87]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:55.34]and decide which is the best answer.
[00:59.31]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2
[01:04.55]with a single line through the centre.
[01:08.61]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:13.43]11. W: Please have a seat, Mr. Johnson.
[01:17.85]I received your resume last week,
[01:20.67]and I was very impressed
[01:22.70]by your working experiences.
[01:25.42]M: Thank you!
[01:27.13]Q: What’s the purpose of the man’s visit?
[01:44.97]12. W: She is so selfish and nasty.
[01:50.00]I really can’t see why Tom’s fallen in love with her.
[01:53.92]M: Love is blind, don’t you know that?
[01:57.59]Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
[02:15.51]13. M: I’d like to buy a kitchen cupboard
[02:20.10]for my new home. My kitchen is 4 square meters.
[02:24.54]Do you have some cupboards suitable for that size?
[02:28.78]W: Yes, sir. We have lots of that kind of cupboards.
[02:32.48]How about this blue one?
[02:35.40]Q: Where does the conversation
[02:37.00]most probably take place?
[02:54.44]14. W: You are so quiet today, Bob.
[02:58.82]Isn’t there a baseball match?
[03:01.25]Watching baseball games is
[03:03.03]the only thing you do at weekends.
[03:05.75]M: Leave me alone. I’m thinking about
[03:08.73]my speech draft. I have
[03:10.95]only a fortnight to prepare for it.
[03:14.21]Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
[03:32.15]15. M: You have read this book
[03:35.54]for almost one week. How do you like it?
[03:38.79]W: Well, as for my review of this book,
[03:42.10]I’m expecting a better one.
[03:44.70]Q: What is the woman’s attitude towards the book?
[04:03.14]16. M: I’ve worked very hard on my study,
[04:08.67]but it still seems hard for me to pass the exam.
[04:12.98]W: John is an excellent English learner.
[04:15.98]Why not ask him to give you some private lessons?
[04:19.80]Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
[04:38.35]17. W: When I got up,
[04:41.35]I found the window open and my belongings missing.
[04:45.92]Then I called the police and reported the loss.
[04:49.62]M: OK, I’ve taken it down. Please take it easy,
[04:53.44]we’ll take care of it.
[04:55.37]Q: What are the two speakers talking about?
[05:13.41]18. M: It’s been very cold in the past two days.
[05:18.81]W: We haven’t seen the worst of it yet.
[05:21.69]More snow is forecasted for next week
[05:24.85]followed by strong winds.
[05:28.08]Q: What will the weather be like?
[05:45.13]Now you will hear the two long conversations.
[05:49.46]Conversation One
[05:52.37]W: Hello, Dr. Black.
[05:53.88]M: Oh, hello. Come in and sit down. What can I do for you?
[05:58.51]W: I’m looking for a part-time job this semester.
[06:02.08]Do you have any positions open?
[06:04.76]M: Let me see...
[06:06.85]W: I’m wondering about that research project
[06:09.47]you mentioned last spring.
[06:11.81]Do you still need a lab assistant for that?
[06:14.70]M: I’d love to hire you, Susan,
[06:16.97]but I just heard that my grant
[06:18.74]didn’t get funded this year.
[06:20.90]So I haven’t got any lab positions.
[06:24.55]W: That’s too bad, but I’d be glad
[06:26.89]to do something else.
[06:28.90]Do you know of any other jobs?
[06:31.24]M: It’s not very challenging,
[06:33.44]but I do need a programmer
[06:35.53]to put my past results into the computer.
[06:38.55]Have you had any experience with BASIC?
[06:42.23]W: I’ve done a little programming
[06:44.03]in a course I took last year.
[06:46.51]I’d be happy to try.
[06:48.35]M: Good. I need someone about 20 hours a week.
[06:52.37]The schedule is up to you.
[06:54.61]I don’t care when you come in,
[06:56.41]but I’d like you to put in the hours
[06:58.29]by Saturday afternoon every week.
[07:01.23]W: OK. And what’s the pay?
[07:04.00]M: Let me see. I can give you $3.75 an hour.
[07:09.37]W: All right. When to start?
[07:11.50]M: If you’re free next Monday,
[07:13.70]we can get started. Come at 10
[07:16.23]and I’ll show you what I need.
[07:18.36]W: Fine. I’ll be here on time.
[07:20.58]Thanks very much.
[07:22.20]M: You’re welcome,
[07:23.55]and I’m looking forward to working with you.
[07:27.70]Questions 19 to 22 are based on
[07:31.00]the conversation you have just heard.
[07:36.23]19. What’s the purpose of the woman’s visit?
[07:55.99]20. What does the man say about his research project?
[08:16.67]21. What kind of job does the woman get at last?
[08:37.04]22. What can we learn about the job
[08:41.65]that the man offers to the woman?
[08:58.93]Conversation Two
[09:00.96]W: Good afternoon. My name’s Sarah.
[09:03.76]M: Hello. I’m Tom—one of the welfare officers.
[09:08.23]Can I help you?
[09:09.65]W: Yes, I have to move out of my accommodation
[09:13.09]in two weeks and I can’t find anywhere else to live.
