大学英语4级考试精准听力法 Model Test Two

韩萱 2011-10-21 3389 阅读
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[00:15.13]Model Test Two
[00:18.86]Section A
[00:21.52]Directions: In this section,
[00:25.25]you will hear 8 short conversations
[00:28.37]and 2 long conversations.
[00:31.55]At the end of each conversation,
[00:34.42]one or more questions will be asked
[00:36.89]about what was said.
[00:39.54]Both the conversation and the questions
[00:42.06] will be spoken only once.
[00:45.24]After each question there will be a pause.
[00:49.51]During the pause,
[00:50.84]you must read the four choices
[00:53.24]marked A), B), C) and D),
[00:57.58]and decide which is the best answer.
[01:01.64]Then mark the corresponding letter
[01:04.18]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line
[01:08.21]through the centre.
[01:10.90]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations.
[01:15.33]11. M: Could you turn the TV down, Mary?
[01:21.01]I’m studying for my exam.
[01:23.71]W: Sorry, it’s not me.
[01:26.23]There’s a quarrel next door.
[01:28.54]Q: What does the woman mean?
[01:45.62]12. M: I like these antiques very much,
[01:50.94]but they are quite expensive to me.
[01:54.67]W: They are $15 each or $150 a dozen
[02:00.38]if you want that many.
[02:01.81]Actually that’s not very expensive.
[02:05.59]Q: How much do two antiques cost?
[02:24.11]13. M: Mary, you often read this kind of magazine.
[02:29.90]How much does it cost?
[02:32.39]W: Well, actually I don’t know
[02:34.90]because I have subscribed to it.
[02:37.79]Though each issue comes a few days later,
[02:40.87]it costs about 20% less overall.
[02:44.92]Q: Why did the woman subscribe to the journal?
[03:03.45]14. M: When did you arrive?
[03:07.03]W: The train was scheduled at 10:50,
[03:09.94] but it delayed for 2 hours.
[03:13.05]Q: When did the woman arrive?
[03:30.35]15. M: I wish my pants were longer.
[03:35.43]W: Yes, pity you had it cut.
[03:38.13]If only you’d listened to me.
[03:40.98]Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
[03:58.98]16. M: Can you stop by the supermarket
[04:03.51]and get me some apples?
[04:05.61]W: Sorry, I’m not going to stop
[04:07.94]by the supermarket,
[04:09.65]but I can get you some from the grocery store
[04:12.66]across the street after I go to the barber’s.
[04:16.49]Q: Where does the woman plan to go first?
[04:34.66]17. M: Do you like your new apartment?
[04:38.81]W: Well, it’s quite nice really,
[04:41.41]although it would take me a long time
[04:44.36]to get used to such a small place.
[04:47.27]Q: What can we learn from the conversation?
[05:05.74]18. W: Have you prepared for the French exam?
[05:10.11]M: Not yet. I’ve been so busy preparing for
[05:13.80]the New Year’s Eve party! I still have to
[05:16.61]put up the posters and get something to
[05:19.27]decorate the hall.
[05:21.35]Q: Why is the man so busy?
[05:38.64]Now you will hear the two long conversations.
[05:42.82]Conversation One
[05:45.06]W: Hey, is that Bob? It’s Lee here.
[05:48.27]M: Yeah, what’s up, Lee?
[05:50.87]W: I have some questions to ask you
[05:53.11]about outdoor activities. Can you
[05:55.55]spare a few minutes, please?
[05:57.72]M: No problem. Go ahead.
[05:59.93]W: My first question is what it is called
[06:04.06] when you go and sleep in tents outdoors.
[06:07.21]M: We call that camping.
[06:09.73]When we go sleep in the forest
[06:11.53]or in the mountains without tents,
[06:13.92]we call that sleeping under the stars.
[06:17.33]Some people have large trucks with
[06:19.89]all the comforts of home
[06:21.49]and we call those RVs.
[06:24.90]W: OK, what do your guys normally eat
[06:28.35]when you go camping?
[06:30.17]M: Most of the time we eat simple food
[06:32.75]like hotdogs and hamburgers.
[06:35.62]W: Where do you usually go camping?
[06:38.72]M: I usually go to places where
[06:40.85]there are no other people
[06:42.73]and set up camp there,
[06:44.64]such as lakes and rivers.
[06:46.93]And I like fishing and boating there.
[06:50.08]W: What are some other activities people like
[06:52.68]to do when they go camping?
[06:54.88]M: Some people like to climb mountains.
