2017年12月大学英语四级500个必考词组

dandan_88 2017-11-064628阅读
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  1. a big headache 令人头痛的事情

  2. a fraction of 一部分

  3. a matter of concern 焦点

  4. a series of 一系列,一连串 above all 首先,尤其是

  5. absent from不在,缺席

  6. abundant in富于

  7. account for 解释

  8. accuse sb. of sth.控告

  9. add to 增加(add up to)

  10. after all 毕竟,究竟

  11. agree with 同意

  12. ahead of time/schedule提前

  13. ahead of 在……之前(ahead of time 提前)

  14. alien to 与……相反

  15. all at once 突然,同时

  16. all but 几乎;除了……都

  17. all of a sudden 突然

  18. all over again 再一次,重新

  19. all over 遍及

  20. all right 令人满意的;可以

  21. all the same 仍然,照样的

  22. all the time 一直,始终

  23. angry with sb. at/about sth. 生气,愤怒

  24. anxious about/for 忧虑,担心

  25. anything but 根本不

  26. apart from 除……外(有/无)

  27. appeal to 吸引,申诉,请求

  28. applicable to 适用于

  29. apply to 适用

  30. appropriate for/to 适当,合适

  31. approximate to 近似,接近

  32. apt at 聪明,善于

  33. apt to 易于

  34. around the clock 夜以继日

  35. as a matter of fact 实际上

  36. as a result(of) 因此,由于

  37. as a rule 通常,照例

  38. as far as…be concerned 就……而言

  39. as far as 远至,到……程度

  40. as follows 如下

  41. as for 至于,关于

  42. as good as 和……几乎一样

  43. as if 好像,防腐 (感谢关注英语口语精华)

  44. as regards 关于,至于

  45. as to 至于,关于

  46. as usual 像平常一样,照例

  47. as well as 除……外(也),即……又

  48. as well 同样,也,还

  49. ashamed of 羞愧,害臊

  50. aside from 除……外(还有)

  51. ask for the moon 异想天开

  52. at a loss 茫然,不知所措

  53. at a time 一次,每次

  54. at all costs 不惜一切代价

  55. at all events 不管怎样,无论如何

  56. at all times 随时,总是

  57. at all 丝毫(不),一点也不

  58. at any rate 无论如何,至少

  59. at best 充其量,至多

  60. at first sight 乍一看,初看起来

  61. at first 最初,起先

  62. at hand 在手边,在附近

  63. at heart 内心里,本质上

  64. at home 在家,在国内

  65. at intervals 不时,每隔……

  66. at large 大多数,未被捕获的

  67. at last 终于

  68. at least 至少

  69. at length 最终,终于

  70. at most 至多,不超过

  71. at no time 从不,决不

  72. at one time 曾经,一度;同时

  73. at present 目前,现在

  74. at someone's disposal 任……处理

  75. at the cost of 以……为代价

  76. at the mercy of 任凭……摆布

  77. at the moment 此刻,目前

  78. at this rate 照此速度

  79. at times 有时,间或

  80. aware of 意识到

  81. back and forth 来回地,反复地

  82. back of 在……后面

  83. back up 后备,支援

  84. bare of 几乎没有,缺乏

  85. be able to do 能够

  86. be around 差不多

  87. be available to sb. 可用,可供

  88. be bound to 一定

  89. be capable of doing 能够

  90. be concerned with 关心…,涉足…

  91. be dying to 渴望

  92. be fed up with 受够了 be tired of

  93. be in hospital 住院

  94. be in season 上市的/in peak season旺季

  95. be in the mood to do sth. 想做

  96. be pressed for time 时间不够

  97. be tied up with 忙于

  98. be under the weather 身体不好

  99. beat around the bush 拐弯没角

  100. beat the crowd 避开人群

  101. before long 不久以后

  102. behind schedule 误点

  103. bent on sth. 下定决心做…

  104. beside point 离题的,不相干的

  105. beyond one's ability 超越某人的能力

  106. beyond question 毫无疑问

  107. book on reserve 须留的图书

  108. booked up 订完了

  109. bound for 开往

  110. break down 抛锚

 111. break though 突破

  112. break up with 和某人分手 be through with/be finished with

  113. bring about 使……发生

  114. bring someone up to date 帮某人赶上 help someone catch up

  115. by accident 偶然

  116. by air 通过航空途径

  117. by all means 尽一切办法,务必

  118. by and by 不久,迟早

  119. by chance 偶然,碰巧

  120. by far 最,……得多

  121. by hand 用手,用体力

  122. by itself 自动地,独自地

  123. by means of 用,依靠

  124. by mistake 错误地,无意地

  125. by no means 决不,并没有

  126. by oneself 单独地,独自地

  127. by reason of 由于

  128. by the way 顺便说说

  129. by virtue of 借助,由于

  130. by way of 经由,通过……方法

  131. call off 取消

  132. call on 号召,邀请,点某人的名,拜访

  133. capable of 能够

  134. careful of/about/with 小心,注意

  135. certain of /about 确信,肯定(感谢关注英语口语精华)