[09:17.48]M: OK. I need to know some details
[09:20.53]about your current situation.
[09:23.09]W: I’m an overseas student.
[09:24.98]The college gave me a temporary room
[09:27.80]for one month. I can’t find anywhere else
[09:31.29]and I’ve no money.
[09:33.49]M: Have you told the college about
[09:35.29]your situation and asked them
[09:37.51]to let you stay longer in your accommodation?
[09:41.01]W: No, not yet. I didn’t think
[09:43.85]that would be possible.
[09:45.70]M: Well, we can contact
[09:47.24]the accommodation service to see
[09:49.30]if they can let you stay until you find an alternative.
[09:53.23]W: Thank you. But I’m not sure
[09:55.59]whether I can find another place,
[09:58.13]as they all ask for money before moving in
[10:01.20]and I don’t have any.
[10:03.30]M: Yes, it’s common in this country
[10:05.48]for landlords to ask for up to a month’s rent
[10:08.89]in advance. Don’t you have any money at all?
[10:12.56]W: Hardly any. I only have £90 left
[10:16.14]and I need that for food and books.
[10:19.33]M: You can apply for an emergency loan
[10:22.11]from the Student Union if you want.
[10:24.60]The loan can be for up to£200.
[10:28.09]W: Great! But I’m still worried
[10:30.46]about how to find a new accommodation.
[10:33.51]M: Don’t worry. I’ll contact one or two of
[10:36.47]the addresses on the notice board
[10:38.51]and arrange for you to visit them,
[10:41.07]and you can pay them with your loan.
[10:43.46]W: Thank you very much for your help.
[10:48.19]Questions 23 to 25 are based on
[10:51.27]the conversation you have just heard.
[10:56.17]23. What’s the woman’s problem?
[11:14.99]24. What kind of help can the
[11:18.51]Welfare Office offer?
[11:35.73]25. Where could the student get the money?
[11:55.13]Section B
[11:57.54]Directions: In this section,
[12:00.73]you will hear 3 short passages,
[12:04.30]at the end of each passage,
[12:06.39]you will hear some questions.
[12:08.96]Both the passage and the questions
[12:11.29]will be spoken only once.
[12:14.40]After you hear a question,
[12:17.19]you must choose the best answer
[12:19.40]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).
[12:24.08]Then mark the corresponding letter
[12:26.39]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
[12:32.48]Passage One
[12:34.09]Jessica Tandy was born in London,
[12:36.53]England, in 1909. Her father died
[12:40.31]when she was twelve years old.
[12:42.78]Her mother taught
[12:44.35]and took other jobs at night
[12:46.20]to make extra money for her three children.
[12:50.07]Jessica’s older brothers showed an interest
[12:52.56]in the theater. They would put on shows
[12:55.68]in their London home. Jessica said later
[12:59.30]that she was terrible among all of them.
[13:02.77]But she said taking part in those plays
[13:05.49]as a child inspired her desire to be someone else.
[13:11.31]Jessica loved going to the theater.
[13:13.80]And she loved British writer William Shakespeare.
[13:17.73]Years later, she acted in many of Shakespeare’s plays,
[13:22.05]with great actors like John Gauged
[13:24.68]and Lawrence Olivier. This love of the theater
[13:29.10]led her to attend an acting school in 1924.
[13:33.61]When she was 18 years old, she performed
[13:37.13]in her first play. It was called The Manderson Girls.
[13:42.10]She did not earn enough money to pay for
[13:44.45]the five different dresses she had to wear
[13:47.19]in the play. She solved the problem
[13:49.79]by sewing them herself.
[13:52.85]Jessica Tandy probably is best known
[13:55.57]for winning an Academy Award in 1989
[13:59.28]for the movie Driving Miss Daisy.
[14:02.44]She was the oldest person to
[14:04.14]have won the award. But for many years,
[14:07.36]she had received praise for
[14:09.61]her great performances.
[14:12.21]Most of her performances were
[14:13.86]in the United States,
[14:15.85]although she did not become
[14:17.57]an American citizen until 1954.
[14:23.85]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
[14:28.20]you have just heard.
[14:31.77]26. When did Jessica Tandy born?
[14:51.82]27. How did Jessica Tandy solve the dress problem
[14:56.77]in her first play The Manderson Girls?
[15:14.98]28. What can we learn from the passage?
[15:34.55]Passage Two
[15:36.24]Stress affects everybody every day.
[15:39.70]It’s your body’s reaction to physical,
[15:42.34]chemical, emotional or environmental influences.
[15:47.11]Some stress is unavoidable
[15:49.39]and may even be good for us.
[15:51.99]Stress can keep our bodies and minds strong.
[15:56.12]It gives us the push we need
[15:58.17]to react to an urgent situation.
[16:01.34]Some people say it makes them more productive
[16:04.53]at work and gives them more energy.
[16:08.29]Too much stress, however, can be harmful.
[16:12.18]It may make an existing health problem worse.
[16:15.73]Or it can lead to other illnesses
[16:18.88]if a person is at risk for the condition.
