2012年英语四级语法之同形异义词辨析(4)

tudougege 2013-12-113868阅读
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1. For a long period of time Latin was the language of Italy.
  A) liberal B) literal C) literary D) literacy
  2. We're looking for highly young people, with a genuine interest in their task.
  A) intelligent B) intelligence
  C) intellect D) intelligible
  3. The Japanese have no wish to Western social customs and attitudes.
  A) intimate B) imitate C) intimidate D) initiate
  4. The couple were cheered and on their arrival.
  A) slapped B) lapped C) clapped D) tapped
  5. At the time, the law gave women very little from violent husbands.
  A) protection B) investigation
  C) detection D) motivation
  解题小贴士
  1. 【C】
  这一题的几个单词一眼看去很容易混淆,先区别A选项liberal,意为"慷慨的,自由主义的";其他的几个词都是和文字挂钩的,literal意为"字面上的,不夸张的";literary意为"文学上的,书本的";literacy是名词,意为"有文化,有读写能力"。那么题干的意思应该是填入书面语言,显然正确答案是C,题目译文为:很长一段时间,拉丁文是意大利的书面语言。
  2. 【A】
  这一组词是常考的重点、难点,需要重点记忆,首先是两个名词:intelligence意为"智力,智能";intellect也意为"智力",但是是强调的抽象思维的能力;剩下两个形容词,intelligent意为"聪明的,伶俐的";intelligible意为"可理解的"。从句子结构来看应填入一形容词,再根据上下文,正确答案为A,题目译文为:我们正在寻找高智商的年轻人,他们要对自己的任务有着真正的兴趣。
  3. 【B】
  这一组词也是很让人头疼的,我们必须加以重点区分。intimate意为"亲密的";imitate意为"模仿,仿效";intimidate意为"胁迫";initiate意为"开始,发起"。根据上下文,正确答案是B,题目译文为:日本人不想模仿西方的观念和传统。
  4. 【C】
  这组词都涉及到动作的细微差别,很难区分。slap意为"拍,掌击";lap意为"轻拍";clap意为"鼓掌";tap意为"轻敲"。意思清楚了,答案就很明显了,正确答案为C,题目译文为:这对夫妻的到来受到了热烈的欢迎。
  5. 【A】
  这一题中的单词虽然形似,但是还是容易记忆和区分的。protection意为"保护";investigation意为"调查,研究";detection意为"察觉,发现";motivation意为"动机"。它们都有相对应的动词,也应该联想记忆:protect,investigate,detect,和motivate。那么根据题干,正确答案为A,题目译文为:当时,法律对妇女遭受家庭暴力的保护很少。
  1. detection n. 察觉,发觉
  protection n. 保护
  2. device n. 装置,设计,设备
  devise vt. 设计,发明,图谋
  revise vt. 修订,校订
  3. disguise v. 假装,伪装
  disgust ① vi. 令人厌恶,令人反感 ② vt. 使作呕
  4. exterior a. 外部的,外在的,表面的
  inferior a. 下等的,下级的
  interior a. 内部的,内的
  superior a. 较高的,上级的
  5. course n. 过程,经过;课程;一道菜
  cause n. 原因,动机,理由 vt. 引起,使发生
  6. flesh n. 肉,(供食用的)兽肉,肉体, vt. 以肉喂(猎犬等),使肥,赋以血肉 vi. 长胖
  fresh a. 新鲜的,无经验的,生的, adv. 最新地,刚刚 n. 开始,泛滥
  flash n. 闪光,闪现,一瞬间 vi. 闪光,闪现,反射,使迅速传遍 vt. 使闪光,反射 a. 闪光的,火速的
  7. gasp vi. 喘息,气喘 vt. 气吁吁地说
  grasp vt. 抓住,抓紧,掌握,领会 n. 抓住,抓紧,掌握,领会
  8. cling vi.(clung)粘紧,附着;坚持(常与to连用)
  fling vt.(flung)(用力)扔,掷,扑
  9. worship n. 崇拜,礼拜,尊敬 vi. 敬神,拜神 vt. 崇拜,尊敬
  workshop n. 车间,工场
  warship n. 军舰,战船
  10. change n. 改变,变化,转变,找回的零钱 vt. 改变,变革,改造,兑换
  charge n. 负荷,电荷,费用,主管,掌管 v. 装满,控诉,收费
  chant n. 圣歌
  美国大选,谁能获胜?看看他们名字的长短,即可见分晓。美国总统选举--名字越短,当选的几率越高。
  What's the big question US presidential candidates should be asking themselves? Is my name short enough? So if you want to find a way of forecasting(预测)who is going to win the race for the presidency, look at the lengths and origins of their names. The pattern since World War II has been for candidates with increasingly short, poster-friendly names. And preferably sounding like they could be the lead characters in a mini-series.
  1. candidate: n. 候选人,投考者
  【同义词】applicant 申请人
  2. pattern: n. 模[典]范,榜样 one's pattern of behavior 一个人的行为特点
  3. character: n. 身份,角色,能力 in his character as the father 以父亲的身份
  1. She a method for quicker communications between offices.
  A) devices B) revises C) devises D) invokes
  2. The FBI say the hijackers were very likely to have been .
  A) disguised B) disgusted
  C) distinguished D) disposed
  3. She always acts so to everyone else.
  A) exterior B) interior C) inferior D) superior
  4. This plane is in the of the flight.
  A) course B) cause C) source D) divorce
  5. The Great Wall was made not only of stone, but of the and blood of millions of men.
  A) fish B) fresh C) flesh D) flash
  6. Female workers like to in the office.
  A) gasp B) grasp C gossip D) gasoline
  7. A Swedish wanted to join Napoleon's Army.
  A) granted B) greatness C) gigantic D) great
  8. He came back last night.
  A) late B) later C) lately D) latterly
  9. He injured his hands in the .
  A) worship B) workshop
  C) warship D) relationship
  10. He is in of this bothering task.
  A) change B) charge C) chant D) chard
  Can not be bought, can not be sold, even if it's made of gold.


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