[06:57.62]Other people go hunting.
[06:59.78]Some people just like to read books by a river,
[07:02.93]for it’s very relaxing.
[07:05.32]W: Wow, sounds interesting!
[07:07.93]Thank you so much, Bob.
[07:09.77]M: With pleasure! Bye!
[07:13.28]Questions 19 to 21 are based on
[07:16.55]the conversationyou have just heard.
[07:20.50]19. What are the two speakers
[07:23.99]mainly talking about?
[07:41.02]20. According to the conversation,
[07:44.47]what are RVs?
[08:02.42]21. What can we learn about the man
[08:06.34]from the conversation?
[08:23.38]Conversation Two
[08:26.34]M: What’s on the TV this evening?
[08:28.74]I feel like relaxing.
[08:31.93]W: Why ask me about that?
[08:34.01]You know I never watch it.
[08:36.26]M: Too busy with the latest hobby, aren’t you?
[08:39.55]What is it this time, knitting socks
[08:42.33]for your nephews? Or collecting buttons?
[08:45.77]I wish I had as much free time as you do.
[08:48.81]W: Men! As a matter of fact,
[08:51.50]you probably have more time than I do.
[08:54.69]But you waste all your time watching TV.
[08:58.84]M: That’s not a waste of time.
[09:00.84]I’ve got to rest sometimes.
[09:03.37]W: Sometimes, maybe, but not all the time.
[09:06.78]And anyway, I relax with my hobbies.
[09:10.63]M: Well, watching TV is my hobby,
[09:13.90]and I learn a lot from it.
[09:16.20]W: But it doesn’t teach you to do anything,
[09:18.64]does it? You just sit there and stare at it.
[09:22.51]M: But I do learn. There are lots of
[09:25.07]educational programs.
[09:27.60]W: But have you ever watched them?
[09:29.62] Whenever an educational program is on,
[09:33.13]you either switch over to the other channel
[09:35.97]or go to sleep.
[09:37.52]M: When I come home from work,
[09:39.45]I need to put my feet up, at least for a while.
[09:43.41]Life is not all work, you know.
[09:46.35]W: Hobbies aren’t work. I like putting my feet up
[09:49.52]at the end of the day, too, but I like doing things
[09:52.92]while I rest. Life is too short for us to waste.
[09:57.42]M: Mary dear, as I’ve said many times,
[10:01.24]we are different.
[10:04.41]W: I know, dear, we are different.
[10:06.86]But you are wasting your talents.
[10:09.60]If only you organized your time better,
[10:12.16]there’s so much you could do.
[10:16.89]Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation
[10:21.23]you have just heard.
[10:24.48]22. What are the two speakers mainly talking about?
[10:45.53]23. What’s the woman’s attitude towards watching TV?
[11:06.57]24. What does the man think of educational programs?
[11:27.61]25. What’s the most probable relationship
[11:31.90]between the two speakers?
[11:49.08]Section B
[11:51.25]Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages,
[11:58.23]at the end of each passage, you will hear some questions.
[12:02.47]Both the passage and question will be spoken only once.
[12:08.29]After you hear a question,
[12:10.92]you must choose the best answer from the four choices
[12:14.61]marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter
[12:20.20]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
[12:25.72]Passage One
[12:27.76]Even a small reduction of salt in the diet
[12:31.08]can be a big help to the heart.
[12:33.86] A new study used a computer model
[12:36.20]to predict how just three grams less a day
[12:40.08]would affect heart disease in the United States.
[12:43.94] Researchers found it could prevent
[12:45.90]100 000 heart attacks
[12:48.70]and 92 000 deaths every year.
[12:52.96]The study is published
[12:54.25]in the New England Journal of Medicine.
[12:56.74]Kirsten Bibbins Domingo at the University of California,
[13:00.65]San Francisco was the lead author.
[13:04.13]She says people would not even notice
[13:06.56]a difference in taste with three grams,
[13:09.45]or one-half teaspoon less salt per day.
[13:13.64]The team also included researchers
[13:16.12]from Stanford and Columbia University.
[13:20.33]The government says the average American man
[13:23.11]eats ten grams of salt a day.
[13:26.48]The American Heart Association advises
[13:29.44]no more than three grams for healthy people.
[13:33.29]It says salt in the American diet has been
[13:36.33]twice as much as that of the 1970s,
[13:39.98]while blood pressures have also risen.
[13:42.73] Less salt can mean a lower blood pressure.