[16:21.71]Mental and health experts believe
[16:25.38]personality is an important part
[16:27.66]in how we experience stress.
[16:31.19]Personality is the way a person acts,
[16:34.08]feels and thinks. Many things influence
[16:37.90]the development of a person’s personality,
[16:41.34]including gene and experiences.
[16:44.62]Some people, for example, are aggressive
[16:48.12]and always in a hurry. They often become angry
[16:52.44]when things do not happen the way they planned.
[16:56.11]They are called “Type A” personalities.
[16:59.98]Studies suggest that these people
[17:02.17]often get stress-related illnesses.
[17:06.06]The “Type B” personality is
[17:08.39]a much more calm person.
[17:10.74]These people are able to deal with
[17:13.22]all kinds of situations more easily.
[17:16.78]As a result, they are less affected by stress.
[17:21.08]Studies show that men and women
[17:23.65]deal with stress differently.
[17:26.37]Women usually have stronger social support systems
[17:30.34]to help them in times of trouble.
[17:33.18]These social supports may explain
[17:35.77]why many women seem to be better able
[17:38.70]to deal with stress than men.
[17:41.48]However, experts say women are
[17:43.92]three times more likely to develop depression
[17:47.14]in reaction to the stress in their lives.
[17:51.69]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage
[17:55.52]you have just heard.
[17:59.44]29. What can we learn from the passage?
[18:19.56]30. What does the speaker say
[18:22.46]about the development of personality?
[18:40.46]31. Why do women seem to be able to
[18:44.41]deal with stress better than men?
[19:02.37]Passage Three
[19:04.19]Death Valley is a land of beautiful
[19:06.79]yet dangerous extremes. There are mountains
[19:10.55]that reach more than 3 000 meters into the sky.
[19:15.31]There is a place called Badwater
[19:17.55]that is the lowest area of land
[19:19.73]in the Western Hemisphere.
[19:22.11]If there were water there,
[19:23.91]it would be 86 meters below
[19:26.48]the level of the ocean.
[19:28.82]Death Valley can be dangerously cold
[19:31.74]during the winter months.
[19:33.91]Storms in the mountains can produce
[19:36.16]sudden flood on the floor of the Valley.
[19:39.39]The air temperature during the summer
[19:42.20]has been as high as 57°C.
[19:46.78]The sun can heat the ground
[19:48.77]so that the temperature of
[19:50.25]the rocks and soil can be as high as 74°C.
[19:56.44]The area was named by a woman in 1849.
[20:00.78]That was the year after gold was discovered
[20:03.64]in California. Thousands of people from
[20:06.81]other parts of the country traveled to
[20:09.33]the gold mining areas in California.
[20:12.81]They were in a hurry to get there
[20:15.24]before other people did.
[20:17.75]Many people were not careful.
[20:20.38]They made bad choices or wrong decisions.
[20:24.61]One group trying to reach California decided to
[20:28.28]take a path called the “Old Spanish Trail”.
[20:31.90]By December, they had reached Death Valley.
[20:35.40]They did not have to survive
[20:37.93]the terrible heat of summer,
[20:40.00]but there was still an extreme lack of water.
[20:44.06]There were few plants for their work animals to eat.
[20:47.78]The people could not find a pass
[20:50.10]through the tall mountains to the west of the Valley.
[20:53.60]Gradually, they began to suffer from a lack of food.
[20:57.89]To survive, they killed their work animals
[21:01.32]for food and began to walk out of the Valley.
[21:05.38]As they left, one woman looked back
[21:08.05]and said:“Goodbye, death valley.”
[21:11.26]The name has never been changed.
[21:15.92]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
[21:19.71]you have just heard.
[21:23.10]32. Where is the lowest area of land
[21:27.78]in the Western Hemisphere?
[21:44.78]33. What’s the highest air temperature
[21:48.56]in Death Valley?
[22:05.29]34. According to the story,
[22:08.86]why did people rush to California?
[22:27.06]35. What difficulties did the group meet
[22:31.13]when they passed through Death Valley?
[22:48.54]Section C
[22:50.64]Directions: In this section,
[22:53.69]you will hear a passage three times.
[22:57.09]When the passage is read for the first time,
[23:00.25]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[23:04.37]When the passage is read for the second time,
[23:07.56]you are required to fill in the blanks numbered
[23:11.36]from 36 to 43 with the exact words
[23:16.15]you have just heard. For blanks numbered
[23:20.56]from 44 to 46 you are required to
[23:24.43]fill in the missing information.
[23:28.02]For these blanks, you can either use the exact words
[23:31.74]you have just heard or write down the main points
[23:35.96]in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read
[23:41.41]for the third time, you should check what you have written.
[23:46.51]Now listen to the passage.
[23:51.30]In some countries,
[23:52.84]certain kinds of insurance are compulsory.
[23:56.14]In others, most kinds are practically unknown.
[23:59.98]In addition, the cost of insurance
[24:02.46]and the type of coverage provided
[24:05.01]vary widely from country to country.
