综合英语(一)下册 lessonx13

juliaenglish2007 2008-06-30 2039 阅读
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感谢大耳朵网友“inneed”提供的听力原文

Lesson 13 Freedom in Dying 面对死亡的选择

Text

1 The process of dying involves fewer and fewer choices available to us.人快要死的时候选择的余地越来越少。(例句:Teaching involves much patience.教书意味着要有很大的耐心。This year ,the school has more money available for books than last year.与去年相比,这所学校今年有更多的钱可用来买书。)Even in dying,however,we still have choices concerning how we handle what is happening to us.不过,即使是面临死亡,我们还是可以选择面对死亡的方式。The following account deals with the dying of Jim Morelock,a student and close friend of mine.

2 Jim is 25 years old.He is full of life——witty,bright,honest,and actively questioning.He had just graduated from college as a human services major and seemed to have a bright future when his illness was discovered.

3 About a year and a half ago,Jim developed a lump on his forehead and underwent surgery to have it removed.At that time,his doctors believed that it was not a cancer.Later,more tumors appeared,and more surgery followed.Several months ago,Jim found out that the tumors had spread throughout his body and that even with treatment,he would have a short life.Since that time he has steadily grown weaker and has been able do less and less;yet he has shown remarkable courage in the way he has faced this loss and his dying.

4 Some time ago Jim came to California,and took part in the weekend seminar that I had with the reviewers of this book.On this chapter,he commented that although we may not have a choice concerning the loss we suffer in dying,we do retain the ability to choose our attitude toword our death.

5 Jim has taught me a lot during these past few months about this enduring capacity for choice,even in extreme circumstances.Jim has made many critical choices since being told of his illness.He chose to continue taking a course at the university,because he liked the contact with the people there.He worked hard at a boat dock to support himself.He decided to undergo treatment,even though he knew that it most likely would not result in his cure,because he hoped that it would reduce his pain.It did not,and Jim has suffered much agony during the past few months.He decided not to undergo chemical treatment because he didn't want to prolong his life if he couldn't really live fully.He made a choice to accept God in his life,which gave him a full sense of peace.Before he became bedridden,he decided to go to Hawaii and enjoy his time in luxury.

6 Jim has always disliked hospitals--so he chose to remain at home,in more personal surroundings.As long as he was able,he read widely and continued to write in his diary about his thoughts and feelings on living and dying.With his friends,he played his guitar and sang songs that he had written.He maintained an active interest in life and in the things around him,without denying the fact that he was dying.

7 More than anyone I have known or heard about,Jim has taken care of unfinished business.He made it a point to gather his family and tell them his wishes,he made contact with all his friends and said everything he wanted to say to them.He clearly stated his desire for cremation;he wants to burn those tumors and then have his ashes scattered over the sea——a wish that reflects his love of freedom and movement.

8 Jim has very little freedom and movement now,for he can do little expect lie in his bed and wait for his death to come.To this day he is choosing to die with dignity,and although his body is getting weaker and weaker,his spirit is still very much alive.He retains his mental sharpness,his ability to say a lot in a very few words,and his sense of humor.He has allowed himself to grieve over his losses.As he puts it,"I‘d sure like to hang around to enjoy all those people that love me!“Realizing that this isn't possible,Jim is saying good-bye to all those who are close to him.

9 Throughout this suffering,Jim's mother has been truly great.When she told me how remarkable Jim has been in complaining so rarely despite his constant pain,I reminded her that I'd never heard her complain during her months of caring for him.I have been continually amazed by her strength and courage,and I have admired her willingness to honor Jim's wishes and accept his beliefs,even though at times they have differed from her own.She has shown how much she loves him without depriving him of his free spirit and independence.Her acceptance of Jim's dying and her willingness to hide nothing from him have given him the opportunity to express openly whatever he feels.Jim has been able to grieve and mourn because she has not objected to this.