[13:47.07]New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg
[13:49.39] is leading an effort called
[13:51.61]the National Salt Reduction Initiative.
[13:55.24]The idea is to put pressure
[13:57.10]on food companies and restaurants.
[14:00.05]Critics call it government interference.
[14:04.34]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage
[14:08.77] you have just heard.
[14:12.81]26. How many heart attacks can be prevented
[14:18.05]by reducing salt three grams a day in the diet?
[14:37.09]27. Which university is NOT involved in the study?
[14:58.83]28. What can be inferred from the passage?
[15:19.02]Passage Two
[15:22.02]Sports fans all over the world recognize
[15:24.90]the name of Michael Jordan.
[15:27.45]From Taiwan to Tennessee,
[15:29.60]kids wear clothes with his picture on them.
[15:32.92]And Air Jordan athletic shoes all reflect
[15:36.06]the fame of this superstar. Michael Jordan
[15:39.69]has become the most famous attraction of
[15:42.17]the world’s favorite sport.
[15:44.81]Michael Jordan was born in 1963
[15:47.84]in Brooklyn, New York. As a little boy,
[15:51.48]Michael was not like a future superstar.
[15:54.72]He was very shy and did not like to
[15:57.45]talk with other people about himself.
[16:00.80]He was also very short. He showed little promise
[16:05.12]of having a future career in basketball.
[16:08.80]When he tried out for the freshman team
[16:11.18]in high school, Michael didn’t make it.
[16:14.68]The next year, however, after a growth spurt,
[16:17.78]he made the team. The rest is history.
[16:22.62]Michael’s road to fame began
[16:24.61]at the University of North Carolina.
[16:27.79]He used his quickness and strength
[16:29.83] to reach the basket again and again,
[16:32.90]and because of this he became very famous.
[16:37.04]Basketball fans from all over the world
[16:39.72]began to take notice. One reporter wrote that
[16:43.78]when Michael went up to shoot the basket,
[16:46.66]it looked like he could fly.
[16:49.46]That’s why he was given the nickname “Air Jordan”.
[16:55.65]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage
[16:59.92]you have just heard.
[17:02.69]29. When and where was Michael Jordan born?
[17:22.45]30. What do we learn about Michael Jordan?
[17:41.95]31. Why is Michael Jordan called “Air Jordan”?
[18:02.30]Passage Three
[18:03.99]Scientists studying the bottom of the ocean
[18:06.71]in the South Pacific say they have found
[18:09.40]the largest group of active volcanoes on Earth.
[18:13.92] The scientists discovered more than 1 100 volcanoes
[18:18.39]in the area. Two devices were used in the research
[18:22.59]that sent sound waves toward the bottom of the ocean.
[18:27.03]The devices received signals sent back
[18:29.85]from the ocean floor. The equipment was also able to
[18:34.17]tell which volcanoes had exploded recently.
[18:38.13]It’s said that more than 100 of the volcanoes
[18:41.77]may have exploded in the last few hundred years.
[18:46.14]One volcano may be exploding now.
[18:50.05]Scientists say that the discovery shows
[18:53.20]how little they know about the ocean.
[18:56.35]They say no more than 5% of the sea bottom
[18:59.95] has been mapped in detail.
[19:02.64]Much more is known about the moon
[19:05.12]than about the bottom of the ocean.
[19:07.72]Scientists have known, however,
[19:09.55]that there are much more volcanic activities
[19:12.47]on the bottom of the ocean than in land.
[19:15.93]The discovery is likely to increase debate
[19:19.91]about what will happen when volcanic activities
[19:23.47]pour huge amounts of heat into the ocean.
[19:27.57]Some scientists believe that this could
[19:30.09]change water temperatures enough to affect weather
[19:33.58]in the Pacific Ocean. They want to find out
[19:37.32]if periods of extreme volcanic activities underwater
[19:41.51]could cause the weather condition called El Nino.
[19:45.73]El Nino changes weather around much of the world
[19:49.07]every 4 to 7 years.
[19:54.17]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage
[19:58.22]you have just heard.
[20:01.23]32. How many volcanoes did the scientists discover
[20:07.09] in the South Pacific?
[20:23.85]33. Which one is better-researched, the moon
[20:29.01]or the bottom of the ocean?
[20:45.99]34. What will happen when volcanic activities
[20:50.82]pour huge amounts of heat into the Pacific Ocean?
[21:09.75]35. What can we learn about El Nino?
[21:29.80] Section C
[21:31.64]Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times.