[24:08.31]But the basic principle of insurance
[24:10.42]remains the same, that is,
[24:12.63]to share the possible risk.
[24:15.91]Is it wise to spend money
[24:17.92]on insurance even though a claim
[24:20.01]may never be made?
[24:22.25]Is keeping a spare tire in the car
[24:24.65]a wasted investment,
[24:26.76]even if the tire is never needed?
[24:29.57]The sense of security to the car driver
[24:32.17]may make the expense of the extra tire worthwhile.
[24:36.70]While financial compensation cannot make up
[24:39.53]for certain losses, it may compensate for other losses.
[24:44.79]Much of the insurance bought
[24:46.34]by individuals falls into the categories
[24:49.32]of property, health, disability and life insurance.
[24:54.56]Property insurance is to insure against
[24:57.11]the loss of property—home, business,
[25:00.01]cars or other possessions.
[25:03.18]It is among the most common forms of
[25:05.52]risk management. Health insurance
[25:08.90]pays some medical expenses or may pay for
[25:12.36]only certain medical care.
[25:15.01]In many places, workers may receive insurance
[25:18.00]as a condition of their employment.
[25:21.19]Disability insurance provides some income
[25:24.22]if a person is injured and cannot work.
[25:27.92]Life insurance provides financial assistance
[25:31.20]to a person’s family in case of his or her death.
[25:35.72]Such insurance has enabled many families to
[25:39.33]pay off outstanding debts and carry on
[25:42.34]their routine of life after the injury or
[25:45.37]the death of their main breadwinner.
[25:49.48]Now the passage will be read again.
[25:56.73]In some countries,
[25:58.24]certain kinds of insurance are compulsory.
[26:01.53]In others, most kinds are practically unknown.
[26:05.39]In addition, the cost of insurance
[26:07.87]and the type of coverage provided
[26:10.19]vary widely from country to country.
[26:13.69]But the basic principle of insurance
[26:15.86]remains the same, that is,
[26:17.93]to share the possible risk.
[26:20.83]Is it wise to spend money
[26:23.28]on insurance even though a claim
[26:25.39]may never be made?
[26:27.61]Is keeping a spare tire in the car
[26:30.04]a wasted investment,
[26:32.12]even if the tire is never needed?
[26:35.07]The sense of security to the car driver
[26:37.44]may make the expense of the extra tire worthwhile.
[26:41.94]While financial compensation cannot make up
[26:44.84]for certain losses, it may compensate for other losses.
[26:50.18]Much of the insurance bought
[26:51.89]by individuals falls into the categories
[26:54.81]of property, health, disability and life insurance.
[26:59.94]Property insurance is to insure against
[27:02.38]the loss of property—home, business,
[27:05.32]cars or other possessions.
[27:08.50]It is among the most common forms of
[27:11.02]risk management.
[28:02.45]Health insurance
[28:03.33]pays some medical expenses or may pay for
[28:06.62]only certain medical care.
[28:09.34]In many places, workers may receive insurance
[28:12.37]as a condition of their employment.
[29:05.26]Disability insurance provides some income
[29:08.12]if a person is injured and cannot work.
[29:12.06]Life insurance provides financial assistance
[29:15.12]to a person’s family in case of his or her death.
[30:09.03]Such insurance has enabled many families to
[30:11.86]pay off outstanding debts and carry on
[30:14.88]their routine of life after the injury or
[30:17.88]the death of their main breadwinner.
[30:39.91]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[30:44.06]In some countries,
[30:45.50]certain kinds of insurance are compulsory.
[30:48.87]In others, most kinds are practically unknown.
[30:52.64]In addition, the cost of insurance
[30:55.18]and the type of coverage provided
[30:57.59]vary widely from country to country.
[31:01.11]But the basic principle of insurance
[31:03.09]remains the same, that is,
[31:05.33]to share the possible risk.
[31:08.62]Is it wise to spend money
[31:10.63]on insurance even though a claim
[31:12.68]may never be made?
[31:14.98]Is keeping a spare tire in the car
[31:17.57]a wasted investment,
[31:19.45]even if the tire is never needed?
[31:22.39]The sense of security to the car driver
[31:24.82]may make the expense of the extra tire worthwhile.
[31:29.24]While financial compensation cannot make up
[31:32.32]for certain losses, it may compensate for other losses.
[31:37.47]Much of the insurance bought
[31:39.16]by individuals falls into the categories
[31:42.10]of property, health, disability and life insurance.
[31:47.21]Property insurance is to insure against
[31:49.82]the loss of property-home, business,
[31:52.76]cars or other possessions.
[31:55.93]It is among the most common forms of
[31:58.31]risk management. Health insurance
[32:01.66]pays some medical expenses or may pay for
[32:05.14]only certain medical care.
[32:07.79]In many places, workers may receive insurance
[32:10.88]as a condition of their employment.
[32:13.47]Disability insurance provides some income
[32:16.78]if a person is injured and cannot work.
[32:20.62]Life insurance provides financial assistance
[32:23.95]to a person’s family in case of his or her death.
