2012年英语四级语法之同形异义词辨析(3)

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 1. You have been the task of keeping the records up to date.
  A) signed B) assigned
  C) resigned D) designed
  2. Mary wouldn't do her homework until I her with ice cream.
  A) bride B) Bible C) bribed D) cribbed
  3. The waiter brought the first , a simple leek and potato soup.
  A) course B) curse C) coarse D) cruise
  4. He was a man of strong social , who actively campaigned against poverty in all its forms.
  A) conscious B) consciousness
  C) conscience D) conscienceless
  5. I some of my time and energy to collecting money for the poor Christians.
  A) delicious B) dedicate C) design D) delicate
  解题小贴士
  1. 【B】
  根据题干,此题肯定是要填入一个动词,选项sign意为"签名(于)";assign意为"分配,委派";resign意为"辞去,辞职";design意为"设计"。那么结合上下文,考虑到题干中的被动态结构,正确答案为B,译文为:你被委派了保持最新记录的任务。
  2. 【C】
  分析题干,此空需填入一个动词才合理,所以,bride意为"新娘",和Bible意为"圣经"就都被排除了。剩下的任务就是区别bribe和crib的词义,bribe意为"贿赂",而crib意为"抄袭",此单词为超纲单词,如不认识,可不用考虑。所以正确答案为C,译文为:直到我给了玛丽一杯冰淇淋作为贿赂,她才愿意做家庭作业。
  3. 【A】
  这一题的难点单词在于coarse,它看上去很像一个名字,但是不要被它迷惑了,其实它是一个形容词,意为"粗糙的";选项A. course,同学们都知道它是"过程,经过,课程"的意思,但是不要忽略了它另外一个意思,那就是"一道菜";curse意为"咒骂",名词和动词同形,cruise意为"巡游"。正确答案为A,题目译文为:侍者上了第一道菜:韭菜和土豆汤。
  4. 【C】
  这一题的几个单词属于记忆难点。conscious"意为有意识的,有知觉的";consciousness意为"意识,知觉";conscience意为"良心,道德";conscienceless意为"没良心的"。正确答案为C,题目译文为:他有着很强的社会公德,经常积极参加各种形式的反贫穷的运动。
  5. 【B】
  这一题要注意D选项delicate,它看上去像个动词,其实是个形容词,意为"精致的,精巧的";dedicate是和delicate形似的词,意为"奉献,致力于";design意为"设计,计划"。所以正确答案为B,题目译文为:我花费自己的一些时间和精力为贫穷的基督徒募集资金。
  1. consent vi.(to)同意,赞成
  contend v.(against, for, with)斗争,竞争
  content ① n. 内容,容量,目录,满足 ② a. 满足的,满意的,愿意的 ③ vt. 使满足
  2. denote vt. 指示,表示
  donate v. 捐赠,赠予
  devote vt. 投入于,献身
  3. explicit a. 明确的;清楚的
  implicit a. 暗含的;含蓄的
  4. incur vt. 招致;惹起
  occur vi. 发生,出现;(与to连用)想起,想到
  5. mass n. 块,大多数;(the mass)群众,民众
  mess ① n. 混乱,脏乱 ② v. 弄乱
  6. staff ① n. 全体职员;全体工作人员 ② vt. 提供人员;安置职员
  stuff ① n. 原料,材料,素材,资料 ② vt. 塞满,填满,填充
  7. statue n. 雕像,塑像
  status n. 身份,地位,情形,状况
  8. virtual a. 实际上的;事实上的
  virtue n. 德行,美德
  9. principal ① a. 主要的,首要的 ② n. 负责人,首长,校长
  principle n. 法则,原则,原理
  10. moral a. 道德(上)的,精神的
  mortal a. 致命的
  现代都市人的繁忙生活让他们少了许多娱乐,难怪有首歌中唱到:最近比较烦,比较烦,看那前方怎么也看不到岸……
  The conflict between the time we want off and the guilt we feel when we actually surrender(投降,自首)to leisure is a long-running battle. But it has gone to absurd degrees. It's an unstable economy, driven by 24-7 (24 hours a day, 7 days a week) technology and an over-scheduling craze. It has made many feel as if their free moments are a form of truancy(逃避).
  1. conflict n. & v. 斗争,冲突 conflict of interest 利益冲突
  2. absurd a. 荒谬的,可笑的 Don't be absurd! 不要胡闹!
  3. unstable a. 不牢固的,不稳定的 unstable weather 不稳定的天气
  【反义词】stable 稳定的
  1. We'll be with a respectable result in tomorrow's match.
  A) consented B) content
  C) context D) contending
  2. The English word "family" used to all the people in the house, including servants.
  A) denote B) donate C) devote D) dial
  3. Be when you talk about money with your family.
  A) explicit B) implicit
  C) complicated D) complicit
  4. The force of that competition is indicated by the costs that firms and the fees that they charge clients.
  A) concur B) incur C) occur D) carriage
  5. There was a of people around the club entrance.
  A) mass B massive C) mess D) mission
  6. The clinic is by retired doctors.
  A) stiff B) scolded C) stuffed D) staffed
  7. Many mothers feel that they have very low in today's society.
  A) station B) status C) statue D) states
  8. Finding a cheap place to rent is a impossibility in this area.
  A) virtue B) virtual C) virginal D) various
  9. His reason for making the journey was to visit his family.
  A) principle B) principally
  C) principal D) principled
  10. It is easy to have an opinion on a issue like the death penalty for murder.
  A) merchant B) moral C) mass D) mortal
  What gets whiter the dirtier it gets?


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