10 This experience has taught me much about dying and about living.Through Jim,I have learned that I don't have to do very much for a person who is dying expect to be with him or her by being myself.So often I have felt a sense of helplessness,of not knowing what to say or how much to say,of not knowing what to ask or not to ask,of feeling unable to speak.Jim's oncoming death seems such a loss,and it's very difficult for me to accept it.Gradually,however,I have learned not to be so concerned about what to say or not to say.In fact,in my last visit I said very little,but I feel that we made significant contact with each other .I've also learned to share with him the sadness I feel,but there is simply no easy way to say good-bye to a friend.

11 Jim is showing me that his style of dying will be no different from his style of living.By his example and by his words,Jim has taught me how to evaluate my own life.

Word List

dying n. 死,死亡

concerning prep. 关于

concerned 担心的,adj. 忧虑的

handle v. 处理,应付

life n. 活力,活跃

witty adj. 诙谐的,风趣的

actively adv. 积极地,活跃地

questioning adj. 好问的

major n. 主修某专业的学生

bright adj. 机灵的,伶俐的,聪明的

illness n. 疾病

develop v. 患(病)

lump n. 肿块,瘤,疖子

undergo v.(underwent,undergone) 经受,经历(不愉快或者痛苦的事情)

surgery n. 手术

cancer n. 癌,恶性肿瘤

tumor n. 肿瘤

treatment n.治疗

steadily adv. 持续地,不断地;稳定地,坚定地

remarkable adj. 不寻常的,非凡的

face v. 正视,(勇敢地)面对

seminar n.(专题)研讨会

reviewer n. (戏剧、新书等的)评论家,书评作者

comment v. 评论,发表意见

retain v.保留,保持,仍然有

enduring adj.持久的,不朽的

extreme adj.极度的,极端的

critical adj.决定性的,关键性的,重大的

dock n.船埠,码头

agnoy n.(精神或肉体的)极大痛苦

chemical adj.化学的;化学性的

prolong v.延长,延伸

fully adv.充分地

bedridden adj.卧病不起的

luxury n.享受;满足;乐事;奢侈

surrounding n.环境,周围的事物

guitar n.吉他

deny v.否认,否定

unfinished adj.未完成的,未结束的

business n.任务;事业;工作

cremation n.火化,火葬

reflect v.反映;表现;反射

dignity n.尊严,尊贵

sharpness n.敏锐,机智

grieve v.悲伤,悲叹

enjoy v.享受...的乐趣;欣赏

complain v.抱怨,诉苦;投诉

rarely adv.很少,难得

despite prep.尽管

constant adj. 持续不断的,接连不断的

continually adv.一再地,反复地

willingness n.心甘情愿,愿意

honor v.履行,使...付诸实现;给予(某人)荣誉

belief n.信念,信仰

differ v.与...不同

independence n.独立,自主

acceptance n.接受

openly adv.坦率地,公开地

mourn v.悲叹;哀悼

object v.反对;讨厌

helplessness n.无可奈何;无能为力

oncoming adj.即将来临的,临近的

significant adj.有含义的;意味深长的

style n.作风;风格;方式

evaluate v.评价

Proper Names

Gerald Corey 杰拉尔德.科里(人名)

Jim Morelock 吉姆.莫洛克(人名)

California加利福尼亚州(美国州名)

Hawaii夏威夷(美国州名)

Useful Expressions

be available to 可被...利用或得到的

deal with 对待;处理;论及...

take part in 参加

tell sb. of/about 告诉某人...

choose to do 决定,宁愿

to this day 到目前为止,迄今

make contact with 联系,联络

grieve over/about/at/for 因...悲伤或悲叹

be close to 与...近;与...亲近

remind sb. that 提醒某人...

hide ...from sb. 对某人隐瞒...

be concerned about/for 为...担忧

object to sth. 反对某事

make it a point to do(=make a point of doing)特别留意要做...

He made it a point to read for 30 minutes before he went to bed.

deprive sb. of sth. 夺去或剥夺某人(某种权利)...