[32:28.60]Such insurance has enabled many families to
[32:32.10]pay off outstanding debts and carry on
[32:35.13]their routine of life after the injury or
[32:38.10]the death of their main breadwinner.
[32:41.64]This is the end of listening comprehension.
[00:13.61]Model Test Three [00:16.54]Section A [00:18.99]Directions: In this section, [00:22.95]you will hear 8 short conversations [00:25.96]and 2 long conversations. [00:29.01]At the end of each conversation, [00:32.03]one or more questions will be asked [00:34.44]about what was said. Both the conversation [00:38.51]and the questions will be spoken only once. [00:42.65]After each question there will be a pause. [00:46.87]During the pause, you must read the four choices [00:50.87]marked A), B), C) and D), [00:55.34]and decide which is the best answer. [00:59.31]Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 [01:04.55]with a single line through the centre. [01:08.61]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations. [01:13.43]11. W: Please have a seat, Mr. Johnson. [01:17.85]I received your resume last week, [01:20.67]and I was very impressed [01:22.70]by your working experiences. [01:25.42]M: Thank you! [01:27.13]Q: What’s the purpose of the man’s visit? [01:44.97]12. W: She is so selfish and nasty. [01:50.00]I really can’t see why Tom’s fallen in love with her. [01:53.92]M: Love is blind, don’t you know that? [01:57.59]Q: What can we learn from the conversation? [02:15.51]13. M: I’d like to buy a kitchen cupboard [02:20.10]for my new home. My kitchen is 4 square meters. [02:24.54]Do you have some cupboards suitable for that size? [02:28.78]W: Yes, sir. We have lots of that kind of cupboards. [02:32.48]How about this blue one? [02:35.40]Q: Where does the conversation [02:37.00]most probably take place? [02:54.44]14. W: You are so quiet today, Bob. [02:58.82]Isn’t there a baseball match? [03:01.25]Watching baseball games is [03:03.03]the only thing you do at weekends. [03:05.75]M: Leave me alone. I’m thinking about [03:08.73]my speech draft. I have [03:10.95]only a fortnight to prepare for it. [03:14.21]Q: What can we learn from the conversation? [03:32.15]15. M: You have read this book [03:35.54]for almost one week. How do you like it? [03:38.79]W: Well, as for my review of this book, [03:42.10]I’m expecting a better one. [03:44.70]Q: What is the woman’s attitude towards the book? [04:03.14]16. M: I’ve worked very hard on my study, [04:08.67]but it still seems hard for me to pass the exam. [04:12.98]W: John is an excellent English learner. [04:15.98]Why not ask him to give you some private lessons? [04:19.80]Q: What does the woman suggest the man do? [04:38.35]17. W: When I got up, [04:41.35]I found the window open and my belongings missing. [04:45.92]Then I called the police and reported the loss. [04:49.62]M: OK, I’ve taken it down. Please take it easy, [04:53.44]we’ll take care of it. [04:55.37]Q: What are the two speakers talking about? [05:13.41]18. M: It’s been very cold in the past two days. [05:18.81]W: We haven’t seen the worst of it yet. [05:21.69]More snow is forecasted for next week [05:24.85]followed by strong winds. [05:28.08]Q: What will the weather be like? [05:45.13]Now you will hear the two long conversations. [05:49.46]Conversation One [05:52.37]W: Hello, Dr. Black. [05:53.88]M: Oh, hello. Come in and sit down. What can I do for you? [05:58.51]W: I’m looking for a part-time job this semester. [06:02.08]Do you have any positions open? [06:04.76]M: Let me see... [06:06.85]W: I’m wondering about that research project [06:09.47]you mentioned last spring. [06:11.81]Do you still need a lab assistant for that? [06:14.70]M: I’d love to hire you, Susan, [06:16.97]but I just heard that my grant [06:18.74]didn’t get funded this year. [06:20.90]So I haven’t got any lab positions. [06:24.55]W: That’s too bad, but I’d be glad [06:26.89]to do something else. [06:28.90]Do you know of any other jobs? [06:31.24]M: It’s not very challenging, [06:33.44]but I do need a programmer [06:35.53]to put my past results into the computer. [06:38.55]Have you had any experience with BASIC? [06:42.23]W: I’ve done a little programming [06:44.03]in a course I took last year. [06:46.51]I’d be happy to try. [06:48.35]M: Good. I need someone about 20 hours a week. [06:52.37]The schedule is up to you. [06:54.61]I don’t care when you come in, [06:56.41]but I’d like you to put in the hours [06:58.29]by Saturday afternoon every week. [07:01.23]W: OK. And what’s the pay? [07:04.00]M: Let me see. I can give you $3.75 an hour. [07:09.37]W: All right. When to start? [07:11.50]M: If you’re free next Monday, [07:13.70]we can get started. Come at 10 [07:16.23]and I’ll show you what I need. [07:18.36]W: Fine. I’ll be here on time. [07:20.58]Thanks very much. [07:22.20]M: You’re welcome, [07:23.55]and I’m looking forward to working with you. [07:27.70]Questions 19 to 22 are based on [07:31.00]the conversation you have just heard. [07:36.23]19. What’s the purpose of the woman’s visit? [07:55.99]20. What does the man say about his research project? [08:16.67]21. What kind of job does the woman get at last? [08:37.04]22. What can we learn about the job [08:41.65]that the man offers to the woman? [08:58.93]Conversation Two [09:00.96]W: Good