综合英语(一)下册 lessonx04

juliaenglish2007 2008-06-30 2613 阅读
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感谢大耳朵网友"cherrylxy"提供的听力原文

Lesson Four : The Trashman

Saturday, April 7

1.Steve and I hauled trash for four solid hours without a break of any sort, except for about five minutes when we stopped to talk. We got eight hours of pay for cleaning up our route no matter how little time it took.

2.My shoulder hurt badly each time I put another full barrel on it, and my legs occasionally shook as I started out to the street. But all the rest of me said, “Go, trashmen, to.”

3.I could not have guessed that there would be joy in this. Dump. Lift. Walk. Lift. Walk. The hours went by quickly.

4.Saturday meant that most adults were at home on the route. So were school-age children. I thought this might mean more talk back and forth as I made the rounds today. There were many people outdoors, working in their gardens. Most of them looked friendly enough. While I wouldn’t have time to talk at length, there was time to exchange the greetings that go with civilized ways.

5.That is where I got my shock.

6.I said hello in quite a few yards before the message sank in that this wasn’t the thing to do. Occasionally, I got a straight man-to-man or woman-to-man reply from someone who looked me in the eve, smiled, and asked either “How are you?” or “Isn’t this a nice day?” I felt human them. But most often the response was either nothing at all, or a look of surprise that I had spoken and used familiar words, or a friendly hello.

7.Both men and women stared at me and said nothing. A woman in a housecoat was startled as I came around the corner of her house. At the sound of my greeting, she gathered her housecoat tightly about her and moved quickly indoors. I heard the lock click. Another woman had a strange, large animal in her yard. I asked her what kind of dog it was. She gaped at me. I thought she was hard of hearing and asked my question louder. She seemed a little frightened before she turned coldly away.

8.The nice response came from women alone. From the way the replied and asked after my health, I knew that at the day’s end when they listed the mice things they had done, there would be a place on the list for “I spoke to the trashman today.”

9.Steve spoke spontaneously about these things on the long ride to the dump.

10.“The way most people look at you, you’d think a trashman was a monster. Say hello and they stare at you in surprise. They don’t know we’re human.

11.“One lady had put ashes from the fire in her trashcan. I said we couldn’t take them. She said, “Who are you to say what goes? You’re nothing but a trashman.” I told her, “Listen, lady, I’ve got an I. Q. of 137, and I graduated near the tip of my high school class. I do this for the money, not because it’s the only work I can do.”

12.“I want to tell them, “Look, I am as clean as you are,” but it wouldn’t help. I don’t tell anyone I’m a trashman. I say I’m a truck driver. My family knows, but my in-laws don’t. if someone comes right out and asks, “Do you drive for a trash company?” I say yes. I believe we’re doing a service that people need, like being a police officer of a fire fighter. I’m not ashamed of it. But I don’t go around boasting about it either.

13.“ A friend of my wife yelled at her kid one day when they were running out to meet a trash truck. “Stay away from those trashmen. They’re dirty.” I was angry with her. “They’re as good as we are,” I told her. “You seem to have a lot of sympathy for them,” she said. “Yes, I do.” But I never told her why.”

14.Our truck was packed full before noon. We drove to the dump, were back on the route by 1:00, and had finished for the day by 2:00.

15.I had planned to stay at this job for only two days. But now I’m going to stay. The exercise is great. The lifting gets easier with every load, even if my left shoulder stays sore. I become faster and neater as time goes by. I’m outdoors in clean air. And, contrary to what people think, I don’t get dirty on the job.

16.I have made up my mind, too, to go on saying hello in backyards. It doesn’t do any harm, and it still feels right. Frankly, I’m proud. I’m doing an essential task, “like a police officer or a fire fighter.” I left this country a little cleaner than I found it this morning. Not many people can say that tonight.

17.John Gardener has said that a society which praises its philosophers and looks down on its plumbers if in for trouble. “Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water,” he warns. He might have gone a step further and called for respect for both our economists and our trashmen; otherwise they’ll both leave trash behind.