[21:38.06]When the passage is read for the first time,
[21:41.57]you should listen carefully for its general idea.
[21:45.53]When the passage is read for the second time,
[21:49.13]you are required to fill in the blanks numbered
[21:52.66]from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard.
[21:59.71]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required
[22:05.56]to fill in the missing information. For these blanks,
[22:10.61]you can either use the exact words you have just heard
[22:14.99]or write down the main points in your own words.
[22:19.88]Finally, when the passage is read for the third time,
[22:24.52]you should check what you have written.
[22:27.77]Now listen to the passage.
[22:31.56]To get a driver’s license, you must take a series of tests.
[22:36.49]The first test is the vision test. It checks your eyes
[22:40.85] to see if you have to wear glasses when you drive.
[22:44.70]The second test is a written test that checks
[22:47.69] your knowledge of highway and traffic regulations.
[22:51.57] You can prepare for this test by studying a booklet
[22:55.76]that you can get at the driver’s license office.
[22:59.56]After you pass this test, you receive an instruction permit.
[23:04.85]This permit allows you to practice driving
[23:07.65]with an experienced driver. The last test you have to take is
[23:12.90] a road test. This checks your driving ability.
[23:17.83]If you pass it, you will get your driver’s license.
[23:22.09]When you go to the driver’s license office
[23:25.00]to take the road test, you must provide your own vehicle.
[23:29.95] First, the license examiner checks
[23:32.23]the mechanical condition of your car.
[23:35.24]Then, the examiner gets into the car with you
[23:38.76]and asks you to drive in regular traffic.
[23:42.97]While you are driving, the examiner tests you
[23:46.39]for such things as starting, stopping, turning,
[23:50.45]backing up and parking. If you can’t control the car properly,
[23:55.76] or if you violate a traffic regulation
[23:59.18]while you are taking the test, you fail the examination.
[24:04.27] You will have to practice driving more
[24:06.75]until you take the road test again and pass it.
[24:12.16]Now the passage will be read again.
[24:17.07]To get a driver’s license, you must take a series of tests.
[24:22.01]The first test is the vision test. It checks your eyes to see
[24:26.83]if you have to wear glasses when you drive.
[24:29.98]The second test is a written test that checks
[24:33.28]your knowledge of highway and traffic regulations.
[24:37.48]You can prepare for this test by studying a booklet
[24:41.32]that you can get at the driver’s license office.
[24:45.22]After you pass this test, you receive an instruction permit.
[24:50.19]This permit allows you to practice driving
[24:53.08]with an experienced driver. The last test you have to take
[24:57.99]is a road test. This checks your driving ability.
[25:03.14] If you pass it, you will get your driver’s license.
[25:07.72]When you go to the driver’s license office
[25:10.52]to take the road test, you must provide your own vehicle.
[25:15.46]First, the license examiner checks
[25:17.74]the mechanical condition of your car.
[26:10.51]Then, the examiner gets into the car with you
[26:13.65]and asks you to drive in regular traffic.
[26:17.97]While you are driving, the examiner tests you
[26:21.26]for such things as starting, stopping, turning, backing up
[26:26.18]and parking.
[27:17.48]If you can’t control the car properly,
[27:20.03]or if you violate a traffic regulation
[27:23.06]while you are taking the test,
[27:25.38]you fail the examination. You will have to
[27:29.21]practice driving more until
[27:31.40]you take the road test again and pass it.

[28:24.61]Now the passage will be read for the third time.
[28:29.46]To get a driver’s license,
[28:31.22]you must take a series of tests.
[28:34.42]The first test is the vision test.
[28:37.43] It checks your eyes to see
[28:39.26]if you have to wear glasses
[28:40.96]when you drive. The second test is a written test
[28:44.99]that checks your knowledge of highway
[28:47.18]and traffic regulations. You can prepare for this test
[28:52.04]by studying a booklet that you can get
[28:54.67]at the driver’s license office.
[28:57.57]After you pass this test,
[28:59.52] you receive an instruction permit.
[29:02.38]This permit allows you to practice driving
[29:05.54]with an experienced driver. The last test
[29:09.25]you have to take is a road test.
[29:12.35]This checks your driving ability.
[29:16.01]If you pass it, you will get your driver’s license.
[29:20.27]When you go to the driver’s license office
[29:22.87]to take the road test, you must provide your own vehicle.
[29:27.86]First, the license examiner checks
[29:30.13]the mechanical condition of your car.