afternoon. My name’s Sarah. [09:03.76]M: Hello. I’m Tom—one of the welfare officers. [09:08.23]Can I help you? [09:09.65]W: Yes, I have to move out of my accommodation [09:13.09]in two weeks and I can’t find anywhere else to live. [09:17.48]M: OK. I need to know some details [09:20.53]about your current situation. [09:23.09]W: I’m an overseas student. [09:24.98]The college gave me a temporary room [09:27.80]for one month. I can’t find anywhere else [09:31.29]and I’ve no money. [09:33.49]M: Have you told the college about [09:35.29]your situation and asked them [09:37.51]to let you stay longer in your accommodation? [09:41.01]W: No, not yet. I didn’t think [09:43.85]that would be possible. [09:45.70]M: Well, we can contact [09:47.24]the accommodation service to see [09:49.30]if they can let you stay until you find an alternative. [09:53.23]W: Thank you. But I’m not sure [09:55.59]whether I can find another place, [09:58.13]as they all ask for money before moving in [10:01.20]and I don’t have any. [10:03.30]M: Yes, it’s common in this country [10:05.48]for landlords to ask for up to a month’s rent [10:08.89]in advance. Don’t you have any money at all? [10:12.56]W: Hardly any. I only have £90 left [10:16.14]and I need that for food and books. [10:19.33]M: You can apply for an emergency loan [10:22.11]from the Student Union if you want. [10:24.60]The loan can be for up to£200. [10:28.09]W: Great! But I’m still worried [10:30.46]about how to find a new accommodation. [10:33.51]M: Don’t worry. I’ll contact one or two of [10:36.47]the addresses on the notice board [10:38.51]and arrange for you to visit them, [10:41.07]and you can pay them with your loan. [10:43.46]W: Thank you very much for your help. [10:48.19]Questions 23 to 25 are based on [10:51.27]the conversation you have just heard. [10:56.17]23. What’s the woman’s problem? [11:14.99]24. What kind of help can the [11:18.51]Welfare Office offer? [11:35.73]25. Where could the student get the money? [11:55.13]Section B [11:57.54]Directions: In this section, [12:00.73]you will hear 3 short passages, [12:04.30]at the end of each passage, [12:06.39]you will hear some questions. [12:08.96]Both the passage and the questions [12:11.29]will be spoken only once. [12:14.40]After you hear a question, [12:17.19]you must choose the best answer [12:19.40]from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). [12:24.08]Then mark the corresponding letter [12:26.39]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. [12:32.48]Passage One [12:34.09]Jessica Tandy was born in London, [12:36.53]England, in 1909. Her father died [12:40.31]when she was twelve years old. [12:42.78]Her mother taught [12:44.35]and took other jobs at night [12:46.20]to make extra money for her three children. [12:50.07]Jessica’s older brothers showed an interest [12:52.56]in the theater. They would put on shows [12:55.68]in their London home. Jessica said later [12:59.30]that she was terrible among all of them. [13:02.77]But she said taking part in those plays [13:05.49]as a child inspired her desire to be someone else. [13:11.31]Jessica loved going to the theater. [13:13.80]And she loved British writer William Shakespeare. [13:17.73]Years later, she acted in many of Shakespeare’s plays, [13:22.05]with great actors like John Gauged [13:24.68]and Lawrence Olivier. This love of the theater [13:29.10]led her to attend an acting school in 1924. [13:33.61]When she was 18 years old, she performed [13:37.13]in her first play. It was called The Manderson Girls. [13:42.10]She did not earn enough money to pay for [13:44.45]the five different dresses she had to wear [13:47.19]in the play. She solved the problem [13:49.79]by sewing them herself. [13:52.85]Jessica Tandy probably is best known [13:55.57]for winning an Academy Award in 1989 [13:59.28]for the movie Driving Miss Daisy. [14:02.44]She was the oldest person to [14:04.14]have won the award. But for many years, [14:07.36]she had received praise for [14:09.61]her great performances. [14:12.21]Most of her performances were [14:13.86]in the United States, [14:15.85]although she did not become [14:17.57]an American citizen until 1954. [14:23.85]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage [14:28.20]you have just heard. [14:31.77]26. When did Jessica Tandy born? [14:51.82]27. How did Jessica Tandy solve the dress problem [14:56.77]in her first play The Manderson Girls? [15:14.98]28. What can we learn from the passage? [15:34.55]Passage Two [15:36.24]Stress affects everybody every day. [15:39.70]It’s your body’s reaction to physical, [15:42.34]chemical, emotional or environmental influences. [15:47.11]Some stress is unavoidable [15:49.39]and may even be good for us. [15:51.99]Stress can keep our bodies and minds strong. [15:56.12]It gives us the push we need [15:58.17]to react to an urgent situation. [16:01.34]Some people say it makes them more productive [16:04.53]at work and gives them more energy. [16:08.29]Too much stress, however, can be harmful. [16:12.18]It may make an existing health problem worse. [16:15.73]Or it can lead to other illnesses [16:18.88]if a person is at risk for the condition. [16:21.71]Mental and health experts believe [16:25.38]personality is an important part [16:27.66]in how we