Word List

trash n. 垃圾;废物

trashman n. 垃圾清理工

trashcan n. (美)垃圾桶

haul v. (用卡车)运送;拉,拖

route n. 路线,线路

barrel n. 桶,(尤指)大木桶

dump v. & n. 倾倒(垃圾);垃圾堆,垃圾场

adult n. 成人

school-age adj. 学龄的

civilized adj. 有礼貌的;文明的

message n. (想要别人明白的)观点,主题

straight adj. 诚恳的,真诚的;直接的

reply n. 回答;答复

response n. 反应

housecoat n. (女子在家穿的)宽松长袍

indoors adv. 在室内,在家中

click v. (上锁时) 发出咔嗒声

gape v. 目瞪口呆地盯着

hearing n. 听力,听觉

hard of hearing 听力不好

frighten v. 使害怕,使惊吓

coldly adv. 冷冷地,冷淡地

list v. 将…… 列表,把……登记在……

spontaneously adv. 自然地,自发地

ride n. 乘坐(交通工具)

monster n. 怪物

human adj. 有人性的

I.Q. abbr. (intelligence quotient的缩写) 智商

top n. 最高程度,顶点

in-laws n. (复)姻亲(因婚姻产生的无血缘关系的亲戚)

right adv. 正好,恰好

fire fighter n. (美)消防队员

boast v. 自夸,自吹自擂

pack v. 装入,包装

lift v. 抬起,举起

sore adj. 疼痛的

contrary adj. 与……相反的

backyard n. 后院

essential adj. 绝对必要的,不可缺少的

philosopher n. 哲学家

plumber n. 水暖工,管子工

economist n. 经济学家

 

Proper Names

John Coleman 约翰·科尔曼(人名)

Steve 史蒂夫(人名)

John Gardener 约翰·加德纳(人名)

 

Useful Expressions

clean up 打扫干净

go by (时间)流逝

back and forth 来回,来往

at length 详尽地,絮叨地

be hard of hearing 听力不好,耳背

be ashamed of 对……感到羞耻

stay away from 离……远点,躲避……

yell at sb. 对某人喊叫

(be) contrary to 与……相反

make up one’s mind (to do ) 决心(做某事)

do harm (to) 伤害,对……有害

look down on/upon 看不起

hold water 合理,有条理

no matter how /what 无论

He won’t believe me no matter what I say.