[29:33.17]Then, the examiner gets into the car with you
[29:36.61]and asks you to drive in regular traffic.
[29:40.49]While you are driving, the examiner tests you
[29:44.27]for such things as starting, stopping, turning,
[29:48.27]backing up and parking.
[29:51.15]If you can’t control the car properly,
[29:53.92]or if you violate a traffic regulation
[29:56.96]while you are taking the test, you fail the examination.
[30:02.18]You will have to practice driving more until
[30:05.05]you take the road test again and pass it.
[30:09.33]This is the end of listening comprehension.
[00:15.13]Model Test Two [00:18.86]Section A [00:21.52]Directions: In this section, [00:25.25]you will hear 8 short conversations [00:28.37]and 2 long conversations. [00:31.55]At the end of each conversation, [00:34.42]one or more questions will be asked [00:36.89]about what was said. [00:39.54]Both the conversation and the questions [00:42.06] will be spoken only once. [00:45.24]After each question there will be a pause. [00:49.51]During the pause, [00:50.84]you must read the four choices [00:53.24]marked A), B), C) and D), [00:57.58]and decide which is the best answer. [01:01.64]Then mark the corresponding letter [01:04.18]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line [01:08.21]through the centre. [01:10.90]Now let's begin with the eight short conversations. [01:15.33]11. M: Could you turn the TV down, Mary? [01:21.01]I’m studying for my exam. [01:23.71]W: Sorry, it’s not me. [01:26.23]There’s a quarrel next door. [01:28.54]Q: What does the woman mean? [01:45.62]12. M: I like these antiques very much, [01:50.94]but they are quite expensive to me. [01:54.67]W: They are $15 each or $150 a dozen [02:00.38]if you want that many. [02:01.81]Actually that’s not very expensive. [02:05.59]Q: How much do two antiques cost? [02:24.11]13. M: Mary, you often read this kind of magazine. [02:29.90]How much does it cost? [02:32.39]W: Well, actually I don’t know [02:34.90]because I have subscribed to it. [02:37.79]Though each issue comes a few days later, [02:40.87]it costs about 20% less overall. [02:44.92]Q: Why did the woman subscribe to the journal? [03:03.45]14. M: When did you arrive? [03:07.03]W: The train was scheduled at 10:50, [03:09.94] but it delayed for 2 hours. [03:13.05]Q: When did the woman arrive? [03:30.35]15. M: I wish my pants were longer. [03:35.43]W: Yes, pity you had it cut. [03:38.13]If only you’d listened to me. [03:40.98]Q: What can we learn from the conversation? [03:58.98]16. M: Can you stop by the supermarket [04:03.51]and get me some apples? [04:05.61]W: Sorry, I’m not going to stop [04:07.94]by the supermarket, [04:09.65]but I can get you some from the grocery store [04:12.66]across the street after I go to the barber’s. [04:16.49]Q: Where does the woman plan to go first? [04:34.66]17. M: Do you like your new apartment? [04:38.81]W: Well, it’s quite nice really, [04:41.41]although it would take me a long time [04:44.36]to get used to such a small place. [04:47.27]Q: What can we learn from the conversation? [05:05.74]18. W: Have you prepared for the French exam? [05:10.11]M: Not yet. I’ve been so busy preparing for [05:13.80]the New Year’s Eve party! I still have to [05:16.61]put up the posters and get something to [05:19.27]decorate the hall. [05:21.35]Q: Why is the man so busy? [05:38.64]Now you will hear the two long conversations. [05:42.82]Conversation One [05:45.06]W: Hey, is that Bob? It’s Lee here. [05:48.27]M: Yeah, what’s up, Lee? [05:50.87]W: I have some questions to ask you [05:53.11]about outdoor activities. Can you [05:55.55]spare a few minutes, please? [05:57.72]M: No problem. Go ahead. [05:59.93]W: My first question is what it is called [06:04.06] when you go and sleep in tents outdoors. [06:07.21]M: We call that camping. [06:09.73]When we go sleep in the forest [06:11.53]or in the mountains without tents, [06:13.92]we call that sleeping under the stars. [06:17.33]Some people have large trucks with [06:19.89]all the comforts of home [06:21.49]and we call those RVs. [06:24.90]W: OK, what do your guys normally eat [06:28.35]when you go camping? [06:30.17]M: Most of the time we eat simple food [06:32.75]like hotdogs and hamburgers. [06:35.62]W: Where do you usually go camping? [06:38.72]M: I usually go to places where [06:40.85]there are no other people [06:42.73]and set up camp there, [06:44.64]such as lakes and rivers. [06:46.93]And I like fishing and boating there. [06:50.08]W: What are some other activities people like [06:52.68]to do when they go camping? [06:54.88]M: Some people like to climb mountains. [06:57.62]Other people go hunting. [06:59.78]Some people just like to read books by a river, [07:02.93]for it’s very