experience stress. [16:31.19]Personality is the way a person acts, [16:34.08]feels and thinks. Many things influence [16:37.90]the development of a person’s personality, [16:41.34]including gene and experiences. [16:44.62]Some people, for example, are aggressive [16:48.12]and always in a hurry. They often become angry [16:52.44]when things do not happen the way they planned. [16:56.11]They are called “Type A” personalities. [16:59.98]Studies suggest that these people [17:02.17]often get stress-related illnesses. [17:06.06]The “Type B” personality is [17:08.39]a much more calm person. [17:10.74]These people are able to deal with [17:13.22]all kinds of situations more easily. [17:16.78]As a result, they are less affected by stress. [17:21.08]Studies show that men and women [17:23.65]deal with stress differently. [17:26.37]Women usually have stronger social support systems [17:30.34]to help them in times of trouble. [17:33.18]These social supports may explain [17:35.77]why many women seem to be better able [17:38.70]to deal with stress than men. [17:41.48]However, experts say women are [17:43.92]three times more likely to develop depression [17:47.14]in reaction to the stress in their lives. [17:51.69]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage [17:55.52]you have just heard. [17:59.44]29. What can we learn from the passage? [18:19.56]30. What does the speaker say [18:22.46]about the development of personality? [18:40.46]31. Why do women seem to be able to [18:44.41]deal with stress better than men? [19:02.37]Passage Three [19:04.19]Death Valley is a land of beautiful [19:06.79]yet dangerous extremes. There are mountains [19:10.55]that reach more than 3 000 meters into the sky. [19:15.31]There is a place called Badwater [19:17.55]that is the lowest area of land [19:19.73]in the Western Hemisphere. [19:22.11]If there were water there, [19:23.91]it would be 86 meters below [19:26.48]the level of the ocean. [19:28.82]Death Valley can be dangerously cold [19:31.74]during the winter months. [19:33.91]Storms in the mountains can produce [19:36.16]sudden flood on the floor of the Valley. [19:39.39]The air temperature during the summer [19:42.20]has been as high as 57°C. [19:46.78]The sun can heat the ground [19:48.77]so that the temperature of [19:50.25]the rocks and soil can be as high as 74°C. [19:56.44]The area was named by a woman in 1849. [20:00.78]That was the year after gold was discovered [20:03.64]in California. Thousands of people from [20:06.81]other parts of the country traveled to [20:09.33]the gold mining areas in California. [20:12.81]They were in a hurry to get there [20:15.24]before other people did. [20:17.75]Many people were not careful. [20:20.38]They made bad choices or wrong decisions. [20:24.61]One group trying to reach California decided to [20:28.28]take a path called the “Old Spanish Trail”. [20:31.90]By December, they had reached Death Valley. [20:35.40]They did not have to survive [20:37.93]the terrible heat of summer, [20:40.00]but there was still an extreme lack of water. [20:44.06]There were few plants for their work animals to eat. [20:47.78]The people could not find a pass [20:50.10]through the tall mountains to the west of the Valley. [20:53.60]Gradually, they began to suffer from a lack of food. [20:57.89]To survive, they killed their work animals [21:01.32]for food and began to walk out of the Valley. [21:05.38]As they left, one woman looked back [21:08.05]and said:“Goodbye, death valley.” [21:11.26]The name has never been changed. [21:15.92]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage [21:19.71]you have just heard. [21:23.10]32. Where is the lowest area of land [21:27.78]in the Western Hemisphere? [21:44.78]33. What’s the highest air temperature [21:48.56]in Death Valley? [22:05.29]34. According to the story, [22:08.86]why did people rush to California? [22:27.06]35. What difficulties did the group meet [22:31.13]when they passed through Death Valley? [22:48.54]Section C [22:50.64]Directions: In this section, [22:53.69]you will hear a passage three times. [22:57.09]When the passage is read for the first time, [23:00.25]you should listen carefully for its general idea. [23:04.37]When the passage is read for the second time, [23:07.56]you are required to fill in the blanks numbered [23:11.36]from 36 to 43 with the exact words [23:16.15]you have just heard. For blanks numbered [23:20.56]from 44 to 46 you are required to [23:24.43]fill in the missing information. [23:28.02]For these blanks, you can either use the exact words [23:31.74]you have just heard or write down the main points [23:35.96]in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read [23:41.41]for the third time, you should check what you have written. [23:46.51]Now listen to the passage. [23:51.30]In some countries, [23:52.84]certain kinds of insurance are compulsory. [23:56.14]In others, most kinds are practically unknown. [23:59.98]In addition, the cost of insurance [24:02.46]and the type of coverage provided [24:05.01]vary widely from country to country. [24:08.31]But the basic principle of insurance [24:10.42]remains the same, that is, [24:12.63]to share the possible risk. [24:15.91]Is it wise to spend money [24:17.92]on insurance even though a claim [24:20.01]may