nothing but 仅仅,只不过

He is interested in nothing but money.
感谢大耳朵网友"cherrylxy"提供的听力原文 Lesson Four : The Trashman Saturday, April 7 1.Steve and I hauled trash for four solid hours without a break of any sort, except for about five minutes when we stopped to talk. We got eight hours of pay for cleaning up our route no matter how little time it took. 2.My shoulder hurt badly each time I put another full barrel on it, and my legs occasionally shook as I started out to the street. But all the rest of me said, “Go, trashmen, to.” 3.I could not have guessed that there would be joy in this. Dump. Lift. Walk. Lift. Walk. The hours went by quickly. 4.Saturday meant that most adults were at home on the route. So were school-age children. I thought this might mean more talk back and forth as I made the rounds today. There were many people outdoors, working in their gardens. Most of them looked friendly enough. While I wouldn’t have time to talk at length, there was time to exchange the greetings that go with civilized ways. 5.That is where I got my shock. 6.I said hello in quite a few yards before the message sank in that this wasn’t the thing to do. Occasionally, I got a straight man-to-man or woman-to-man reply from someone who looked me in the eve, smiled, and asked either “How are you?” or “Isn’t this a nice day?” I felt human them. But most often the response was either nothing at all, or a look of surprise that I had spoken and used familiar words, or a friendly hello. 7.Both men and women stared at me and said nothing. A woman in a housecoat was startled as I came around the corner of her house. At the sound of my greeting, she gathered her housecoat tightly about her and moved quickly indoors. I heard the lock click. Another woman had a strange, large animal in her yard. I asked her what kind of dog it was. She gaped at me. I thought she was hard of hearing and asked my question louder. She seemed a little frightened before she turned coldly away. 8.The nice response came from women alone. From the way the replied and asked after my health, I knew that at the day’s end when they listed the mice things they had done, there would be a place on the list for “I spoke to the trashman today.” 9.Steve spoke spontaneously about these things on the long ride to the dump. 10.“The way most people look at you, you’d think a trashman was a monster. Say hello and they stare at you in surprise. They don’t know we’re human. 11.“One lady had put ashes from the fire in her trashcan. I said we couldn’t take them. She said, “Who are you to say what goes? You’re nothing but a trashman.” I told her, “Listen, lady, I’ve got an I. Q. of 137, and I graduated near the tip of my high school class. I do this for the money, not because it’s the only work I can do.” 12.“I want to tell them, “Look, I am as clean as you are,” but it wouldn’t help. I don’t tell anyone I’m a trashman. I say I’m a truck driver. My family knows, but my in-laws don’t. if someone comes right out and asks, “Do you drive for a trash company?” I say yes. I believe we’re doing a service that people need, like being a police officer of a fire fighter. I’m not ashamed of it. But I don’t go around boasting about it either. 13.“ A friend of my wife yelled at her kid one day when they were running out to meet a trash truck. “Stay away from those trashmen. They’re dirty.” I was angry with her. “They’re as good as we are,” I told her. “You seem to have a lot of sympathy for them,” she said. “Yes, I do.” But I never told her why.” 14.Our truck was packed full before noon. We drove to the dump, were back on the route by 1:00, and had finished for the day by 2:00. 15.I had planned to stay at this job for only two days. But now I’m going to stay. The exercise is great. The lifting gets easier with every load, even if my left shoulder stays sore. I become faster and neater as time goes by. I’m outdoors in clean air. And, contrary to what people think, I don’t get dirty on the job. 16.I have made up my mind, too, to go on saying hello in backyards. It doesn’t do any harm, and it still feels right. Frankly, I’m proud. I’m doing an essential task, “like a police officer or a fire fighter.” I left this country a little cleaner than I found it this morning. Not many people can say that tonight. 17.John Gardener has said that a society which praises its philosophers and looks down on its plumbers if in for trouble. “Neither its pipes nor its theories will hold water,” he warns. He might have gone a step further and called for respect for both our economists and our trashmen; otherwise they’ll both leave trash behind. Word List trash n. 垃圾;废物 trashman n. 垃圾清理工 trashcan n. (美)垃圾桶 haul v. (用卡车)运送;拉,拖 route n. 路线,线路 barrel n. 桶,(尤指)大木桶 dump v. & n. 倾倒(垃圾);垃圾堆,垃圾场 adult n. 成人 school-age adj. 学龄的 civilized adj. 有礼貌的;文明的 message n. (想要别人明白的)观点,主题 straight adj. 诚恳的,真诚的;直接的 reply n. 回答;答复 response n. 反应 housecoat n. (女子在家穿的)宽松长袍 indoors adv. 在室内,在家中 click v. (上锁时) 发出咔嗒声 gape v. 目瞪口呆地盯着 hearing n. 听力,听觉 hard of hearing 听力不好 frighten v. 使害怕,使惊吓 coldly adv. 冷冷地,冷淡地 list v. 将…… 列表,把……登记在…… spontaneously adv. 自然地,自发地 ride n. 乘坐(交通工具) monster n. 怪物 human adj. 有人性的 I.Q. abbr. (intelligence quotient的缩写) 智商 top n. 最高程度,顶点 in-laws n. (复)姻亲(因婚姻产生的无血缘关系的亲戚) right adv. 正好,恰好 fire fighter n. (美)消防队员 boast v. 自夸,自吹自擂 pack v. 装入,包装 lift v. 抬起,举起 sore adj. 疼痛的 contrary adj. 与……相反的 backyard n. 后院 essential adj. 绝对必要的,不可缺少的 philosopher n. 哲学家 plumber n. 水暖工,管子工 economist n. 经济学家   Proper Names John Coleman 约翰·科尔曼(人名) Steve 史蒂夫(人名) John Gardener 约翰·加德纳(人名)   Useful Expressions clean up 打扫干净 go by (时间)流逝 back and forth 来回,来往 at length 详尽地,絮叨地 be hard of hearing 听力不好,耳背 be ashamed of 对……感到羞耻 stay away from 离……远点,躲避…… yell at sb. 对某人喊叫 (be) contrary to 与……相反 make up one’s mind (to do ) 决心(做某事) do harm (to) 伤害,对……有害 look down on/upon 看不起 hold water 合理,有条理 no matter how /what 无论 He won’t believe me no matter what I say. nothing but 仅仅,只不过 He is interested in nothing but money.
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