He was deprived of the right to education.
感谢大耳朵网友“inneed”提供的听力原文 Lesson 13 Freedom in Dying 面对死亡的选择 Text 1 The process of dying involves fewer and fewer choices available to us.人快要死的时候选择的余地越来越少。(例句:Teaching involves much patience.教书意味着要有很大的耐心。This year ,the school has more money available for books than last year.与去年相比,这所学校今年有更多的钱可用来买书。)Even in dying,however,we still have choices concerning how we handle what is happening to us.不过,即使是面临死亡,我们还是可以选择面对死亡的方式。The following account deals with the dying of Jim Morelock,a student and close friend of mine. 2 Jim is 25 years old.He is full of life——witty,bright,honest,and actively questioning.He had just graduated from college as a human services major and seemed to have a bright future when his illness was discovered. 3 About a year and a half ago,Jim developed a lump on his forehead and underwent surgery to have it removed.At that time,his doctors believed that it was not a cancer.Later,more tumors appeared,and more surgery followed.Several months ago,Jim found out that the tumors had spread throughout his body and that even with treatment,he would have a short life.Since that time he has steadily grown weaker and has been able do less and less;yet he has shown remarkable courage in the way he has faced this loss and his dying. 4 Some time ago Jim came to California,and took part in the weekend seminar that I had with the reviewers of this book.On this chapter,he commented that although we may not have a choice concerning the loss we suffer in dying,we do retain the ability to choose our attitude toword our death. 5 Jim has taught me a lot during these past few months about this enduring capacity for choice,even in extreme circumstances.Jim has made many critical choices since being told of his illness.He chose to continue taking a course at the university,because he liked the contact with the people there.He worked hard at a boat dock to support himself.He decided to undergo treatment,even though he knew that it most likely would not result in his cure,because he hoped that it would reduce his pain.It did not,and Jim has suffered much agony during the past few months.He decided not to undergo chemical treatment because he didn't want to prolong his life if he couldn't really live fully.He made a choice to accept God in his life,which gave him a full sense of peace.Before he became bedridden,he decided to go to Hawaii and enjoy his time in luxury. 6 Jim has always disliked hospitals--so he chose to remain at home,in more personal surroundings.As long as he was able,he read widely and continued to write in his diary about his thoughts and feelings on living and dying.With his friends,he played his guitar and sang songs that he had written.He maintained an active interest in life and in the things around him,without denying the fact that he was dying. 7 More than anyone I have known or heard about,Jim has taken care of unfinished business.He made it a point to gather his family and tell them his wishes,he made contact with all his friends and said everything he wanted to say to them.He clearly stated his desire for cremation;he wants to burn those tumors and then have his ashes scattered over the sea——a wish that reflects his love of freedom and movement. 8 Jim has very little freedom and movement now,for he can do little expect lie in his bed and wait for his death to come.To this day he is choosing to die with dignity,and although his body is getting weaker and weaker,his spirit is still very much alive.He retains his mental sharpness,his ability to say a lot in a very few words,and his sense of humor.He has allowed himself to grieve over his losses.As he puts it,"I‘d sure like to hang around to enjoy all those people that love me!