relaxing. [07:05.32]W: Wow, sounds interesting! [07:07.93]Thank you so much, Bob. [07:09.77]M: With pleasure! Bye! [07:13.28]Questions 19 to 21 are based on [07:16.55]the conversationyou have just heard. [07:20.50]19. What are the two speakers [07:23.99]mainly talking about? [07:41.02]20. According to the conversation, [07:44.47]what are RVs? [08:02.42]21. What can we learn about the man [08:06.34]from the conversation? [08:23.38]Conversation Two [08:26.34]M: What’s on the TV this evening? [08:28.74]I feel like relaxing. [08:31.93]W: Why ask me about that? [08:34.01]You know I never watch it. [08:36.26]M: Too busy with the latest hobby, aren’t you? [08:39.55]What is it this time, knitting socks [08:42.33]for your nephews? Or collecting buttons? [08:45.77]I wish I had as much free time as you do. [08:48.81]W: Men! As a matter of fact, [08:51.50]you probably have more time than I do. [08:54.69]But you waste all your time watching TV. [08:58.84]M: That’s not a waste of time. [09:00.84]I’ve got to rest sometimes. [09:03.37]W: Sometimes, maybe, but not all the time. [09:06.78]And anyway, I relax with my hobbies. [09:10.63]M: Well, watching TV is my hobby, [09:13.90]and I learn a lot from it. [09:16.20]W: But it doesn’t teach you to do anything, [09:18.64]does it? You just sit there and stare at it. [09:22.51]M: But I do learn. There are lots of [09:25.07]educational programs. [09:27.60]W: But have you ever watched them? [09:29.62] Whenever an educational program is on, [09:33.13]you either switch over to the other channel [09:35.97]or go to sleep. [09:37.52]M: When I come home from work, [09:39.45]I need to put my feet up, at least for a while. [09:43.41]Life is not all work, you know. [09:46.35]W: Hobbies aren’t work. I like putting my feet up [09:49.52]at the end of the day, too, but I like doing things [09:52.92]while I rest. Life is too short for us to waste. [09:57.42]M: Mary dear, as I’ve said many times, [10:01.24]we are different. [10:04.41]W: I know, dear, we are different. [10:06.86]But you are wasting your talents. [10:09.60]If only you organized your time better, [10:12.16]there’s so much you could do. [10:16.89]Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation [10:21.23]you have just heard. [10:24.48]22. What are the two speakers mainly talking about? [10:45.53]23. What’s the woman’s attitude towards watching TV? [11:06.57]24. What does the man think of educational programs? [11:27.61]25. What’s the most probable relationship [11:31.90]between the two speakers? [11:49.08]Section B [11:51.25]Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages, [11:58.23]at the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. [12:02.47]Both the passage and question will be spoken only once. [12:08.29]After you hear a question, [12:10.92]you must choose the best answer from the four choices [12:14.61]marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter [12:20.20]on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. [12:25.72]Passage One [12:27.76]Even a small reduction of salt in the diet [12:31.08]can be a big help to the heart. [12:33.86] A new study used a computer model [12:36.20]to predict how just three grams less a day [12:40.08]would affect heart disease in the United States. [12:43.94] Researchers found it could prevent [12:45.90]100 000 heart attacks [12:48.70]and 92 000 deaths every year. [12:52.96]The study is published [12:54.25]in the New England Journal of Medicine. [12:56.74]Kirsten Bibbins Domingo at the University of California, [13:00.65]San Francisco was the lead author. [13:04.13]She says people would not even notice [13:06.56]a difference in taste with three grams, [13:09.45]or one-half teaspoon less salt per day. [13:13.64]The team also included researchers [13:16.12]from Stanford and Columbia University. [13:20.33]The government says the average American man [13:23.11]eats ten grams of salt a day. [13:26.48]The American Heart Association advises [13:29.44]no more than three grams for healthy people. [13:33.29]It says salt in the American diet has been [13:36.33]twice as much as that of the 1970s, [13:39.98]while blood pressures have also risen. [13:42.73] Less salt can mean a lower blood pressure. [13:47.07]New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg [13:49.39] is leading an effort called [13:51.61]the National Salt Reduction Initiative. [13:55.24]The idea is to put pressure [13:57.10]on food companies and restaurants. [14:00.05]Critics call it government interference. [14:04.34]Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage [14:08.77] you have just heard. [14:12.81]26. How many heart attacks can be prevented [14:18.05]by reducing salt three grams a day in the diet? [14:37.09]27. Which