  136. chair a meeting 主持会议

  137. charge sb. with sth. 控告

  138. clear of 没有,不接触

  139. clever at 善于

  140. close to 接近,亲近

 141. come in contact with 与…取得联系

  142. come out of sth. alive 大难不死

  143. come up (with) 提出,拿出

  144. comparable to/with 比作/比较

  145. conscious of 察觉到,意识到

  146. consequent on 随之而来

  147. considerate towards 体谅,体贴

  148. contemporary with 与……同时代

  149. content with 满足于

  150. contrary to 违反

  151. cost someone an arm and a leg 代价很大

  152. count down 倒计时

  153. count one's chickens before they are hatched 过于乐观

  154. count on 依靠

  155. count on 依靠

  156. count the day 期待

  157. count the day 期待

  158. counter to 与……相反

  159. crazy about 热衷,着迷

  160. critical of 挑剔,批评

  161. cry in one's beer 借酒消愁

  162. cry on one's shoulder 依靠

  163. curious about 好奇,想知道

  164. cut down on 减少

  165. cut down 削减

  166. cut in 插入

  167. cut off 切断

  168. cut out 切除

  169. cut someone short 打断

  170. cut through 抄近路

  171. cut up 切碎

  172. die out 灭绝

  173. distinct from 种类(风格)不同

  174. do the laundry 洗衣服

  175. doubtful of /about 怀疑

  176. drop by / in 顺路拜访

  177. due to 由于,因为

  178. each other 互相

  179. easier said than done 说起来容易做起来难

  180. east of 在……东面

  181. equal to 相等,胜任

  182. equivalent to 等于,相当于

  183. essential to/for 必不可少

  184. even if/though 即使,虽然

  185. ever so 非常,极其

  186. every now and then 时而,偶尔

  187. every other 每隔一个的

  188. except for 除了……外

  189. expert at/in/on 善于

  190. face to face 面对面地

  191. faculty members 教职员工

  192. faithful to 忠实于

  193. fall flat 平躺在地上

  194. familiar to sb 为……所熟悉

  195. familiar with sth 熟悉,通晓

  196. far from 远非,远离

  197. fatal to 致命的

  198. favorable to 支持,赞成

  199. fearful of 惧怕

  200. feel at home 熟悉

  201. feel blue 心情不好

  202. feel free to 随便

  203. figure out sth. 解决

  204. fit for 适于

  205. flat tire 轮胎没气

  206. flat tire 轮胎没气

  207. fond of 喜欢

  208. for ever 永远

  209. for good 永久地

  210. for the better 好转

  211. for the moment 暂时,目前

  212. for the present 暂时,目前

  213. for the sake of 为了,为了……的利益

  214. for the time being 暂时,眼下

  215. foreign to 非……所原有

  216. free of /from 未受……;免费

  217. free with 康慨,大方

  218. from time to time 有时,不时

  219. full up 客满

  220. get a bargain 买到便宜货

  221. get nowhere with 毫无进展

  222. get over 恢复

  223. get used to 习惯于

  224. give off 发出

  225. give someone a big hand 为某人鼓掌

  226. give someone a hand 帮忙

  227. go about sth. 开始做…

  228. go after 追求

  229. go ahead 同意做某事(感谢关注英语口语精华)

