appleyang 2012-04-117182阅读

Part Ⅰ Writing (参考范文)
Online Shopping
 Nowadays, with the rapid development of information technology, online shopping has gained great popularity among more and more web users. For example, it is fashionable for youngsters to purchase daily essentials, such as books, clothes, electrical equipment, on some famous websites, like Taobao, EBay and Alibaba.
 Undoubtedly speaking, online shopping has many advantages. Firstly, compared with traditional shopping, it’s very convenient. What you need to do is just clicking your mouse and waiting instead of going out on foot or driving. Secondly, more choices than shopping in real stores are another attraction to customers. However, in spite of convenience and more choices of online shopping, we cannot turn a blind eye to its disadvantages. Obviously, quality problem is its first disadvantage. It’s common that articles aren’t so good as they are described online and customers always buy fake commodities. In addition, it’s troublesome and annoying for many customers to make a change when they are not satisfied with what they bought online.
 As a college student, I like online shopping, but I expect that effective measures should be taken to make it better. Specifically speaking, the government should work out strict regulations and rules to prevent unfaithful and unlawful activities of online shop owners. Only by this way can online shopping become really safe and attract an increasing number of customers.

Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning)
8. local markets  9. in a British way  10. share their meals

Part III Listening Comprehension
Section A 11-15 AAADD  16-20 CCBDD  19-25 ADBBB
Section B 26-30 ACDDA  31-35 CAAAC
Section C
36. survive    37. distant  38. backward  39. discovered
40. scientific  41. motion  42. predicted  43. introduced
 44. that move at a speed greater than light, and therefore, might serve as our passports to the past
45. seems to have been a part of humanity for as long as human have existed
 46. used a definition of time for experimental purposes, as that which is measured by a clock

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)
Section A 47-51 NLHBA  52-56 DFOEG
Section B
Passage One 57-61 DDADA 
Passage Two 62-66 BABDD

Part V Cloze
67-71 CCABB  72-76 ACACB  77-81 ACBBC  82-86 DBCDC

Part VI Translation
87. neither did they account for the reason / neither did they explained why / the reason
88. would be delegated / allocated with/to another task
89. with his own life under risk
90. turned out that his assistant answered the phone
91. his father persuaded him into
 Part Ⅲ Listening Comprehension 
 Section A
 Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
 11. M: Shawn has been trying for months to find a job, but I wonder how he could get a job when he looks like that.
 W: Oh, poor guy, he really should shave himself every other day at least, and put on something clean.
 Q: What do we learn about Shawn?
 12. W: I wish Jane would call when she know she’ll be late. This is not the first time we’ve had to wait for her.
 M: I agree, but she does have to drive through very heavy traffic to get here.
 Q: What does the man imply?
 13. M: Congratulations. I heard your baseball team is going to the Mid-Atlantic Championships.
 W: Yeah. We are all working real hard right now.
 Q: What is the woman’s team doing?
 14. W: John has been looking after his mother in the hospital. She was injured in a car accident two weeks ago and is still in critical condition.
 M: Oh, that’s terrible. And you know, his father passed away last year.
 Q: What do we learn about John?
15. M: What a boring speaker! I can hardly stay awake.
 W: Well, I don’t know. In fact, I think it’s been a long time since I’ve heard anyone is good.
 Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
 16. W: I’m having a lot of trouble with logic and it seems my professor can’t explain it in a way that makes sense to me.
 M: You know, there is a tutoring service on campus. I was about to drop statistics before they helped me out.
 Q: What does the man mean?
17. M: This is a stylish overcoat. I saw you wearing it last week, didn’t I?
 W: Oh, that wasn’t me. That was my sister Jill. She’s in your class.
 Q: What does the woman mean?
 18. M: Jane, suppose you lost all your money while taking a vacation overseas, what would you do?
 W: Well, I guess I’d sell my watch or computer or do some odd jobs till I could afford a return plane ticket.
 Q: What are the speakers talking about?
Now you’ll hear two long conversations.
Conversation One
M: Hello, Professor Johnson.
W: Hello, Tony, so what shall we work on today?
 M: Well, the problem is that this writing assignment isn’t coming out right. What I thought I was writing on was to talk about what a particular sport means to me when I participate in.
W: What sport did you choose?
M: I decided to write about cross-country skiing.
W: What are you going to say about skiing?
 M: That’s the problem. I thought I would write about how peaceful it is to be out in the country.
W: So why is that a problem?
 M: I’d like to start describing how quiet it is to be out in the woods. I keep mentioning how much effort it takes to keep going. Cross-country skiing isn’t as simple as some people think. It takes a lot of energy, but that’s not the heart of my paper, so I guess I should leave it out. But now I don’t know how to explain that feeling of peacefulness without explaining how hard you have to work for it. It all fits together. It’s not like just sitting down somewhere and watching the clouds roll by. That’s different.
 W: Then you have to include that in your point. The peacefulness of cross-country skiing is the kind you earn by effort. Why leave that out? Part of the point you knew beforehand, but part you discovered as you wrote. That’s common, right?
M: Yeah, I guess so.

Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19. What is the topic of the man’s writing assignment?
20. What problem does the man have while working on his paper?
21. What does the woman say is common in writing papers?