university is NOT involved in the study? [14:58.83]28. What can be inferred from the passage? [15:19.02]Passage Two [15:22.02]Sports fans all over the world recognize [15:24.90]the name of Michael Jordan. [15:27.45]From Taiwan to Tennessee, [15:29.60]kids wear clothes with his picture on them. [15:32.92]And Air Jordan athletic shoes all reflect [15:36.06]the fame of this superstar. Michael Jordan [15:39.69]has become the most famous attraction of [15:42.17]the world’s favorite sport. [15:44.81]Michael Jordan was born in 1963 [15:47.84]in Brooklyn, New York. As a little boy, [15:51.48]Michael was not like a future superstar. [15:54.72]He was very shy and did not like to [15:57.45]talk with other people about himself. [16:00.80]He was also very short. He showed little promise [16:05.12]of having a future career in basketball. [16:08.80]When he tried out for the freshman team [16:11.18]in high school, Michael didn’t make it. [16:14.68]The next year, however, after a growth spurt, [16:17.78]he made the team. The rest is history. [16:22.62]Michael’s road to fame began [16:24.61]at the University of North Carolina. [16:27.79]He used his quickness and strength [16:29.83] to reach the basket again and again, [16:32.90]and because of this he became very famous. [16:37.04]Basketball fans from all over the world [16:39.72]began to take notice. One reporter wrote that [16:43.78]when Michael went up to shoot the basket, [16:46.66]it looked like he could fly. [16:49.46]That’s why he was given the nickname “Air Jordan”. [16:55.65]Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage [16:59.92]you have just heard. [17:02.69]29. When and where was Michael Jordan born? [17:22.45]30. What do we learn about Michael Jordan? [17:41.95]31. Why is Michael Jordan called “Air Jordan”? [18:02.30]Passage Three [18:03.99]Scientists studying the bottom of the ocean [18:06.71]in the South Pacific say they have found [18:09.40]the largest group of active volcanoes on Earth. [18:13.92] The scientists discovered more than 1 100 volcanoes [18:18.39]in the area. Two devices were used in the research [18:22.59]that sent sound waves toward the bottom of the ocean. [18:27.03]The devices received signals sent back [18:29.85]from the ocean floor. The equipment was also able to [18:34.17]tell which volcanoes had exploded recently. [18:38.13]It’s said that more than 100 of the volcanoes [18:41.77]may have exploded in the last few hundred years. [18:46.14]One volcano may be exploding now. [18:50.05]Scientists say that the discovery shows [18:53.20]how little they know about the ocean. [18:56.35]They say no more than 5% of the sea bottom [18:59.95] has been mapped in detail. [19:02.64]Much more is known about the moon [19:05.12]than about the bottom of the ocean. [19:07.72]Scientists have known, however, [19:09.55]that there are much more volcanic activities [19:12.47]on the bottom of the ocean than in land. [19:15.93]The discovery is likely to increase debate [19:19.91]about what will happen when volcanic activities [19:23.47]pour huge amounts of heat into the ocean. [19:27.57]Some scientists believe that this could [19:30.09]change water temperatures enough to affect weather [19:33.58]in the Pacific Ocean. They want to find out [19:37.32]if periods of extreme volcanic activities underwater [19:41.51]could cause the weather condition called El Nino. [19:45.73]El Nino changes weather around much of the world [19:49.07]every 4 to 7 years. [19:54.17]Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage [19:58.22]you have just heard. [20:01.23]32. How many volcanoes did the scientists discover [20:07.09] in the South Pacific? [20:23.85]33. Which one is better-researched, the moon [20:29.01]or the bottom of the ocean? [20:45.99]34. What will happen when volcanic activities [20:50.82]pour huge amounts of heat into the Pacific Ocean? [21:09.75]35. What can we learn about El Nino? [21:29.80] Section C [21:31.64]Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. [21:38.06]When the passage is read for the first time, [21:41.57]you should listen carefully for its general idea. [21:45.53]When the passage is read for the second time, [21:49.13]you are required to fill in the blanks numbered [21:52.66]from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. [21:59.71]For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required [22:05.56]to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, [22:10.61]you can either use the exact words you have just heard [22:14.99]or write down the main points in your own words. [22:19.88]Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, [22:24.52]you should check what you have written. [22:27.77]Now listen to the passage. [22:31.56]To get