  230. go by 遵守

  231. go down 下降,往下传

  232. go for 竭尽全力做

  233. go into 进入,开始从事

  234. go off 出发

  235. go out 熄灭,外出

  236. go over 复习

  237. go over 复习,从头到尾检查一遍

  238. go round/around 足够分配

  239. go sightseeing 去观光

  240. go steady with 和某人确定关系

  241. go through 从头到尾

  242. go without 单独

  243. guilty of 有……罪的

  244. had better 最好

  245. hand in hand 手拉手 ,密切关联

  246. hang up 挂断

  247. have one's hands full

  248. have the final say 有决定权

  249. head on 迎面地,正面的

  250. heart and soul 全心全意地

  251. hold out for sth. 坚持要求

  252. hold up 坚持

  253. hold water 站得住脚

  254. how about…… 怎么样

  255. how come 怎么会

  256. hungry for 渴望

  257. ignorant of 不知道

  258. impatient at sth. 不耐烦

  259. impatient for 急切,渴望

  260. impatient of 无法容忍

  261. in (the) light of 鉴于,由于

  262. in a hurry 匆忙,急于

  263. in a moment 立刻,一会儿

  264. in a sense 从某种意义上说

  265. in a way 在某种程度上

  266. in a word 简言之,总之

  267. in accordance with 与……一致,按照

  268. in addition to 除……之外(还)