never be made? [24:22.25]Is keeping a spare tire in the car [24:24.65]a wasted investment, [24:26.76]even if the tire is never needed? [24:29.57]The sense of security to the car driver [24:32.17]may make the expense of the extra tire worthwhile. [24:36.70]While financial compensation cannot make up [24:39.53]for certain losses, it may compensate for other losses. [24:44.79]Much of the insurance bought [24:46.34]by individuals falls into the categories [24:49.32]of property, health, disability and life insurance. [24:54.56]Property insurance is to insure against [24:57.11]the loss of property—home, business, [25:00.01]cars or other possessions. [25:03.18]It is among the most common forms of [25:05.52]risk management. Health insurance [25:08.90]pays some medical expenses or may pay for [25:12.36]only certain medical care. [25:15.01]In many places, workers may receive insurance [25:18.00]as a condition of their employment. [25:21.19]Disability insurance provides some income [25:24.22]if a person is injured and cannot work. [25:27.92]Life insurance provides financial assistance [25:31.20]to a person’s family in case of his or her death. [25:35.72]Such insurance has enabled many families to [25:39.33]pay off outstanding debts and carry on [25:42.34]their routine of life after the injury or [25:45.37]the death of their main breadwinner. [25:49.48]Now the passage will be read again. [25:56.73]In some countries, [25:58.24]certain kinds of insurance are compulsory. [26:01.53]In others, most kinds are practically unknown. [26:05.39]In addition, the cost of insurance [26:07.87]and the type of coverage provided [26:10.19]vary widely from country to country. [26:13.69]But the basic principle of insurance [26:15.86]remains the same, that is, [26:17.93]to share the possible risk. [26:20.83]Is it wise to spend money [26:23.28]on insurance even though a claim [26:25.39]may never be made? [26:27.61]Is keeping a spare tire in the car [26:30.04]a wasted investment, [26:32.12]even if the tire is never needed? [26:35.07]The sense of security to the car driver [26:37.44]may make the expense of the extra tire worthwhile. [26:41.94]While financial compensation cannot make up [26:44.84]for certain losses, it may compensate for other losses. [26:50.18]Much of the insurance bought [26:51.89]by individuals falls into the categories [26:54.81]of property, health, disability and life insurance. [26:59.94]Property insurance is to insure against [27:02.38]the loss of property—home, business, [27:05.32]cars or other possessions. [27:08.50]It is among the most common forms of [27:11.02]risk management. [28:02.45]Health insurance [28:03.33]pays some medical expenses or may pay for [28:06.62]only certain medical care. [28:09.34]In many places, workers may receive insurance [28:12.37]as a condition of their employment. [29:05.26]Disability insurance provides some income [29:08.12]if a person is injured and cannot work. [29:12.06]Life insurance provides financial assistance [29:15.12]to a person’s family in case of his or her death. [30:09.03]Such insurance has enabled many families to [30:11.86]pay off outstanding debts and carry on [30:14.88]their routine of life after the injury or [30:17.88]the death of their main breadwinner. [30:39.91]Now the passage will be read for the third time. [30:44.06]In some countries, [30:45.50]certain kinds of insurance are compulsory. [30:48.87]In others, most kinds are practically unknown. [30:52.64]In addition, the cost of insurance [30:55.18]and the type of coverage provided [30:57.59]vary widely from country to country. [31:01.11]But the basic principle of insurance [31:03.09]remains the same, that is, [31:05.33]to share the possible risk. [31:08.62]Is it wise to spend money [31:10.63]on insurance even though a claim [31:12.68]may never be made? [31:14.98]Is keeping a spare tire in the car [31:17.57]a wasted investment, [31:19.45]even if the tire is never needed? [31:22.39]The sense of security to the car driver [31:24.82]may make the expense of the extra tire worthwhile. [31:29.24]While financial compensation cannot make up [31:32.32]for certain losses, it may compensate for other losses. [31:37.47]Much of the insurance bought [31:39.16]by individuals falls into the categories [31:42.10]of property, health, disability and life insurance. [31:47.21]Property insurance is to insure against [31:49.82]the loss of property-home, business, [31:52.76]cars or other possessions. [31:55.93]It is among the most common forms of [31:58.31]risk management. Health insurance [32:01.66]pays some medical expenses or may pay for [32:05.14]only certain medical care. [32:07.79]In many places, workers may receive insurance [32:10.88]as a condition of their employment. [32:13.47]Disability insurance provides some income [32:16.78]if a person is injured and cannot work. [32:20.62]Life insurance provides financial assistance [32:23.95]to a person’s family in case of his or her death. [32:28.60]Such insurance has enabled many families to [32:32.10]pay off outstanding debts and carry on [32:35.13]their routine of life after the injury or [32:38.10]the death of their main breadwinner. [32:41.64]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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