“Realizing that this isn't possible,Jim is saying good-bye to all those who are close to him. 9 Throughout this suffering,Jim's mother has been truly great.When she told me how remarkable Jim has been in complaining so rarely despite his constant pain,I reminded her that I'd never heard her complain during her months of caring for him.I have been continually amazed by her strength and courage,and I have admired her willingness to honor Jim's wishes and accept his beliefs,even though at times they have differed from her own.She has shown how much she loves him without depriving him of his free spirit and independence.Her acceptance of Jim's dying and her willingness to hide nothing from him have given him the opportunity to express openly whatever he feels.Jim has been able to grieve and mourn because she has not objected to this. 10 This experience has taught me much about dying and about living.Through Jim,I have learned that I don't have to do very much for a person who is dying expect to be with him or her by being myself.So often I have felt a sense of helplessness,of not knowing what to say or how much to say,of not knowing what to ask or not to ask,of feeling unable to speak.Jim's oncoming death seems such a loss,and it's very difficult for me to accept it.Gradually,however,I have learned not to be so concerned about what to say or not to say.In fact,in my last visit I said very little,but I feel that we made significant contact with each other .I've also learned to share with him the sadness I feel,but there is simply no easy way to say good-bye to a friend. 11 Jim is showing me that his style of dying will be no different from his style of living.By his example and by his words,Jim has taught me how to evaluate my own life. Word List dying n. 死,死亡 concerning prep. 关于 concerned 担心的,adj. 忧虑的 handle v. 处理,应付 life n. 活力,活跃 witty adj. 诙谐的,风趣的 actively adv. 积极地,活跃地 questioning adj. 好问的 major n. 主修某专业的学生 bright adj. 机灵的,伶俐的,聪明的 illness n. 疾病 develop v. 患(病) lump n. 肿块,瘤,疖子 undergo v.(underwent,undergone) 经受,经历(不愉快或者痛苦的事情) surgery n. 手术 cancer n. 癌,恶性肿瘤 tumor n. 肿瘤 treatment n.治疗 steadily adv. 持续地,不断地;稳定地,坚定地 remarkable adj. 不寻常的,非凡的 face v. 正视,(勇敢地)面对 seminar n.(专题)研讨会 reviewer n. (戏剧、新书等的)评论家,书评作者 comment v. 评论,发表意见 retain v.保留,保持,仍然有 enduring adj.持久的,不朽的 extreme adj.极度的,极端的 critical adj.决定性的,关键性的,重大的 dock n.船埠,码头 agnoy n.(精神或肉体的)极大痛苦 chemical adj.化学的;化学性的 prolong v.延长,延伸 fully adv.充分地 bedridden adj.卧病不起的 luxury n.享受;满足;乐事;奢侈 surrounding n.环境,周围的事物 guitar n.吉他 deny v.否认,否定 unfinished adj.未完成的,未结束的 business n.任务;事业;工作 cremation n.火化,火葬 reflect v.反映;表现;反射 dignity n.尊严,尊贵 sharpness n.敏锐,机智 grieve v.悲伤,悲叹 enjoy v.享受...的乐趣;欣赏 complain v.抱怨,诉苦;投诉 rarely adv.很少,难得 despite prep.尽管 constant adj. 持续不断的,接连不断的 continually adv.一再地,反复地 willingness n.心甘情愿,愿意 honor v.履行,使...付诸实现;给予(某人)荣誉 belief n.信念,信仰 differ v.与...不同 independence n.独立,自主 acceptance n.接受 openly adv.坦率地,公开地 mourn v.悲叹;哀悼 object v.反对;讨厌 helplessness n.无可奈何;无能为力 oncoming adj.即将来临的,临近的 significant adj.有含义的;意味深长的 style n.作风;风格;方式 evaluate v.评价 Proper Names Gerald Corey 杰拉尔德.科里(人名) Jim Morelock 吉姆.莫洛克(人名) California加利福尼亚州(美国州名) Hawaii夏威夷(美国州名) Useful Expressions be available to 可被...利用或得到的 deal with 对待;处理;论及... take part in 参加 tell sb. of/about 告诉某人... choose to do 决定,宁愿 to this day 到目前为止,迄今 make contact with 联系,联络 grieve over/about/at/for 因...悲伤或悲叹 be close to 与...近;与...亲近 remind sb. that 提醒某人... hide ...from sb. 对某人隐瞒... be concerned about/for 为...担忧 object to sth. 反对某事 make it a point to do(=make a point of doing)特别留意要做... He made it a point to read for 30 minutes before he went to bed. deprive sb. of sth. 夺去或剥夺某人(某种权利)... He was deprived of the right to education.
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