短期内提高英语四级写作水平的考试技巧和方法

appleyang 2013-04-301896阅读
分享

1. 背写:思路+表达。

很多同学考前也在背,背的滚瓜烂熟,脱口而出,觉得自己水平很牛!上了考场也顺利将文章写了出来,却得了一个很低的分数,为什么?因为单词都拼错了。冲刺阶段,请牢记:口头背诵的再好不等于能够写对。背写是提高写作和翻译唯一,也是最有效的方法。

那么背写什么内容哪?答案是思路和表达。思路上文中已有论述,遣词和造句的表达方面应该紧密结合功能段落来背诵有效句式和用词。考生不必刻意追求适用难词,但可以将常见词汇稍作替换:如,exceedingly, extremely, intensely替换very;an army of/a great many/a host of替换a lot of;advancement替换development; positive, favorable, promising(有希望的), perfect, pleasurable, excellent, outstanding, superior替换good; give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger替换cause; harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that,替think; beneficial, rewarding替换helpful; bear in mind that替换remember; enjoy, possess替换have; shopper, client, consumer, purchaser,替换customer表达精彩体现在三个方面:遣词、造句、连贯。大家可以结合以下例文感受这三个方面:(声明:试题命制、范文均为笔者原创,谢绝转载!)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of To Help or Not to Help?。 You should write at least 120 words following the outline given bellow:

1. 帮助别人是一种美德2. 但是帮助陌生人容易使自己陷入麻烦3. 我的看法首段阐述意义:In contemporary society, it should be a virtue for individuals to offer help to those who are in need. Without this morality, it is impossible for the society to be named “Harmony”。 Apparently enough, it is of great importance/ significance/ value/ benefits for people to help each other, especially in difficulties.二段描述负面现象:However, a host of people find it hard or troublesome to offer helps to strangers. We have been frequently informed that(A typical example is that)a warmhearted man ——who lends a hand to an old lady—gets himself in trouble. Since helping others may trigger trouble, a few people refuse to offer help timely. And if we let/allow this situation to continue as it is now, we would not know where civilized society will be in the forthcoming future.尾段我的看法(或建议):As college students, we should bear in mind this virtue. However, it is essential that regulations should be worked out to support this virtue. In addition, it is suggested that we should offer aid to strangers in a safe way, such as dialing 12o or110 for help. If we try our utmost to do so, the future of our society/ civilization will be promising, hopeful and rosy.(以上范文字数为202词,请自己酌情删减即可)

三、冲刺复习安排建议。

总体原则:先背再写、阶段总结、适当模拟。

先背再写:基础较差同学一定要先背一些东西,然后模仿该作文的思路和表达去写。可以背诵的内容有:本人上课时讲义上要求大家背诵的功能句式和教材相关范文。背写的目的是积累语言表达实力,同时练习书写的公正和优美。建议书写较差的考生买本英语字帖练一下书写,也许你会有意外的惊喜。

阶段总结:每过一周就要问自己几个问题:所背诵的表达可以用来写什么类型的文章?该类文章的相关词汇或表达有什么?关键词如何避免重复?如果解决不了,请参照讲义上给大家总结的各类功能段落的功能句式和表达。请记住:没有复习,没有巩固。

适当模拟:在熟练掌握背写了六种功能段落的思路和表达之后,可以结合适当题目在写作中运用所讲所背所总结提分词汇、句式。建议大家能够灵活运用,做到一例多用。如我在多个班上讲过的关于英语学习的话题作文,可以写13次四级考试的作文。

题目:On English Learning提纲:1.英语学习很重要;2.英语者所面临的困难;3.如何学好英语In contemporary world, English learning has gained great popularity and it is of great significance. (主题句) Firstly, based on a survey, a majority of tourists acknowledge that they prefer to speak English when traveling around the world. (调查法表述)Secondly, compared with the poor English speakers, good English-speakers are superior in many ways. (比较模板句式)

However, English learners may have a variety of difficulties or troubles in their learning.(主题句) For example, it can be noticed that a large number of students have difficulty memorizing words. Sometimes, it is difficult for them to understand the rules of grammar. In addition, though some are good at reading or writing, they can not express themselves freely in English. Then, how to get a good command of (学好) this language? I am convinced that practice makes perfect. Only practice can enable one to speak and write fluently. And it is also through practice that one can master the rules of grammar and remember words, and there is no other way. (强调句式)

以上范文灵活改编可以13次四级作文。亲爱的童鞋们,你懂得!

记住:写作是最灵活的一种测试形式。写自己提前准备的表达式提分最有效的利器。最后送给正在奋斗中的童鞋们两句话:尽最大的努力(Try your utmost),得最大的惊喜(Achieve success)。


标签 四级写作 技巧 方法 3g.bigear.cn 用手机随时随地学英语
分享