a driver’s license, you must take a series of tests. [22:36.49]The first test is the vision test. It checks your eyes [22:40.85] to see if you have to wear glasses when you drive. [22:44.70]The second test is a written test that checks [22:47.69] your knowledge of highway and traffic regulations. [22:51.57] You can prepare for this test by studying a booklet [22:55.76]that you can get at the driver’s license office. [22:59.56]After you pass this test, you receive an instruction permit. [23:04.85]This permit allows you to practice driving [23:07.65]with an experienced driver. The last test you have to take is [23:12.90] a road test. This checks your driving ability. [23:17.83]If you pass it, you will get your driver’s license. [23:22.09]When you go to the driver’s license office [23:25.00]to take the road test, you must provide your own vehicle. [23:29.95] First, the license examiner checks [23:32.23]the mechanical condition of your car. [23:35.24]Then, the examiner gets into the car with you [23:38.76]and asks you to drive in regular traffic. [23:42.97]While you are driving, the examiner tests you [23:46.39]for such things as starting, stopping, turning, [23:50.45]backing up and parking. If you can’t control the car properly, [23:55.76] or if you violate a traffic regulation [23:59.18]while you are taking the test, you fail the examination. [24:04.27] You will have to practice driving more [24:06.75]until you take the road test again and pass it. [24:12.16]Now the passage will be read again. [24:17.07]To get a driver’s license, you must take a series of tests. [24:22.01]The first test is the vision test. It checks your eyes to see [24:26.83]if you have to wear glasses when you drive. [24:29.98]The second test is a written test that checks [24:33.28]your knowledge of highway and traffic regulations. [24:37.48]You can prepare for this test by studying a booklet [24:41.32]that you can get at the driver’s license office. [24:45.22]After you pass this test, you receive an instruction permit. [24:50.19]This permit allows you to practice driving [24:53.08]with an experienced driver. The last test you have to take [24:57.99]is a road test. This checks your driving ability. [25:03.14] If you pass it, you will get your driver’s license. [25:07.72]When you go to the driver’s license office [25:10.52]to take the road test, you must provide your own vehicle. [25:15.46]First, the license examiner checks [25:17.74]the mechanical condition of your car. [26:10.51]Then, the examiner gets into the car with you [26:13.65]and asks you to drive in regular traffic. [26:17.97]While you are driving, the examiner tests you [26:21.26]for such things as starting, stopping, turning, backing up [26:26.18]and parking. [27:17.48]If you can’t control the car properly, [27:20.03]or if you violate a traffic regulation [27:23.06]while you are taking the test, [27:25.38]you fail the examination. You will have to [27:29.21]practice driving more until [27:31.40]you take the road test again and pass it. [28:24.61]Now the passage will be read for the third time. [28:29.46]To get a driver’s license, [28:31.22]you must take a series of tests. [28:34.42]The first test is the vision test. [28:37.43] It checks your eyes to see [28:39.26]if you have to wear glasses [28:40.96]when you drive. The second test is a written test [28:44.99]that checks your knowledge of highway [28:47.18]and traffic regulations. You can prepare for this test [28:52.04]by studying a booklet that you can get [28:54.67]at the driver’s license office. [28:57.57]After you pass this test, [28:59.52] you receive an instruction permit. [29:02.38]This permit allows you to practice driving [29:05.54]with an experienced driver. The last test [29:09.25]you have to take is a road test. [29:12.35]This checks your driving ability. [29:16.01]If you pass it, you will get your driver’s license. [29:20.27]When you go to the driver’s license office [29:22.87]to take the road test, you must provide your own vehicle. [29:27.86]First, the license examiner checks [29:30.13]the mechanical condition of your car. [29:33.17]Then, the examiner gets into the car with you [29:36.61]and asks you to drive in regular traffic. [29:40.49]While you are driving, the examiner tests you [29:44.27]for such things as starting, stopping, turning, [29:48.27]backing up and parking. [29:51.15]If you can’t control the car properly, [29:53.92]or if you violate a traffic regulation [29:56.96]while you are taking the test, you fail the examination. [30:02.18]You will have to practice driving more until [30:05.05]you take the road test again and pass it. [30:09.33]This is the end of listening comprehension.
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