Conversation Two
 W: Good evening, and welcome to this week’s Business World, a program for and about business people. Tonight we have Mr. Angelino who came to the United States six years ago and now he is an established businessman with three restaurants in town. Tell us, Mr. Angelino, how did you get started?
 M: Well, I started off with a small diner, I did all the cooking myself and my wife waited on tables, it was really too much work for two people, my cooking is great and word got around downtown about the food. Within a year, I had to hire another cook and four waitresses. When that restaurant became very busy, I decided to expand my business. Now with three places, my main concern is keeping the business successful and running smoothly.
W: Do you advertise?
 M: Oh, yes. I don’t have any TV commercials because they are too expensive, but I have advertised a lot on radio and in local newspapers. My children used to distribute ads in nearby shopping centers, but we don’t need to do that any more.
W: Why do you believe you’ve been very successful?
 M: I always served fresh possible food, and I make the atmosphere as comfortable and as pleasant as I can so that my customers will want to come back again.
W: So you will always aim to please the customers.
M: Absolutely. Without them, I would have no business at all.
 W: Thank you, Mr. Angelino. I think your advice would be helpful to those just starting out in business.
Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
22. What is the woman’s occupation?
23. What do we learn about Mr. Angelino’s business at its beginning?
24. What did Mr. Angelino say about advertising in business?
25. What does the man say contribute the success of the business?

Section B
 Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One
 There are many commonly held beliefs about eye glasses and eyesight that are not proven facts. For instance, some people believe that wearing glasses too soon weakens the eyes. But there is no evidence to show that the structure of eyes is changed by wearing glasses at a young age. Wearing the wrong glasses, however, can prove harmful. Studies show that for adults there is no danger, but children can develop loss of vision if they have glasses inappropriate for their eyes.
 We have all heard some of the common myths about how eyesight gets bad. Most people believe that reading in dim light causes poor eyesight, but that is untrue. Too little light makes the eyes work harder, so they do get tired and strained. Eyestrain also results from reading a lot, reading in bed, and watching too much television. However, although eyestrain may cause some pain or headaches, it does not permanently damage eyesight.
 Another myth about eyes is that they can be replaced, or transferred from one person to another. There are close to one million nerve fibres that connect the eyeball to the brain, as of yet it is impossible to attach them all in a new person. Only certain parts of the eye can be replaced. But if we keep clearing up the myths and learning more about the eyes, some day a full transplant may be possible.

Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.
26. What does the speaker want to tell us about eyesight?
27. What do studies about wearing the wrong glasses show?
28. What do we learn about eye transplanting from the talk?

Passage Two
 When people care for an elderly relative, they often do not use available community services, such as adult day-care centers. If the caregivers are adult children, they are more likely to use such services, especially because they often have jobs and other responsibilities. In contrast, a spouse, usually the wife, is much less likely to use support services or to put the dependent person in a nursing home. Social workers discover that the wife normally tries to take care of her husband herself for as long as she can in order not to use up their life savings. Researchers have found that caring for the elderly can be a very positive experience. The elderly appreciated the care and attention they received. They were affectionate and cooperative. However, even when care giving is satisfying, it is hard work. Social workers and experts on aging offer caregivers and potential caregivers help when arranging for the care of an elderly relative. One consideration is to ask parents what they want before they become sick or dependent. Perhaps they prefer going into a nursing home and can select one in advance. On the other hand, they may want to live with their adult children. Caregivers must also learn to state their needs and opinions clearly and ask for help from others especially brothers and sisters. Brothers and sisters are often willing to help but they may not know what to do.

Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.
 29. Why are adult children more likely to use community services to help care for elderly parents?
 30. Why are most wives unwilling to put their dependent husbands into nursing homes?
31. According to the passage, what must caregivers learn to do?

Passage Three
 Since a union representative visited our company to inform us about our rights and protections, my coworkers have been worrying about health conditions and complaining about safety hazards in the workplace. Several of the employees in the computer department, for example, claim to be developing vision problems from having to stare at a video display terminal for about 7 hours a day. The supervisor of the laboratory is beginning to get headaches and dizzy spells because she says it’s dangerous to breathe some of the chemical smoke there. An X-rays technician is refusing to do her job until the firm agrees to replace its out-dated equipment. She insists that it’s exposing workers to unnecessarily high doses of radiation. She thinks that she may have to contact the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and asked that government agency to inspect the department. I’ve heard that at a factory in the area two pregnant women who were working with paint requested a transfer to a safer department, because they wanted to prevent damage to their unborn babies. The supervisor of personnel refused the request. In another firm the workers were constantly complaining about the malfunctioning heating system, but the owner was too busy or too mean to do anything about it. Finally, they all met an agree to wear ski-clothing to work the next day. The owner was too embarrassed to talk to his employees. But he had the heating system replaced right away.

Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
32. What does the talk focus on?
33. What did the X-ray technician ask her company to do?
34. What does the speaker say about the two pregnant women working with paint?
35. Why did the workers in the firm wear ski-clothing to work?

Section C
 Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

 Contrary to the old warning that time waits for no one, time slows down when you are on the move. It also slows down more as you move faster, which means astronauts some day may survive so long in space that they would return to an Earth of the distant future. If you could move at the speed of light, your time would stand still. If you could move faster than light, your time would move backward.
 Although no form of matter yet discovered moves as fast as or faster than light, scientific experiments have already confirmed that the accelerated motion causes a traveler’s time to be stretched. Albert Einstein predicted this in 1905, when he introduced the concept of relative time as part of his Special Theory of Relativity. A search is now under-way to confirm the suspected existence of particles of matter that move at the speed greater than light, and therefore might serve as a passport to the past.
 An obsession with time — saving, gaining, wasting, losing and mastering it — seems to have been a part of humanity for as long as humans have existed. Humanity also has been obsessed with trying to capture the meaning of time. Einstein used a definition of time for experimental purposes, as that which is measured by a clock. Thus, time and time’s relativity are measurable by any hourglass, alarm clock or an atomic clock that can measure a billionth of a second.


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