  269. in addition 另外,加之

  270. in advance 预先,事先

  271. in all 总共,合计

  272. in any case 无论如何

  273. in any event 无论如何

  274. in brief 简单地说

  275. in case of 假如,防备

  276. in charge of 负责,总管

  277. in common 共用的,共有的

  278. in consequence (of) 因此;由于

  279. in debt 欠债,欠情

  280. in detail 详细地

  281. in difficulty 处境困难

  282. in effect 实际上,事实上

  283. in favor of 支持,赞成

  284. in front of 面对,在……前

  285. in general 一般来说,大体上

  286. in half 成两半

  287. in hand 在进行中,待办理

  288. in honor of 为庆祝,为纪念

  289. in itself 本质上,就其本身而言

  290. in line with 与……一致

  291. in memory of 纪念

  292. in no case 决不

  293. in no time 立即,马上

  294. in no way 决不

  295. in order 按顺序,按次序

  296. in other words 换句话说

  297. in part 部分地

  298. in particular 特别,尤其

  299. in person 亲自,本人

  300. in place of 代替,取代,交换

  301. in place 在合适的位置

  302. in practice 在实践中,实际上

  303. in proportion to 与……成比例

  304. in public 公开地,当众

  305. in quantity 大量

  306. in question 正在谈论的

  307. in regard to 关于,至于

  308. in relation to 关于,涉及

  309. in return for 作为对……报答

  310. in return 作为报答/回报/交换

  311. in short 简言之,总之

  312. in sight 被见到;在望

  313. in spite of 尽管

  314. in step with 与……一致/协调

  315. in tears 流着泪,在哭着

  316. in terms of

  317. in the company / wake of随着

  318. in the course of 在……期间/过程中

  319. in the distance 在远处

  320. in the end 最后,终于

  321. in the event of 如果……发生,万一

  322. in the face of 即使;在……面前

  323. in the first place 首先

  324. in the future 在未来

  325. in the heat of the day 一天中最热的时候

  326. in the least 丝毫,一点

  327. in the long run 长期

  328. in the way 挡道

  329. in the world 究竟,到底

  330. in time 及时

  331. in touch 联系,接触

  332. in turn 依次,轮流;转而

  333. in vain 徒劳,白费力

  334. indifferent to 无兴趣,不关心

  335. indignant with sb. 愤慨

  336. inferior to 级别低于,不如

  337. innocent of 无……罪,无辜

  338. instead of 代替,而不是

  339. intent on专心于

  340. invisible to 不可见的

  341. jealous of 嫉妒

  342. just now 眼下;刚才

  343. keep one's eyes on 关注

  344. keep on 爱好,很喜欢

  345. keep track of 留心

  346. kind of / sort of 有点 somewhat

  347. lay off 下岗

  348. leave alone 别说

  349. let the cat out of the bag 泄露秘密

  350. liable for 对……有责任

  351. liable to 易于

  352. little by little 逐渐地

  353. look for / hunt for 找工作

  354. lost the point 弄错

  355. lots of 许多

  356. loyal to 忠于

  357. mad about/on 狂热迷恋

  358. mad at/with sb. 生气,愤怒

  359. mad with 因……发狂

  360. make (both) ends meet 收支平衡

  361. make a living 谋生

  362. make it 成功

  363. make the best / most of 充分利用

  364. many a 许多

  365. mark the papers 批改考卷

  366. mayor / minor in

  367. meet one's needs 满足要求

  368. might as well 不妨

  369. mistake a for 认错

  370. more or less 或多或少,有点

  371. my treat 我请客

  372. narrow escape九死一生

  373. necessary to /for 必要的

  374. next door 隔壁的,在隔壁

  375. next to 下一个,其次

  376. no doubt 无疑地

  377. no less than 不少于……;不亚于

  378. no longer 不再

  379. no more than 至多,同……一样不

  380. no more 不再

  381. none other than 不是别的,正是

  382. nothing but 只有,只不过

  383. now and then 时而,偶尔

  384. off and on 断断续续,间歇地

  385. off duty 下班

  386. on (the) one hand 一方面

  387. on a large/small scale 大/小规模地

  388. on account of 由于

  389. on behalf of 代表

  390. on board 在船(车/飞机)上

  391. on business 因公

  392. on condition that 如果

  393. on duty 上班,值班

  394. on earth 究竟,到底

  395. on fire 起火着火

  396. on foot 步行

  397. on guard 站岗,值班

  398. on hand 在场,在手边

  399. on loan to 借给

  400. on occasion(s) 有时,间或

  401. on one's guard 警惕,提防

  402. on one's own 独立,独自

  403. on purpose 故意地

  404. on sale 出售,廉价出售

  405. on schedule 按时间表,准时

  406. on second thoughts 经重新考虑

  407. on the contrary 正相反

  408. on the grounds of 根据,以……为由

  409. on the other hand 另一方面

  410. on the point of 即将……的时刻

  411. on the road 在旅途中

  412. on the side 作为兼职/副 业

  413. on the spot 在场;马上

  414. on the whole 总的来说,大体上

  415. on time 准时

  416. on (an/the) average 平均,通常

  417. once (and) for all 一劳永逸地

  418. once again 再一次

  419. once in a while 偶尔

  420. once more 再一次

  421. once upon a time 从前

  422. one another 相互(感谢关注英语口语精华)

  423. one's cup of tea 喜欢的人/物

  424. open to 不限制,开放的

  425. opposite to 在对面

  426. or else 否则,要不然

  427. or so 大约,左右

  428. other than 非;除了

  429. out of breath 喘不过气来

  430. out of control 失去控制

  431. out of date 过时的

  432. out of doors 在户外

  433. out of order 出故障的

  434. out of place 不适当的

  435. out of practice 久不练习,荒疏

  436. out of sight 看不见,在视野外

  437. out of the question 毫无可能的

  438. out of touch 不联系,不接触

  439. out of 从……中;由于;缺乏

  440. over and over (again) 一再地,再三地

  441. parallel to 与……平等,类似

  442. particular about 挑剔,讲究

  443. patient with 有耐心

  444. peculiar to 独特的,独有的

  445. pick up 捡

  446. play by ear 见机行事

  447. popular with 受……喜爱,爱戴

  448. prior to 在……之前

  449. pull one's leg 拿某人开玩笑 put someone on

  450. put someone up 给某人提供住宿

  451. put up with 忍受

  452. quite a few 相当多,不少

  453. rain cats and dogs 瓢泼大雨

  454. rather than 不是……(而是)

  455. reach agreement 达成协议

  456. reach an agreement 达成一致

  457. regardless of 不顾,不惜

  458. relative to 与……有关

  459. remove from 从…除去

  460. representative of 代表……的

  461. resign one's post 辞职

  462. responsible for 负责,是……原因

  463. result from 由于

  464. rich in 富于

  465. right away 立即,马上

  466. ring sb. up 打电话给…

  467. rule out 排除…的可能性

  468. run out of 用完

  469. rush hours 上下班高峰

  470. see: see to it that-make sure that 确保

  471. sensible of 觉查到

  472. sensitive to 对……敏感

  473. set another date 改期 make on saturday/lock it

  474. set one's mind on doing 决定 be determined to/have one's mind set on / bent on

  475. short of 缺少

  476. show off 卖弄

  477. sick of 厌恶,厌倦

  478. side by side 肩并肩,一起

  479. similar to 相似

  480. skilled at /in 善于

  481. slip one's mind 忘记

  482. so far 迄今为止

  483. somewhere around 大约

  484. sooner or later 迟早,早晚

  485. sore throat / foot 嗓子哑/腿酸

  486. stay up late 熬夜

  487. step by step 逐步地

  488. subject to 受制于,易于

  489. such as 例如,诸如

  490. sufficient for 足够的

  491. suitable for/to 适合于

  492. superior to 优于,级别高于

  493. sure of /about 对……有信心,确信

  494. suspicious of 怀疑

  495. take a leave请假

  496. take a seat / be seated

  497. take one's place 取代

  498. take one's time 慢慢来

  499. take sth. seriously 认真对待

  500. take up 占据


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